How much can you work with a corner grinder without stopping. How to saw from yourself or yourself
Think seven times, cut off once! Rules for working with corner grinder.
A simple device of an angle grinding machine does not prevent it from being one of the most popular and necessary tools in the household. The principle of operation is in an electric engine that launches the shaft through the corner gearbox, on which a special disk is attached.
The main advantage of this technique is multifunctionality, because when using various discs, cutting, polishing or stack of excess material is performed. There are discs designed to work with wood, but they cannot be used for metal. As polishing consumables, discs with an abrasive basis of different grainness are used.
Corner grinder is classified into several types:
Low.power equipment is powered by a simple household outlet for 220 V, but powerful corner grinders are connected to a network with a voltage of 380 V. Regardless of power, all machines perform manipulations for cutting, stack and polishing wooden, concrete, metal and plastic materials.
The only difference is the time of work. Powerful equipment is able to work longer without overheating, but household equipment has to be rested. If necessary, the corner grinder serves as the basis for creating a small machine. To do this, the corner grinder is fixed stationary and the details, cords, incisors are pulled out and knives are pulled.
Corner grinder is an indispensable equipment during construction and rescue operations in automatic and economic activities.
There are several reasons why the angular grinder is attributed to dangerous tools:
- Working with corner grinders often passes on an unstable surface, where you can not find a support for a stable position.
- Despite the defense, most of the rotating disk is not protected.
- Abrasive polishing discs are often broken during work on medium and small parts, which at great speed fly in different directions.
The main danger when working with technology is, in the principle of its use. For cutting, the disk must come into contact with the surface of the material, while the master keeps the corner grinder on weight, relying only on his own experience and attentiveness. One awkward movement. and the disk with severe contact with the working surface breaks or the machine jerks of. That is why when working with powerful units, it is better to have the initial skills. For beginners, an angular grinding grinder is more suitable with a low power and a disc diameter of 115–125 mm.
If you learn the instructions for safe use of a corner grinder, then you can not worry about your health. In safety measures, when working with a corner grinder, several important Комментарии и мнения владельцев are distinguished:
- During cutting, the corner grinder is tightly held with both hands, but not pressed into the surface of the working area;
- The master is obliged to stand tightly on your feet or knees. This will protect him from injuries when leaving the tool;
- The supply cable should be at a safe distance from the cutting disk and the site where hot sparks fly;
- Movements in the working area are carried out with a disconnected device;
- If electricity is disconnected, an angular grinder should be de.energized;
- The thickness of the blank should not exceed the diameter of the cutting disk. It is important to calculate and steal the circle during operation.
The target purpose of the tool is revealed in its name. This is an angular grinder, therefore, the corner grinder was originally created to grind hard surfaces. However, many masters use the power tool as a saw, cutting off metal pipes, fittings and other durable materials that an ordinary hand hacksaw cannot cope with.
Such multifunctionality is explained by the fact that the market flexibly adapts to the consumer, offering various types of discs, nozzles intended for working with metal, concrete, brick, glass and even ceramic tiles to equip corner grinders. Therefore, after the purchase of a corner grinder, it is enough for the master to stock up on various options for abrasive consumables and simply change them depending on the specifics and complexity of the work performed.
The design of the corner grinder is quite simple:
- frame. An electric motor is installed inside that rotates the shaft through the gear gear. In most models, the case performs the handle function, so the inclusion/disconnection key is located here, the spindle rotation speed regulator;
- gearbox. It is a transfer link for the working effort from the electric motor to the cutting disk, directly connected to the rotating shaft;
- spindle. This is a landing shaft for a grinding or cutting disk, usually complemented by a button-fixer, clamping nuts for installing an abrasive circle;
- Protective casing. A safety element that protects the masters from flying sharp particles and chips, invariably formed during the sawing process.
It should be noted here that the layout and design of the corner grinder may vary depending on the manufacturer. However, the general scheme and principle of work are preserved regardless of the brand.
