How to cut tiles on the wall
To get around pipes, sinks, toilets and door trim, you have to saw semicircular notches. At home, you can do it this way:
- Using a ballerina and a tripod for a drill. Diameter is limited by the rod and adjusted manually. The resource of one device is enough for 20-30 holes in the tiles.
- For bends of small diameters, you can use wire cutters. This method allows you to make not only semicircular cutouts. The cut should start from the edge with a minimum of pitch. Both of these methods require a certain skill in working with the tool, but even then you can’t get straight edges, additional processing is required.
The use of any method of working with tile is due to the need to purchase expensive tools. In the case of work that is small and does not require the cutting of particularly complex patterns, you can use available fixtures.
Before cutting tiles without a tile cutter in order to obtain a shaped mowing line near the edge, it is necessary to pre-cut with small intervals between them. The cuts should be a few millimeters short of the main mowing line.
When everything is ready, special tongs with wheels or ordinary pliers carefully break out the segment by segment. The remaining pieces of ceramic are removed in small fragments.
It is more difficult to choose a way to cut a tile without a tile cutter, if the project requires making curvilinear through figures, which are located inside the tile slab. For this purpose, first make a hole, and then in the direction of it begin to break out small fragments carefully with wire cutters. Along the edge, a deep groove is made beforehand with a sharp instrument to prevent unnecessary splintering.
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Cutting ceramic with an angle grinder
Angle grinder offers great possibilities in cutting. it can easily and accurately not only cut along straight lines, but also make shaped cutouts. If desired, using an angle grinder, you can cut a beautiful round hole with a diameter of 70 mm in the tile. In order to virtually no chips are left on the glossy surface, you should only use a new diamond wheel and make the cut from the back of the product. So before the angle grinder to cut tiles, you need to make sure the quality of the circle and its functionality. We make a marking, move the disc along the marking and break off a long piece. Break off the rest. Corners can be trimmed with tongs or the same angle grinder. Angle grinder, equipped with a diamond disc, in fact, is a universal tile cutter. In order to increase the efficiency of the tool, the equipment can be equipped with a special cooling system. Of course, this increases the cost of the tool, but at the same time, it also increases its productivity. It is because of its efficiency angle grinder and has become quite widespread today.
Advantages and disadvantages of tile
Despite the great complexity of processing and laying, ceramic tile for many decades has not left the list of the most popular finishing materials. If previously it was used to repair only rooms with high humidity and unfavorable atmosphere, but now many varieties are suitable for external finishing of buildings, floors, walls and ceilings in enterprises. This means that the advantages of such a finish is enough:
The material does not require special care. With regular care it looks neat and fresh.
- It does not get fungus.
- Indispensable in damp rooms.
- Suitable for furnaces and fireplaces because of its refractory properties.
- Many choices of colors, patterns, shapes and sizes.
- Lasts for decades, does not fade.
The disadvantage of tiled flooring is the temperature of the surface on which the material lies. However, modern technology allows to place a water or electric heating system underneath its layer. If the surface is ribbed or rough, then in some rooms (like the kitchen) can be difficult to clean. It is difficult to remove stains on an uneven surface. And it can be difficult to cut tiles at home.
How to cut tiles on the wall
No matter how great the material as a decorative coating, tile on the walls, on the floor, etc.д., It is very difficult to work with after laying.
- if you want to cut holes (for pipes, sockets, conduits, etc.), it is easy to hold the tool in one hand (it has an ergonomically shaped handle).п.);
- Cut a grommet for routing cables, pipes, etc.д.;
- Cut the edge/joint (for example, when changing or relocating a doorway);
- other works.
Sometimes home masters, pursuing different goals (saving money or testing their own abilities), decide to tile a particular surface on their own. After calculating the symmetry, having learned to guess the level and direction, the craftsman comes to the corner of the wall or the edge of the floor, and there is a problem. what to cut ceramic tile at home, when at hand from the tools that is and no more. Buy a special device, or make do with the existing arsenal? Consider what is used to cut the tiles.
Cutting angle grinder
Every homeowner or apartment owner is likely to have this power tool. This is indispensable in many situations, changing nozzles (circles), you can sharpen, cut, grind something. There are no problems with cutting tiles, either. No matter what power tool, the disc diameter is designed for. Easier and more convenient to use a small angle grinder, but also a powerful angle grinder with a large wheel for linear cutting is quite suitable. It remains to choose the right replacement nozzle.
