How to align the knives on an interskol electric planer

Adjusting

Now let’s take a closer look at how to adjust the blades on an electric jigsaw:

  • After attaching the blade to the plank and setting the plank into the drum, make sure that the blade does not catch on any parts of the planer.
  • The position of the blades is regulated by special eccentrics, which are turned with a flat screwdriver.
  • Place a metal ruler (ribbed) on the back sole of the planer.

Knife should be mounted so that the blade touches the ruler.

After figuring out how to set the knives on the electric planer, keep in mind that this procedure is quite time-consuming and requires accuracy.

You should not be in a hurry, because the quality of the knife installation will depend on the efficiency of your work.

Interskol P-110-01. a popular model of electric planer, which is due to a number of design features: cast milled sole, increased width of planing, high structural strength, ergonomic body and handle, powerful motor.

However, in order to work effectively and achieve the best possible results, it is necessary to periodically change the equipment. Blade replacement on the Interskol electric slicer is performed as their cutting properties deteriorate. On how to independently replace the knives and to perform their adjustment on the electric planer Interskol P-110-01, told this article.

How to adjust the blades on a planer

Technological progress increasingly frees man from hard manual work. But even in the age of computer technology not all operations are performed by machines, craftsmen often use a hand planer to manually give the desired shape to the workpiece. That’s why it’s so important to understand how the tool works and when a planer blade sharpening is required.

Two types of tools are used today. manual and electric planers. Manual tools use wide blades that are 45, 50, and 60 mm wide, and electric ones use blades that are 82, 102, and 110 mm wide.

To understand that it is time to sharpen a manual planer is quite simple. When the chips start to break when they are removed, and the work process requires additional effort, it becomes necessary to sharpen the blade.

With an electric planer everything is a bit more complicated. after all, the main working body here is the drum, on which the cutting knives are installed. The first sign that the knife needs sharpening is the quality of the processed surface. even after several passes it is not possible to get a smooth surface. The second sign is the shavings, after the passage over the workpiece, the shavings are shallow and have jagged edges. The third sign is the condition of the tool. It starts to overheat, it becomes more difficult to work with it. These are the signs that it is necessary to replace or sharpen the cutting tool of an electric planer.

Proper sharpening of a planer blade depends first of all on the material to be worked with. The thing is that while working with soft wood such as linden, aspen, pine it is recommended to bring the angle of planer sharpening on wood to 45-50 degrees. For work with wood of medium hardness it is recommended to make the angle of sharpening of blade in 60 degrees. When working with hardwoods, the cutting edge is sharpened at an angle of 75-80 degrees.

For electric tools it is recommended to sharpen the blade at an angle of 30 degrees.

For all types of blades the first step is dressing on the high grit abrasive material. it is necessary in order to remove the jagged edges. At this stage it is important that the cutter keeps a straight edge shape, it is essential that across the entire width of the blade the metal is removed evenly. A template plate with a perfectly flat surface is used to check if the sharpening is correct. The blade is placed on the plate surface and the gap between the cutting edge and the plane is used to identify flaws. At this stage you can use an ordinary sharpener with medium and coarse grit abrasive wheels.

After the shape of the cutting edge is restored, the angle between the side edges and the cutting plane is checked with an angle gauge. In addition, the angle of the cutting edge is checked with a template. If you find faults, you will have to repeat the process.

Planer is sharpened on fine grit stone at low speed in a water bath. Metal should not overheat, otherwise it will lose its properties. It is easier to work with an electric planer if you use a wide grinding wheel and a special attachment.

Sharpening knives for hand planers

If the blade is free from burrs and chipping and does not need to be angled, it is advisable to change the cutting edge angle immediately.

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First the medium grit is set on the sharpener. Edge angle shaping is done on it. The blade is taken in the hands and shaped at the desired angle with the support of the machine. Here it is important that the blade is equally sharpened across the entire width of the cutting edge.

On a fine abrasive blade is finished with periodic wetting in water, it is important not to overheat the metal.

The final fine tuning is done on the high-grit sharpenery stone. The stone before work is soaked in water for 2-3 hours to ensure easy movement and abrasive paste is formed on the surface.

The planer knife is clamped in the device so that the plane of contact with the stone was on the entire surface of the edge to be sharpened.

