How to choose the best motor cultivator or single axle tractor. Possibilities of a power tiller and cultivator
What’s better: a single axle tractor or a power tiller?
Today, more and more farmers are thinking about how to improve the efficiency of their own work. Some people try to grow crops with higher cost, others are thinking about full or at least partial automation. One of the good ways to automate work on the ground. buying high-quality agricultural machinery.
It is rather expensive to buy a separate tractor for a small piece of land. And there is not much point in it: the equipment is expensive and is unlikely to pay off. The cost of maintaining it will be much more than the income from the land. But to buy a single axle tractor or motor cultivator is a great solution for a small farm. This kind of equipment allows to automate most manual tasks, but to avoid buying bulky and expensive machines.
However, many owners ask fair questions: what is better for the plot. a single axle tractor or a cultivator? What is the difference between a cultivator and a power tiller? Which type of machine is best suited for which tasks? Today we will try to answer these and other popular questions.
Cultivator and single axle tractor. What are the differences and how to choose what you need?
With the end of winter and the onset of the spring season, one of the most popular and in-demand products are cultivators and power tillers. This article is designed to help you choose, what kind of machines should be purchased by the buyer, as much as possible suitable for his tasks and needs. We will consider the principles of such equipment, let’s analyze the differences between cultivator and power tiller, which features should be considered when choosing a suitable mechanism and much more.
For those who have never used such machines we will immediately clarify that mostly when using cultivators (not to mention power tillers) we still need to apply quite considerable physical effort during its operation. So when asked what cultivator to take the elderly, women and other consumers who want to facilitate their work as much as possible, we immediately answer that except for a mini-cultivator weighing up to 10-15 pounds, they are unlikely to cope (and this technique has limited functionality and, for example, to prepare the ground for planting potatoes is not suitable). Cultivator and single-axle tractor are designed primarily to save work time. To put it simply, it will take 1-2 days to dig over 10 acres with a shovel, but you can cope with the technique for 2-3 hours. But in these 2-3 hours, the physical effort will be in NOT LESS (and maybe somewhere more) than when working with a shovel.
Cultivator is a mechanism for tilling the land, its cultivation. that is, plowing and loosening with the help of cutters, which are always included with equipment.
A single-axle tractor is a mechanism that can transfer the power generated by the engine installed on it to external active attachments (the most common in Russia is a rotary mower for high grass, a snowplow and a brush). A cultivator, on the other hand, does not have this feature.
It is also necessary to explain that 90 % of power tillers are at once and cultivators, that is, have tillers in a standard complete set and are capable to work at once with the earth. The remaining 10% of motor blocks are professional machines with PTO which are initially supplied without any attachments. And the user himself chooses what he needs. Many people use such power tillers not for plowing, but only for communal needs. territory cleaning (broom/dump-blower/snowplow) or for transportation of cargo complete with a trailer.
A single-axle tractor, as a rule, involves a wider range of work and must withstand heavy loads,
At this moment the market has some transitional models that are called by some manufacturers as follows: either a heavy cultivator, or a power tiller. These models have the form-factor of a power tiller (weight, gearbox, pneumatic wheels, gearbox), but do not have the most important thing. a pulley / PTO, that is not able to work with active attachments (hereinafter “attachments”). We call these models “single axle tractor-cultivator”.
The classical and most common variant. The tillers are ploughed under their own weight. Cutters are installed on the gearbox shaft, located under the engine. During operation, the tillers rotate in the direction of travel and the share acts as a brake. The deeper the coulter is in the ground, the longer the machine will work in one place and the deeper the ground will be cultivated. The pluses of this arrangement are simplicity in manufacturing (and consequently affordability), compactness, working depth. As a rule, a single-axle tractor is able to dig in up to 2/3 of the tool diameter, and cultivators with small tines even to the full diameter under the wings. So, the ploughing depth is up to 20-25 cm, which is enough for planting almost all vegetable crops. The disadvantage is that during the work one needs to apply a lot of physical effort to control the technique (especially on the heavy soil that has not been ploughed or virgin land). When the tiller is hitched, the machine tends to “jump out” of the ground and the operator has to use his own physical strength to hold the machine. The heavier the single-axle tractor, the less of this effect is observed. But there is a downside: when working on soil that has already been tilled many times, heavy equipment under its own weight is buried and can not move forward, it has to be “pulled” out of the ground again by its own efforts.
