How the porcelain tile is cut with a corner grinder. Little tricks

How to cut tiles with a corner grinder without chips

Often when facing rooms with ceramic or tiles, it becomes necessary to in a certain way to cut the material. For sawing there is a special tool. Tile cutter. But buy it to perform a small amount of work is impractical. In this case, you can use the angular grinding machine, although you will have to cut longer. Before proceeding with the process, you need to know how to cut ceramic tiles as a corner grinder, because such a cutting has some specific features.

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If the main purpose of the tile cutter is the execution of a straightforward cut, then the corner grinder can be made of various shapes. Another advantage of using corner grinding lifmushka is the ability to cut material of any thickness and hardness. You can cut it when it is already glued, it is not possible to do this with other tools. Not a single repair is complete without an angular grinding machine, there is no need to have an additional tool in stock to prepare facing or sexual tiles.

Corner grinder saws the tile of different thicknesses well

It is best to saw off a small corner grinder in which you can adjust the speed. Small weight will more accurately perform operations. When cutting, it does not need high power, enough up to 1 kW. From a powerful and heavy model, the muscles strain, accuracy and accuracy are reduced.

What consists of porcelain

The composition of porcelain tile is unchanged. This is a composite material from quartz, kaolin, quartz sand and a field spar. The mixture sins in a monolithic very durable plate with a minimum amount of pores and low water absorption. From year to year, technology is improved, the hardness of the material becomes higher, the thickness is less. It is not easy for an inexperienced master to choose a tool for work. Glass cutter, tile cutter, angular grinder? Uneven incision, chips, dust in the eyes. All this can and should be warned.

“Cersanit porcelain tiles are material with the water supply of the BIA group, which is resistant to the effects of reagents and has a wear resistance class of at least a third. Low water absorption (less than 0.5%) increases the frost resistance of the material. Practically no time, porcelain tile does not crack and does not relax. Tests show that Cersanit porcelain tile with 100 freezing and thawing cycles. That is why the brand products are chosen for the decoration of open rooms. Balconies, terraces, basements of buildings. The degree of water absorption, in turn, allows them to finish the pools, showers, saunas, kitchens and corridor. Places where it is usually wet. “. Shares experimental deputy director for quality Cersanit Elena Podolskaya.

There are several classes of wear resistance of porcelain stoneware. The first is low, fifth. High. For example, the fifth grade porcelain tiles finish station plates. Scratch, split, spoil such material is almost impossible. This is why the tool for cutting it should be special.

Choice of a disk

Generally speaking, you can cut off any circle. The question is another, how to cut off with a given level of quality, minimal difficulties and expenses. The first disk that came under the arm can leave too many chips, break the tiles or quickly fail. But in case of extreme need and without complaints about quality, you can cut it so.

Advice! For cutting tiles with corner grinders, it is recommended to use only steel discs with diamond spraying with a thickness of 2 mm.

Disks with a diamond circle of smaller thickness are used in machines. When using them with a manual tool, the likelihood of shock and jerks increases, which leads to damage to the cladding, destruction of the disk.

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Dias with diamond spraying release several types:

  • Segmented. The surface of the disk is divided into equal segments. Diamond spraying is applied to the cutting edge. During work, thanks to the slots, partial cooling of the disk occurs. Note! Such cooling only increases the term of continuous work (maximum up to 1.5 minutes). Then you need to take the tool and give the disk to cool (20. 30 seconds. At idle). Discs are intended for dry cutting;
  • Solid. Full circle with diamond chips applied to the edge. Intended for working with water cooling. It is convenient to process the edge of the cut tiles, segmented for this is not suitable for this disk. The cut after such a disk is more accurate. For cooling, you can periodically moisten the tile, use a spray gun or cool more often. The speed of work will be noticeably lower;
  • Combined. Universal discs for dry and wet cutting. Lose in terms of cooling with segmented, in terms of the quality of the cut continuous.

An example of diamond cutting circles: segmented, continuous, combined.

To reduce chips, it is desirable that the height of diamond spraying is greater than the thickness of the material that is cut.

When working, it is important to monitor the state of the disk. With the slightest damage, the disk changes. Otherwise, the work with a defective disk will lead to chips, the destruction of the tiles or to the traumatic destruction of the disk itself. (As a variant of minor defects. The appearance of sparking during cutting. There should not be sparks, a spark means that a metal base is touched, which means either a diamond spray or a metal osuysin, chips are either emerged. You can try to hide a defect on stone, plaster, concrete. If sparking continues, it is recommended to change the disk).

Quite a lot of different qualities and various purposes are produced. In addition to types, thickness and heights of spraying, the density of spraying, the size of the applied diamond particles is important. For cutting tiles with corner grinders, such parts may not be very much affected, but when cutting thick floor tiles, dense ceramics, especially porcelain tiles. The choice of disk can become critical. In these cases, it is recommended to try several discs on pieces of material and choose the best option.

