How to break through a concrete wall with a perforator. Drilling without dust

Drilling holes in the walls

When landscaping the apartment, there is a need to attach all kinds of items on the walls and ceiling. Photographs, paintings, lamps, mirrors, curtains, shelves, TV, skirting boards and much more.

In order to hang a photo or a small picture, of course, you should not drill the wall. It is enough to score a small nail. Not every clove is suitable for this matter. It is best to use dowel. Nails from fasteners, which are fixed on the walls of computer network cables. These carnations of sufficient length, thick and hardened. It turns out to score even into the concrete wall.

Performing the operation of drilling holes in the walls with modern equipment with a power tool will not present more difficulty if you know how to properly perform drilling. Will save you from unnecessary cleaning and save property in integrity if you apply a conductor for drilling without dust.

The choice of tools

Before starting drilling the wall, you need to determine the size of the holes and their number.

The holes in the wall can be small or medium diameter, which usually happens if it is necessary to hang home accessories in the apartment. Their number can be different.

In cases of arranging a new building or overhaul of the apartment, when the through holes of large diameter for the ventilation device or deaf holes for installing the electrical design may be required, the number of holes can be quite large.

Depending on the front of work, tools for drilling are selected. In the first case, it can be a shock drill or a peorator, and in the second case. A device for diamond drilling.

Features of drilling different surfaces

How many varieties of materials, so many sprinkling features. Quality result can only be expected with their exact observance.

Metal

This material is poorly affected by mechanical effects. You need to work with metal with very strong quality drills, otherwise the workpiece can be ruined. It is extremely difficult to drill thin metal sheets. They are moving all the time. A special device is used to fix them.

For metal, particularly durable drill is used

Best way to drill a hole in cement or masonry in 5 minutes and screw it down

Wood

The wood is easily drilled and hollowed, but when working with it it is necessary to comply with certain requirements. Logs must be fixed. When working with a small tree, put a simple sandpaper. Wrap the blanks with felt. It will help to remove the burrs that appear after drilling. Working with wood, you cannot press hard on the tool. There are several varieties of wooden coatings, each is processed in different ways. For example, when drilling plywood, so that it does not split, use a nozzle reminiscent of a potato. To do this, they drag a steel tube. It and make holes in the faner.

Wood of different species varies significantly in hardness. As a result, the load on the equipment when working with a pine tree is less than with an oak. It must be borne in mind that the forming chip clogs the drill, from which it can overheat.

A large number of different products are sold in the store. Do not buy the cheapest. They are not reliable. They can be purchased to perform one.Time work. It is better to opt for products made of metal alloys. They are more durable and wear.Resistant when working with a wooden base.

Concrete

For working with this material, a drill with a winning tip is best suited. First output a drilling point. A small recess is made in it with a regular drill. A drill of the desired size is installed in the infantry cartridge and a hole is drilled. In the process, the nozzle is lowered into water from time to time, so it is better into concrete. If you have to hammer reinforced concrete slabs, there is a possibility that the peorator will stumble upon fittings. You can drill a little stepping back or diagonally. If necessary, make a hole at a particular point use a special nozzle and a conventional drill. The winning nozzles are not intended for punching reinforcement.

Ceramic tile

Tiles often finish the walls in the bathroom. This is a very fragile material. It is impossible to make holes with ordinary drills. We need special with carbide attacks. Attacks reduce the load on the surface, drill ceramic coating becomes much easier.

The best for drilling holes in ceramics are nozzles, on the working part of which a diamond coating is applied. Such products are expensive, it makes no sense to buy them for one.Time work. They are usually used by masters whose work is associated with the constant drilling of ceramic tiles.

If you have to drill glued tiles, take a glass drill. Some advise using the mounting grid. It is placed between the tiles and the drill, then the net will not split. After the drill passes the tile, a drill that performs shock movements is inserted into the cartridge.

For drilling tiles, special drills with carbide attacks are used

Choose a tool

So, the first question that the home master should ask for is not how to drill a concrete wall with reinforcement, but what. The main assistant in this case will be the peorator, because it is intended for stone and concrete. At the same time, even powerful drills will not cope with a wall of more than 12 cm wide. Although if we are talking about foam concrete, it is precisely the drill, since the peorator will simply break it.

It also depends on the quality of the drill whether it will be possible to drill a hole in the concrete wall.

One of the optimal options is to use drills designed specifically for a shock drill. Their working part is a plate made of strong metal. With the help of these drills, the question of how to drill a thin concrete wall can be considered solved.

There are also ring drills that have a diamond coating. They are very strong, use them in special drill units, therefore there are quite a lot. Therefore, they will solve the problem with how to drill a hole in a concrete wall at home is impractical at least.