Ceramic tiles, including porcelain tile, which is so popular for floor tiling, can be cut with discs:
But a neat cut with few chips will provide only a special wheel for tiles, which features a solid surface (without slots on the disk) with a diamond coating on the working surface. It will cost a little more when you buy it, but the slight overpayment is worth it. The tile disc ensures low vibration while cutting ceramics, therefore. an even cutting edge with minimal damage to the decorative coating.
If the cutting edge of the tile is hidden, and the quality of the cutting edge doesn’t play a big role, the concrete circle is quite usable. You can’t use any other attachments (wood or metal). This is not only inefficient, but also fraught with serious injury. Also, do not remove the protective cover from the angle grinder, which protects the craftsman from small ceramic debris generated when cutting tiles. It is not superfluous to protect the eyes with a special screen, or glasses, coming with most of the sold grinders.
How to cut tiles at home with an angle grinder? It’s as simple as that.
- Mark the cut line (for glazed tiles or polished porcelain tiles use a permanent marker. a pencil does not work on a slippery surface).
- Laying tile on an even base, on the hardness inferior to ceramic (board, a fragment of drywall or OSB will do) “face” up.
- Lightly fix the tile, so it does not move during cutting.
- We cut the face layer (it is done without pressure on the tool) on the side of the mowing line with an offset to the side of the desired fragment.
Then there are two ways. Cut through the tile with an angle grinder to its full thickness, or break off an unwanted fragment by placing the cut tile on the edge of a table, workbench or a similar improvised object. In the first case, the cutting edge will be flat throughout the thickness of the body of the tile, but a lot of dust when cutting. The second method is almost dustless, but will have to additional trim “teeth” formed by breaking the tile. This is done with the same angle grinder or file (if you want the cut edge to be as close in quality to the factory edge as possible).
Cutting with a handheld tile cutter
A handheld tile cutter with a cutting roller that can be moved manually with a lever. In addition to these details in the device is a metal protruding strip, two guides on which slides a lever with a “knife” and double-sided “foot”, breaking the two parts of the notched tile. The device is simple, but effective. a tile up to 10 mm thick manual tile cutter will divide without any problems. Chips are minimal, the accuracy of the cut depends on the quality of the tool.
When you buy a tile cutter for 10, you should not hope for perfect cutting edge geometry. With time, as the tool wears, it becomes worse, making a cut edge farther and farther from the ideal. But such a device for cutting tiles is suitable for one-time work on a small amount of tiling with his hands.
To use a long time to acquire a manual tile cutter, whose price exceeds 50 dollars. There are quality guides, minimal backlash of the cutting roller and a decent service life. When working with tile, the tool is effective, can cope with floor tiles, but porcelain tile cutters “toothless”. Do not defeat the device decorative glazed tiles, frieze, which have a structured surface. Now about how to cut ceramic tiles manual tile cutter.
- We carry out necessary measurements, we trace a fishing line on a face surface of a tile.
- Place the tile on the base of the tile cutter so that the line aligns with the metal protrusion (the tool has additional reference marks).
- By means of a lever with a single movement of the cut-off roller we make a cut in the decorative layer of the tile.
- Break a tile by pressing a double-sided foot.
Not everyone is able to cut tiles with a manual tile cutter the first time. To get accustomed to the tool, it’s better to “sacrifice” one tile element and practice on it by cutting it into several pieces.
In the video, an experienced master tiler demonstrates how to cut tile with a manual tile cutter, the capabilities of the device for cutting ceramic, the rules of care for the tool:
Tile cutter pliers
This tool is suitable for straight cutting ceramic tiles, if the volume of tiling is small. When doing large-scale finishing work, more advanced devices are used. Tile tongs. it is an improved roller glass cutter, additionally equipped with a double-sided blade that breaks the cut tile (as in a manual tile cutter). In other words, this device can be called a primitive handheld tile cutter, where there is no frame. To cut the surplus with tongs it is necessary in this sequence:
- We outline the approximate fishing line on the “face” of the tile;
- We match the construction ruler to the marked segment;
- along the ruler with an even pressure, spend a roller, which are equipped with tongs;
- we put a tile with a cut glazed layer between the working arms of the tool so that the groove on the tile was between the legs of pliers, with force, but smoothly, we close the handles
How to tile a floor or wall, A beginner’s Guide
Tip. To break a tile with pliers, the edge came out even, have a cut groove strictly in the middle of the tool legs and perpendicular to them.
