How to cut skirting boards on the ceiling with a wire cutter
With what and how to cut a plastic baseboard
The skirting board is the element that gives the finish look. The connection of the walls with the ceiling and the floor must be made very accurately and beautifully. Choose the right skirting boards, coordinate them with the walls, floor and ceiling, install the corners. it must be able to.
Plastic skirting boards have replaced the wooden ones used in previous years. They have a number of advantages. They are made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a material that is widely used in industry and construction. Externally they imitate any species of wood. Easy to handle, easy to install. Impervious to mold, mildew, damp, easy to clean. They are much cheaper than wooden ones.
Plastic skirting boards come in many shapes and colors. Skirting boards from different manufacturers differ from one another. To each specific product, it is necessary to apply the appropriate technology to it.
There are types of plastic baseboards, aimed at a particular floor covering. carpet, linoleum or parquet.
Ceiling skirting boards are usually made of dense foam.
Chisel for baseboards: basic rules for use
Everyone will be able to understand how to properly cut the corners of the ceiling plinth. For the process to go smoothly, you should familiarize yourself in advance with the basic ways to create beautiful and even blanks.
The main rule of work. observance of the slope of the corners. If the skirting board is fixed on the right side, the corner will be cut from the left side, and vice versa.
The chisel is a handy tool for fast processing of blanks
Polyurethane ceiling plinth: what is it, advantages and disadvantages, what it consists of, what kinds there are, how to choose, step-by-step installation of a molding, painting, restoration methods, the average cost. in our publication.
First of all, when calculating the right direction for the cut, you need to remember one peculiarity: unlike a regular skirting board, the ceiling plinth is installed on the base at a certain angle, usually 38-45°, so it will be very difficult to exactly measure the “right” 45°.
Consequently, when cutting a ceiling plinth, it is necessary to keep it in the position in which it will be installed on the surface.
Chisel is a device for cutting the baseboard at a certain angle.
You can do this with a wire cutter. a small tray made of plastic or wood with slots for the hacksaw at angles of 90° and 45°. You can buy the mitre saw at almost any hardware store.
We will also need a fine-toothed wood hacksaw or, even better, a metal hacksaw. However, when using hand saws, you need to be careful. there is always a risk of ruining the material. If you are dealing with the most common types of ceiling plinths. foam, then a wallpaper knife with a new, sharp blade will do.
The main task. to determine how the cut lines on the docked “left” and “right” parts of the skirting boards will be. If the angle is uneven or non-standard, you need to find its middle. there should be a line for trimmer joints.
The baseboard in the jig is to be placed as it will be glued to the wall: hold the top (a) element, and the bottom edge (b) pressed against the wall of the jig.
So, to begin with, you need to put a straight fillet to the corner of the room and visually determine the line to trim the cut (if the corner in your room is flat, that is, about 90 °).
Then we put it into the jigsaw and set it under the appropriate hole for the cut. Tack should be put in the mortise so that it lies at the angle at which it will be attached to the wall, that is, in the corner. Now it remains only to saw or cut with a knife.
If you are using a metal hacksaw. make light movements without pressing, this will cause breaks or chipping (applies to plastic). In order not to confuse the materials, put a mark on the inside of the ceiling molding with a marker or pencil. Note that for outer and inner corners the direction of cutting will be different, so it is recommended to mark directly on the ruler: sign the holes for the “right” and “left” fillets outer and inner corners.
The drawing on the table mimics a jig. However, instead of pressing the baseboard against the curb, as in the jigsaw, we expose it to the line. For convenience, you can put some rectangular object to the line to get a rim.
If you can not get a plane, you can try to make it yourself from improvised means. In the end, you need to knock down two planks, because the main thing is to hold the baseboard securely in the corner when you cut it. And in order to evenly and correctly make the cut, we need a stencil.
It can be made of thick cardboard so that it exactly repeats the angle between the walls. If the walls and ceiling are uneven, the corner is divided in half. there will be a line to trim the cut. Made by you of planks put a corner on the stencil so that the edge of the corner was exactly above the stencil corner.
Now you need to insert it (“left”) tack and carefully saw, guided by the contours of the stencil. To cut the “right” need to move the corner on the appropriate side. You can think of other devices for cutting the right corner for the ceiling plinth, using the same principle.
How to make an even corner: ways
The most difficult thing to cut a corner so as to get a perfectly flat: the surface of the materials used is not easy to cut, in addition, you need to maintain a good docking, preferably without huge gaps. How to make a corner on the ceiling plinth? You can use several methods: with a ruler, without a ruler, using decorative corners, as well as an alternative method.
How to properly cut a ceiling plinth without a chisel? For work it is required a well sharpened pencil, a small piece of a plinth, a kitchen knife (for polystyrene or polyurethane) or a saw on metal (for other materials), a ruler.
It is necessary to put a skirting board to a corner and to lead a line for a trimmer with a pencil along the outside edge, then to put it to the other side of a corner and also to mark. You will end up with a cross on the ceiling, the center of which will mark the place where the ceiling skirting strips should converge.
