Cultivator Rotation manual how to use. Necessary materials and tools
Hand cultivators for soil processing in the country. Rotary and mechanical
Obtaining a good harvest or proper type of personal lawn is preceded by a number of works on the processing of the upper soil layer. Numbering, harrowing, loosening, breaking up of the lands of the earth, removing weeds and their roots, dug up root crops. All this is a necessary, but physically hard work.
Requiring plus to everything significant time.
Garden Weasel. Flower Bed & Garden Preparation
To facilitate labor and increase productivity, various types of manual cultivators were created for soil processing in the country. Gasoline, electric, manual, light and heavy.
The advantages of their use are enormous. Mobility, the ability to process the lands that are inaccessible to heavy equipment, an increase in several times the speed of work. The quality of land cultivation increases many times, compared with the use of manual tools. Shovels or sales.
Functions and technical characteristics
Technical characteristics of a Tornado manual root of the manufacturer:
- Manufacturer. Intermall plant Russia, g. Bryansk;
- Designed for soil processing;
- Product weight. 2 kg without packaging, 2.7 kg in packaged form;
- Complex: stand, handle, nozzle, fasteners, fasteners;
- Factory warranty. 12 months.
The functions that manual cultivators perform can be divided into two large groups:
- Loosening of the soil, which enriches the soil with oxygen, provides access to nutrients, moisture, uniform distribution of fertilizers.
- Removing weeds that prevent the growth and development of plants.
Star (rotational) cultivator
Manual rotational cultivators are usually made in the form of metal stars located on the shaft. Such units have a handle and are quite easy to use.
To understand how such a device works enough to look at the photo of a manual cultivator: the cultivation of the soil is carried out when the handle and the simultaneous maintenance of the unit forward are carried out.
This type of cultivator should be chosen when carrying out work on the removal of weaves, as well as when processing narrow rows or other hard.To.Reach places.
The device will be an excellent assistant when hilling potatoes after manual landing, as well as when processing the beds or soils under the planting of coniferous plants. Unfortunately, such an unit is not suitable for working with heavy loamy soils covered with a dense crust.
Cultivator maintenance and repair
Cultivators can be checked and service in specialized service centers. Then cultivators consists of:
- Complete diagnosis of all components of parts and mechanisms of the device;
- Determination of the faulty part or node in the operation of the unit;
- Repair work with the replacement of individual parts or the restoration of native spare parts, if possible;
- As a result of repair work, the equipment completely restores its performance;
- Cultivator testing, spare parts lubrication.
At home, you can conduct independent diagnostics and elimination of malfunctions of individual mechanisms, if you know where the problem. If you understand the device of the device, then you can determine the breakdown. The components of the cultivator, possible malfunctions, prevention and elimination measures:
Frame. The most reliable part of the unit. After each use of the equipment, it must be cleaned of the residues of the land, pebbles. With frequent hits of stones, breakdown is possible; Gearbox. The gearbox has oily lubricants
It is important to ensure that the oil does not drip. For this, all bolted connections must be securely fixed. Once every six months, it is necessary to replace the oil; Engine
The main part of the cultivator. The fuel system, ignition, cooling, lubricants must be periodically checked; Pens. On the handles there are special rubberized pads for user convenience. Over time, they wear out, erased. Therefore, they must be changed to new ones or wrapped handles with electrical tape. If the hands will slip, it will be difficult to control the unit; Cable. Before work, the cable is checked for integrity and reliability of connection. If the cultivator is constantly working with moist soil or is in moisture places, then the cable loses its original ability to move in a braid.
Once every six months, it is necessary to replace the oil; Engine. The main part of the cultivator. The fuel system, ignition, cooling, lubricants must be periodically checked; Pens. On the handles there are special rubberized pads for user convenience. Over time, they wear out, erased. Therefore, they must be changed to new ones or wrapped handles with electrical tape. If the hands will slip, it will be difficult to control the unit; Cable. Before work, the cable is checked for integrity and reliability of connection. If the cultivator is constantly working with moist soil or is in moisture places, then the cable loses its original ability to move in a braid.
