How to cut a hole in the sink
How to drill artificial stone under the faucet
When buying a sink made of artificial stone, the customer is often faced with such an inconvenience, as the lack of holes for the mixer tap. Naturally, it is necessary to consult experts, but to solve this problem can be without assistance from others.
In order to understand what to drill a sink made of artificial stone, you must first understand what it is made of. The exact definition of “artificial stone” does not exist, because different manufacturers call this term different materials, different density and properties.
When working with any of these materials has its own peculiarities What to determine with what to drill a sink from a stone, you must first be aware that all exactly what was purchased.
The photo shows a porcelain stoneware countertop
Porcelain stoneware is the strongest and most durable of the above materials. It is not afraid of temperature and chemical influences, resistant to mechanical damage. It is distinguished by a resounding “glassy” sound.
Other types of artificial stone produce a more deafening sound due to the addition of plastic and polymer materials. In spite of the fact that to make a hole in other materials is easier than to drill a sink from ceramic granite, very often the choice of clients is precisely on it. Taking into account the exceptional density of the material, ordinary drills will be powerless here.
With porcelain tiles only a core bit or drill bit with a carbide tipped, ideally diamond tip will manage. Sintered ring drills work with it will also be under force, but their price is even higher, so they choose rarely, only if there is a need for a large amount of work. Because of the highest strength, when working with this material it is necessary to cool the drill and the work surface with water. It is necessary to work with porcelain stoneware at low revolutions (300-400 less).
Where to cut the hole?
Another important question that will arise no matter what material the sink was purchased: cut a hole in it from the front after installation? Or do it before installation and from the back side?
Each method has a number of pros and cons:
- In the first case the edge on the front side will be even flatter, but there is a possibility to spoil the front side of the sink with the drill, and if it has a narrow edge, then to split the edge.
- In the 2nd option, the risk of destroying the bowl is even lower, but with all this there is a possibility of getting a sloppy edge of the hole on the front side. This is almost always not critical, because the edges of the hole are locked by the faucet. When turning it, it is possible to unintentionally make a hole on the wrong side, so it is better to mark the side on which you want to install the mixer.
In either method, it is better to position the hole away from the edge of the piece, but in all cases, without touching the bowl. To do this, before the work, you need to put the bottom nut of the mixer to the sink and mark its center.
The ratio between the amount of resin and the stone chips may be very different. Regardless of the proportions, this material lends itself better to drilling than stone. However, you should still be careful and cautious. A sink made of artificial stone must be treated with care: no work should be done until its temperature is equal to room temperature.
Types of diamond drill bits
Diamond drills for stone have different shapes of nozzles:
Conical diamond drills are similar in appearance to standard metal drills, but the work surface has a layer of diamond grit on it. Thanks to the sintering technique, it is possible to obtain a tool with high wear resistance. Diamond grit on the work surface is applied in 2.5 vacuum-diffusion process, and the space between the diamond particles is filled with metal, ensuring high durability of the coating.
Drills for marble
The most common shape of drills. cylindrical. Such drills are used in work with granite and marble and do not lose their quality until they pass up to 12 m thickness of the stone.
How to drill an acrylic sink
Drilling technology of acrylic or quartz agglomerate sinks, other types of artificial stone based on acrylic resins is the same. It is very important to determine where to drill.
It is necessary to mark the place of drilling, having attached the bottom nut from the mixer and having determined the center of the hole. The tap hole is positioned no closer than 50 mm from the sink and the edge of the countertop.
Drill the artificial stone must be strictly perpendicular. To prevent the drill from shifting, you can put masking tape on the surface. so it will be less smooth and slippery. On the drill should be turned off percussion mode. The cutter can be moistened with water. Work at medium to low speed. Cutter can wobble at first rotation speeds, so it is important to keep an eye on the exact positioning of the cutter. It is advisable to drill the hole in one go. A lot of swarf will come off when working. After drilling, the hole must be even, chipping of up to 2 mm is allowed. When you install the faucet, they will not be noticeable and will be covered with a decorative overlay. If desired, the edges of the hole can be sanded and polished additionally. Acrylic stone is a material that can be easily sanded to remove defects.
Types of sinks by material
If previously kitchen sink accessories were traditionally made only of iron, cast iron or stainless steel, today’s choice of materials is much wider.
So, today on the market you can find sinks made of:
- natural and artificial stone;
- Natural wood;
- stainless steel;
- Enameled metal;
The easiest to install are sinks made of stainless steel. Glass sinks are capricious in maintenance, and earthenware sinks are fastidious in operation. Sinks made of artificial stone require regular cleaning, and granite sinks are not many people can afford.
A kind of chisel, with pieces of “pobedite” (strong steel), both in the center and in the circle. This drill can cut stone, or artificial stone. And it crumbles it into small pieces. Read in detail in the article. WHAT THE FORSTNER DRILL IS (click to open in a new window).
That way we get a straight hole in the sink. I hope my article was helpful to you. Once we have made a hole. you can INSTALL the Faucet, be sure to read.
Granite everyday life. Was/is
Good riddance, picaboos. I just remembered, after a long silence, the password to my a.k.a.So I came in, looked through their posts, shed a few tears. Nostalgia, you know. I wanted to show / compare what was, what is. ♪ have I grown in terms of skills, etc. ♪.д.
(People with a fine mental organization should not read this post, then the monuments, cemetery themes and the complete hopelessness. )
Anyway, five years ago, I wrote the first post on the subject of the class. Next are the was/still pictures. In the creepy red frame.))