The movement along the plane is smooth, the blade is pressed lightly so as to feel the resistance of the stone. After the initial treatment, the finishing is made by means of abrasive paper with the granularity of 1000-1200 units. Paper is laid on a piece of glass, then without removing the blade from the device, the final finishing is done.

Electric planer blade sharpening

Electric planer blade sharpening is done more accurately and precisely. The fact is that the electric planer drum has two of them, and if you disturb the balancing by removing more metal from one than the other, the balance of the drum will be disturbed in the process of work and the whole planer will have to be repaired. The second point is that many models of planers with knives with a thickness of 5 mm as a cutting tool use plates made of special steel, which requires precision when working. For such a tool, special abrasives for pobedite plates are used.

Knives for electric slicers are immediately clamped in the device for sharpening, because it is very difficult to hold them correctly in the hands. The work is carried out on fine abrasives with the use of a water bath.

Types of electric slicers and principle of operation

The electric planer is a device that operates with the help of an electric motor installed in it. The latter drives the knife head, which provides planing. The body of the device is equipped with one or two handles for easy operation. The range of electric slicers on the Russian market is quite large. They differ from each other by many parameters: power, maximum planing depth, width of cut, size and shaft speed. To adjust the depth of planing, it is necessary to use a special mechanism. It shifts part of the sole higher or lower, depending on the need. This element is one of the most important nodes of the electric slicer. I would like to say that the smaller the step of this adjustment, the cleaner and better surface finish can be obtained. Like most other power tools, electric planers are divided into:

  • Domestic. designed for home use;
  • Industrial. more expensive electric planers, applicable in the production facilities of enterprises.

I would like to say that the motor power rating of 700 watts in the electric home grinders is quite possible to use the device for household needs. In most cases, the width of the planing area of such devices. 100 mm.

Interskol P-110/1100M electric screwdriver features, characteristics, instructions, reviews

Electroplow Interskol P- 110/1100 M. the tool is intended for amateur and professional use. High quality of machined surfaces is guaranteed by the high-speed rotation of the cutter, balanced center of gravity and mobile control.

  • Features of the Hedge Trimmer P- 110/1100 M
  • Description of the electric planer Interskol P- 110/1100 M
  • Technical Specifications of the Interskol P- 110/1100 M

Features of the electric planer Interskol P- 110/1100 M

  • Model Interskol P- 110/1100 M is a modified exhibit of the previous Interskol P-102, P-102M series tools. The difference of the tool is in the increase of the planing width by 10 mm. For the joinery process it is a significant plus. A small difference in width will significantly affect the quality of processing lumber with a width of 100 mm, because it is a reserve of 10 mm will ensure a full sweep, without the remains of the raw edge, reducing working time, saving energy for the unnecessary repetition of the passage.
  • The dimensions of the 110/1100 M electric planer were redesigned. Compared to the P-102 and P-102 M, the new model has been designed with larger, stronger structures and heavier weight.
  • Equipped with all the typical details of a professional model: multiple castings, long base, high rotation frequency. Machine handles rough, precise work with ease and productivity.
  • Increased motor power gives you an advantage when working and processing materials with problematic or rough, uneven textures. No need for extra effort on the part of the worker.
  • Optional upgrading of the electric grinder with HSS knives. Feature of this steel is its mechanical resistance to abrasion: the blade can be repeatedly sharpened, without reducing the cutting ability of the knife edge. Professional carpenter easily adjusts tool after sharpening. the use of high-speed steel appears to be expensive for an economy class tool only at first sight. But compared to carbide blades the cutting steel has a tool life 100-150% longer and does not need continuous sharpening and replacing.
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Description of the Interskol P- 110/1100 M electric planer