In this case, a single-axle tractor or cultivator on pneumatic wheels pulls the tiller, which rotates against the movement of the wheels. The tiller can be driven by either belt drive or PTO. Most important advantage. is ease of operation. The operator holds the single-axle tractor by the handles and controls only the direction of travel. The two-axle tractors do not have the above-mentioned problem of “catching” the tillage header in virgin ground or sticking it in the tilled surface.
Separately we should tell about the principle of small mini-cultivators with the weight of 10-15 kg. Their own weight is not enough to dig in properly even on ploughed land. Therefore, the principle of their work is the same as that of power tillers (cultivators) with an active rotary hoe. Only a replacement for a power tiller, which pulls the tiller, is a man himself. And the work is done in the following way: the operator walks with his back to the front and pulls the cultivator behind him, the distinctive feature of such equipment is the absence of the coulter.
No matter how big is the range of cultivators and power tillers in modern stores, the principles of work (and, accordingly, designs) are only two.
Working under its own weight
Virtually all cultivators are built on this principle. Its essence is simple: the gearbox shaft, where the cutters are installed, is located directly under the engine of the device, and the deepening into the ground occurs due to its own weight. That is, the heavier the device, the better it will “bury”. The depth is regulated by the coulter: the deeper it enters the ground, the deeper the cultivator itself is buried. Some models, especially lightweight ones with small cutters, can plunge to their entire diameter. Another important thing is related to this: You must hold the machine in place or pull it out by hand when digging. Accordingly, the heavier the cultivator, the more effort it requires.
In this case, the unit (heavy cultivator or single axle tractor) is equipped with a pair of wheels, and the tiller is located slightly behind them. The direction of rotation of the cutter is reversed. This unit is much easier to work with, because you don’t have to either hold it in place or pull it out while digging too hard.
Despite the obvious advantages, this design has significant disadvantages:
- By pulling the tiller to the rear, the overall size of the machine increases. It is quite inconvenient to work with them on small plots or in a limited space (in a vegetable garden or a greenhouse).
- Such machines have a rather small depth of loosening. only about 15-20 cm, which imposes some restrictions on the possibility to plant individual crops.
- Because of the more complex design, cultivators and power tillers with rear-mounted tines cost more than devices with bottom-mounted tines.
Some manufacturers of minicultivators (for example, Mantis) produce models different from the standard design. They are buried in the ground not so much due to their weight, but due to the special shape of blades and absence of depth limiting shares.
There are certain differences in their use as well. Whereas “ordinary” cultivators have to be held in front of you as you work, moving forward as you work, these devices have to be pulled towards you, moving across the plot with your back to the front.
It is worth understanding that these changes do not greatly affect the quality and depth of processing, so it is not reasonable to use such cultivators on unploughed plots (and the more so on virgin lands) for a long time.
Single axle tractor and cultivator: what’s the difference and which is better?
Gardening equipment. a reliable assistant in the cultivation and processing of the land, but it must be chosen correctly. And this article will be useful for those who want to understand the difference between the single axle tractor and the cultivator.
Choosing the Right Tiller For Your Compact Tractor
Let’s consider both of these devices, compare their and characteristics, as well as the areas of application and principle of work.
The main differences between power tillers and cultivators
What is better to buy for your country. a single axle tractor or a cultivator? It all depends on your budget and the tasks that the garden equipment will have to perform. If you need an assistant in the arable land, a motocultivator will perfectly cope with the task. Designed exclusively for digging and loosening, it completely replaces heavy physical labor and saves time on agricultural work by at least 2-3 times. It works only under its own weight, hence it cannot always dig or loosen the ground well and deeply.
A single-axle tractor, capable of absolutely the same tasks on the site, will help to automate a dozen other jobs. Often called a mini-tractor, in its design it has a PTO. It is a special loop for attaching additional attachments. It turns a single-axle tractor into a universal helper. Such a machine is already able to work as a pump, woodchopper, lawn mower and even snowblower.
Is it possible to understand the differences between a power tiller and a garden cultivator just by their appearance? Of course, the devices look absolutely different. Cultivator is more compact and lightweight, weighing up to 70 kg on average, has no full-fledged wheels, as it plunges into the soil as much as possible and due to the torque it plows or loosens. Motor cultivators are available either with a gasoline engine, or with work from an electric motor. No additional attachments for this kind of equipment are provided.