If the post will visit, I can continue, because a lot of photos to work with!
Holes in sinks
How to drill a hole in a “stone” sink? We’ve said it before and we’ll say it again: a “stone” sink is a sink made of quartz (may also be called granite), or marble, or kitchen ceramics, or whatever was under your feet and was in the way
everyone walk))). Since with regard to the latter type of material we know absolutely nothing, and kitchen ceramics to drill is not recommended by the manufacturer, we leave these two mysterious materials beyond our literacy. It is considered luck that marble and granite are perfectly drillable with the same drill bit. With a diamond cutter (i.e.е. with diamond dust on the perimeter) with a guide drill. It is best to drill at speeds up to 1000 rpm., which corresponds to half the pull of the trigger of the drill. You can use water cooling for “wet” drilling, but in our experience this is not necessary. Which side to start drilling the sink from? We usually drill marble sinks from front to back, and granite. on the contrary, from back to front, although this point is not principal, in our opinion, so it’s easier to get an even hole. You don’t have to worry about small chips on the edge of the freshly drilled hole: the installation platform of the kitchen faucet is over 50 mm in 99.99% of cases and easily bridges all the imperfections. Worry about the neatness and smoothness of movements in the process. Even experts with a black belt in drilling sometimes make annoying mistakes. For example, you should not apply too much pressure to the drill, you can lose your balance at the moment when the sink comes to an end under the cutter, one “expert” has cracked the sink this way once and made diving headfirst. Also do not take the drill out of the hole without waiting for it to stop, you have already guessed what can happen. Which drill bit to choose for the holes in the sink?? You need a 35 mm drill for the mixer tap holes. For the holes for the water spout, between 30 mm and 35 mm (depending on the model) For the holes for the drinking water tap, between 20 mm and 35 mm (also depends on the model) How to make a hole for the mixer tap in a steel sink?
Especially for punching holes in stainless steel sinks in all stores respecting customers there is a special hydraulic puncher. Not very complicated, but rather expensive heavy gizmo made of special tool steel, which is able to cut through a layer of stainless steel up to 1 mm. Sometimes in tool stores or IKEA you can find a special cutter that presses through the sink with an ordinary drill hole 10 mm. Some craftsmen have told of the successful use of the “Fostner drill” on stainless steel at low speeds. But if all this special equipment is not available to you and you urgently need to put the tap on the sink, you can very precisely mark with a marker on the sink those projections where the hoses and the stud are included in the tap and make three holes with an ordinary drill of 10-15 mm. on metal (one for each of the hoses and the mounting stud). By the way you get a much tighter connection than with the usual squeeze out of a 35 mm circumference. It is important that you attach your faucet with a stud and not a wide nut, otherwise this method will not work. For faucets on the nut there is the loudest, longest and most boring way to install: nail the contour 32-33 mm and drill holes with a thin drill. Then you have to bite out the crosspieces and grind burrs with a file. Also we want to encourage your curiosity and patience while reading our article, and we offer to drill a hole in your metal sink bought anywhere in our store. Completely free on any sink up to 1 mm thick. Password: “faucet socket”.
Here you can see a short video of how we drill a hole in a quartz sink for a customer
Drilling a hole in a granite sink by yourself
Gone are the days when the vast majority of people had enamel sinks in their kitchens. Today, everyone can install sinks of different materials depending on the interior of the kitchen designed by the designer. However, such “permissiveness” can cause difficulties if you, in addition to the standard mixer, wish to install additional equipment (filters or water purification systems, detergent dispensers, etc.).
Especially it concerns mine, which are made of natural or artificial materials (granite, porcelain, ceramic, stone and so on). The high hardness and brittleness of these materials presents a certain difficulty in drilling, especially if you have decided to make the necessary hole yourself.
In order to drill a hole in a granite sink you will need: a manual drill, a carbide or diamond drill bit, a pobedite drill bit with a diameter of 6. 8 mm, a lubricant-coolant and a “sprayer” which can be made from a bottle of household detergent. As a cutter, at home you can use a diamond or bimetallic “crown”, which can be purchased in construction or tool stores, and as a cooling lubricant, it is desirable to use unisor or emulsol. If you can not buy these liquids, you can use soapy water. And, actually, the kitchen sink itself. I bought a GRANFEST F-12 model in black.
On most models of brand sinks, on the back side, there are a few small indentations, which will help us avoid alignment of the future hole. Choose a place for the equipment you are going to install according to the operating manual of the equipment you are going to install additionally.
Take a drill with a diameter equal to that of the cutter or head, drill the hole. Important: The drill bit has to “swim” in the cooling lubricant. This is necessary for several reasons: 1. You do not need to drill with excessive force. 2. This way you can save on the sharpening of the drill bit and thus extend its service life. 3. Finally, it will help to avoid unnecessary heating of the granite sink itself and thus prevent its destruction.
Once you have drilled the hole, turn your sink over and mount the drill bit or core bit in the drill and start drilling to your desired diameter. Needless to say that the diameter of the cutter or crown must be equal to the installation diameter of the additional equipment. All modern faucets and soap dispensers have a 3.5 cm hole. It is necessary to drill a hole with a drill bit or head from the front side, because it is almost impossible to determine the last seconds of drilling and to reduce the load on the drill in time. Do not forget that even at this stage of drilling you need to “fill up” the tool with your coolant. Unlike drilling a hole with a drill, you should not put too much pressure on the drill.
As a result of the last phase of the work, you should have a peculiar bagel, which will show that you have not distorted the drill while drilling and performed your task well.