  • Perfectly powerful motor defines the scope of the machine for voluminous works.
  • Metal base plate of the electric grinder. This allows you to process surfaces with irregular or sharp texture.
  • Planing width is wider than other Interskol models. Gives economy of power consumption, shortens the term of the operation.
  • High frequency rotation. Improves surface quality, increases productivity.
  • Locking system to prevent the electric slicer from starting up unintentionally. Increased safety for the operator. Observance of safety rules.
  • High-precision planing. The tolerance of errors is reduced, and therefore the efficiency of using the equipment is increased.
  • Unique feature for depth of planing up to 3 mm. Allows you to use the planer for finishing and beveling.
  • The blade is completely covered by the blade guard.
  • Electro planer can be used with the blades upwards. Probability of using the machine in problematic planing cases, on awkward surfaces and from any position. Convenient use for large parts. No need to remove the workpiece and reset it for further processing.
  • Ergonomic front handle. Additional comfort for the worker. less arm strain and fatigue.
  • Rear handle is insulated with special non-slip rubber. Additional protection against electric shock.
  • Scientifically designed and calculated machine balance and centering.
  • Compact, ergonomic design. Convenient access to the machine from any angle.
  • Parallel stop included in the delivery set increases the functionality of the machine.
  • Stationary positioning of heavy tools is done with the special device included in the delivery set.

HOW TO ADJUST THE BLADE OF AN ELECTRIC PLANER

Technical Specifications Interskol P- 110/1100 M

  • Rated power 1.1 kW.
  • Voltage 220 V, Frequency 50 Hz.
  • Idle speed 16 000 rpm.
  • Working width 110 mm.
  • Chip thickness from 0 to 3 mm.

Preparing to use the electric planer

Before you start working with the electric planer for the first time, you need to study the instruction manual of the device and take into account the peculiarities of a particular model. Check each time before using the tool:

Also, safety precautions should not be neglected. To work with power tools, it is necessary to choose appropriate clothing. sleeves and other parts should not interfere, hang down. Avoid straining the power cord: if its length is limited, you need an extension cord. It is also important to fix the board or other lumber on the working surface well.

Note: Measure twice and read the manual: why it is important to read user manuals

Checking and adjusting the position of the front plate

To learn how to properly use an electric chopper, for example, the model Makita N1923B, you should first carefully study the preparatory stages of work. The process of adjusting and controlling the front platens is an important moment in the work. It is with these actions that the preparation for the use of the device begins. To do this, turn off the power supply and prepare an overlay. a ruler or glass of appropriate dimensions.

Next, we fix the front plate, turning the device upside down, by scrolling the drum secure the blade in the upper position. Check the parallelism of the front plate and the soleplate with a ruler. Uneven positioning can be caused by clogged wood debris or long periods of operation without preventive maintenance.

The following steps are necessary to make the adjustment:

  • Detach the front platen knob from the body;
  • eliminate clogging inside the freed compartment of the device;
  • to lubricate the mechanisms;
  • assemble the electric planer;
  • recheck the parallelism.

Adjusting the position of the cutting edge

Before you work with the electric wood planer, you must adjust the position of the cutting edge in relation to the sole of the tool. The level of the outside of the blades depends on the type of cutting element and the depth of planing required, which is changed by the knob-switch with a minimum step of about 0,1 mm. the protruding part of the blade (usually 0,5-1 mm) must be parallel to the plate of the power tool, at the same distance. Adjustment takes place in several steps.

For this procedure, the fixing bolts are loosened slightly, and using the eccentrics, the desired height of the blades is achieved, then they are fixed and checked. If there are several cutting components in the model, they should be set equally, using a caliper or ruler. When done correctly, the drum will rotate easily.

Types of blades for the electric planer

The tool has a rotating drum, on which the cutting parts are fixed. Drum is fastened with usual nuts. If they are loosened, it is possible to remove knives. Since the blade has two sides of sharpening, when one side is blunt, the knife can quickly be turned over.

The industry produces several blades for such tools. They differ in their design and shape:

  • Straight. Planing workpieces of small dimensions. You can choose a quarter.
  • Wavy. Perform an imitation of “aged” wood.
  • Rounded. Used for wide surfaces, when it is necessary to make a neat curved transition between planing planes.

Blades differ not only in their shape. Their dimensions are also important. There are several groups:

  • Blades. 82×5,5×1,2 mm. Used on foreign equipment such as BlackDeccer. Carbon steel is used for blade manufacture.
  • Special blades. They differ from blades in their dimensions. They are much thicker and wider. Available in lengths of 82 or 102 mm. Big thickness facilitates sharpening of the tool.
  • Blades for a specific machine. Usually the width of the blade does not exceed 110 mm. Special holes for fastening the blade.
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Power planer Interskol P-110/1100 M features, characteristics, instructions, reviews

Electroplow Interskol P- 110/1100 M. tool is intended for amateur and professional use. High quality of the processed surfaces is guaranteed by the high-speed rotation of the cutter, balanced center of gravity and mobile control.

