Corn planter for power tiller with my own hands
Planter with your own hands. Making a planter by ourselves. How to make a seeder with your own hands? What problems does the drill solve and how does it work?
Every gardener and vegetable grower knows how important it is to plant vegetable crops correctly. This process is labor-intensive, quite time-consuming and costly. After all, it is necessary not only to evenly distribute the planting seeds in the furrows, but also to further manually thin the seedlings, forming the crops. Considerably simplify the work will help a special planter, which even in manual mode will be a real help in planting. The article will discuss the nuances of the planting structures, the principle of manual assembly of the simplest mechanisms, peculiarities of operation and creation of manual machines for more accurate seeding.
Quite working construction is made of improvised means: various recycled materials, tin cans, plastic bottles. complex structures made of metal sheets are appropriate to use only for industrial scale cultivation of vegetable crops.
The carrot planter is a good example of a simple design for planting.
To the self-made mechanisms for planting vegetables apply certain aspects:
- Putting the seed into the soil should be in a certain amount (per 1 running meter) and to the required depth.
- Seeds should be distributed evenly, without skips and without damage.
- The mechanism ensures the straightness of planting rows, the width of the row spacing.
- After each planting the furrows should be filled with loose soil.
Sowing of small seeds is better to do with the help of mini-seeders. Such devices are suitable for the cultivation of carrots, onions, salad greens, i.e. those crops with rather small size of the planting material.
What is a corn planter?
A planter is a mechanism used to sow seeds into the soil. Before they were invented, seeding was done manually, the seeds were spread as horizontally and evenly as possible. The advantage of mechanical planters is more accurate planting of seeds by depth and distance from each other, which undoubtedly increases the yield and makes the subsequent procedure of harrowing unnecessary after sowing.
The principle of planter’s work is that it feeds seeds to the apparatus for seeding, which places them at the right depth and at the right interval, after which seeding is completed by the specially made mechanism of seeding. When using the planter on unprepared ground or on mulch, discs are placed directly in front of the coulter to cut up residue from the previous harvest and make planting slots to relieve the load on the strip coulter.
Corn planter may be of different types and designs, this is due to the peculiarities of its application, mainly due to the size of the plot, the farm where corn is planted. The following types of planters are considered.
It has a universal purpose, that is it can be used for planting not only corn, but other grains as well. It is equipped with dotted-pneumatic hinged design, which allows you to sow seeds in rows, 50-60 cm apart. Along with the application of seeds into the soil it is able to fertilize crops. SUPN-8 is equipped with 8 sections for sowing, located on hangers, as well as 4 fertilizer sections, designed for fertilizer application.
Seeder for power tiller
single-axle tractor is a self-propelled device with one axle, in fact, it is a kind of mini-tractor, inferior to the latter in size and power. In the case of a power tiller the seeder is an additional unit in the form of an attached element, necessarily equipped with a calibrator for the possibility of its universal use.
Seed placement depth for this type of planter is in the range from 1 to 5 cm, the distance between the rows. from 15 to 30 cm with the possibility of simultaneous processing of 2 to 4 rows. Corn planter for a power tiller can be factory made or homemade.
Seeder for mini-tractor
As already mentioned, a planter for a mini-tractor is an enlarged copy of a planter for a power tiller. Also equipped with a seed calibrator, with the appropriate adjustments according to the instructions can also be set up for sowing corn. Unlike the seeder for power tillers it is applicable for larger area of sowing, allows to sow grains at greater depth (up to 8 cm) and has wider range of row spacing. up to 70 cm.
The easiest to use machine for sowing corn, designed for use on small vegetable farms. Consists of seed hopper, seed metering bush, seed pipes and running gear with wheels and frame for mounting other mechanism elements.
Makeshift hand held precision air seeders with your own hands. Handmade precision airplanter with your own hands How to make a homemade grain seeder
Grain seeder for power tiller refers to the category of agricultural machines used to evenly plant seeds into the soil. Before the invention of the drill, crop seeds were scattered by hand, resulting in a poor seeding density. In addition, the manual planting of the seeds requires more physical effort. Manual sowing is not economically justified: the scattered seeds do not reach the soil evenly, and it takes much more of them than with a sowing machine. Also, hand planting creates an uneven seed distribution, which quickly depletes the soil.
Nowadays, seed drills have a worthy place among the equipment used by farmers. Using machines performs line sowing of grain crops: oats, rye, barley, wheat. Grain seeders are also used for sowing leguminous crops: peas, soybeans, beans, lupines, lentils and chickpeas. Besides seeding equipment is used for sowing crops, similar to grains by size and seeding peculiarities: sorghum, buckwheat and millet. The manual seeder is suitable for small plots. If the plot is quite large, then use a seeder for power tiller (his own hands made). But any one of them will help speed up the seeding process and increase uniformity in the placement of plants when they grow.
Seed drills are divided into three groups, depending on the crops sown: Combined planters are equipped with special devices, which contribute to the soil together with seeds of mineral fertilizers.
Universal seeders are used for sowing almost any crop. Special planters are needed to sow certain types of crops. Each grain planter can be bought or made by our own hands.
Let’s look at several options for making a planter for a power tiller with our own hands
Vertical identical discs (3 pcs) are put on the axle at an equal distance. Drilled seed sockets in the rim of any one of them, in the number of 12 pcs. When the drill moves the disc with the seed places in the top mounted hopper, where there is the seed. This is where the grain is picked up and transported into the furrows, which are mounted in front of the seed discs. To the frame of the tool, for the establishment of the seed, install a horizontal bar-spline. The diameter of wheels and discs, and the distance between them, is determined by the manufacturer.
