DIY shock hammer from improvised materials. Glining the handle of the hammer
DIY Locking Hammer
This simple short video tutorial shows how to make a locksmith hammer without costs from improvised materials. This will be a small tool, since the author of this video on the farm has many different hammers, but there was no small. It will make it with your own hands from a square piece of instrumental carbon steel size 16 × 16 mm, 90 mm long. For this material, heat treatment is not required. You can use the wrong steel (45), it will later have to be tempered. The handle will be made from a wooden from a chair.
So, the chair was disassembled and the beech jump was removed, which became the basis of the handle. It is processed on sandpaper on the peeling circle. It is made as a wedge.shaped so that the iron part of the hammer clogs well. So that there are no burrs, polished by sandpaper by zero. Now she sits in her hand quite well.
For the head of the hammer to become brilliant, polished it on a tape grinder, removed all the bumps, rust. Then, on the peeling circle, he took off one side and the second. Uneven surfaces specifically for the convenience of operation.
The most severe part of the manufacture of the connecting unit. First made a hole with a small drill with a diameter of 4 millimeters. Then a drill 6 millimeters. Finally used 10 millimeters. Since the metal is very hard, it was very difficult to make a hole with a drill 10 millimeters. Therefore, processing was carried out sequentially from small size to maximum. Jumpers were removed with the help of a file.
The result was a beautiful locksmith hammer. Now it remains only to collect. We make, score further. We will beat the handle with a hammer and the handle will enter the connecting node. Book is not afraid of small shock loads. The pen entered the head and holds very tightly.
Further video channel Vitmana homemade
We make a hammer with our own hands. 74 photos of repair and creation of a tool. Step.by.step instructions for beginners
It is difficult to imagine a house in which there is no hammer. This tool is an indispensable thing. He will score a nail, help to split nuts, and sometimes you can’t do without it in locksmith work.
However, there are cases that it is broken or one head remained of it. And perform work that are connected with a hammer is simply necessary.
Therefore, you need to figure out how to make a hammer with your own hands.
Using a hammer
The history of the emergence of the hammer goes deeper. It was still used by primitive people. They found him the most different application. Used in construction, extraction, hunting.
By modification of the hammer, you can track how humanity has developed. Mainly the change affected only the material from which it was created. And the design itself remained unchanged
There are a huge number of types of hammers that are used in various areas of human life. So, it is used in medicine, construction, cooking, locksmithing. You can’t do without a hammer in these areas. However, each sphere has its own certain type of hammer.
The most popular and in demand is a regular hammer that is used in everyday life. Its popularity is explained by the fact that it is multifunctional and universal.
Its main goal is an increase in the power of the human blow. In addition to clogging nails, he is also an indispensable assistant for other construction tools. For people like Kerner, chisel, chisel.
The design of the hammer
- In the photo of the hammer, it is clear that it consists of two parts
- The handle can be made of the following materials
- In the manufacture of the box, use
Its shape and size depend on which area it is used. And the cost of the hammer is very strongly affected by the shape of the box.
Square is much cheaper than the round shape. Since its shock part has a much clearer accuracy, as well as a large impact power. The speed of any hammer can only be regulated by a person.
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How to make a hammer
The tool begins to make a handle. Since the fighting itself is usually. Making it at home is problematic. Therefore, do not throw the old hammer heads.
The handle is most easily made of wood. To do this, I will approach 3t, the following trees
For manufacturing, a tree bar is necessary. The size depends on how long the hammer is required. The handle itself is pulled out of the bar. After that, it is imperative to roll it, so that later there is no discomfort in the work, and the skin on the hands does not suffer.
Prepared wood should be well dried, and then varnish. Drying room is selected carefully. Since it must comply with the basic rules:
It is important that wood cannot be dried with artificial lighting devices. Since it can be deformed, and its size will change a lot.
The next stage is the most difficult, this is the connection of the handle with a boy. The narrowed end of the handle with some effort should be inserted into the head of the hammer.
Often there are cases that the tip is not suitable in size. In the manufacture of the handle, it turned out a little more. This is not scary with the help of Rashpil can be processed to the desired size, and then fucked up so that the surface turns out to be smooth.
The boiler is planted perpendicular to the base of the handle. In this case, the structure must be kept in an upright position.
The head is planted with the help of gradual strokes on a solid surface until the handle enters the head tightly. Everything, the hammer is ready for use.