The single-axle tractor is a professional diesel or gasoline-powered machine for all kinds of jobs in the garden. Perfect for cultivating fields of up to several hectares. Powerful pneumatic wheels and considerable weight up to 300 kg make the mini-tractor indispensable in agriculture. In addition, the machine allows digging up to 28 cm depth.
On a single-axle tractor, you can always install additional equipment. cutters of different types, ogee and plow plows, mowers, accessories for planting and harvesting potatoes, pumps, snowplows, and even brushes for cleaning garden paths and paving tiles. In other words, the difference between a power tiller and a cultivator is versatility. choosing a mini-tractor will help you get all kinds of garden equipment in one. Simply attach various attachments.
As mentioned above, if you need equipment that can do more than just dig and loosen, buy a single-axle tractor. Over a dozen different tasks can be carried out with just one tool: You only need to connect an additional tool.equipment to the loop and “change” the potato planter to a lawn mower or cart for transporting garden implements. From there, the main functions of a power tiller include:
- plowing. preparing the ground for planting crops
- harrowing. leveling and simultaneous loosening before sowing;
- furrowing. cutting furrows on a prepared plot of land;
- cultivation. loosening, removing weeds and leveling the soil when working in an already planted area or preparing fields or seedbeds for planting;
- Planting and harvesting;
- Work as a pump when pumping water;
- Grass mowing;
- clearing the area from old leaves and garbage;
- snow removal in winter.
Another significant difference of mini-tractors is an active cutter. Motor cultivators do not have one, so their actions and efficiency are a bit limited. A power tiller, on the other hand, has advantages in operation connected with an active drill. This is the part of the machine that is not connected to the wheels and is used to connect attachments.
The difference between the motoblock and the cultivator is not only in external design: there are significant differences in the motors installed on them. These cultivators are mainly powered by electric or gasoline engines. They are less powerful and lighter, reliable and lightweight, which is very important for ordinary gardeners.
Mini-tractors are equipped with reliable power units, which are suitable for gasoline or diesel as fuel. over, diesel power tillers are more popular among small farms and collective farms, because it turns the multifunctional machine into a full-fledged harvester to work in the field.
Best Tiller Cultivator 2022
Power of a garden equipment
Another way to assess what is the difference between a single-axle tractor and a cultivator and a power tiller. Compare power. It is measured in horsepower or watts and depends directly on the weight and size of a power tiller or mini-tractor. The average power of the cultivator can be about 1-2 liters.с., And for a power tiller this value will increase to 7 or more.
What is the difference between a cultivator and a power tiller by weight? It may be a few kilograms, and vary several times. It all depends on the equipment you choose. So mini-tractors for professional fieldwork can reach a weight of 200-300 kg and look like a full-fledged machine. A small motocultivator for dacha can easily fit in the trunk or back seat of a passenger car at a weight of 12-15 kg.
Everybody who chooses agricultural machinery wants to know which is better. a power tiller or a single axle tractor. But it is better to make this comparison, focusing on the working parameters of machines.
- Own weight. Cultivator works solely under its own weight, while mini-tractors are often driven with the required additional load.
- Presence of wheels. Power tillers are wheeled machines, and the wheels are installed with pneumatic tires. This makes power tillers more maneuverable even on soft ground and allows additional tillage. Wheels in power tillers are only transport wheels, because during the work on the ground the cutters are mounted on the wheel axle.
- Active tiller. It is only present on power tillers and allows to widen their functionality substantially. It makes it possible to connect additional equipment to the tractor.The machine’s equipment and arranges its work independently of the rotation of the wheel axles.
- GEARBOX. Cultivators have only one forward speed, while power tillers have at least two forward and one reverse speed.
- Optional equipment. It is sold only for mini-tractors and allows you to turn them from one kind of machinery into several useful and important machines for tillage, harvesting, mowing grass, or removing trash and snow.
- Digging depth. That’s how a tiller differs from a power tiller. Working under its own weight only, it does not give enough depth to the cutters. The mini-tractor lets you dig or loosen soil to a depth of up to 28 cm.
Power take-off shaft
PTO (power take-off shaft) is a loose pulley on the engine shaft. PTO is available on mid- and heavy-duty tractors, but is sometimes found on lighter models. Any active attachments. mower, snowplow, sweeper, motor pump and other attachments. can be connected to the power tiller via the PTO. Cultivators do not have a PTO, all the energy of the engine goes to work the tool, whose rotation and helps move the unit.