What is a corner grinder
Corner grinder is the folk name of the angular grinding machine (corner grinder). With its help, you can cut materials (metal, brick and stone, wood), grind and clean the surfaces. The corner is named due to the fact that the axis of the engine and the grinder are placed at an angle of 90 ° in relation to each other. This is implemented due to the gear. Such a placement is the main difference between the device and the straight.grinding devices, where the circle is located on the same axis with the engine.
Safety requirements during work
3.one. Perform only the work that is entrusted to you and which corresponds to your specialty.
3.2. When working with an electric manual grinder, the employee is obliged to use protective equipment. Before each use of the protective agent, the personnel that use it is obliged by external inspection: to check the serviceability of the protective agent, the lack of external damage and its purity, clean and wipe it from dust; When using protective equipment, it is necessary to check whether the period of the periodic test has expired; Use protective equipment, the test period for which has expired; If such protective equipment is detected, they should be immediately removed from use; the use of protective equipment should be carried out for their intended purpose.
3.3. Turn on the power tool only after installing it in the working position.
3.four. Grinding when working, it is necessary to hold the standard handles, keeping the stable body position all the time. The processed part must be securely fixed.
3.5. The tension and twisting of the cable (cord) is not allowed. Do not subject them to loads, t. e. do not put a load on them. Make sure that the power cable (cord) of the power tool is protected from accidental damage. To do this, the cable should be suspended.
3.6. To preserve the possibility of quick shutdown of the grinder, you must always keep the contact of the corresponding finger of the right hand with the key key and stop.
3.7. When fixing the circle, apply nozzles on wrench and shock tools.
3.eight. The abrasive circle is brought to the processed part by smooth movement. You cannot make great efforts in any of the directions to the abrasive circle. Prevent a long.term overload of the grinder, which is expressed in a significant decrease in disk speeds.
3.9. Replacement of an abrasive circle, any other work on repair and maintenance of grinders perform only after turning off the fork from the electric network.
3.ten. With any break in operation, turn off the power tool from the network with a plug fork.
3.eleven. When working, prevent pinching the cutting disk between parts of the cut structure. This can lead to emergency disk destruction.
3.12. To protect the hands from injuries when attaching and removing blanks, it is necessary to use mittens.
3.13. Make sure that you yourself or your workwear in the process do not touch the rotating working tool.
3.fourteen. It is forbidden to use abrasive circles that do not correspond to this grinder, circles without marking, as well as circles that have damage (cracks, broken edges, etc. D.).
3.fifteen. Make sure that the sparks do not fall on you, surrounding and cable (cord).
3.16. After disconnecting the grinder, it must be kept in the hands until the disk is completely stopped. Cannot be forced to stop the disk.
3.17. During breaks in work, it is forbidden to leave an instrument attached to the network without supervision, as well as transfer it to persons who do not have the right to work with it.
3.eighteen. When moving to the next place of work, disconnect the power tool from the network with a plug fork. Carry the power tool, holding it only by the handle.
3.19. When working at an altitude of more than 1.3 m above the ground (site), it is necessary to use portable stairs. Basis ladders and ladders should be equipped with a device that prevents the possibility of shifting and overturning during operation. On the lower ends of the bailiffs and stepladders, there should be a shackles with sharp tips for installation on the ground, and when using stairs on smooth surfaces (metal, concrete), they should be worn on rubber shoes or other non.slip material.
3.twenty. When performing work in places where the registration of permission is not required, to remove combustible materials within a radius of 10 m from the place of work, remove spilled oil products, cylinders with combustible gases. If necessary, take measures against sparks (the use of asbodolnaya, the fencing of the place of work with shields, etc. D.).
3.21. The employee should pay attention to the behavior of other employees, their implementation of personal security measures, remind them of the need to use safe labor techniques.