It is not difficult to make a hammer yourself, the main desire. Of course, you can buy a new hammer in the store, but this does not give a complete guarantee that the connection between the head and handles will not break in it in new. Therefore, it is advisable to make a hammer with your own hands.
Today we consider how the author did, here is such a soft hammer from a copper graphite brush. Such a hammer is not used often, but there are times where you need to work with the part without damaging it.
I made marks on the brush, retreating 33 mm on top, and from below 45 mm.
Combining the marks with a straight line, with a hacksaw on metal, he cut off everything unnecessary.
Further in the center of this workpiece, it will make a hole. First 3 mm drill, and then 6.5 mm.
He will also make a hole, and in a small piece of a wooden board by a 8 mm drill.
This piece of wood will be used as a guide for a tap.
Having cut a couple of threads of threads in the boy of the future hammer, he took off the guide and continued to cut the thread without it.
Then he changed the drill to the nozzle with sandpaper and began grinding.
And poured the resin into the hole of the handle, installed a hairpin and left until the resin is hardened.
After the resin was frozen, wrapped part of the handle with a leaf into the cage and fixed it with tape.
Then, with the help of an awl, he moved the cell marking to a wooden handle.
Then taking the old worn.out curly bat.
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And with the help of not strong beats of the hammer, I went through the previously made marking.
Then he walked with sandpaper and applied several layers of stain.
Then he set the handle in an upright position, and covered it with alkyd varnish in two layers.
While the varnish dries, I decided to modify the fight of the hammer a bit, or rather, make an additional fixation of a wooden handle on it. To do this, he made a through hole from his side and cut the threads under the screw M 3.
Когда лаковое покрытие высохло вкрутил ручку в боёк.
I also made a hole in advance in the stiletto.
Fixed the handle with screws. Putting the pucks of Crover to avoid twisting the screws.
As you can see in the photo, there are not big damage on the shock part of the hammer.
But there is no scratch on a nail hat. That means made by the author, a soft hammer copes with his task perfectly.
Device and characteristics
The tool consists of 2 main parts. heads and handles.
When hitting the head, all force is transmitted, and if it slides off the handle, it flies away a couple of tens of meters.
Therefore, using a tool with a staggering head or with cracks on the handle is prohibited.
In this case, the impact force is transferred to a small area.
Bright blows are used to crack solid materials, when checking.
In some cases, the sock has an unconventional, rounded shape or is made in the form of a “swallow tail”;
Has a flat shape, relatively large area, high strength and tolerates a large number of blows.
In the cross section, the boobs are performed square, rectangular or round;
HASAD increases from the center up. this prevents slipping.
On some tools around the sunshine there is a kindergarten like a metal collar;
The head is made of hard varieties of steel in a casting way, forging, milling.
From corrosion, the product made of black steel is protected by a layer of zinc or polymer paint.
Models from titanium or copper do not need protection, as well as wood hammers.
The steel head is hardened with the electric detention center, and strengthened.
So, the toe is strengthened to 36–42 units on the Rockwell scale, the ore is only up to 24–30, they give maximum hardness to a boyfriend. up to 52 units.
The handle is most often made of hard rocks. oak, beech, grab.
However, models with plastic handles, rubberized or even steel are also offered. welding hammer.
Dimensions and weight
These parameters are determined by the type of work performed.
The length of the handle of heavy hammers is 380–450 mm, small. 200–260 mm;
In light hammers it is 1515 mm, in medium. 2525 mm, in large. 33 33 mm.
The weight of the tool varies in a large range: tools for instrumental work weigh from 200 to 300 g, for locksmiths. 400-500 g.
When repairing, heavy models are needed. 600-800 g.
Products weighing from 1 to 16 kg are called sledgehammer, and are used to break the walls.
Types of hammers and their purpose
The construction hammer can be either universal and have “qualifications”.
By purpose of the tool, the following types are distinguished.
Locksmith. classic version
The boiler is flat or slightly rounded, the back of the head of the wedge.shaped.
The handle is wooden, sometimes rubbed.
Classify products by weight: for domestic use, models weighing 330-500 g are suitable, professional heavy weighs up to 2 kg.
This species differs in a smaller cross.section of the box with a comparable head of the head. from 100 to 800 g.
The boiler is only flat, the back is wedge.shaped or made in the form of a nail.
