Gear oil for chain saw chain
What Oil to Put in Your Chainsaw Gear
A chainsaw is a quite complex machine and requires a lot of care and service. Part of these works the owner of the tool can do yourself, in the case of complex faults, we advise to contact an experienced mechanic.
Performance of a chainsaw depends on many factors. You should take into account motor power, operator’s experience, quality of chain saw equipment and fuels and lubricants. In addition, modern chainsaws are equipped with automatic chain lubrication system, without which it is difficult to imagine even the cheapest tool.
Read about the automatic chain lubrication system, how it operates and what its functionality depends on in our material. Let’s pay special attention to the problem of choosing lubricating oil, let’s get acquainted with the recommendations of the leading manufacturers in this matter.
Advantages of oils of high price level
Brand chain oils include useful antioxidant, anticorrosive, stabilizing components and additives that help preserve oil working properties and increase wear resistance of working equipment under severe operating conditions.
The quality of branded consumables is the benchmark. Most of them are produced by leading manufacturers STIHL, Husqvarna, ECHO, DAEWOO and others. In the last few years the quality of Chinese chain oils produced by state-owned enterprises has improved noticeably.
Owners of chainsaws are the ones who decide what oil to use for chainsaw chain lubrication. In the best case, it is adapted to the climatic characteristics of the region consumable recommended by the instruction manual for this model.
Block: 2/12 | Characteristics: 830
Features of chainsaw lubricants
Most oils are burnable, since they contain hydrocarbons. Mineral oil is a product of oil distillation. But in four-stroke engines there are special mechanisms that prevent grease from penetrating into the cylinders. The reverse process, where the engine “eats oil”, results in increased smoke formation and is considered a malfunction.The opposite is true of a two-stroke engine. oil must penetrate into the combustion chamber and turn into smoke from the exhaust system. This has led to a number of fairly stringent requirements for good chainsaw oil:
- Complete combustion as possible. The less smoke and soot produced by oil combustion, the cleaner the ducts through which the exhaust gases travel. A very important requirement for two-stroke oil manufacturers is that it must be environmentally friendly. The amount of smoke and soot coming out of the exhaust pipe is not only bad for the environment. To varying degrees, it is inhaled by the operator operating the tool. Therefore, oil that burns completely, with a minimum amount of smoke is preferred for modern chainsaw models.
- Clean and unadulterated. The dimensions of a chainsaw carburetor are miniaturized. Channels, through which the fuel mixture flows, are so narrow that various foreign substances may partially block or even clog them.
- Combustion of the oil-and-gasoline mixture should occur with minimum formation of soot. otherwise in regular operation the working cylinder gets caked: the soot covers the walls of the combustion chamber and pistons, leads to the wear of the cylinder surface. Operation of such engine becomes not only undesirable but even dangerous.
- The oil should not only lubricate, but also clean the interacting parts
- . This is particularly true of synthetic oils, which have some of the best performance characteristics on the market.
Manufacturers make oil for two-stroke engines colored. When dissolved in gasoline, it turns the color pale pink or red. This enables the operator to check whether he (or one of his team) has not forgotten to mix the right mixture in the right proportions
Branded or standard chain oil for chainsaw density, viscosity, degree of purification from foreign substances and other performance characteristics meet the requirements of special standards.
- There is no significant difference between organic and mineral oil.
- Experienced users recommend operating on organic consumables if the intervals between use of the chainsaw are not more than a few days.
- Anticorrosive and other protective properties of more expensive mineral oils, if the tool is used for sporadic jobs.
Checking oil for outside temperatures and checking lubrication system for proper function is no problem. To do this hold the headset of the medium speed saw for a few seconds over a clean sheet of paper.
By the width and saturation of the oil band you can judge about the suitability of the composition for long-term operation at a given air temperature and the performance of the built-in oil pump.
When to use special chain oil?
Manufacturers recommend chain oil for all chainsaw applications. This recommendation is related to the following points:
- Oil pump can fail. This is due to the special properties of the lubricant.
- Use of waste oil or other oils for other purposes will reduce the ability of the tool to run at high speeds.
- If the tire is very worn, no new chain should be installed on it. It is connected with increased wear of the surface. It is recommended that a minimum of four chains be purchased if work is to be done frequently.
- It is strictly forbidden to operate without oil in the tank. When filling up the chain saw, it is absolutely necessary to lubricate the tire.
When using special oil for chain lubrication, attention should be paid to its quality, because it should not contain various impurities or debris. Otherwise the oil pump can fail quickly.
Almost all chainsaw and accessory manufacturers make lubricants. Chain oil for chainsaws protects metal from rapid wear and corrosion. In addition, chain oil lasts a long time on the surface, even with prolonged use of the device.
There are several options as to what oil to use for chainsaw chain lubrication in the absence of quality branded products:
Chain lubricant for chainsaw in any of the options discussed is not a full-fledged alternative to branded products, but may be suitable as a temporary replacement in case of emergency. With prolonged work on such mixtures can completely fail the lubrication mechanism and ruin the chain.
It is advisable to choose an oil for an electric chainsaw or its gasoline equivalent based on the following criteria:
- The product should not have obvious fractional separation or sediment.
- Specifications must be officially certified by the manufacturer.
- The company-manufacturer must be registered and have a legal address.
- Before buying a particular oil, it is useful to read the reviews of real users of the product.
It’s impossible to decide what chain oil is right for a chainsaw without a practical test. Ideally with a 100% load there should be no smell of overheated wood in operation, the engine should show no signs of overloading.
What oils to choose for a chainsaw engine
Do not know what oil to use for your tool, then it’s time to figure it out. You should only use a special 2T oil for your motor, and you can buy it at a special store for gasoline equipment. This is a special substance that is used as an additive to gasoline for units that are air-cooled. In terms of composition, these substances come in the following types:
It is recommended to fill the chainsaw with synthetic, even though it is more expensive than mineral oil. The main advantage of synthetics is that when mixed with gasoline it does not form soot in the cylinders. The absence of carbon deposits has a positive effect on the long life of an engine. Red, green or blue color of the fluid are special coloring substances that manufacturers add in order to determine the presence of grease in the gasoline.
This is interesting! Machines that run on synthetics have a longer life than engines that use mineral lubricants.
Two-stroke lubricants for chainsaws
It is better to dilute petrol with synthetic, but if mineral was used before, you cannot switch to synthetic at the same time. Mineral oil for two-stroke engines promotes formation of carbon deposits in cylinders after 100 hours of operation. If you switch from mineral to synthetic, the fouling will erode and spread throughout the engine. This will cause damage to internal parts.
Manufacturers of tools in the passports indicate the recommendations, what is better to apply. If you pour only quality materials, the service life of parts and performance of the tool will be high. It is forbidden to pour car engine oil into a two-stroke chainsaw engine, because it has different characteristics and density.
In addition to the type of oil, you also need the right proportion of lubricant. The standard ratio of gasoline to lubricant is 1 to 50, or 20 ml of oil per 1 liter of gasoline. The documentation for each tool specifies the appropriate ratio. After all, the ratio depends on factors such as ambient temperature. If you plan to work with a chainsaw in the winter, more lubricant should be added. For more details on the ratio of these substances for two-stroke engines, see this material.
Recommendations! It is impossible to store the prepared fuel mixture for a long time, so for the winter, when the tool is not used, it is necessary to drain the gasoline from the tank. permissible storage time of the fuel mixture with different types of oils are shown on the packages, therefore before buying it is recommended to read the recommendations of the producer.