Place a section of the skirting board where you will glue it. With the end in the wall, transfer to it the desired mark. You can cut the corners of ceiling plinths this way, without a jigsaw.
How to mount a chemical anchor? HILTI and others vivid VIDEO!
To assemble a metal building, you need to anchor the columns to the anchoring group. In this case we will consider the installation of chemical anchors. This is the most common and easiest option. See the article for more details. Whether HILTII or any other anchor. They all have a similar composition. epoxy resins and two-component composition (resin hardener). When you mix the two components is a fast hardening, which provides solidification for 180 minutes (during these 3 hours is collected the maximum strength of the composition).
Chemical anchor is:General term, so called steel studs, bolts and rods, which are attached to the substrate, with an adhesive system based on synthetic resin and a second component. hardener (for rapid curing).
High performance in heavy duty applications because it creates a very strong bond between the metal part and the substrate material (usually concrete, brick, etc.).).
The first thing is to make a marking on the places of installation of the anchoring group, for this you will need a metal ruler, which you will need to mark the axis of the columns and installation.
We mark places for anchor holes to fix the columns.To speed up the process, I made a template on which the places for drilling and dimensions of the base of the columns are drawn. The template is cut out of plastic. It was cut out by a milling machine according to the dimensions in the project on a scale of 1:1
Make a stencil scale of 1:1 (for the base)
The template. It is a convenient and quick way of marking. I use it on all new objects,
A convenient and quick way to mark out the base of the columns and future holes
DrillingDrilling in order to save money is done with a drill, not with a crown (the crown is more expensive). The size of the diameter is 2-3 mm larger than the diameter of the stud itself. If we get on armature, only then we use a diamond core. You can call a crew that specializes in drilling with crowns, on average they charge from 300 to 750 for each hole.
Depth of installation and base thickness can be viewed from the test table from HILTI, all standards are based on STO 36554501-0482016.
How to properly cut the corner of the ceiling plinth. rules and methods
In order to hide the joints between the walls and the ceiling surface and to give the ceiling a finished look, you should install moldings. In the process of performing this type of work are often difficult, but they are mainly due to the fact that there is a lack of knowledge of how to cut the corner of the ceiling plinth.
Before you mount moldings, you need to have at your disposal certain tools. Some of them are always available at hand at home handyman, and others will have to buy or make personally. When installing these decorative products, there is bound to be a problem with how to make a cut on the ceiling plinth, observing the required slope.
To solve this problem, use tools that allow you to do the work correctly and as quickly as possible, among them:
Last in the above list is the plier. an easy-to-use and popular carpentry tool that allows you to cut the corners of the ceiling skirting at a certain angle. For the manufacture of this tool use different materials. wood, metal or plastic.
On the side walls of the jigsaw, there are always vertical slots needed to cut the corners of the fillets at an angle of 90, 60 or 45 degrees.
At what angle should cut the ceiling tack depends directly on its location, and more precisely on what will be the slope. internal or external.
Cutting the inner corner with the use of a wire cutter is carried out in a strictly defined sequence:
Acting in accordance with the above algorithm, you can precisely to within one millimeter to carry out the corners of the ceiling plinth without any effort.
To make a correct scoring of the outer corner, you must proceed as follows:
Using a template
There is a way how you can perform zaznazku ceiling plinthus corners without a jigsaw. using a template. Make it from wood, cardboard or paper.
The material is marked in this order:
- first draw two clear parallel straight lines;
- between them determine the central point and mark it;
- Using a protractor, draw the necessary angles, which can exceed 90 degrees.
Making the mortiser yourself
To make your own this device, you can use one of these methods:
Other methods of cutting corners
When the adjoining planes of the walls of a room form a right angle, the best solution is to use a straightedge. In other cases, you can use other methods, how to saw a ceiling plinth at an angle, for example, by marking this product on the ceiling. This technology allows you to take into account all the deviations concerning the size of the angle, as well as the unevenness of the walls.
If of all the ways, how to saw the corners of the ceiling plinth, this is chosen, it is important to take into account a few nuances:
- It is better to use for internal corners;
- Do not proceed to attach the tack one by one, without having made a preliminary docking of the two parts and not checked their mutual position. The gaps left between the slats must be putty.
Types of ceiling decorative skirting boards
Before proceeding to install the ties, they must be purchased, and to do this, you should have information regarding the range of these products.
Baseboards are made of different materials, namely:
To have an idea of each type of decorative ceiling elements and choose the right product, it is necessary to have at least their brief characteristics:
In addition, the fillets differ in other parameters. the width, length, relief and shape. Their use in rooms of different sizes depends on these characteristics.
For example, wide products look harmoniously in tall rooms. There are nuances in how to cut wide ceiling baseboards. The fact is that these profiles dock at an angle of 90 degrees. To make a precise cut, use a wire cutter. But when the corners of the room deviate from the standards, the work is performed manually.
