Cultivator for t 25 with their own hands
Algorithm of assembling a homemade tiller
Fixing of working shaft to support frame (necessarily use bearings of opposing type). For making the shaft, you can use a metal pipe, the diameter of which does not exceed 5 cm.
How to Make a Homemade Plow and Other Equipment on a T-25 Tractor
Plow. an indispensable tool in agriculture, which is used to plow the ground due to the metal mouldboards and plowshares. Often buying a unit for older tractors is useless, because of the impossibility of interaction with the attachments of hydro-mounted systems. Self-made plough on T-25 tractor is not complicated by its body structure. Every farmer can make such a machine himself.
Where can I buy a plow on a tractor?
Many companies from Russia and abroad are engaged in production of milling machines for tractors. In general, the range of attachments for tractors is wide enough to cover the needs of any farm, both a private farm and a large agricultural holding. It will be optimal to buy a harrow with a working width of 1.4 m for a tractor T 25. 36 blades provide high-quality soil cultivation and effectively crush the weeds.
For a large farm the amount is quite manageable, but for a small farm it is a significant investment. In this case, you can make a milling machine yourself, especially most of the tools and materials are usually at the owner’s hand.
How to make a cultivator for a mini-tractor with your own hands: drawings, assembly diagram and the order of work
Cultivator for soil is an indispensable helper for every landowner, it allows to cultivate the soil surface without disturbing its fertile layer. So it’s not surprising that without such a mechanism, it’s difficult to count on a good harvest.
Today a wide range of different cultivators is available on the market: ripper, hand cultivator, rotary-type device, motocultivator. The area to be cultivated has a significant impact on the purchase of one type of machine or another.
An alternative to buying will serve to create this device with their own hands. About how to do it, we will tell in this article on the example of a cultivator for a mini-tractor with cutters.
Attachments to the tractor T-25 with their own hands
There is a wide range of tractor attachments for T-25 tractor, so we will talk not only about homemade plows. If the user is not able to buy factory units, there are several ways of self-assembly. Detailed instructions on how to make all kinds of attachments with your own hands, as well as video tutorials will help to assemble the device correctly and reliably.
The manufacture of attachments is carried out in several ways. If you do not have special rollers at hand for bending metal sheets, then use a simpler method of production. The plough must be built to withstand heavy loads, so it needs to be made from at least 3-5 mm thick alloy steel that is protected from corrosion.
An important part of the machine is the ploughshare, which must be strong, adjustable and removable to vary the depth and avoid breaking the construction.
The first case of the assembly involves making the moldboard from a metal pipe with a diameter of 55-60 cm. The thickness of the steel should be at least 0.4 cm. Template for cutting out structural steel parts is made according to the drawings from thick cardboard. Rollers for bending steel sheets will speed up the manufacturing process. Pieces are cut to size from cardboard and fed into the rollers at an angle of 20°. After bending, the parts are easily shaped with a hammer on an anvil.
The second method is labor-intensive and does not involve the use of rollers. Blank for the moldboard is heated in the forge furnace for further processing. Here it is preferable to use a ready-made mouldboard from old equipment for T-25. cut out templates are put on the mouldboard at 20°, preliminary marking is made with chalk on the ground with emery board. The rest of the process is the same as the first method, and a gas welder is used to cut the parts.
Welding works are performed by joining the moldboard with the metal plate. Blades of the coulter should be at the right angle, as well as the top trim. The parts of the plough are also welded together. To make the plow hold a furrow, its construction includes a wheel unit, the height and angle of which are varied by a sleeve with a notch. Wheel diameter should be at least 20 cm. This process is discussed in more detail in the instructional videos of making a homemade plow.
After assembling and a little adjustment, plow should work properly, if you respected the correct angle of slope of ploughshares in relation to the location of the moldboard.
Potato digger with our own hands
Making a potato digger for T-25 tractor is less time-consuming process than assembling a plow, but it is carried out strictly according to the schemes. Mechanism of its work is simple: ploughshare breaks the ground, elevator captures the tubers, passes them through the grid, clearing the ground and dumping peeled fruits.
The frame of the machine is made of metal sheets, which are better to be joined by welding, not by fasteners. The elevator shell is mounted on the frame and attached through holes to be drilled. When attaching to the frame, it is important to use bolts that will allow you to change the angle of the elevator and ploughshare, with which it will be attached. The blade is made of thick alloy steel, it is shaped like a bucket, and its corners need to be rounded.
The digger drive is made with gears, hubs and shafts. The mechanism is quite simple, at this stage it is important to follow the assembly algorithm described in the diagram. A more complex design is the cleaning drum, consisting of two chains, which are strung on steel pins and fastened with metal sheets. This mechanism is driven by a shaft. Connection to the shaft of the T-25 is made by means of a design with a shaft, bearing and a stud.