The hammer is used for work, where you need not so much the power of impact as high accuracy.
The back of the head of such a model is always made in the form of a “swallow tail”. a nail.
The steel is flat or corrugated, the weight of the head varies from 300 to 800 g.
A nail is performed with a different angle of inclination. from 0 to 120 degrees.
Plotnik hammers are used in assembling and dismantling wooden structures.
In some models, the boats are magnetized and holds the nail in the right position.
Here the shock part is flat with a very small section, the back is made in the form of a pointed or flat picking.
Kirka is used for riding and breaking stone and brick.
The head is tempered by the induction method, and in hardness it is not inferior to blacksmithing, since a very high strength is needed to fit stone or porcelain border.
The handle is marked in the form of a ruler: this facilitates the work of the mason.
A hammer of a tile. weighs only 75 g, since for working with such fragile material you need no strength, but accuracy.
The boiler, respectively, has a small cross section, and the wedge is made in the form of a narrow picking.
The roofer’s hammer has several characteristic distinctive features:
- The boiler is advantageous of a square shape;
- The shock zone of the box is embossed;
- One spike is on the back of the hammer;
- A magnetic holder of nails is installed on the tool.
The magnetic holder of the nails allows you to clog nails with one hand, which is very convenient, especially when working on a height.
The unusual shape of the box levels the rebound of the tool, which at the height is a serious danger to the employee.
On the hammer’s hammer on the opposite side of the box, like most other models of this instrument, there is a nail in which one spike acts.
This spike is intended for preliminary penetration in the roof of a small hole into which a nail is clogged.
The hammer is explosive
An explosion-proof hammer is a hand-made shock tool in which the steel is made of non-ferrous metal, it can be copper, brass or bronze, intended for work in special conditions where there is an explosive and fire hazard.
The tool from non.ferrous metals during the blows does not produce sparks, in connection with this, bronze, copper, brass and other hammers are used in special cases where an explosion or fire can occur from an accidental spark, so they are called explosion.proof.
In such conditions, a textolite hammer or kiyanka can also be used.
This type of hammer is made of wood, polymers, cast rubber.
It is used to equalize and give shape to tin and sheet metal products.
The shock part is flat, rectangular, in the carpentry kiyanka the head is cylindrical or barrel.shaped.
The locksmith option has the back of the wedge.shaped.
To adjust the tiles or align the car wing, plastic or rubber linings are put on the battleship.
This is the heaviest hammer weighing up to 16 kg.
Used to break the walls, drive pipes into the ground, dismantling structures and other strength work.
The head of the standard shape, while the conical hassal does not allow it to slip.
Unlike professional homemade hammers, a variety of forms do not differ.
However, this is not the most important drawback: the tool reaches the strength and hardness of the shock part due to hardening and hardening, and such a procedure at home is impossible.
DIY reverse hammer (14 photos of manufacture)
Homemade reverse hammer: photo step.by.step manufacturing.
A reverse hammer is a device for repairing a car body. It is used for repair: thresholds, arches, carpets, in places where there is no way to get on the inside of the part.
The design of the reverse hammer consists of the base made of a steel rod with a diameter of about 20 mm, half a meter long, the puck is welded on the base and is dressed with a weight. The principle of action is simple. the end of the rod should be grabbed by welding to the part, the force of the weight of the weight is transmitted to the bar and affects the part. In this way you can bend the body detail and give it the desired shape.
I decided to make a simple reverse hammer from improvised materials with my own hands that were in the garage. For the manufacture of homemade, I used pieces of pipes of different diameters, puck and rods.
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Each driver who at least once was engaged in the repair of his car knows what a reverse hammer is. For those who first hear this name, we will tell in detail in this article about this tool.
The most responsible part in the repair of the car body is to align its surface. For a body to have all the necessary tools, you need to have all the necessary tools. This also includes the reverse hammer.
Reverse hammer for body repair. metal pin with a size of 50 cm in length and diameter of 2 cm. Two elements are located on it: a sleeve made of rubber and a metal washer. The puck holds the sleeve and does not allow vibrations from the blows to go to the hammer body.
Some reverse hammers may have hooks. With the help of them, the hammer captures the brackets welded to the body, holding on it while aligning the surface of the car.
The reverse hammer should be used to eliminate small sections in volume, therefore, for raising large elements in the area, such as the roof, trunk and hood cover, it is not suitable due to small sizes and technology of its work.
