How to cut sandstone for aquarium. Plants
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TOP-7 best soils for the aquarium
Aquarium soil serves not only decoration, but also performs many functions in the life of the aquarium. This is a natural filter, and a substrate for planting living plants, and a means of strengthening artificial plants at the bottom of the aquarium. In addition, it serves the environment for the life and development of the colonies of bacteria involved in the nitrogen cycle of aquarium water.
The soil for the aquarium can perform many functions:
- Rooting for plants, and therefore their nutrition. So that an artificial reservoir does not cease to delight you with lush greenery, take care of choosing a good soil rich in minerals.
- Acts in the role of decorating the aquarium. If you choose the right type and color of the soil, then the fish will look more bright. When adding an artificially created relief, the tank will look even more wonderful.
- Habitat of beneficial bacteria and microorganisms. They participate in the neutralization of ammonia, which stand out as a result of the life of fish, processing it into nitrates.
- Serves as a natural filter. Garbage settles on the surface and inside the soil, which can easily be removed.
- Shelter for some types of fish that are buried in the ground.
Akvariomist beginners are wondering which soil is better to choose for the aquarium, so we will consider the most popular types of soil:
- River pebbles;
- Marble chips;
- Granite baby;
- Coral crumbs;
- Glass or acrylic granules.
We make stones for the aquarium with our own hands
Of course, they cannot be collected from any materials, except to glue among themselves, to paint, but it can be toxic for the inhabitants, but it is quite possible to find stones in the aquarium with your own hands.
Careers can be a suitable place for choosing a construction stone (for example, marble or granite), a sea or river bank. Sea stones are in good demand. They can become part of your interior, and due to the fact that they are brought from the sea, they will give special exoticism.
There are certain rules that they adhere to when choosing:
- Choose lightweight stones so that when falling, they do not damage the aquarium. And also keep in mind that the base should be less than the top, t. To. You can put them, and after some time they can fall in the water.
- Stones affect the aquatic environment, so find out in advance what effect they have on water, t. E. Increases its alkaline environment or makes it softer. Water must comply with the necessary conditions for fish living in it.
- They should not crumble and be crumbled with mechanical exposure.
- Spots or smell should not be present on the surface, t. To. They indicate the presence of metal or impurities that are not washed.
- Check if there are sharp angles or protrusions (t. E. More flat and stupid at the edges) so that the fish could not get hurt about them.
On the contrary, it is forbidden to use and put pebbles found next to quarries and mines, collected in places, contaminated with pesticides or radiation, and also do not take ore, t. To. It is metal and dangerous for fish.
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From stones one of the popular species is sandstone. Belongs to sedimentary rocks, formed when sand and clay mixed. Represented by a large type of varieties, but you can use only hard and durable sandstone, t. To. Soft and fragile begins to influence water, which can harm the inhabitants.
And also distinguish the Kenyan stone (often also called Kenya). Also refers to sedimentary rocks and is one of the most beautiful species. Its shape is uneven, and the structure is porous. In nature, it is formed due to the mixing of limestone, calcite, and sometimes shells. Due to this, it is suitable for water with increased alkaline composition and stiffness.
Sandstone for the aquarium
Decorations in the form of pebbles are a beautiful addition to home aquasker. The main condition is that they should not change the chemical composition of water, which can affect the health of fish, plants and other living creatures. The pebbles for the aquarium help to make a natural biotope: African and American freshwater fish are used to the rocky bottom. Certainly a condition for aquarium stone is its smoothness, hardness and strong structure. Smooth and flat pebbles in the aquarium are needed if cichlids live in it. They serve as a nest for future eggs.
Which pebbles can use? Answer: those that are distinguished by a uniform structure and smooth coloring. Colorful paint can be washed off, dissolve in water or partly paint it. Impurities and minerals located in it are not suitable for a reservoir, where creatures are alive every minute. But a smooth, processed surface will not harm fish. If you do not specialize in geology, do not understand rocks, then you have the opportunity to purchase artificial pebbles for the aquarium in a pet store.
Pebbles purchased in specialized retail chains are often non.Hazardous, suitable for any type of tank. But they cost an order of magnitude more expensive, well, the choice is not very large. In most cases, shine and tuff are found on the shelves, although not all types of shale are applicable. Before proceeding with the decoration of the aquarium with stones, you need to familiarize yourself with what are their features.
Look at how to choose pebbles for the aquarium.