The use of crowns

Often you need to get a large diameter hole in the wall for a socket. How to drill the supporting wall in this case? Then they use crowns that have metal attacks around the circle. Crings are found in various sizes, but 68-centimeter remain the most popular, which are designed just for sockets. Working with these details, the peorater needs to turn off the shock mode.

There are such crowns for drifts. But they have a different nature-from a convertible volfram alloy. It is convenient to use them, since drill a hole in a concrete wall with a drill and at the same time make a hole in the tiles quite can do it. Such crowns are used only with powerful drills.

Boers are another device than drill a concrete wall. Their diameter is diverse. Experienced craftsmen advise making selection based on the diameter of dowels.

We drill the concrete with a peorator

So, how to drill a hole in a concrete slab using a peorator? The procedure is simple:

  • The drill switches to the stress mode, after which the drilling begins; The tool must be kept strictly at right angles;
  • After a while, the drill is moistened with water, this will help to avoid overheating;
  • After the reinforced concrete wall succeeds, the drill, without turning off the device itself, must be removed;
  • To clean the resulting hole from dust, the drill is launched several times.

I can’t drill a wall? The peoporator rested on something solid? So you need to try to make a hole in another place.

We go around the drill

How to drill a concrete wall without a penetrator? The question of involving a conventional drill when working with concrete remains unresolved. So is it possible to drill a concrete wall with a drill, everyone decides for himself. After all, the tool can break. And the procedure will take more time.

You can drill a hole in the concrete with a drill if you use a special tool. A punch. It’s easy to operate on them: to put a sharp end to the place where the hole will be, to hit it several times with a hammer, after which you can start drill.

It is important to prevent tools to overheat.

As soon as the drill stumbles on an insurmountable barrier, you need to use the punch again until the right goal is achieved. Here’s how to properly drill a concrete wall using a drill. Although it takes more time and requires a lot of effort, you can also use it for lack of a penetrator.

Tools for drilling holes in concrete

With ordinary drills from high-speed or hardened steel, you will be able to drill one or two holes. After which the tool can be thrown away. For processing concrete, more solid material is required.

Winter drill

This alloy is so hard that it does not grind under the influence of an abrasive. However, firmness also implies fragility. It is impossible to make the neck of the drill out of the winning, it will collapse from vibration and tormenting effort. Therefore, a concrete drill is made of ordinary steel, and a winning nozzle is attacked on the working end. The helmet spiral is made wide, the edges are not intended for cutting effects on concrete. The nozzle itself looks different than the cutting part of a conventional drill. There are no familiar hooks on the edge, the winch part is made in the form of a pointed chisel.

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Diamond crowns to drill concrete

Perform a nozzle from a diamond (even technical, artificially grown) irrationally and impractical. Large crystal will collapse quickly, and the cost will be too high. Therefore, steel crowns are used to drill concrete, on the working edge of which diamond crumbs attack. The tool is a hollow pipe. The working end has cuts to be diverted by sludge. The advantage of such nozzles. The hole is neat and accurate. The disadvantages include the impossibility of centering at the beginning of drilling, and the high power of the power tool. For centering, either an axial winning drill or a guide for a drill (peorator) is used. Diamond drilling holes in concrete requires forced cooling. Friction area is large enough, temperature overloads occur. From high temperature, a ligament of diamond crumbs loses its strength, and the crown begins to wear out.

Guides and cooling devices increase the complexity of the tool, but the result is worth.

Nozzles on the peorator

Such nozzles are used mainly by building crews to pass to a greater depth. Drilling holes in concrete under the outlets can be performed using simpler devices.

If you do not have a crown for drilling concrete, make a number of holes in a circle and knock out the cylinder using a playback. However, a better niche for electrical equipment can be made in an inexpensive winning crown. Another technology is to make overall passages in concrete walls and ceilings. The opening is drilled along the contour using diamond crowns.

Drilling walls with diamond crowns. Video lesson.

Review of tools

There are no bad and good tools for drilling holes in concrete. The question is which one is better for your tasks. You can, of course, buy an expensive industrial peorator to drill a wall once where a simple drill would have coped, and after that it will lie without work. But if the volume of work is large, the difference will be noticeable, and in this case it is more expensive to save. Then it is better to save the strength and time, and yet to acquire a peorator, and not to suffer with a drill (which is better).

Hand drill

Household electric drill is the most budget option that is indispensable in the household. It is good because it is suitable for wood, metal, plastic. Such drills are more compact due to the fact that they do not have a bulky shock mechanism, they are easier and easier to control. The holes therefore get more accurate.