A return hammer with a suction cup is needed to capture the metal surface of the body. Thanks to him do not need to dismantle parts of the car requiring repair. A vacuum reverse hammer works on compressed air, which is produced by a compressor.
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Some complex dents on the body of the car are worn using one.sided spot welding. Such a device is called a spotter. The device instantly welds metal fasteners to the body in a damaged place and draws a deformed surface using a reverse hammer.
It is fixed to the surface requiring paces, and in the right direction the hammer itself moves in the form of a washer, which at the fixation point puts the force and draws out the deformation.
Svotter automatic spends from 10 to 15 kW energy. You should take care of the wiring corresponding to such a load.
A mechanical reverse hammer is a small manual device for caring a car, which consists of a bar and freely planted weights with the same or different mass.
On the one hand, there is a hook on the other hand, on the other. a locking washer, which does not allow weights to fall from the rod, thereby transmitting the power of impact to the surface requiring alignment.
When using the reverse hammer, you need to be careful, since in the middle of the body often, when aligned by one dent, a new defect may form. Therefore, in such areas, it is better to use more professional equipment.
For internal and external bearings
You can remove internal and external bearings using a special reverse hammer. This tool is performed by work that require efforts from the inside.
There are also filmmakers of CV joints with a reverse hammer, which are designed to remove hinges of equal angular velocities from the car drives. At the end of the filming there is a tubular nut, which must be screwed into the threads of the CVA and pulled out of the drive with a reverse hammer.
How to choose
To engage in a car body, you need to choose the right back hammer.
When choosing a reverse hammer, you need to pay attention to:
When buying a reverse hammer, it is not at all necessary to pay attention to its color. The work of this tool does not depend on this.
Best vacuum reverse hammer
One of the best models of a reverse vacuum hammer is LIGOTA ATG-6258 with a weighing of a box of 1.36 kg, works from a compressor. Suitable for ri. gentle surfaces. Sold in a set with three suction cups with a diameter of 50, 120, 150 mm.
Pros: Advantages of the Ligota ATG-6258 recruitment:
Cons: Ligota ATG-6258 reverse hammer disadvantages include:
Model JTC 2503 of a reverse hammer for point.to.line is the best.
Best mechanical reverse hammer
Mechanical reverse hammer Sorokin 6.121 is one of the best.
Pros: to the advantages of a hammer of a magin 6.121 include:
- wear resistance;
- Tool strength;
- The components of the set during transportation are not lost thanks to the case;
- Long service life.
Minuses at the mechanical reverse hammer model Sorokin 6.121, judging by the reviews, no.
A standard reverse hammer cannot be used to repair too large areas, for example, the center of the roof, the hood and the lid of the trunk.
The best reverse hammer for internal and external bearings
- One of the best models of a reverse hammer for bearings is a mastak 100-31005c.
- Characteristics: using a set of mastak 100-31005c, a repair of the chassis of cars is performed.
- The set includes:
A reverse hammer device
There are several options for the structure of the reverse hammer:
- with a pneumatic mechanism of stretching;
- devices with several weighting agents;
- Models with an adhesive base or interchangeable nozzles.
The first of the presented species has a unique advantage over such devices. Vacuum suction cum allows repair work without damage to the paintwork. Depending on the power of the vacuum reverse hammer, it is possible to draw small and medium.sized damage on various parts of the body. However, when working, a special technology must be observed: stretching should be carried out from the edge of damage R to its center. Otherwise, there is a voltage dangerous for metal, which can lead to fracture or unlocked deformation.
Pneumatic reverse hammers are convenient in that they require reduced effort when performing work. Also, the sphere where this tool is indispensable is the work under the hood, including the extraction of accusited details.
A homemade reverse hammer can be built from the simplest components:
- a metal rod of a suitable thickness and a length of about half a meter;
- steel washers of the corresponding diameter for installing stops;
- weights to increase the force of exposure;
- rubber handle (it is possible to replace with any other convenient material);
- hook or metal plate with the holder. depending on the design of the alleged hammer.
It depends on the condition of all components whether the grinding and cleaning of metal parts will be needed. To do this, you can use sandpaper or disk for grinding metal, and special compositions may also be useful. It will depend on the design features whether the welding machine will be needed or only a device for cutting the thread will be required. However, most often it is impossible to do without welding, since fixing the locking washers on the reverse hammer rod is best done using a reliable seam.