On the T-25 tractor, there is a possibility of installing a front factory hook with a small carrying capacity of no more than 200 kg, because the tractor’s design can’t withstand heavy loads. There are few examples of homemade kun assembly, as experienced users point out the high risk when using homemade designs, especially those with a lot of weight.
Cutter with my own hands
The answer to the question of how to make a tiller yourself is simple. The body of the homemade cutter is made of 1 cm thick steel sheets and a 12 U channel. The main unit is the gearbox and the transmission connection, which can be a ready-made unit from a similar old device, there are variants, such as an axle from a Zhiguli car. Lateral mechanism is assembled with oiled gears.
Cutter blades are made of strong, thick metal and cut out according to the template with a gas welder. After sharpening on the machine and sanding, the blades are mounted on the shaft. Connection to the housing and the PTO is by means of the bearing mechanism and bolt attachment.
When making a home-made cultivator, it is important to choose materials that do not corrode, so that the moisture present in the soil does not oxidize the frame. Thick steel pipes or channels are used for making the three-row frame. Hinges are mounted on the drive beam, which will allow the cultivator blades to move smoothly. this will vary the depth of the blades into the ground and will not allow the machine to get stuck in the soil.
An important point is to make and fix sickle-shaped tines with blades, which loosen the soil. They are made of stainless steel and their elements are welded together. The floating mechanism of blades is regulated by a spring mechanism, for example, from an old seeder: there should be a separate spring for each blade with the right level of tension.
It is better to make the drive wheels of metal and make them wide. This prevents the blades from getting caught in the soil and allows them to function as windrows or presses to roll in loosened soil. If necessary, standard harrows are attached to the body on chains behind the tines of the cultivator to provide additional loosening of the soil.
There are many variants and drawings for making a shovel for T-25. Most often for a homemade attachment cross cuts of thick pipes of large diameter are used, which have the right bend and all that remains is to bring the shovel shape to the right size and assemble a simple attachment mechanism.
To make a shovel, the desired shape of the steel plate can be given by heating, or using rollers. Material with a rust-preventive coating is used so that the attachment will last longer.
Rear Loader Assembly
In contrast to the front-end kun, homemade attachments to the rear suspension for the T-25 are common. Some designs can be complicated, so the rear loader assembly diagrams should be clearly referenced when making. The bucket can have different shapes, but must be made of thick steel. This will help avoid premature deformation of fasteners and the bucket itself during operation. The main difficulties in assembly arise in making the linkage frame.
The most common type of attachment is a V-shaped inverted hydraulic frame with a movable node in its apex. Compared to other types of mounted loader, it is easy to manufacture and provides a varied stroke, but the user may have problems when lifting heavy loads because of the bucket’s large stroke radius. For production they use thick steel billets, channels that can withstand sufficient load. Elements are fastened by means of a strong welding.
To control the stroke of the bucket makeshift loader most often use the factory retractable hydraulic cylinders of appropriate capacity, which are connected to the hydraulic system of the tractor through oil hoses.
The blade with their own hands
The shape of the blade at the front, like the rear shovel, can be varied. The principle of making a shovel is simple, but the main attention should be paid to proper anchoring and supports, which can withstand the load and do not break the tractor frame.
The blade is hydraulically controlled by a factory-loaded retractable cylinder, which can be borrowed from almost any old attachment. Its attachment is carried out in the front of the tractor. For this purpose, metal plates with a through hole are welded to the front beam of the frame, and the cylinder socket is attached between them. The same plates are also used as attachment points on the mouldboard.
2 support beams are mounted at the bottom of the moldboard and in the middle of the tractor frame. To do this, thick plates are welded to the frame at right angles to the direction of the arrow. Through holes, supporting beams are attached to the pulleys and do not allow the blade to move freely, controlling its movement.
A rotary tiller has a complicated design, so it is convenient to take the gearbox of a popular PC-1 mower as a basis.6. Side mechanism is easier to assemble and is made of car parts. The gearbox with the transmission mechanism should be mounted on a square frame welded from thick channels, and in the lower part locate the shaft with blades, which can be made from KAMAZ springs. blades need to be sharpened on a machine to achieve good loosening effect.
The bucket is a versatile tool that is easy to assemble and attach. There are several blueprints for making different shaped buckets. Heavy, deformation-resistant steel should be used for production.
How to make an arrow
For making it, you’ll need a channel and a bit of extra thick steel. On the sickle-shaped leg, according to the drawing, a V-shaped structure is attached or welded, the shape of which resembles a twin ploughshare. Additional breaker bar is installed on the point where the share blades converge.