Possibilities of power tillers and heavy cultivators for soil treatment are similar and significantly expanded by attachments, which are divided into active and passive.
Passive harvesters: several types of plows, duckbill, potato digger, work without connection to the engine, but require installation of grousers, wheels with a special design for better cross-country ability. They can be connected instead of conventional wheels or tillers directly or through extensions that make the wheelbase wider.
Cultivator tillers are considered the most common attachments, for working different types of soil. The conventional plough, and the V-shaped plough, reversible plough and rotary plough, are used to work on difficult soil. The harrow can be disc or tine, finger and rotary. breaks up large clods of soil.
Potato harvester for harvesting potatoes. Equipment for planting crops: potato planter, seeder, dominator with seeder. Stonecutters are used to handle stony areas, clearing the soil of stones. Mowers for cutting grass, tedders for drying hay. With a rotary brush, you can quickly sweep parking lots. Screw-rotor snow blower is designed for snow removal and copes with icy snowdrifts.
Cargo trailers are needed for transporting loads. With a riding module and trailer adapter, the single-axle tractor turns into a mini tractor and is great for getting around.
Weights increase stability and maneuverability of the light tractor. and help you dig deeper into the ground. The single-axle tractor can also be converted into a woodchopper, branch chopper, motor pump, all-terrain vehicle, and snowmobile.
For cultivators, a standard set of equipment is used: coulter, tiller, plow or active tiller, mower, dipstick, seeder, brush, potato trowel, trailers, snow removal canopies.
When choosing a power tiller and a cultivator it is worth to learn about the attachment options that can carry the model you like. Therefore, before buying always need to have information about the sets of equipment to expand the capacity of technology.
When to choose a power tiller
Such mechanization is preferred by owners of plots in collective gardens, country estates, private houses with small plots of land. Areas of use for power tillers with weight up to 50 kg: cultivation areas of up to 20 hectares, flower beds, big garden-plots, greenhouses.
Motor cultivators speed up spring field works, help to fight weeds in the interrows on plots with loose soil. Such machines are not suitable for other purposes. Cultivators will not cope with virgin soil; they are bought to work in cultivated, developed areas.
Cultivator and single axle tractor: what is the difference?
Both the single-axle tractor and the cultivator are budget-priced machines based on gasoline engines that help perform a variety of operations on soil treatment, harvesting and plant care. The cultivated area can range from ten acres to three hectares. As a rule, such devices are characterized by high reliability, simple operation, versatility and economical fuel consumption.
Comparing a cultivator or a single-axle tractor, it is quite difficult to make a choice in favor of one or the other solution. The reason for this is the difference in their functionality. Each such unit has its own purpose and important features. But if you compare identical operations, the single-axle tractor copes with them more confidently than the cultivator. To avoid difficulties in choosing the right model, we have collected the rating of power tillers 2018 in terms of reliability and quality. On the other hand, such a device is more expensive and heavier. In addition, it uses more fuel. In essence, a single-axle tractor is a motorized unit used to prepare the ground for planting. Its functionality allows the use of attachments. But without such accessories the usefulness of this device is equal to zero.
Motor blocks are made on the basis of diesel and gasoline engines. At the same time, the first option. medium and heavy devices with a weight of about 300 kg and a capacity of 8. 12 liters.с. The second one is light and medium, which weight varies from 50 to 150 kg, and its power is about 6. 8 hp.с.An important difference between the cultivator and the walking tractor is the presence of the latter’s PTO and pneumatic tires. Thanks to this solution, you can connect additional equipment to the tiller. woodchopper, mower, cutter, pump. The tires are used not only in the working position, but also in the transport position.
Difference in functional characteristics
A single-axle tractor can be used not only to cultivate the ground, but also to care for plants, harvesting and gathering crops. It is also possible to outfit a single-axle tractor with a trailer and turn it into a mini-tractor. Using power tillers, you can only fluff up and mix the soil with fertilizer. It would seem that this difference allows you to make an unambiguous choice in favor of a power tiller. But it seems so only at first sight. After all, highly specialized devices more effectively cope with tasks compared to multifunctional. And if that’s what you need, check out our rating of the most reliable and popular cultivators.