You can find a reverse hammer for a body repair on numerous sites. But before designing it is important to determine the goals for which the tool will be used. A reverse hammer for rikhty can be done in half an hour with your own hands, but you need to select the scheme in advance. The easiest way to assemble a model with an adhesive base or with interchangeable hooks on the thread.
The first step is to decide on the size of the hammer. Typically, 50 cm lengths are enough to ensure prolonged work and convenience, however, reducing this number is possible depending on individual needs or the availability of the necessary materials.
The second stage is made a clear drawing on which each detail is carefully drawn. Thanks to this, the number of components and the degree of their readiness for assembly becomes clear. Most often, it is at this moment that you can think in advance and make hooks for stretching various sizes. Since the reverse hammer can be made with one or more cargo, such a variety of nozzles will allow you to work with dents of various severity. For example, with specific damage, welding of several loops on one straight line with the subsequent extension of the pin for stretching one plane is possible.
This method is not suitable for any dent, but it allows you to reduce the arising deformation forces in the metal, which allows you to do work faster and with minimal damage.
Reverse hammer for body repair: features, do.it.yourself manufacture and use
Today you will learn how to make a reverse hammer with your own hands and how to use it correctly for its intended purpose.
This device is used in order to align insignificant areas on deformed machines after small accidents.
There are such sections of the body that can be leveled with a simple rubber hammer, performing reverse blows. However, such access to most surfaces does not exist. That is why you need a reverse hammer. Hammer tip is attached to the place of deformation. With the help of cargo on the reverse end, a jerk pulling force is on the surface.
Before starting to make a reverse hammer for a body repair with your own hands, you will need to understand how this tool works and what kind of varieties exist. It is also recommended to make a drawing. And only after that you need to start work.
Despite the fact that the design of the reverse hammer is quite simple, over time, even it has several modifications. This or that option is used in different cases. it all depends on skill, as well as the type of deformation. But in general, the design is always the same, the same and the principle of operation. Differences are only in the methodology for attaching such a tool to the body.
- This is a metal rod, from one end of which there is a hook, and from the second. cargo and emphasis;
- They catch a hook for the washer, and the puck is welded to the place of deformation by welding;
- Provided that the deformation is eliminated to the right moment on the load of shock efforts.
But the second option (also quite simple) will be slightly different from the first. At the end, instead of the hook, there is a simple thread. In order to align the surface using such a device, a hole is made in the center of deformation, into which the end with thread is inserted, and a nut and washer are attached on it on it.
Vacuum hammer is the most difficult option for its performance. It is attached to the surface of the deformed area by means of rarefied air. Sucker begins to work both by the usual method and using the compressor.
Thanks to the vacuum device, you can fix minor body damage and save the intact varnish coating.
If we talk about the tools, then for work you will need the following:
- Metal pin by 50 cm and with a diameter of 20 mm;
- Cargo with an internal hole;
- It is advisable to have a threading tool;
- Welding device;
- Corner grinder.
If the capture of the tool is threaded, then cut the thread at the end of the pin with a special tool. It is not necessary to cut it much, since the body metal is quite thin.
When the tip is ready, a load limited on the back of the tool is put on the pin. This can be done by means of threaded stop or by welding. Threaded emphasis. the option is more acceptable, since it is possible to use cargoes of different weights, depending on what force is needed at the end of the tool.
Such a tool has the following principle of operation:
- To begin with, carefully study the deformed area by car and select a suitable hook depending on the place of its location, as well as the size of the dent. this will allow the future to correctly calculate the accuracy of the force of the application;
- Then the damaged area on the body is well cleaned of the extra layer of paint, as well as the soil to the metal;
- Further, on a metal surface of dents on a car, weld special brackets (repair goals) through a welding machine. If an electric spotter is included with a hammer, then when leveling it will only be required to change the nozzle;
- At the brackets we hook the instrument hook, then carefully and easily pull out the dent. It is recommended to do this until the damaged area of the body completely disappeared;
- To completely remove dents, to start weld several brackets, and then through their holes stretch the rod of the tool so that the damage disappears;
- The corrected area is treated with a primer and covered with paint depending on the tone of the body.
However, along with advantages, such a hammer has a number of disadvantages. Because of them, you can remove a layer of paint with the previously incompetented dent on the body.