But, with regard to brick and concrete, “take” some strong walls in old houses with such an instrument, you can not always. Well the drill is suitable for working with cellular concrete.

When working with concrete, an unstressed drill needs:

  • Use the winner of the Soverla.
  • If you get on a stone, in no case do not continue to drill, but crush it with a punch.
  • If you get into the reinforcement, before continuing to work, you need to replace the drill suitable for metal work and drill the rod. (In supporting structures, this is actually undesirable-after all, reinforcement is not just put in concrete.)

With a drill without a shock mechanism, you can drill a hole in concrete up to 100 mm deep and with a diameter of up to 80 mm.

Shock drill

Individual drills have a shock mode. In it, the drill not only rotates, but also makes movement forward and backward. That is, it works as a drill and as a punch. Therefore, different pebbles in the walls are not a hindrance for her. She can break through the notching under the cable in non.Reinforced concrete, nests under the sockets. In a word, the shock drill in everyday life can serve as a replacement for the to the pedorator, despite the fact that it costs much less.

Another advantage over the inferator is universality. This drill can be drilled anything, including wood and plastic. True, compared to a manual drill, it is heavy for point maneuvers.

How to drill and anchor into brick, concrete and cement

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But still, it should be remembered that the shock drill is not intended to continuously stab the walls. Its main function is drilling, and 80% of the time of use by it is better to drill. Otherwise, the shock function can completely fail.

Drilling 3-4 holes, let the drill rest and cool. Then she will regularly serve for many years.

The shock drill allows you to make holes to a depth of 5 times more (500 mm). And their diameter can be from 5 to 120 mm.

Both types of drills create a lot of dust in work. The shock drill, besides, is very noisy.

What is the difference between the poosor from the shock drill? Its mechanism has a completely different principle of operation. Pneumatic. This allows you to make stronger blows, while reducing vibration. Therefore, the peorator can withstand much large loads.

The depth of the holes varies in the range of 150-1340 mm, and the diameter is 4-90 mm. It all depends on the removable working element. Drill. But it is not enough just to buy the largest drill. The cape of the peorator may not be enough to work with it, and the engine will simply burn. And the higher the power of the tool, the correspondingly higher the price. How to choose…

For drilling from concrete, 600 watts are considered normal power, and 2500 is the optimal number of revolutions per minute.

Wide through holes and deaf holes for sockets are made using crowns. Special nozzles for drills and peorators with a cutting edge. They are also made of solid alloys.

  • Quickly deteriorate in a collision with reinforcement in reinforced concrete;
  • On through holes form chips from the back;
  • They are not able to drill a great depth at once. You need to scrape off the concrete cylinder and drill again, immersing the tool into the hole; Often requires extension cords.

So if you need to drill a lot, they resort to the drilling of concrete with diamond crowns.

Installation for drilling holes in reinforced concrete with a diamond crown

Diamond drill can even break through reinforced concrete. For this, expensive professional equipment with a very powerful engine is used. This technology makes it possible to drill holes of any size, more than a meter deep. With its help, openings, mines for pipes and ventilation will be drilled. With a diamond crown of the wall and edges of the hole are smooth, and a special water supply system cools the crown and removes dust. Noise from such an unit, which is surprising, also not too much.

Square loads from a conventional drill can lead to cracking of the surface, but this is not the case. Therefore, if you use a water collection ring and a vacuum cleaner, you can drill directly on the decorative decoration. The installation is reliably fixed on the rack, so that it turns out to drill the hole at the desired point and at a certain angle.

In addition to the price of minuses, you can call large dimensions. This is not a pedarator that can be easily thrown into the trunk. Therefore, even if you need to drill the hole of the house with a diamond crown, it makes sense to hire employees for this or take the equipment to rent.

Well, perhaps, it is worth knowing what types of cartridges are. This is important because when working with concrete, especially on professional peorators, it is necessary that the drill (drill) is fastened and not cranked even with the most intense loads. There are the following types:

  • Cam. In it the drill is fixed with a special key. Although the equipment is not so easy to change, this old method is considered the most reliable. On professional equipment, mainly using it.
  • Fast.Sounding. In it the drill is attached without a key. Such cartridges are: one.Yhilse and two.Gyls. Two.Gyils have two rotating rings, one of them clamps the drill, the other weakens. It turns out that with one hand you need to hold the coupling, and the other to tighten the second sleeve. In the same huts, one and the other make the same ring. It turns out that the one.Horseman is more convenient, because the drill can be changed with one hand. But there is a minus. The drill is not fixed so reliable.
  • Canging SDS Patron-to change the equipment, you just need to turn the cartridge. Translated from German, the system is called: “insert-turn-out-and-up”: the shank of the drill is inserted into the cartridge, rotated and fixed with locking balls.