Before any operations, thorough measurements are carried out and lines are applied to the material along which it is required to cut off the excess. It is recommended to use markers different from tiles, as a simple pencil does not leave traces on the surface well. It is even better to carefully reign the fishing line for the trimmer (for example, glass cutting), since a lot of dust is formed and when shaking you can simply erase the drawn fishing line for the trimmer.

Direct cut

This is the easiest cut. A corner grinder of any kind can be produced, regardless of the material: porcelain tile, ceramics, tiles. At the same time, making a perfectly straight cut with a manual electric tool represents a certain complexity. Therefore, they resort to small tricks.

If the cut quality does not matter much (closed with skirting boards, for example), then you can cut it with your foot on the tile or putting on a rough surface (your own weight of the tile is enough so that it does not move during the operation). In any other case, reliable fixation is required. To do this, it is most convenient to use any clamps. Clamp tiles or fragment is attached to the surface (table, a piece of plywood, wood-bruise, etc.D.). For small cuts, you can use a workbench, for cutting along the entire length of the workbench is not very convenient.

Some methods that improve the quality of the cut:

    To obtain accurate cut, a steel tape or steel corner is attached along the line. You can fix it on the tiles with the same clamps. Then cuts are cut directly along the corner. The disk is carried out at a slight angle (10. 15º) to the steel mount.

To get a direct cut, the tile is cut along the fixed metal corner.

How to cut ceramic tiles in thin pieces (tips and tricks)

Advice! It is not necessary to completely cut off the piece. It is enough to make a deep incision (2/3 of the thickness is enough even when cut off at the very edge), and then break off in any way (put in two drills and press, grab the edge with pliers and break off, etc.D.).

If there are no features (something interferes, the line is not visible, etc.D.), then always cut from themselves. If you do not have a lot of experience with a corner grinder, then it is recommended to cut into several aisles: the first shallow incision (1. 5 mm) and the following with about the same immersion.

Usually the cutting of the round holes is highlighted. But the technique of cutting corner grinding of round holes and any curly cuts is no different. The use of corner grinder is justified to cut large holes (over 50. 100 mm). Smaller holes are drilled. Medium.Sized corner grinder (125 mm disks) is unlikely to cut a hole of less than 100 mm.

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    Lines for a trimmer cut on both sides of the tile are marked. It is recommended to cut by leaving a fishing line for a trimmer (up to 2. 3 mm), unless of course you need an even cut without chips.

Is it possible to use glass cutter

At home, cutting porcelain tiles can be cut by ordinary glass cutter. The main condition is the presence of a diamond cutting part in the tool.

  • Previously, the material is maintained for 30 minutes in water;
  • Then they have it on a flat and smooth surface;
  • The marker is applied to a cutting line for a cutting trimmer;
  • In the direction of “from themselves” is carried out by roller glass cutter along the planned line of the saw;
  • A wire is laid in the resulting groove on the surface of porcelain.

In conclusion, the stove is simultaneously pressed on both sides, which leads to its fault.

Cutting with a jigsaw

This method will also require considerable effort and is rather suitable for modest volumes of tiles designed for cutting. Unlike alternative methods, this option involves sawing ceramic granite. By the way, knowledge of how to cut porcelain tiles with a jigsaw will allow you to perform similar operations with a hacksaw for metal. In addition to patience, you should stock up on interchangeable cutting canvases, which will surely require work with dense material.

First of all, it is necessary to fix the file. According to the intended line on the tile, it should be drawn in a jigsaw so that the maximum smooth cut is formed. To exclude the likelihood of overheating of the tool, it is also necessary to moisten the material. This is how the electric model works, but there are also manual jigsaws, which, with appropriate dexterity and efforts, allow you to create accurate and even curly cuts. Again, the main thing is to use the files suitable for specific purposes or diamond wires. Of course, the cutting procedure will take a lot of time, but this is one of the best examples that demonstrate how to cut porcelain tiles at home with maximum accuracy. This method is especially useful if you need to create curved cuts in wall tiles for the further implementation of electrical devices.

How to cut tiles with a corner grinder without chips and dust?

The processing is preceded by thorough measurements. The marking is applied with a marker on the outside. Since it is impossible to perform a perfectly even cut in most cases, they make small allowances to trim with a sharpener or a supra.

Direct cutting

The easiest processing option, which even newcomers cope with. Cutting tiles with corner grinding in a straight line. First, the tool is fixed on a flat surface. It is necessary to place it so that the cutting edge hangs from the site. The direction of cutting should remain in the zone of visibility of the tile, while the tile is placed with the front side up.

Keep a grinding machine with the direction of cut from themselves, moving along the planned line. Ideally, the cut should be performed in one pass, only then it will turn out even.

Figure harsh

It is more difficult than the first option, requires a certain dexterity. They process the tile with short cuts along the tangent line to the outer contour of the drawn figure (oval, circle). This will cut off small extra fragments, and then achieve the desired configuration.

They also plan small allowances for trimming, and at the end they finish the circuit with grinding, achieving smooth lines and removing chips.

Performing rectangular holes in the tile

After outlining the boundaries of the rectangle to its outer surface, the plates of steel are applied. The longitudinal plate will play the role of the line, and the transverse. The limiter of the movement of the cutting tool.