  • Features of the Interskol P- 110/1100 M electric planer
  • Description of the electric grinder Interskol P- 110/1100 M
  • Technical characteristics of the Interskol P- 110/1100 M

Features of the Interskol P- 110/1100 M Electric Grinder

  • Model Interskol P- 110/1100 M is a modified exhibit of the previous Interskol P-102, P-102M series tools. The difference of the tool is the increase of the planing width by 10 mm. For the joinery process this is a big plus. Small difference in width will greatly affect the quality of processing of lumber with a width of 100 mm, because exactly 10 mm of reserve will provide a complete sweep, without the remainder of the raw edge, reduce working time, saving energy for the unnecessary repetition of passing.
  • Dimensions of the electric grinder 110/1100 M have been changed. Compared to the P-102 and P-102 M, the new model has been designed with a larger, stronger structure and heavier weight.
  • The model is equipped with all the characteristic details inherent in professional models: numerous castings, long base, high rotational frequency. The machine handles rough, precise work with ease and productivity.
  • Increased motor power gives you an advantage when working and processing materials with problematic or rough, uneven textures. extra effort on the part of the worker is unnecessary.
  • Additional equipment of the electric grinder with classic knives made of high-speed steel. The feature of this type of steel is its mechanical resistance to abrasion: the blade can be repeatedly sharpened without reducing the cutting ability of the knife edge. Professional carpenter easily adjusts tool after sharpening. High-speed steel seems expensive for an economy class tool only at first glance. But in comparison to carbide blades, cutting steel has a service life 100-150% longer and does not need continuous sharpening and replacement.

Description of the electric grinder Interskol P- 110/1100 M

  • The perfect powerful engine defines the scope of the machine for volume production.
  • Metal base plate of the electric planer. This enables you to work on surfaces with irregular or sharp texture.
  • Greater planing width than other Interskol models. Saves on power consumption, shortens the time it takes to complete the job.
  • High frequency rotation. Improves surface finish and increases productivity.
  • Locking system to prevent the electric planer from starting unexpectedly. Increased worker protection. Compliance with safety rules.
  • Precise planing. The tolerance for errors is reduced, resulting in more efficient use of the machine.
  • Unique feature of planing depth adjustment up to 3 mm. Allows you to use the planer for finishing trims and bevels.
  • The blade is fully guarded.
  • Possibility to use electric planer with knives upwards. Probability of using the machine in problematic slicing cases, on awkward surfaces and from any position. Convenient use for large parts. No need to remove and reset the workpiece for subsequent machining.
  • Ergonomic front handle. Additional comfort for the operator. less hand strain and fatigue.
  • Rear handle is insulated with special anti-slip rubber. Additional protection against electric shock.
  • Scientifically designed and calculated machine balance and centering.
  • Compact ergonomic design. Comfortable access to the machine from any angle.
  • Parallel stop included in the delivery set increases the functionality of the machine.
  • Stationary positioning of heavy tools is done with the special device included in the delivery set.

Technical characteristics of the Interskol P- 110/1100 M

  • Power rating 1.1 kW.
  • Voltage 220 V, Frequency 50 Hz.
  • Idle speed 16,000 rpm.
  • Working part width of 110 mm.
  • Chip thickness 0 to 3 mm.

Design and function

Despite the large number of electric tools for woodworking, carpenters and joiners are in no hurry to give up such a simple and reliable tool as the planer. After all, compared to the grinder, it has undeniable advantages:

knives, interskol, electric, planer

And most importantly. experience and skill when using an ordinary hand planer give excellent results, which and from grinding distinguish difficult. But a planer has to be assembled and adjusted right.

The main parts of this tool.

In simple wooden planers the last 2 elements may not be. There are many different kinds of planers. They are single and double, and sherchebels, and grinders, and much more. Accordingly, you have to work with these tools differently. But in principle there is no difference in design. Therefore, their adjustment is carried out in a similar way.

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