How to adjust the planter on the single axle tractor Neva
Instructions for planting potatoes
Before we start planting we need to prepare the soil. The soil must be ploughed with a plough or tiller and then harrowed with the same power tiller or by hand using a rake. However, if the depth of the tilled area is up to 20 cm, there is no need to harrow.
The next step of preparation is to mark the rows: their width should be about 60-65 cm and depends on the type of potatoes. Then the holes are prepared for setting the planting material, and you can start planting.
Potatoes can be planted using two attachments. a potato planter and a potato planter. The principles of their work are very different, but regardless of which equipment is used, you must remember that the distance between the tubers should be at least 20-30 cm, and the depth should be 10-15 cm.
If planting with an adjustable planter, move the mouldboards before planting, so that the working width is as wide as possible. The track should be at least 60 cm wide. Make furrows, then place the planting material in the holes. Having completed this step, the single-axle tractor must be fitted with wheels, but leave the same track width. Backfill the tubers with earth.
If the land plot is large enough, it is more productive to use a potato planter for planting potatoes. This implement consists of a furrow former, a transporter, a planting spacer and a disc coulter. Thanks to that the machine only needs to do one pass for planting. it prepares the holes, places the tubers in the ground at a pre-set distance and fills them in at once.
Models with a lister design can be considered the simplest, because they do not have the ability to adjust the working width, the system has already set the width of the furrow. The middle hand grip of the tiller is 30 cm, which is good for most of the crops.
The lister rocker works perfectly with most power tillers, with installed stands there is no possibility to overload the power tiller.
2/15/22: Big Planter Upgrades!!!
A single-axle tractor Neva with a Subaru 6 engine will do the job.5 л.с.
What do you need an arrow for a tiller??
This element is used for planting and caring for vegetables. It works quite simply: after installing the add-on and starting the power tiller, the part tows the machine over the cultivated area with planted seeds, thereby covering the future vegetation with the necessary layer of moist and slightly loose soil. Such an operation is very important because it allows to protect seeds from negative atmospheric influence, to increase oxygen saturation level, to stimulate growth.
Specialists note that the power tiller also helps to rid the ground of excess moisture to prevent rotting. Once treated, the sun’s rays penetrate the soil much better, and some pests end up on the surface, where they are “scavenged” by birds. Some weeds are also killed, so elementary tillage can safely be considered a partial replacement for the use of herbicides. It is important to note that the most commonly used perchwheels are used to cultivate potato plantings.
Read also: Depth of cut with angle grinder 150
Practical setting of the perch on the power tiller
The theory of operation of the device for ducking is described in the textbooks for dacha owners in such detail. that even a person far from agriculture can understand the settings. But in practice, the saying “if it was smooth on paper, we forgot about the ravines!”.
Features of the soil, the current weather, the quality of sharpening of the plow. this is not the whole list of factors affecting the quality of plowing. Not to mention the characteristics of a power tiller. Therefore, before driving into the bed. it is necessary to pass the equipment on the “virgin land”.
Preferably, the soil characteristics should be the same as on cultivated soil. During the “work” you, firstly, will feel how the attached equipment behaves, and secondly, you will set the correct angles and depth of cultivation.
It is equally important to choose the right speed for plowing (hoeing) The relationship between speed and power when using disc attachments was described above. The same applies to other devices. Sometimes a small homemade rake, with the right speed, can work wonders. And an expensive active opener just scatters the soil around.
A detailed story about settings of the potato hoe and its installation on the single axle tractor KADVI, see in this video material.
The tiller to the power tiller is an essential piece of equipment in agriculture. It is put in third place in importance after such designs as a plow, winch. If you learn how to control it well, it will bring a lot of usefulness. There are several varieties of the tool and each has its own purpose, principle of operation, device.
Before you begin to assemble your power tiller with the selected one, make sure that the machine is turned off. The first thing to do is to hitch the tool to the power tiller with a bolt. The working part should be higher with respect to the power tiller. The hitch rings are symmetrically aligned with each other. Next, the distance and width between the working parts are adjusted. Adjustment of working width is controlled by loosening or resetting the disc housing with bolts.