3.22. If during operation a malfunction of the grinder is discovered or at least a slight effect of current will feel with it, the work should be immediately terminated and a faulty grinder is handed over for verification and repair.
3.23. Prote the power tool from blows, falls, hits of dirt and water into it.
3.24. It is forbidden to disassemble the power tool and carry out the repair itself (both the tool and wires, plug joints, and t. P.);
3.25. The direct contact of the wire (cable) with metal, hot, wet and oil surfaces is prohibited.
3.26. In case of failure of personal protective equipment, stop working.
- without a protective casing;
- without personal protective equipment;
- with the appearance of smoke, extraneous noise;
- to persons unfamiliar with the conditions of work with a grinder of the “angular grinder” type.
First of all, users are interested in the following questions that answers will immediately be given.
Corner grinder (angular grinder) Bort BWS-1200U-SR. Photo 220 volts
Question: Is it possible to use cutting or grinding wheels as one nozzle for grinding or cutting various surfaces? Then whether it is possible to use one nozzle for all work.
Answer: No, this is strictly prohibited. It won’t work to save on this.
Question: If streaming home production is organized, if a meter of electricity consumption wraps a lot?
Answer: It should be understood that the corner grinder has different power. For example, for a 1200 watts device, which will be used 8 hours a day continuously, the consumption of electrical consumption will be 210 watts.
Question: If you buy an industrial corner grinder for the house, then it will be “eternal”?
Answer: Industrial electrical appliances and tools are always in large wear resistance, but one fact should be noted: a number of industrial sector devices work from voltage in three phases. Home sockets. two.phase.
As already mentioned, the use of the Bulgarians in strict adherence to safety rules is a guarantee of maintenance of health, not only their own, but also others. With a negligent attitude, a corner grinder may “story”, a disk can split or fly off a spindle. If you are lucky, then it will fly by, but it can be stopped by the human body, which is extremely harmful to health)))
Then and repair of safe angular grinder
If you do not have an electrician skills, then all the work related to the electric component, such as: cleaning the brushes, rewinding the electric motor, etc.P It is better to entrust a professional. But you can check the integrity of the casing, spindle, carvings of the clamping nut and flange completely and independently.
The next video perfectly demonstrates and explains all the nuances and safety rules when working with a corner grinder.
With increasing power, a precedent arose to ensure active and passive safety standards when using this tool. Modern corner grinder is equipped with many practical capabilities and functional design for working with metal, ceramics, wood and other surfaces.
The device of the corner grinding of diold MSU-1,5-01. Photo 220 volts
To master the techniques of work with a corner grinder, you need to familiarize yourself with its device in detail. Structurally, the tool consists of a mounting head. a spindle on which the equipment is placed. circles for grinding or cutting, an elongated or rectangular shape, one or two handles. The equipment depends on the requirements that are presented to the types of work using a corner grinder:
Corner grinder is available in three modifications for the purpose:
- Industrial. They are distinguished by high power, as well as the possibility of long.term use every day, but they cannot be used continuously.
- Household. Their purpose in periodic use to perform a small volume of work.
- For streaming production. Have a huge supply of service life and are suitable for long and daily use.
INGCO AG30008 angular grinding machine with 3000 W. Photos all tools.RU
In addition, corner grinder is divided into a number of design features. They can be equipped with rotary or removable handles, a removable or built.in casing, also, depending on the power, they have different mass and dimensions. The parameters are selected depending on the work for which an angular grinder is required.
Whether the power falls with a decrease in the number of rotation speeds
The usual corner grinder without options is designed to work at maximum speeds. If when grinding the surface, the circle is pressed against it with force, then with an increase in the load, the speed of rotation drops. Work in this mode leads to a power tool to rapidly overheating, and it can simply fail. Therefore, it makes no sense to talk about setting minimum revolutions on such an electrical device.