Peculiarities

Concrete structures are highly durable, so it is quite difficult to drill them on their own.

This is connected with the fact that crushed stone is used to create concrete products and when during drilling, you get on it, the process is very difficult.

The need to drill a concrete wall occurs quite often, this is necessary for the installation of shelves, cabinets, air conditioning, wrapping, fastening the lamp, when mounting the insulation or during wall plaster for fastening lighthouses.

There are several ways to solve this problem:

To create holes of large diameter or cutting of the doorway, ring drill with diamond spraying are used. To use such a tool, it is necessary to use special installations, they allow you to make holes with a diameter of up to 250 mm.

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Since the cost of such equipment is high, it is easier to hire specialists or you can rent it for rent.

Preparation of the walls before troop

Before stroke with the ashorator, they make up the plan in which they will be taken into account:

To competently plan, you need certain knowledge, only then can you make the rods correctly. When compiling a plan, it must be remembered that there are already cables in the wall design. Which are sure to bypass. Before stroke the wall with a pedorator, the ceiling and the ceiling are marked.

A number of processes involve the use of tools:

  • Pencil and ruler;
  • Level, better laser;
  • Peorator;
  • Detector for checking the presence of cable in the wall;
  • Working nozzles: shoulder blades (peaks), drill, crowns. They are needed to make deepening under the outlet.

Drilling process

Drill or Peorator

You can make a hole in the concrete wall in two ways: use a drill with a shock function or a peorator. The first is used when it is supposed to drill a hole to a small depth. As for the pedorator, this is a more powerful tool and the speed of drilling is much higher. In this case, there is no need to use pressure when drilling. Ways to work with a drill and a pedorator are similar.

It is necessary to drill a concrete wall in the following sequence:

  • First of all, it will be necessary to determine the location of the electrical wiring. Without fulfilling this condition, the master can receive a shock.
  • Mark the spaces of drilling. In this case, the master should have a convenient and stable position. The drilling process is accompanied by a lot of dust, so when working, the eyes should be protected by special glasses.
  • Prepare the tool and make a mark on the wall with a drill that has standard sharpening. Such a nuance will help make the right start.
  • The punch breaks the stones. This is a drill that is not difficult to find in a construction set and its price is much lower than on a cutting tool on concrete.
  • The master needs to monitor the temperature of the drill and cool it with water every 10 minutes.
  • In the process of drilling, the tool may stumble upon reinforcement or stones. This can be understood by a characteristic whistle and ringing (reinforcement). In addition, the speed of drilling can fall significantly (stone). A punch is used to break the stone. For cutting reinforcing metal, it is necessary to change the winning drill to a regular, designed for metal cutting.
  • In the process of every 1.5 cm, the drill must be slightly pulled out of the hole without turning off the tool itself. This will allow the accumulated concrete baby to go out and carefully approach the reinforcement.
  • To reduce dust formation, you can make a funnel from a transparent plastic film, which is dressed directly on a drill or peorator.

Drill a hole of large diameter under the outlet, a distribution box in the wall or make a ventilation duct in several ways. First. To make several holes of small diameter along the marked contour, after which the concrete is knitted with a chisel. But the work in this case will be inaccurate, since the edges will not be quite even.

Therefore, it is better to break through a hole in concrete with a crown, which must be selected in accordance with the desired size. To extend its service life, you can first use the first method, after which go through the hollowed hole with a crown.

Diamond drilling

Diamond drilling has a serious advantage over other methods of drilling holes in concrete. High accuracy of execution, efficiency, a small level of noise and vibrations allow this technology to make a sufficiently demanded.

The process of manufacturing holes can be carried out in different directions: in horizontal, vertical planes, as well as at an angle. The maximum drilling depth can reach 2 meters, and the diameter of the hole is up to 500 mm. In this case, the drilling speed is from 1 6 cm/min.

Diamond drilling technology is carried out by special equipment using diamond ring crowns. To do this, a diamond drill installation located on a special bed is fixed to the working surface with an anchor mounting system or a vacuum slab. This installation method can significantly facilitate the drilling process and increase the accuracy of cut openings.

The installation work begins with the promotion of the ring crown to high speed, while the water is supplied using the pump to the working area. The liquid is necessary for cooling and removing drilling products from the cutting tool. At the end of the process, the hole is flat, with neat edges.

I also want to note that the cost of new equipment or its rental is quite high. But with the professional use of a special diamond installation, the costs pay off the accuracy of the work performed, high speed and silence. In addition, the lack of additional processing of the hole and exhausting cleaning of the room is a significant plus for its use.

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