In addition, this tool is not suitable for correcting large dents on the hood, roof or surface of the trunk of the machine.
And welding of brackets can ruin the metal, because of this, the part will need to be replaced completely.
Vacuum reverse hammer
There is a separate type of device. this is a vacuum hammer. The vacuum rikhthovka of the car body has its own peculiarity, thanks to which a fairly large damaged surface of the machine can be put in order.
Its advantage is that it has a vacuum suction cup, thanks to it you will not need to remove a thick layer of paint and varnish before the start of the body repair.
It will not be necessary to drill or weld the brackets on the site subject to repair in comparison with the usual tool. In this case, pistons of different configurations and forms are used.
By vacuum suction, when leveling dents, the material is well held. Working with a vacuum tool will reduce time to work and labor costs.
DIY hand back for a car body
Correction of car defects is not complete without the use of special tools. In particular, a vacuum reverse hammer or its modification is needed. Types are different, some models are created with their own hands. What is it, and how to make a tool for body repair with your own hands is described in this article.
Richthing tool (hammer with additional details) [Contents H2]
What is a hammer for ri. for what is used
Not all places of the body for cars are subject to correction from the outside. To straighten dents on the thresholds, racks and arches, a reverse hammer for a spotter. welding machine will be useful. It is a device design in the form of a gun with a drawer electrode and a shock blank. Automation is valid without the participation of the wizard’s hands, only the control keys of the device.
A regular manual straightening hammer consists of a steel rod with a hook on one side and a steel puck on the other. The principle of action is simple:
- Handle and weight. a steel puck. these are moving elements of a hammer.
- The place for rikhty and repair is initially prepared for the procedure. The hook at the end of the hammer is firmly installed in the places of the defect for auxiliary washers.
- Sharply moving the weight to the handle of the hammer and making strong blows, straighten the dent.
Applying hammers, they straighten out not only dents, but also use them as a puller. For example, if you have to separate the lost details. a reverse hammer for bearings is indispensable.
Any bodywork requires detailed consideration, otherwise the use of the hammer will provide a “bear service”, forming new dents. They use the tool on their own, only when there is a corresponding skill.
Types of a rikhthnaya hammer
The locksmith industry offers several tool options. For example:
- Reverse hammer with pneumatics. The mechanism increases the power of the impact, which is why the result becomes satisfactory without long work.
- Spotter. As described above, this is the welding machine necessary to cauterize the metal and remove the voltage from it. The back of the reverse action with him makes the work of the finished.
- 2-3 weights set. A large number of weighting agents, contributes to the accuracy and power of the blow. Dignity in rapid pacing. A homemade reverse hammer for ri. is created according to this principle and improves.
- Vacuum. A hammer, the most sparing varnishes of a car. it is not required to remove from damaged places. Is a reverse hammer with suction. Straightens dents with strong air compression.
Vacuum tool. very convenient and practical to use
Respectively model and cost. It is easy to assume that the last option is the most impudent in price.
How to make a hammer model yourself
Simple weight model is available for independent assembly. Make a more modern reverse hammer for body repair with your own hands, it is quite possible if you purchase components. Consider one of the options for which the following materials will be required:
- Steel rod. With a section of at least 2 cm. If you do not take this into account, then the thin rod will not last long. enough for one rikhty.
- Rubber handle. It is specially pulled out of a whole piece or use a nozzle from something.
- Steel hook. At its end, the thread is cut for screwing into the pin. It is needed not only for stretching the surface beyond the brackets, but also as a reverse hammer to remove nozzles. it is convenient for them to paint the obsolete parts that are subject to replacement.
- Welding machine. Inverter is suitable for home needs.
- Steel washers. 2 pieces. Diameter. 3 cm.
- Weight. Use a grandmother ordinary from store scales, without angles and protrusions. Otherwise it is inconvenient to use it. Section up to 6 cm and length up to 15 cm.
To make it more convenient to assemble a handicraft model, it is better to have in your hands a drawing of a reverse hammer with applied typical sizes. So the assembly speed will probably increase. It is made as follows:
- They bring the rod to the proper state. soaked in an anti.corrosion solution, polished and degreased. It is important that the pin for a home.made reverse hammer remains even. either it is chosen in accordance with this, or straightened at the initial stage.