In order to create the ability to effectively perform technological operations of corner grinding, they are equipped with rotation speed regulators. You can make and install them with your own hands. Regardless of the principles of control of home.made devices, the power of the device will fall with the installation of low speeds. On the power tool using semiconductor devices. to a lesser extent, on the principle of changing the resistance of the rheostat, the reduction of power will be more noticeable.
Professional Bulgarians manufacturers set on them regulators with stabilization of revolutions, which practically do not change power, even when establishing the minimum permissible speed of rotation. This is a complex electronic circuit with feedback, where special magnetic sensors give a signal to the electronic unit on changing revolutions. He, in turn, reacts with a change in the value of the current power supporting a certain power and stabilizing the selected speed of rotation.
If the specifics of the work requires the preservation of the power characteristics of the corner grinder, then it is better to purchase it with a revolutionary control regulator with an option of stabilization.
How to work. Safety precautions (hereinafter referred to as TB)
I will not walk around the bush. With safety measures Corner grinder full mess. There are no intelligible official recommendations. According to the instructions, corner grinder. This is a grinding machine, but the spectrum performed by this electric tool goes far beyond the grinding and polishing framework.
Let’s try to deal with the issue of security based on existing practical prerequisites.
5.one. Good tool. Why you need to buy it
I write absolutely seriously about this aspect in the safety precautionary. Choose a strong and reliable tool. A good corner grinder costs only 1.5 living wage. On average, in 1 month, a healthy person earns 7.5 mines. Per year it is 90 minimum wages.
It turns out that for a high.quality angular grinder with protective mechanisms structurally laid manufacturer, you need to give only 1.7% of your annual income. than reasonable investment in their own security. In the furnace Chinese and cheap models!
By the way, in the safety of the car (signaling, CASCO, etc.D.) the average owner invests 10% of its cost.
I personally purchased Bosch Gws. Equipped with the Kickback Stop protective system, which disables the tool when jamming the disk. This is all salt. Also, the corner grinder produced under the Metabo brand is equipped with a special coupling with a similar purpose.
Most likely Makita also has something, but I will not say. I do not own accurate information on this manufacturer.
Meanwhile, if the corner grinder is not equipped with an auto shutdown when biting an abrasive circle, then two equally unattractive options are possible:
1) The disk will fall apart and the wreckage will fly at the linear speed, which we now calculate for a disk with a diameter of 125mm and the number of revolutions of 12,000 rpm:
Diameter d = 125 mm = 0.125 m
The length of the circumference is C = pid = 3.140.125 = 0.392 m.
Frequency ν = 12000 rpm = 200 rpm.
Linear speed v = ca = 2000.392 = 78.5 m/s
For angular grinding garners with a circle diameter of 125mm and a speed of 12,000 rpm of/min, the linear speed of the discs of the disk will be 78.5 m/s.
Ранее здесь присутствовала ошибка в вычислениях. Огромное спасибо Павлу Серкову и Дмитрию (к сожалению фамилия неизвестна) за письма с указанием на грубый просчет.
The resulting value is 4 times lower than the initial speed of the bullet from the Makarov pistol = 315 m/s.
2) the disk will withstand and then the corner grinder will tear out from the hands, which again from the construction tool will turn into firearms. Here and without formulas it is clear that a rotating disk will enter a person like a knife into the oil.
5.2. Work without a casing. This is a game of Russian roulette
The casing should always be between you and the axis of the rotation of the tool. Situations will certainly arise when the casing interferes, but this is not a reason to dismantle it. Use a corner grinder with a quick adjustment of the protection position (I wrote about such a tool above)
In the vast majority of cases, the protective casing works like this:
The disk collapsed, bounced off the casing and the fragments were in the zone safe for the operator angular grinder. but on the contrary, potentially dangerous for his partner and other people in the work area.
Attention! Sometimes a fragment can “leak” through a casing or flying through a ricochet. The presence of a casing. Not a reason to forget about personal protective equipment.