The principle of attaching the bulldozer to the tractor front end is similar to attaching the dozer blade. Remember that if you are going to build the bulldozer’s working part, you have to increase the strength of the support beams and use a powerful hydraulic cylinder.
Potato planter. the most complex unit for self-assembly, but there are many video tutorials and drawing options that will help to understand the complex manufacturing process.
Types of interchangeable equipment
Depending on tasks of cultivation, cultivators are equipped with different tools. The most common are:
- Tines. There are:
chisel-shaped. allow you to loosen the soil to a depth of up to 15 cm.;
Cultivator tines: a. lancet blade, b. universal, c. rigid ripper, d. spring ripper
underfeeding knives. loosen up the inter-row rows, embedding fertilizers into the soil (up to 16 cm);
needle-shaped discs. they break earth crust, destroy weeds (till 4 cm);. needle-shaped discs. break earth crust, destroy weeds (till 4 cm)., shifting the soil by 1-2 cm);
- ridging machines. they are designed to make furrows for irrigation (up to 20 cm);
- Hillers. they cut ridges (up to 25 cm), kill the weeds between the rows and cover the weeds; their working depth is up to 16 cm.
Культиватор для Т-25!/Cultivator for a mini tractor!
All removable equipment is attached to the stands, which can be connected to the frame in different ways.
And this article tells about making a potato digger with your own hands.
Fan potato digger
In the home often use a mini-tractor to cultivate their vegetable garden. To this end, you should make a tool for MTZ, which works as follows:
- the device is hitched to the tractor;
- the sharp ploughshare loosens the ground;
- Potatoes are dug, laid out on the ploughshare, moved to the metal bars;
- The soil is poured through them on the garden, separating it from the potatoes;
- Moving further, the potatoes fall on the soil, from where they are easy to collect.
Fan potato digger
Important! Before gathering the harvest, it is necessary to mow the potato foliage.
It is allowed to have a small weed that grows in sparse bushes on the vegetable garden.
To make a fan digger yourself, you will need to take an angle grinder, welding machine, drill, drill bits for metal. You also need the following materials:
- For the knife, steel in sheets 4 mm thick;
- Bolts with a diameter of over 12mm;
- for the holder and bracket will need a profile of steel with a rectangular cross section or a sheet of steel of great thickness;
- Steel bars or non-rifled rebar with round ends. Its diameter should be up to 10 mm.
Also useful is tape for measuring, a pencil to draw on the metal.
How to assemble a potato harvester with their own hands:
- Drill two holes in the middle of the plowshare to be able to attach it to the bracket.
- Near the end of the blade, where it expands, steel bars need to be welded. They should fan out. Each one is up to half a meter long. You can also bend them like a marching step.
- Now you need to bolt the stand to the ploughshare. Its height depends on the type of tractor the farmer has. The bracket can be welded to the plow, so no bolts are needed.
- It is necessary to drill holes in the bracket, in order to connect it to the tractor afterwards. It is welded to the top end of the stand.
- To make the construction stronger, to the bottom of the blade, which directly enters the ground, it is necessary to weld a strip of metal.
The fan plough has the following advantages: Reliability
One of the advantages of the fan digger is its reliability. This machine is built to last for many years. The parts here do not rotate, so the device does not fail for a long time. Digging up the potatoes is easy, good quality, and most importantly fast.
Of the disadvantages we can distinguish a small bandwidth. only 25 cm, so the yield is lost by 20%. Another disadvantage is that the knife often damages the tubers, which are then unacceptable for sale. over, such root crops will be stored for a long time, so they will not be suitable for winter.
The materials you need
Among the materials that will be needed in order to make any of the equipment presented in the list, in the first place should be profiles of all kinds and steel sheets.
Metal pipes of at least three diameters will allow assembling strong and lightweight structures, making long handles without fear that the center of gravity will be seriously displaced.
With the help of angles and channels you can assemble excellent frameworks that originally have niches for mounting a variety of parts and components. Also, you will need an angle grinder, a welder and a drill. Without ty, the most sought-after tools will not be able to assemble any product.
How to make a planter with your own hands
For the t 16
One of the easiest products for tractors, this is a homemade cultivator for t 16 with their own hands it is made in just a few days, or even faster if you already have experience in similar work.
No special frame is needed for such a cultivator. a simple rectangular design with wheels on both sides is enough.
Plowshares are mounted on a small outstretch, about half a meter behind the center of gravity, and immediately behind them a small harrow is mounted on a floating platform, thanks to which the loosened soil, further pulverized, becoming softer.
From a bicycle
Homemade handmade cultivator from a bicycle is an excellent and cheap way to cope with weeds that have invaded the garden and hinder the growth of useful plants and crops. Making a hand cultivator with your own hands is easy, even at home.