Pay particular attention to axle to body distance symmetry. If the figures are not observed, the single–axle tractor will be unstable in operation, constantly lurching to one side, depriving it of the opportunity to carry out land tillage. Adjustment of cutting angle of working tools is made to achieve the same height of ridges. This procedure and the distance between the discs can be changed while the power tiller is in operation.
How to plough with a power tiller for potatoes? To get a decent potato crop, it is necessary to follow the rules of soil cultivation, plant care, including inter-row cultivation, timely harvesting.
Preparing soil for potatoes
The first step to winning the battle for a crop of root crops is to prepare the ground for planting potatoes with a power tiller. To begin spring work on the vegetable garden, it is necessary to determine the area for potatoes.
Find a dry place with loam for this purpose. Loosening the soil is recommended in dry weather. The soil layer should not be turned over during spring tillage.
The soil cultivation process depends entirely on the type of soil.
- Take a small amount of soil and soak it in water;
- Rolls out of this soil a ball, from sandy soil a ball will not be obtained;
- a strip is pulled out of the ball; if it failed, the soil is loamy;
- A strip is obtained. the soil is loamy or clayey.
Determining the composition of the soil can be done by hand
The sandy or sandy loam type is best suited for potatoes. The owner decides for himself to what depth he will plant potatoes with his Moto-Block.
Light sandy and sandy loam soils soak up enough air, so you can not cut ridges, but plant in the furrows. The depth of cultivation depends on the properties of the soil and the optimal value is 12 cm.
How to check readiness
Preparing the power tiller for work is as follows:
Check the oil and fuel levels before starting the tiller
How to work
The planting process involves the whole complex of actions from the preparation of equipment and seeds to the completion of the planting pore. Technological methods develop differently even depending on weather conditions.
Under all circumstances, growers practice the moment of pre-seeding selection, barking and germination of tubers. For planting choose tubers weighing 35-50 grams. Sprouts are put in the ground when they become thick and green.
After the seed is ready to be planted and the cultivation equipment is prepared, it is time to find out how to cut the furrows for potatoes with a snow thrower. Medium-ripening and late potato varieties are planted in a row at a distance of up to 35 cm, and the row spacing is maintained at 60 cm. The cutting distance between the rows of early varieties is kept within 50 cm.
People use techniques according to their specific conditions. With the help of a power tiller cut furrows or seedbeds. When asked how to cut seedbeds for potatoes with a power tiller, there is an answer.
The first furrow should be made even with the ruler. In the next row lower the wheel following the previous row. Everything turns out smoothly, if they put extensions on rubber wheels, hitch a two-row okra, set the knives correctly in the center.
The role of the plow
What is a potato planting plow for a power tiller is speed. They cut a furrow, put the potatoes in, go back and the single axle tractor closes the furrow. The next furrow is created at a distance of approx. 70 cm.
Experienced farmers without much difficulty make a homemade plow for planting potatoes with a motoblock. They understand the price preference of the product with their own hands.
In addition, cleverly designed parameters make work easier, the plough is not pulled out of the furrow. The plough is easy to control during work and offers many advantages.
Homemade plow combined with other devices.
Planting potatoes with a power tiller also. It is equipped with a gearbox and cultivation cutters, unlike a power tiller, which has wheels.
In terms of cost, this unit is cheaper. Cultivation of potatoes involves the use of a plow.
Methods of planting potatoes with a power tiller
When the plot is prepared, you can directly start planting potatoes. With the help of a power tiller you can plant the crop in different ways:
- Semi-automated method. A single-axle tractor is equipped with an arrowhead that can be used to form and then cover the furrow with a layer of soil. The potatoes are planted by hand.
- The automated method. All processes are made with a power tiller with a special mounted potato-plower.
- Planting potatoes with a motorcycle plough.
The choice of method depends on the equipment supplied with the walking tractor and the size of the cultivated area. To understand the difference, let’s consider in detail the features of each of these methods.