5.3. Eliminate extraneous objects
In the mid-90s, when he first took a one-handed corner grinder, made his first repair in the bathroom, cut concrete with diamond, far from me dangled the underwear cord ok.1.5 m.
I felt only a strong blow to the mask, and the tool in a split second at the ceiling in the far corner screens.
Quote from the Mastergrad forum.com
I believe the explanations are not needed, organize your workplace properly.
5.four.one. HEAD. EYES
Protective glasses. Not a panacea, but better than nothing.
It looks scary, but in terms of time it passes approximately like a bruise on the skin and does not affect the vision. This is one of the easiest and most gentle damage that can be obtained when working with a corner grinding.
Protective glasses. Not a panacea. Use them only if there is nothing else, but even in protective glasses when working with metal may surprise you
Chip. Two words about first aid
The Internet is full of stories about how chips have leaked into the eye even if protective glasses were used. It is very painful to blink. The chips scratches Beko and not everyone can stand before taking the doctor. In this case, at their own peril and risk act as follows:
Do not touch the eyes.
They drip from a pipette in the eye of Lidocaine (sold in ampoules in a pharmacy). It will burn a little when the burning sensation passes and the pain is 10-15 minutes.
Make the insides of a cigarette filter. Cut along an acute angle.
Further the thin end of the filter. Pruning is mined. She literally magnetizes to this porous material and is visually clearly visible.
Instill albucid into the eye and go for a control examination to the doctor.
Protective mask. The face was taken
“Advanced” put on a shield of a turner, which will really protect the eyes from chips, but nothing more. We recall the initial speed of the discs of the disk 78.5 m/s and look at the photo from the Hansa:
Metal angular grinding
It is the most difficult to treat metal with corner grinding. This is mainly due to a large number of hot sparks that appear when cutting this material. Manipulations are carried out only in refractory protection. In addition, you should clean the site of work from objects that may light up when the spark enters.
Cutting metal products requires attentiveness, patience and initial skills. This will help keep the corner grinder on weight, which will prevent jerking and sucking the disk into the hole.
When cutting metal products, a number of rules should be observed:
- All blanks are reliably fixed and cleaned from rust.
- Before cutting, it is better to cool the metal.
- The disk can be pinched with a workpiece, so it is better to gradually increase the depth of the slot.
- There is no need to press the corner grinder, as it calmly cuts under her own weight.
Corner grinder is an indispensable assistant in any household or in large construction work. It helps to process any material with minimal expenses. Initial experience and tips will be enough for successful manipulations with this tool. The main thing is to observe safety precautions in the process that will help to avoid serious injuries.
What your corner grinding?
Today it will be short, but I hope a useful post about corner grinding (corner grinding) and its use based on my personal experience. Those who have come here by chance. for the past three years I have been engaged in housing construction, including by technical supervision and the correction of problems arising from customers as a result of violation of the construction technology for their contractors. In this connection, I have experience of both the house.builder and Handyman. I must be able to quickly navigate in the situation and be able to carry out repairs that fits into the trunk of my car.
And although there is a lot of fits there, I try to maximize the use of the capabilities of each available tool, and not buy a separate special device for the procedure that may have to be performed one.only time.
So, first you need to understand that in addition to the corner grinder (angular.grinding machine) there is a device that looks like it, but is completely not suitable for our purposes. This is the UPM. a polishing machine that looks like a corner grinder. They differ in the speed of spindle rotation, that is, the number of revolutions per minute. In a standard corner grinder without a revolution regulator, it is approximately 10,000 revolutions per minute. UPM is spinning at a speed of 2,000. 3,000 rpm.
What Can You Cut With Paper?
Corner grinder with a revolution regulator combines the functions of the angular grind. And although I have one, today I will tell you about the most simple corner grinder, with fixed turns, which is in the arsenal of almost every master.