Self-made seed drill is set on three wheels. The front wheel is taken from a child’s baby carriage, the rear wheel from a child’s bicycle. The U-shaped frame is made of strip iron, 11.5 cm wide and 52.5 cm long. On it a hopper for seeds is established, which is a box made of multilayer plywood.
After that, tighten the hopper with bolts. Inside the sowing machine is mounted on two plain bearings. It is a shaft made of birch wood and coated with a lacquer, whose shape is reminiscent of a thread reel.
Grain seeder for power tiller refers to the category of agricultural machines used to evenly plant seeds in the soil. Before the invention of the drill, crop seeds were scattered by hand, resulting in a poor seeding density.
In addition, the manual planting of the seeds requires great physical effort. Manual sowing is not economically justified: the scattered seeds do not reach the ground uniformly and are wasted much more than with the planter. Also, planting by hand leads to an uneven distribution of seeds, which quickly depletes the soil.
Requirements for the tool
Perfectly working construction is made of improvised materials: different recyclable materials, tin cans, plastic bottles. complex structures made of metal sheets are appropriate to use only for industrial-scale cultivation of vegetable crops. The carrot seed drill is a good example of a simple design for planting.Certain aspects apply to self-made mechanisms for planting vegetables:
Sowing of small seeds is better to do with mini-seeders. Such devices are suitable for growing carrots, onions-sowing, salad greens, that is, those crops that have a rather small size of the planting material.
The planter for your power tiller. how it works
The garlic planter for the power tiller works according to a very simple principle. Key components include a chain drive and a rear wheel, which function as a unit. The transmission acts on the wheel and sets it in motion, as a result of which the seeds fall to the ground. All seeds are placed in a special hopper, pre-set for simultaneous sowing in all rows. Modern planters can adjust the sowing speed of seeds and the size of their bulbs. It also gives the farmer the chance to increase or decrease the amount of seed. Different models of planters allow you to adjust the sowing depth, which usually ranges from zero to several centimeters.
In cases where carrot seeds or other small planting material are to be planted, the farmer can use fillers. Various cereals or bran can be used as fillers. At the same time, river sand should not be used for this purpose, as it can damage the fragile seeds.
Making with their own hands
By using a mechanism for planting small seeds, sowing can be speeded up by a factor of 10. As an example of the simplest manual device, let’s consider a planter for carrots.
To make it you will need the following materials:
The process of making a simple hand planter takes several steps:
Simple design will significantly reduce labor costs. In this way a manual planter is made with their own hands. The main disadvantage of this mechanism is limited seeding (only 1 row) and sowing only one vegetable crop because of the different size of the seeds. You can eliminate the problem by using several interchangeable jars, which have different holes.
Much more complicated self-made device for planting, with the help of which you can work with seeds of different crops. The main working mechanism in the universal design is a sowing shaft, which is an aluminum tube with a diameter of 30 mm. There are three rows of holes of different sizes drilled into it. Each line for the trimmer is made for one crop.
Device for checkerboard planting
I would like to tell you about another device that will facilitate the process of planting garlic. This device for planting is easy to make with their own hands. It is necessary to take a square wooden board measuring one meter by one meter. On it pins of different lengths are installed. To do this, use special laths, on one to install pins 6 cm long, on the second. 13 cm long.
When using such a device there is no need to make holes by hand. The planting will be carried out at the same depth. One touch on the design and the whole series of holes is ready for planting. With this kind of planting, the germination rate is 100%.
Every vegetable grower decides for himself, whether he will plant garlic manually or use one of the devices for preparing the soil and planting garlic crops on the beds.
Many farmers are asking how to make a seeder for a power tiller. In modern agriculture, more and more often motor cultivators are used, which are equipped with a variety of devices and designs. Such tools include single axle tractor mounted seed drills.
Seeder for power tiller is designed for uniform distribution of cultivated seeds in the ground. Type and type of designs resemble tractor, only times smaller.
Features of use
The basic principle of the simplest sowing mechanism is to limit the popping out of the seeds. Use an open box with double good bottom for this procedure. The movable plate is inserted into the formed space. In the bottom of the box (upper) with holes slightly larger than the size of the planting material is poured grain or seeds, in the lower tier of the mechanism the holes are larger, they coincide with the upper. By moving the middle intermediate plate, the holes in the bottoms do not communicate, so the grains do not go out. If the bolt is moved, the planter will work again. To avoid overpopulation, do not fill the construction with large amounts of seeds at once by rolling them over the mechanism.
Many vegetable growers equip the movable (middle) plate with a spring, which facilitates the operation process.
Using the planting mechanism is very simple. A furrow is marked on the bed. Put a homemade planter on it, push the device forward. The tank starts to rotate. the grain or seeds are evenly poured out. Then, using an improvised hoe, the planting is backfilled with loose soil.
The seed is held in place in the seeder by a transparent plastic tank. The entire design is easy to re-equip for any vegetable crop, for example, in the planter for radish, the holes in the tank must be made smaller in size than in the mechanism for planting corn. Hand-made parts are very easy to make, using simple materials. For economical and quality planting of different vegetable crops about 3-4 reservoirs with different size openings have to be made for the planter.