Planting potatoes with a power tiller
If potatoes are planted on a small plot, the most common method is to use an arrow, which is attached to the tiller. The task of this attachment is to lift the soil, creating a furrow and forming ridges on both sides of the pass.
This planter is used to make furrows for planting potatoes
There are several kinds of planter:
The first two are very similar in appearance and resemble a knife made of two curved wings connected together in front and spread apart in the back. The difference lies in their functional features.
A fixed width planter
This share is rather primitive and does not let you adjust the width of the row spacing. Not particularly well suited for planting potatoes, because the soil is too narrow. к. This tool has a working width of only 20-30 cm. It is better to use it for planting vegetables, which do not require considerable distance between the rows.
The fixed planter is best suited for beds with narrow row spacing
Tow bar with adjustable width
The second option is the most popular among gardeners. The design of this attachment allows you to adjust the width of the soil. It is therefore possible to set the desired row spacing. However, the adjustable disc coulter also has a number of disadvantages:
- Requires stronger and heavier single–axle tractor (at least 4 liters). с. and weighing more than 30 kg).
- The capacity of this tool is slightly lower, because. к. when working with it, some of the soil from the ridges can fall back into the furrow.
- Higher blade spacing puts more strain on the single-axle tractor and increases fuel consumption.
Adjusting the working width of the rear tip allows you to change the width of the row spacing
This tool is more productive than the previous ones, but also several times more expensive. The disc disc coulter is a platform with two discs attached that rotate on the ground. It is possible to adjust the space between the discs and the angle of their inclination. Among the advantages of such an implement are the following:
- It is less energy-consuming and more convenient to operate;
- Creates flatter and higher ridges;
- The discs turn on and off during travel, breaking and loosening the soil.
It is recommended to use the disc coulter with machines that have at least two forward gears. The lowest speed for optimum use of the power of the power tiller.
Experienced tillers find the disc coulter for the tiller the most effective.
You can improve the performance of the ridger by adjusting the turning angle and the width between the discs
Regardless of the type of planter, planting potatoes is carried out as follows:
- A single-axle tractor is attached to the attachment and the minimum width of the soil is set, the unit is equipped with grouser wheels.
- The power tiller helps to form furrows.
- In the resulting rows, the seed potatoes are manually placed at an equal distance.
- The tiller’s wheels are replaced by regular rubber ones, and the width of the wings is changed to the maximum width.
- The furrows with potatoes in them are covered with soil by the tiller.
Thus, when planting with an arrow, you need to make at least two passes with the power tiller along the plot. To put the planting material in the ground, you will need a helper.
Planting potatoes with a power tiller with a hinged potato planter
If the area of the planting plot is large, then a hinged potato planter can be used. In standard form it consists of the following elements:
- furrow former that creates a groove in the ground;
- hopper, in which the potatoes are put for planting;
- the tuber stacking mechanism;
- a disc coulter for subsequent furrow filling.
Parameters of the hinged potato planter can be different, they are selected for a particular model of power tiller
Potato planter allows you to do the whole process of planting potatoes in just one pass. Saves time, fuel and effort. Before using this device, it is necessary to adjust the parameters:
Potato planter. a device is quite expensive and, as a rule, the average dacha owner simply can not afford. Most often used on farms.
A simple planting under the plough
If there is no possibility to buy the described devices, one can use the so-called “country variant” of planting potatoes with a power tiller under a plough. This method consists of the following:
- The single-axle tractor is equipped with a tractor hitch and a plow with cutters.
- A furrow is made and the potatoes are immediately put in.
- As the machine turns, it forms a new ridge and simultaneously covers the previous one with earth.
In this case the power tiller operator also needs the help of a second person to place the planting material into the hollows. In addition, the method is more time consuming.
How to use the disc coulter for the tiller
Crop tillage preserves soil fertility, increases growing efficiency, and reduces fertilizer and irrigation costs. To gather a rich harvest of some vegetable plants, especially potatoes, without this procedure is impossible. But it is long and tedious to manually okukovat. It’s quicker and more economical to use a tractor with a single axle weeder. You can make one yourself. Let’s see what are the potato riders for power tillers and how to make them with our own hands.