Cultivator. A reliable assistant in the issue of land cultivation. Approaching seriously the choice of the model, having studied which cultivator is better, the main characteristics in the equipment of the equipment, the buyer will be satisfied with his choice. Knowing the features of the device, the main points on the installation of the unit, you can independently monitor the serviceability of the cultivator, then it will last years.
Additional tips and recommendations
During any work in the workshop, all safety measures must be observed. First of all, it is necessary to protect your eyes, especially while working with welding, regardless of its type.
In arc welding, not only the intensity of the light obtained as a result of the burning of the arc, but also the scale, which occurs at the site of the frozen welding seam, is dangerous. Over, it can be abandoned spontaneously, during the cooling of the metal, flying to a great height.
To knock down the hot Kalina with a hammer in the direction of “To itself” is also a bad idea, since it can fall not only into the eyes, but also on open areas of the skin and by the collar, in the hair. Therefore, they must be closed first of all.
When working with gas welding, heating the metal for processing or cutting it, it is necessary to use gloves and shields for the face. Work is carried out at high temperatures. Also, remember that oxygen creates an explosive mixture in contact with oil. No spark is needed to detonate this mixture.
Adjusting the depth of plowing
The depth of the plowing of the garden is determined by different factors. The specifics of the work by a motorbide are such that cutters can be immersed in cultivated land to different depths. They are buried themselves. In this case, the depth of processing depends on different points.
The speed of movement. If the unit is delayed in one place longer, it will become deeper, and vice versa. Therefore, the depth of processing is mainly controlled by the operator himself during operation. In reality, the depth of plowing is from 10 cm to 25 cm.
Also, adjustment of the depth of plowing by the cultivator can be limited using restrictive wheels. Some modocultivators have discs at the ends of the milling shaft limiting the depth of land cultivation.
Roader. All others use the missile for this, installed behind the body, before the operator. It has the degree of adjustment. At a certain maximum depth, the renewal rests on the ground, the unit hangs on it, and the cutters cannot go further further.
Also, the depth of processing depends on the total weight of the unit. Heavy weight presses the cutter down, contributing to the depth of processing. With lightweight, the motor.Cultivator seeks to move forward before the cutter has managed to plunge to a significant depth.
Therefore, an additional load is sometimes hung on a light unit, which is especially required on heavier soils.
Also, the depth of processing depends on three more reasons:
In loose soils, cutters quickly sit down during rotation. At the same time, the motor-cultivator sometimes gets stuck and cannot move forward, and you have to swing it across the axis to the left and right, then it is chosen by itself.
The depth in one place can be increased or reduced by lowering or raising cutters, resting the motor.Cultivator on the renewal.
Most mills from different manufacturers of a typical design. But there are varieties that differ in the shape of bends, the location of the cutting edges, etc.D.
As a result, some cutters are oriented to quickly move the unit forward, while not having time to plunge to a significant depth. Others, on the contrary, due to the specifics of the angles of attack (entrance to the ground), mainly work “to the depth”.
Varieties of the working bodies of cultivators
Always in the work of a hand cultivator for a summer residence, such as in the photo.
Among the many forms and sizes of tools, they are classified into several types in the form and functions of the working body. Thus, forks with curved horns, wrapping the roots of the ubiquitous Puret invented relatively recently, and called “Tornado” for the effect of combating malicious perennial plants.
Of the new tools, it is possible to note the plane cutters of the engineer Fokin, with a tripartite sharpening of a narrow strip of instrumental steel. They have a rectangular handle, an adjustable angle for work, and can remove any weed from a narrow crack. There are such looser. Gender. Sulfums cut the roots at the depths and do not turn the upper layer of the soil, preserving mulch on the surface. Rosted manual cultivators, on the contrary, are needed for loosening the upper layer.
Roting cultivators are used for loosening, weaping. They are effective, require little effort to drive a stargazer. Miniature swimming tips on curved rods are excellent looser, they are often installed on home.Made tools with hand.Thrust wheels.