To fix the plates use adhesive tape or clamps. Next, cut through small grooves, bypassing the created contour, and then gradually deepen inside.

It is possible to facilitate the work using a drill. Several holes with a diameter of about 5 mm with a diameter of about 5 mm are drilled inside the contour, and then through the angules, through.

Cutting holes

Only holes of a large diameter are cut with corner grinder. Small ones are performed by a drill or a pedorator.

  • Through the center of the circle, two straight lines are planned, located perpendicular to each other.
  • By directing a grinding machine at an angle, a small recess along the length of the circle is made, trying to adhere to its inner diameter.
  • Gradually move in a circle, evenly tiles of tile thickness.
  • As soon as the recess is sufficient, straight perpendicular lines that go through the center of the circle are tied.
  • Gently remove the first segment to avoid chips, then remove or knock out the remaining three.

A file wrapped around the bar is used to trim the spille line.

Cutting at a 45-degree angle

Cut the tiles of the corner grinding when installing plastic or metal corners. This will help to form a beautiful edge in the form of a bevel during a diagonal layout of a tile.

A flat and fast tied up to really perform only a nozzle with diamond spraying. The tile is placed under the edge glazed side down. Passing the corner grinder at an angle of 45 °, grind the back. As soon as the angle is formed, the actions are repeated, moving around the edge of the cut.

Some masters begin work with rectangular cutting tiles. Then the nozzle is directed so as to remove excess ceramics at a given angle. Completes the work of the edge.

How to cut porcelain tile with angle grinder #shorts

The corner cutting of ceramic tiles with a corner grinder at home is recommended to be performed by those models of the Bulgarians, where there is a adjustment of the disk rotation speeds.

Self.Cutting porcelain tiles and relief ceramic tiles

I must say right away that due to the hardness of porcelain tile and its embossed surface, it will not work to use a tile cutter for cutting. You can, of course, try, but the result will be a porcelain tile smashed to smithereens. For cutting “in straight” or curly cutting of porcelain tile and relief ceramic tiles, angular grinding machines (corner grinders) with a diamond winning disk are used.

Using a square and a simple pencil on the front surface of the porcelain tile, marking is made.

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Attention!

Marking and cutting on embossed tiles and porcelain tiles are always performed on the front side of the material. Otherwise, if you cut off on the back, unwanted chips may appear on the front side.

Having laid porcelain tiles on a flat and stable surface, initially rotating diamond disk of corner grinder pass with light pressure once along a drawn line.

Having completed the first surface drink, a diamond disk is performed at the beginning and at the end of the cut line for the entire thickness of the porcelain tile. These cuts in length are 10-20 mm. They are needed so that porcelain tile does not burst in the area of ​​the corners.

Along the previously performed longitudinal cut, the corner grinder passes with a rotating diamond disk 3-4 times until the porcelain tile is completely cut.

I must say that an angular grinder with a diamond disk is also used for cutting smooth ceramic tiles, for example, when it is necessary to perform a figure cutting. Depending on the previously developed design project, it may be necessary to cut ceramic tiles along a curve, for example, a fishing line for a cutting trimmer is needed not even, but a radius. Such work cannot be done with a plateau, since it is designed only for even cutting in a straight line.

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Features of the material

Raw materials consisting of clay, kaolin, quartz sand, field spar and mineral additives are pressed under high pressure and then sinter at high temperatures. The resulting material has practically no pores and has a firmness of equal hardness of corundum (7. 8 on the Moos scale). Inferior in firmness to only a few materials, such as diamond, sapphire, ruby ​​and so on. At the same time, thin tiles (3 mm and thinner) are quite fragile.

Note! Cutting the material of such hardness will not turn out with hand glass cutters, stone canvases and electrician. They can only be used as an auxiliary tool.

Consider two methods of cutting tiles at home. The methods have restrictions that will be discussed below, as well as ways to circumvent these restrictions. Acceptable results can be achieved, but it is better to cut porcelain tiles on professional equipment. Only he will give a guaranteed result for an acceptable time with a relatively large amount of work.

How to make holes in porcelain

During construction and repair, it is often necessary to make a hole in the tile to supply communications or installation of equipment. In this case, specialized tools come to the rescue

Ballerin

Most of all, the device is like a compass. One leg rests against the center of the future hole, it is clamped in the drill cartridge. The other can change its flight, moving about the horizontal bar. At its end, a hard alloy cutter is fixed.

When the drill is turned on, the central leg is held in the center of the future hole, and the leg with the cutter, rotating, scratches the tile to a sufficient depth.

Further, with the blow of the kiyanka, the cut circle should be knocked out and the edges of the resulting opening.

Diamond crowns

The crown with spraying from technical diamonds cuts out exceptionally even holes and does not require much effort to apply.

There is only one minus. The hole of the arbitrary diameter cannot be made. Crings can only be certain sizes. The instrument shank is also attached to the drill cartridge, the central drill is put to the marking point. Should work at the largest speeds.

Both a ballerinop and a diamond crown should work only on the front side of the tile. Otherwise, inevitable chips.

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