- At the end of the rod, one of the washers is welded so that when struck, the weight does not fly off the rod and does not hurt the surface of the car body. Immediately equip a reverse hammer with their own hands with a capture. welded or screwed to the end of the rod hook.
- The weight is drilled on the lathe through the stroke so that the move along the steel pin becomes unhindered. Check this immediately, putting on a weighting agent from the other end. If it walks tight, then the diameter of the internal opening is increased.
- After putting on weights, at the other end, they fix the second puck to prevent a heavy grandmother to break the handle.
- It remains to put on a rubber nozzle and a reverse hammer for a spotter is ready. The artisanal model is checked in action on an old, unnecessary piece of iron and eliminate disadvantages, otherwise additional defects will appear on the body of the car.
Rubber nozzle at the end of the body repair tool
To make a reverse hammer with a vacuum suction cup, the same components will be required, only instead of a hook is a batten. a new one, there will be no sense from an old. First they “suck” the nozzle to the iron and then begin the work. The advantage is that additional brackets will not have to be welded to the body, and then to remove their portion of the already ugly surface.
A model that is a reverse electric hammer is a variant of a rihot tool equipped with a engine. The dents are practically not required for the straightening effort. the power of the engine allows you to stretch and strike the gland with a greater amplitude than a person does it.
How to make a puller from improvised materials?
The wedge.shaped design is the most complex (in terms of independent work), for the manufacture of the main elements, industrial equipment will be required. Consider the rest of the options:
- Reverse hammer. A transverse eye is welded to a piece of a flat pipe (or reinforcement). The diameter of the hole corresponds to the hubs. As a hammer, any heavy blank with a through hole is used. You can take the metal part from the sledgehammer. At the opposite end, weld a shock stop (this is a responsible node, it should be durable).
- A screw puller is made literally from metal waste, which are present in each garage (home workshop). The most difficult thing is to make a clamping clamp. Usually, with the help of corner grinder, the old clip is cut from a suitable spacecraft, and welded to it. It is better to use hardened steel as power rods, simple reinforcement may bend.
The reverse hammer is one of the most important tools for restoring the car body. It is used when there is no direct access from the inside for small dents to align. The device of such a device is extremely simple, and conducting body repair with it does not require special skills.
Before the work, careful prolonged cleaning of the damaged area to the metal is required;
It cannot be used for relatively large areas of the car body (central part of the roof, trunk lid and hood), since welding of the washer can greatly stretch the metal, and the final result will be very deplorable.
restoration of thresholds, racks and other body elements.
This is interesting: indicator gutomer nor 50,100. verification, measurement, setting
DIY shock screwdriver from an old drill
The shock screwdriver is used to unscrew firmly “welded” bolts and screws. This useful hand tool can be bought at any construction store. But if you like to do everything with your own hands, then such a shock screw can be made and independently from improvised materials.
The principle of action of the shock screwdriver is very simple: the impact force is transformed at torque, as a result of which even the most “stubborn” bolts and screws can be unscrewed without problems, which are not amenable to an ordinary screwdriver.
In this case, the master uses an old drill with a diameter of 16 mm as a basis, which is ideal for this homemade. Also, for this homemade, a piece of a pipe with a diameter of ½ inch, two balls from the bearing, a spring and a bolt M16 will be required.
The main stages of work
First of all, it will be necessary to cut off a piece of a half.inch pipe 170 mm long. Further, having retreated from the edge of the pipe of 15 mm, you need to drill a through hole with a drill with a diameter of 10 mm. The master inserts two balls from the bearing into the drilled holes.
So that the balls do not fall out of the “planting nest”, you need to put on a halfshift pipe a piece of pipe ¾ 20 mm long (that is, you get a kind of fixing ring).
To put the ring on the pipe, you will first need to make it dried in it with a corner grinder on the weld. It is also necessary to drill two holes on the sides.
At the last stage in the shank of the drill, the square cuts under the end heads, after which you can proceed to the final assembly of the device.
You can watch in detail about how to make a shock-feed screwdriver from an old drill with your own hands in the video on the site.
Shock screwdriver and invaluable benefit of the tool
Corrosion is one of the most unfavorable consequences to which all metal materials are subject to, including fasteners.
Often, in the process of unscrewing the bolts, screws or screws, one has to deal with the fact that these elements simply do not lend themselves to the displacement of. In order not to damage the tool to which the mounting element is divorced, you need to choose the corresponding approach.