Natural rock with through holes resembling caves. Due to the special structure, it can be used in water with the highest level of stiffness, rich in trace elements. The shortcom in the cave sandpaper is fragility, over time, it simply crumbles over time, forming a slide of garbage on the day of the tank.
Hard and strong sandstone can be used in the aquarium, but the breed with a thin.Dispersed structure cannot be placed there. After some time, the chemical composition of the water will change, harming fish and plants. In terms of mineral composition, they are systematized as a fragmentary material.
What are aquarium stones for?
The main functions of aquarium stones are as follows:
- Aquarium decoration;
- Imitation of a natural habitat;
- Serve as refuge;
- With spawning, they are necessary for the construction of a nest and layering of caviar;
- Regulate the level of water hardness.
Before placing a stone in the aquarium, it is necessary to prepare it. This applies not only to the stones found in nature, but also to store.
Preparation of store stones
Even if it seems to you that the purchased stone is clean, do not rush to put it in the aquarium. Sometimes, on such outwardly clean stones, there are a lot of dirt. Take a hard brush and clean the stone under running water. Do not use chemicals.
Preparation of stones found in nature
First, clean the stone of dirt, residues of moss, grass, etc
Pay special attention to cracks and holes. Then, treat the stone with a hard brush under tap water. Next, the stone must undergo heat treatment
To do this, place it in a container of water and put it on the fire. Keep the stone in boiling water for an hour. This time will be enough to get rid of all possible parasites, bacteria, microorganisms, as well as from insect larvae and other inhabitants. Instead, you can dry the stone, but it will take 1-2 weeks. After processing with boiling water, the stone must be taken out and cool. Now the stone is ready, it can be installed in the aquarium.
Tips for choosing stones: do not collect stones in the area where there are mines or careers and there is a production of metal or mineral ores. If there are careers somewhere nearby in which the stones used in construction or for the manufacture of tombstones and statues are mined, this is a good sign, since such stones must have a uniform structure and not contain the inclusions of extraneous minerals that can turn out to be toxic. However, and at the same time, their influence on the stiffness of water and pH is not excluded. Valuable information about the rocks of stones can sometimes be given by career workers. Avoid those places where the stones can be polluted, for example, pesticides or radioactivity. Do not take stones with metal veins or layers of rust, as well as stones containing colored crystals. However, if you see white or transparent crystals or veins, it is most likely quartz, it is safe. Do not use soft or crumbling stones (with the exception of lime tuf. In aquariums with alkaline water). Do not forget that matte gray-white stones are most likely limestone, and stones, in color and structure resembling sand, are likely to sand. Look for stones with uniform coloring, evenly located specks and uniform structure. Among the stones polished by water, choose those in which the surface is homogeneous and has no holes or cracks. Remember that the stones containing fossils are, as a rule, limestone. Avoid brightly colored stones (if there is no certainty that they are safe), since such a color can be characteristic of some unwanted minerals. Do not take stones from the walls and do not spoil the environment in any one place. If possible, ask permission to collect stones and try not to leave any signs of your activity. If possible, leave the rural landscape untouched. In general, we can say that the simpler the stones look and the less interesting in appearance, the more likely they are safe in relation to toxicity, although they can still affect the chemical composition of water. This can be checked using the “acid dough”, which was mentioned above in the section on the materials for the soil.And one more remark: do not refuse to decorate the aquarium with stones only because their acquisition requires certain efforts. As soon as you have suitable and safe stones, they will never be destroyed and will not be worn out and will become a long.Term valuable acquisition for your hobby.
If you do not feel sufficient confidence in your abilities and knowledge in order to independently collect and check natural stones, it is better to contact the pet stores. In some stores, artificial stones are sold, including the so.Called lava, which is not at all a real volcanic lava. Some artificial stones are surprisingly similar to real ones, although the range of their sizes and shapes is quite limited and they are quite expensive. But they, like the real ones, will serve you all your life.