So, despite the word “grinding” in the name of the device, more often the angular grinding of metals is used for cutting metals, which it perfectly copes with the help of a standard abrasive disk. You can’t tell you anything much, most have experience with cutting discs. I can add about myself that according to my experience, when sawing thick metal elements from continuous metal, you should not use excessively thin wheels (0.7-1.2 mm), t.to. They quickly abuse and do not forgive mistakes with the slightest deviations from the cut axis. Well, it is clear that a small corner grinder should not cut the rails. it will work at the limit of power and will soon fail.
Also, the corner grinder can be used directly for grinding. For example, using a petal disk (right in the last row from above in the photo), or using a rubber circle with Velcro and sandpaper circles on Velcro (installed on a corner grinder). The petal disk is bad in that first, it is quickly clogged, replacing it requires time and money. it is not very good. The advantages are that it grinds aggressively, it is convenient for them to clean the metal of rust. Velcro circles change very quickly, they are inexpensive, while you can use the different granularity of the abrasive to obtain the desired result. When working with a rubber grinding circle, it is important not to put pressure on the tool, while learning how to hold it horizontally the surface of the workpiece. Then the process of processing will be no worse than after a flight or an electric rhubank. In this case, the surface is pleasant to the touch and very smooth. The downside is that it is still necessary to master the technical techniques of work with such a disk. taking the wrong corner easily to blame the part by choosing a recess in it with the edge of the disk.
Using grinding or abrasive wheels with corner grinders, you can sharpen tools and knives, but here you need to have a good experience, because at high speed any wrong movement can lead to the fact that the cutting edge will be constrained, even with due diligence.
Is it possible to cut a tree with a corner grinder? Despite the terrifying stories about opened breast cells and sawn turtles, I say responsibly. you can. At the same time, I do not deny the veracity of these stories. All of them happened with non.compliance with safety precautions and installing the saw discs of the circular on the corner grinder. Therefore, if you do not want to become a designer for a surgeon, use only specialized disks for angular grind. On the KDPV they are located in the second row and are represented by three.toothed and multi.tooth disks. The multi.toothed has wiring incisors on teeth to prevent jamming. These discs are suitable for rough cutting of sheet materials and boards, for cutting and sampling wood in uncomfortable places. In most cases, an angular grinder with such a disk replaces me a renovator. Also, with the help of such discs, you can choose semicircular grooves in the tree. For even cut, of course, you need a firm hand, and even better. the support sole like a circular.
Some manufacturers have universal discs for wood and plastic work. In the photo below the disc from Bosch. over, they have wheels for wood work with nails.
Well, with a tree is clear. What do you think about concrete? And then everything is fine with the corner grinder. Even with a disk size of 125 mm, it can easily cope with the cutting of paving stones or paving slabs, will help to last a wall under an electric cable or cut unnecessary angles on concrete products. To do this, it is best to use steel disks with diamond spraying that cut concrete as a sausage. The only negative is that dust flies just a cloud. In the photo, the discs are located in the first upper row. And the first in the lower is a diamond cup that copes equally well with concrete and wood. For example, if you need to remove a large amount of wood, it is better to use it first, and after a rubber circle for final grinding.
If necessary, you can put a diamond crown on the corner grinder for drilling holes in concrete. For example, in the photo below. 83 mm crown, which is installed directly on the shaft angular grinder.
I Built A Better Belt Grinder…Here’s How
In addition to the components presented in the photo on the corner grinder, you can put steel brushes for grinding, an adapter for milling or core, the nozzle turns the angular grinder into a chain saw, an adapter for installing a grinding tape and other exotic. Do you need it. I decide, I still prefer a drill, saw and milling milling plants in the form of separate devices.
As you can see, in experienced hands, an angular grinder is a universal instrument that is applicable both in locksmith and carpentry deeds. It significantly facilitates life and accelerating the cutting and processing of various materials. from wood to metal and concrete. Treat the corner grinder seriously and work with it will bring you only positive emotions