“Light” class. up to about 80 kg
All models in this class work with an active attachment via a pulley. These include Agat, Avangard, Neva compact series power tillers, and Mobil K MKM-3/4.
In this class we would single out “Mobil K” power tillers. The updated models are characterized by reliability, ergonomics, a wide choice of options and modifications. And what is important. they have a lot of different attachments produced by the same factory as the motor blocks themselves, which has a better effect on their installation and operation.
Agat” motor blocks, and especially the most popular model, “Agat L6.5 Lifan”. Many people put it in the first place. First of all, because of the price. But in our opinion, its design is somewhat outdated: uncomfortable “foot” gear shift, outdated ergonomics of the handles, the installation of the wheels through the bushings on the shaft, etc.д. All the same, a single-axle tractor is bought for a long time and seemingly insignificant defects in the future exploitation gives the effect of constant annoyance, and after a couple of years there is a thought. would be better to add, but bought a more comfortable model. But if it is “Agat” or any Chinese single-axle tractor, our advice is definitely “Agat.
Caiman Vario. French Pubert Vario cultivator, converted into a lightweight single-axle tractor. What makes the Caiman Vario so interesting is its powertrain. It provides forward motion with infinitely variable speed regardless of the load, allowing you to choose the best mode of operation in accordance with the work conditions. All other manufacturers have linearly set 1-2-3 speeds, between which the speed of the rotary cutters (stroke) can be adjusted only by the gas pedal knob by reducing/increasing revolutions, herewith, of course, power decreases/increases, which is not always convenient.
Attachments are ordered at Russian plants and have a wide range, as well as for Russian power tillers.
Narrow chain reducer allows for better ground cultivation and does not leave a badly tilled area under it.
Main disadvantage. price. European production and the ruble exchange rate could not but affect the cost, but for those for whom money is not an issue. it is an interesting choice in the segment of “light” power tillers.
“Avangard”. a competitor to “Agat” on price. This is the “youngest” single axle tractor. There is no active attachments on it, except for “Zarya” mower, and this mower will still have to be found, as the single-axle tractor is relatively new and not many people know about it.
“Neva Compact”. this is the price competitor of “Mobil K”. The pluses are the traditional high quality of production, convenient handles and controls. Minus in use with active attachments. “Neva” models of the middle segment “MB-2” are popular, and attachments are produced primarily for them. That’s why installation of active linkage on a series of “Compact” sometimes requires additional equipment by various adapters, and works single-axle tractor with it a little worse, since the linkage was developed for heavier models. All this actually turned “Neva Compact” into a big cultivator with pneumatic wheels, like MK-200. It is likely that for this reason, and withdrew from production in 2021, cultivators MK-200 series to encourage people to buy power tillers compact series.
5 best lightweight machines (division is arbitrary)
- MOBIL K MKM-3 PRO BS CR950 single axle tractor. the most popular model with American engine. Not the cheapest, but also not the most expensive.
- Agat L 6 single axle tractor.5 Lifan. the cheapest single axle tractor. Direct competitor to cheap Chinese.
- Caiman Vario 70C TWK 4 single axle tractor.0-8. The most affordable version of the Vario (with pneumatic wheels)
- Neva MB Compact ZS GB225 7 single axle tractor.5. The new model from the famous manufacturer of power tillers with a powerful engine.
- single axle tractor MOBIL K MKM-4 PREMIUM Honda GX200. top single axle tractor in the “lightweight” category with professional Japanese Honda engine.
P.S. We would also like to mention separately outside the competition the Salyut-100 power tillers.
“Salyut-100” is an improved “Salyut-5” and transferred for production to China. In principle, not a bad single axle tractor, but in our opinion, it does not hit the market. It is expensive for Chinese-made, and it is better to take the same “Mobil K” for that money, and if you want to save money, it is better to take “Agat”. A model somewhat noteworthy is the “Salyut-100 HVS-01 Hwasdan 7.The “0” is actually an intermediate option between the “Agat 6.5L” and “Mobil K MKM-3”.
Let’s sum up. single-axle tractor. universal agricultural machine, which has long been an indispensable help to farmers and owners of homesteads and dacha plots. A modern single-axle tractor, equipped with the appropriate attachments, is capable of performing a full range of farming operations. The use of power tillers dramatically increases the productivity of farmers, while turning a hard and monotonous work into a joyful and enjoyable experience.
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