So, in the form of the working body, cultivators share;
- Flat cutters and loops;
- Rosted, with a flat, sharp and arrow.Shaped end, from one to 7 links;
- Rotational, with a set of spinning stars;
- Straight vertical rods. Robbery tools.
Some models combine two functions, for example, a rotational manual cultivator with a loop pollen.
The well-known manufacturer of the drug EM-1 Baikal for soil healing, created a tool for soil processing. Plate flat cutters of various widths collected in the set. Their difference is that the strip is sharpened on both sides and the efficiency of work increases doubly. Pens to these flat cutters are selected separately. The goal is to cut the roots with weeds, which after destroying effective microorganisms will be destroyed.
Any summer resident dreams that he always has the right tool at his hand. Therefore, they are bought, and create their own designs on the basis of well.Known forms, but by changing the size, handle height, capture width.
Manual cultivator: main types
There are 2 main types of cultivators:
Disk cultivators and looser are represented by a wide list of produced models. They can have removable details, differ in physical parameters and performance.
The basis of this device is a shaft on which a certain shape of the disks with teeth in the form of stars is placed on a certain shape. Manual star cultivator is suitable for loosening. The more disks-stars, the more a wide soil strip can cover the mechanism in one pass. Ease of use is created by a long handle.
Rototillers | Buying tips, maintenance and operation.
A rotational cultivator is set in motion by making physical efforts. In this case, the working discs are placed between the processed rows. The shape of the stars allows the device to loosen the soil well. There is a lifting and turning the earth, during which weeds are also cut off.
Despite the need to apply efforts, the cultivator allows, in comparison with the operation of the shovel, it is faster and easier to process the site. The disadvantages of the rotary cultivator include the difficulty of its use on heavy clay soil.
Outwardly the tool is a long handle with several curved teeth at one end. Using a handle in the shape of an arc, it is necessary to put the teeth in the soil from a scale and perform the teeth.
With the help of a looser, it is convenient to prepare a site for an upcoming landing. Such a manual cultivator for weeding weeds does not require a significant physical effort and muscle tension.
The cultivator has proven itself well for processing sites with a small amount of weed grass. With a large number of weeds that grow with a dense carpet, such a device is not used due to low efficiency.
Hand cultivators for soil processing in a dacha of this type are curved teeth directed in different directions on the rod. In the process of loosening, the teeth enter the soil by 0.2 m and cut the roots of weeds.
It is not difficult to use the root. The tool should be located at right angles to the surface of the soil. By pressing on the handles, teeth are immersed in the soil. The next step is to turn the handle with an effort clockwise. Since the use of the root of the cornea requires the application of physical efforts, it will not work for people with weak physical data.
The use of the root of the root is possible on the basis of various densities.
The device is designed to facilitate digging potatoes tubers. Visually, a potato.Cutter is similar to a cornea, but has a different shape of the teeth. Its use allows you to reduce the load on the spine during digging and avoid the likelihood of damage to the tubers themselves.
Potato.Captage consists of a handle and working teeth in the lower part. A separately located cultivator pin stuck into the ground and turn the hilt so that the main teeth enter the soil.
Turning the device, it is directed up and pulled out. In the process of such actions, the potato tubers will be neatly false and raised without damage.
Near one bush, immersion and extraction of a cultivator must be repeated several times so that all tubers are extracted completely.
The advantages and disadvantages of the tool
As a rule, agriculture involves physical work, so cultivators are popular in that they allow it to facilitate. Of the advantages of such a tool, the following can be noted:
- Simplicity of use;
- No need for maintenance (refueling, lubrication);
- Neat processing;
- The ability to work in hard.To.Reach and delicate areas (greenhouses, rosary, places between bushes and trees, flower beds).
The most basic disadvantages of devices can be called:
- The need to change wheels from time to time (in rotational cultivators);
- Small performance indicators;
- Physical efforts are required;
- Small efficiency on solid soil and virgin.
Use manual cultivators very carefully. With too strong pressure on the device, you can damage the roots of cultures.