An ordinary screwdriver is not able to cope with rusted or accumulated connections, so there is only one option. use a shock screwdriver.
Features of the functioning of shock screwdrivers
The tool considered in the material still has such a name as a shock screwdriver. It is a product equipped with a core of a monolithic type.
The main difference between this device and a conventional screwdriver is an enhanced metal case that has resistance to hammer shock.
For the manufacture of shock screwdrivers, exclusively high.quality alloy steel is used.
Before you find out the principle of operation of the tool, you should deal with constructive features. The product of the product passes through the entire length of the structure from the working slots to the heel of the handle. The rotation of the sting is carried out due to the slots that are driven in motion for every blow of the hammer.
The shock-feed mechanism is located in the handle of the product. The sting is connected to the lobby of the gear. The handle in the form of a clip has a similar design. Hammer blows are applied directly on the heel located on the back of the device.
The tool is used not only to unscrew the oxidized or rusted fasteners, but also for their control of their screw.
Structural scheme of a shock screwdriver
The principle of action of the shock-fiber type screwdrivers is that when impacts with a hammer on the handle, the clip is moving on the handle.
Through this movement through the toothed gear, the torque is transferred to the sting. With each hit with a hammer, a slight movement of the sting occurs on the heel, which is enough to weaken the power of the connection.
After weakening this compound, you can use the usual screwdriver to completely unscrew the metrose element.
The device device does not have any complex elements, so it is very convenient to unscrew the fasteners that cannot be removed with standard tools. Their advantage is not only the gradual movement of the sting when impacts on the handle, but also the lack of the ability to lick the hat of the fastener element.
It is interesting! The movement of the sting occurs not only in one direction, but also in both, for which a reverse mechanism is used. The presence of reverse depends on the model of the tool, and is reflected in its cost.The design of the device from the USSR
Technical parameters of the shock screwdriver
Each manufacturer seeks to make their goods not only high.quality, but also multifunctional. The shock-howling screwdriver, depending on the technical features and configuration, is determined by the following characteristics:
- Reverse. A good tool will definitely have a reversing design. This function is not always needed, therefore, on products from the USSR, they are absent. The presence of reverse affects the cost of the tool, but is not always justified by the need
- Production material. Products of the time of the USSR were made of steel, and in this form were on sale. Modern models are rarely found without surface coating, which is polyurethane, rubber or polyethylene. The presence of a coating of a metallic base provides not only additional protection of the tool, but also eliminates the likelihood of slipping and electric shock during work with electric devices
- Lever. The role of the handle in the usual tool is to attach physical effort. In the shock screwdriver, the role of the handle is slightly different-it is an integral part of the shock-in-housing mechanism, and is also intended to keep the product during work
A tool with a nozzle for unscrewing bolt compounds
Shock-feed devices in the kit are delivered with several options for interchangeable bits. over, manufacturers complete their tools not only with crushing and flat bits, but also with hexagons and an asterisk. Bits with various diameters do not have to be present in a set with the product, since ordinary nozzles from standard screwdrivers are suitable for such a screwdriver.
Why are percussion tools needed? The answer to this question can be answered by everyone on their own, as soon as he uses the product.
These tools will always be useful if they are in the arsenal of a home master.
If there is an urgent need to use the tool, but have not yet managed to buy it, then for this it is possible to make a shock screwdriver with your own hands.
How to make a shock screwdriver with your own hands
Probably many in their arsenal of tools have a shock. You can make it yourself, without making great efforts. For the manufacture of homemade, you will need only one part. the mechanism of the car starter.
This mechanism is best suited for making such a tool. The process of manufacturing the tool with your own hands in the form of step.by.step instructions is described below:
- Only a shaft is needed from a car starter. You need to remove the rotary part from the shaft, for which you will need a bell screwdriver with your own hands from the car starter: cutting off the winding winding
- The shaft and sleeve, which remained after removing the winding, will be the basis of the future instrumental elements for the manufacture of the tool
- The tool is almost ready to use. It remains only to make a handle and heel, for which a piece of pipe will be needed. A shock heel is made from a large diameter bolt. As a heel, a hat is used bolt.filled parts for manufacturing. a piece of pipe and a bolt
- To combine all these elements, you need to use the welding machine. After welding the pipe and the bolt to the shaft, at the final stage the resulting handle is wrapped with electrical tape