Technology of cutting ceiling plinths
For operative and high-quality work, you need to choose a tool in accordance with the material of the baseboard and choose a way of cutting. If you have a crosshair, then there will be no special difficulties in the process. If you do not have one, then you have two options: to cut according to a template and measurements on the ceiling, or to make this tool yourself.
Features of cutting ceiling plinths in the jigsaw
Work with this device should be extremely careful not to blunt the tool and not to leave cuts in unnecessary places. In the process, we adhere to the following instructions:
Fix the baguette in the jig the way you plan to place it on the wall. The side, which will be pressed to the ceiling on the jig, must be adjacent to the sidewall.
When cutting and trimming products from foam and polyurethane remember that these materials crumble and squeeze, so the tools must be sufficiently sharp, and a strong mechanical effect on them is undesirable.
Technique of cutting ceiling plinths on a template
This method can be used if you have. even corners, and you want to trim the baguette exactly 45 degrees. To do this, before you cut the ceiling plinth in the corners, you need to draw a notch on heavy paper. Draw two parallel lines and mark corners at the right degrees, using a protractor.
Place the fillet in this case in the same way as you would do with a traditional mortiser. Bear in mind, that the skirting boards must be cut keeping the tool in a strictly vertical position.
Rules of cutting ceiling skirting boards on the marking
This method is used to cut the baseboard in cases where there is no jigsaw, or parts from which it can be made.
To do this you need to make a marking on the wall in this order:
We put a baguette in a corner to the place of fastening.
When cutting in this way, it is important to draw all the lines and mark the points accurately. A mistake of even a few millimeters will cause a gap. This method is suitable for cutting and docking both the inner and outer corner of the ceiling plinth.
The way of cutting the ceiling plinth without a chisel
To neatly join inside corners, you can do without a mortiser.
We enclose an end part of a baguette to a sheet of paper and we trace an outline of the convex side. It is more convenient to use a small section of the baseboard (if available).
The first way is with the jigsaw
The Professional Jigsaw with Swivel Hacksaw
Chisel usually looks in the form of a tray with vertical holes for a hacksaw. It can be made of wood, metal or plastic. This tool represents the oldest and simplest carpenter’s tool, designed for cutting wooden parts at 90° and 45° angles. There are types of such a device and for professional work, with a swiveling mechanism, in which the cutting tool can be rotated and fixed in any position.
How to properly cut a ceiling plinth
Ceiling corners are divided into internal and external, the way of joining them is slightly different.
If necessary, you can make a plier with your own hands. You will need three strips of plywood or boards of equal size. First, they are applied in the form of an inverted “U” and make a marking of the corners. Then, according to the markings, cut notches under the hacksaw almost to the bottom, and the boards are twisted.
- Make correct measurements.
- Install the baseboard plank in the jig so that this position exactly coincides with the placement on the ceiling.
- The skirting board must be pressed tightly against the opposite wall of the mortar. Hold and press with your free hand.
- We put a hacksaw at an angle of 45 ° in a special hole and cut the part.
When cutting soft materials (PVC, polystyrene foam) use a metal saw or an ordinary construction knife. Then the work will be neat and with straight edges.
- Measure the length of the baseboard from the nearest wall to the outer corner, leave on the underside of the trimmer line with a pencil, marking the desired length. Please note that the edge (its upper part) should protrude slightly outside.
- The baseboard is moved into the jig and cut off.
- The adjacent bar should also be measured with a margin and cut in mirror image to the first part.
Let’s try on the ceiling plinth: the joining of parts should be perfectly flat. If the result is not achieved and the joints are uneven, you can trim the edges with a regular knife to perfect the joint.
Trimming a corner with a false chisel
The third way of trimming the corner of the baseboard is not quite usual. using a kind of false chisel. You can make such a “tool” in two ways.
The first is to draw the jigsaw. To do this, you can use plain heavy paper or cardboard: draw two parallel lines on a sheet of paper and, using a protractor or simple angle piece, mark off the angles with the required degree. A corner is cut in much the same way as with the carpenter’s plane: place the skirting board against the “tool”, make the necessary marks and make the cut.
The second method. to make a prototype of a crosscut out of three wooden boards: connect them in the form of an oblong letter “U” and make notches in 45 and 90 degrees. The same protractor can also be used to mark corners.
A wooden plank chisel
When cutting baseboard corners without a jointer, it’s very important not to miscalculate the length of the plank and the degree of notch itself. To avoid mistakes, at the beginning it is better to cut workpieces 10 cm longer, then dry fit them to the ceiling, and only then adjust until you get the desired result. In addition, let’s not forget that not all bathrooms have perfect angles of 90 degrees. you still can’t do without adjusting products.
Tip. Fixing to the ceiling plinth plank should be only after adjusting to her corner of the next preparation of the plinth. It is better to try the cuts not under the ceiling itself, but on the table. it will take more time, but the cut lines will be neater.
Thus, we have several ways of trimming ceiling plinths: with the help of a joiner’s chair, without a chair, using a kind of false chair. Whichever cornering option you choose, it is important to do everything accurately and precisely. only then will you get a truly effective tool for final ceiling design, thereby making your bathroom interior aesthetically complete.