Advantages of sandstone for aquariums
Sandstone has a high level of functionality. This stone can be the best decoration for any aquarium, because it is a beautiful decor and is a worthy imitation for a natural habitat of fish and green plants, guarantee the creation of shelters, places for laying caviar. Sandstone always has holes, but the surface can be rough or smooth. Giving preference to a rough surface, there is an opportunity to note the decorative superiority of the material used. The presence of a variety of color performances is assumed. In nature, the most common colors are white, beige, gray, yellowish. Sandstone is a unique natural designer, thanks to which underwater reefs can be created in the aquarium. Sandstone is the perfect material for freshwater aquariums
At the same time, the possibility of designing a water.Style water monastery is guaranteed, which will certainly show its advantages. Sandstone always has an important role for fish and living plants, so that the optimal conditions for the full life of the inhabitants are almost always created in the aquarium. Many aquarium fish can use sandstone as a shelter. In addition, this possibility is noted when laying out the caviar in aquarium caves. Sandstone can be a worthy option for attaching living aquatic plants
In this case, it is possible to count on the full development of green spaces, which is guaranteed to improve living conditions for local plants. Choosing a cavernous sandstone, you can evaluate the naturalness of the material. It is assumed that the material is a sedimentary rock. The basis is sand cementing with clay. Modern sandstone has a unique composition, which is represented by the following trace elements: aluminum, iron, manganese, zinc, Cobalt, barium, copper, nickel, chromium, Cobalt, vanadium, manganese and others. Such substances can show maximum benefit for living plants and aquarium inhabitants. Ideal conditions for the development of aquarium plants are assumed. In addition, you can exclude the use of any top dressing, because the naturalness of the material and the unique composition are manifested in almost every case.
Search for stones
The easiest way is to just buy the right number of stones in a pet store. In this case, there is practically no risk of getting an inappropriate or toxic rock. But since the store stones are pre.Processed and prepared, their cost can greatly hit their Therefore, many aquarists are trying to find pebbles on their own.
There are many options where to get stones for the aquarium (for example, a stone yard, just on the street or in the forest), but you need to follow some rules. First of all, you need to know exactly which pebble for the aquarium is definitely suitable and where it can be found. If there is a “wrong” stone in the water, the result can be catastrophic, so before immersion it will have to be carried out by several tests.
In this video, you will learn more about the stones for the aquarium:
Is a natural filler for the aquarium. Convenient in that how the sponge absorbs the products of the life of fish, reducing the level of nitrate water pollution. This type of soil can be used to keep any kind of fish. Most aquarists prefer this particular type of soil.
The disadvantages of such soil lies in a small fraction that is not suitable for some types of fish. In the process of using sand, parasites can start in it that can cause damage to the local flora and fauna. But the minuses end there. The pluses of the soil are greater:
- Creation of natural conditions;
- There is no risk of severe pollution, dirt does not penetrate deep into the sand;
- Ideal for plants;
- Some species of fish use it during spawning.
Mr. Tail explains: General rules for decorating the aquarium
After buying the aquarium, it is decorated, then the liquid is poured and water residents are launched. If they want to change the design, the inhabitants are placed in a separate container along with water from the main tank so that they do not have stress. After registration of fish, they are moved in the reverse order with the same environment. All materials in order to prevent diseases disinfect.
Someone trusts the design of professionals, others make out independently from improvised or purchased funds. Fix objects with fishing line or cotton thread. It is not worth overwhelming the aquarium with a large amount of decor, its inhabitants need spaciousness.
The main condition is that the reservoir must be careed: cut out the overgrown plants, clean glass, design objects. Washed with washing products, but with water with 5% vinegar or food soda.
- Dutch. At the same time they do not leave empty places, there are a lot of vegetation, stones, snags. High grass with wide leaves is placed on the background, low algae. In front.
- Biotopic. Similar to the structure of the natural reservoir. The same stones, plants, fish. Elements of the environment and living fish are selected taking into account their natural ecosystem.
- Herbalist. All beauty in a variety of vegetation of green shades. It can be a reservoir only with living and artificial herbs without fish.
Hammer and chisel technique
Tap light along the chisel along the cut line with a stone hammer, instead of strong blows. Hit the chisel once or twice before moving down the pencil marks. These first point marks will scratch the surface, in fact without crashing into a rock, but they create the basis for the final break. Continue to press around bricks from all four sides to loosen the gap point. As soon as the deterrence is finished, use only a hammer and add a little more strength, hitting a rock on a rupture line. Keep one side tightly without turning it over until the sandstone split into two parts. This should break with two or three solid signals
Use a saw instead of a hammer and a chisel to cut sandstone to get a thinner fishing line for a trimmer. Disk saws are available in models from 10 to 14 inches, and their blades are filled with diamonds that perform cutting. Like most chain saws, a rotating blade is applied directly to the fishing line for a cutting trimmer, and it cuts an accurate fishing line for a trimmer. Saw slabs are often used for stone work, which must be cleaned and accurate; easy to make perfectly laid bricks from sandstone slab.