Diamond glass cutter
The easiest cutting of ceramic tiles at home is done by means of glass cutters. If you don’t have a tool with a diamond working part, a roller glass cutter will do. Cut tiles on the curve of the mowing line with a diamond or roller will not work, it will be tedious to work with such a tool in large volumes of tiling. But for unhurried paving of small areas the glass cutter is a good choice. The advantage of this tool in the affordability (2-3 dollars). the purchase of glass cutter will not shake even a modest family budget. If you have a question about what to cut ceramic tile without unnecessary costs, the glass diamond cutter is just the.
It’s easy to cut tiles with a glass cutter. The process resembles the work with tile pliers, with the difference that the tile is broken on the edge of the table (as described in the section about cutting tiles with an angle grinder).
With a steady hand, the diamond glass cutter can be replaced with an ordinary concrete drill bit or a pobeditovye tip.
From this tool for cutting tiles you need only a frame. The usual blade is detached, and a string with a diamond or pobedite coating is attached instead, which is designed to cut off the tile fragments. To cut porcelain tiles, especially floor tiles, in such a way long and painful, but the usual ceramic lends itself to cutting without much difficulty. The plus diamond string in the ability to accurately curved tile cutting, although for these purposes are now produced a special file on the tiles for electric jigsaws.
To cut a tile by the approximate mowing line, the tile is placed on the edge of the work table and cut ceramics with a hacksaw like any other material. The process of removing the extra piece is long, if you compare it to a manual tile cutter or angle grinder, but the cut edge comes out much better, without chipping of the glazed layer. Metal hacksaw with pobedite dusted string is often used by professionals when they need the flattest cut possible and a “wet” electric tile cutter is not at hand.
Electric tile cutter
The most professional tool for cutting ceramic tiles is an electric tile cutter. There are several varieties of such devices. The simplest mobile power plate cutter is similar to an ordinary angle grinder with a modified shape that makes the tool easy to hold with one hand (it is equipped with an ergonomic handle). Additional options of this device can be a dust collector (or a hose for dust extraction), water supply to the surface to be cut. Mobile electroplating cutters are able to cut tiles, natural stone tiles, porcelain tiles wall, floor and technical. But, nevertheless, the quality of the obtained rectilinear cutting edge when using this tool is not comparable with the factory.
Completely close the question of what to cut a tile, will help purchase a stationary electric tile cutter. The machine has a base on which the ceramic tiles to be cut are placed. The cutting element is a steel abrasive wheel with a diamond coating, similar to those used in grinders. The cut is made from above or below (like a woodworking “circular saw”). An obligatory functional feature of such electric plate cutters is the water supply to the cutting element. When top cutting, the coolant flows to the cutting wheel through the feed tubes. Tile cutters, like circular saws, is simpler. the pallet with water is under the bed, and the cutting wheel itself scoops up water from the reservoir when you rotate it.
Permanent cooling of the cutting element and water-wetting of the ceramic to be cut allows for a perfect edge when working with this type of equipment. machines with an overhead cut are even more perfect. the pivoting cutting head makes it possible to angle the cutting edge or add a bevelled chamfer to the edge.
Only water-jet cutting machines are more perfect than stationary electric plate cutters. Their functionality includes the following options
- Straight cutting of tiles, porcelain tiles and natural stone slabs;
- straight cut at an angle to the surface;
- drilling holes;
- shape cutting in ceramic tiles of any density.
A disadvantage of stationary electric plate cutters, especially. water-jet cutters, is their cost. If the simplest examples of the first type of equipment cost from 120, the price of water-jet machines starts to grow from 500. It is clear that to purchase such expensive tools for one-time work on the laying of ceramic tiles is not advisable.
You can give a lot of practical tips, how and with what to cut varieties of ceramic tile correctly. The final choice of devices and equipment for cutting tiles to do home master, based on the information obtained above and the state of the family budget.
Basic cutting methods
To cut the tiles use improvised tools or special equipment. Angle grinders, glass cutters or jigsaws are suitable for small repairs, for high-quality cutting of blanks use manual or electric tile cutters, which provide increased productivity. For shaped straight cuts, use a hand jigsaw that does not emit large amounts of fine dust into the air.
Electric angle grinder allows you to cut tiles of any strength, but requires skill from the craftsman with the tool. The rotation of the disc generates a fine dust, which enters the air, breaking off small fragments of tile and glaze.
Angle grinder allows you to cut tiles of any strength.
cutting line is not of high quality, that is why the angle grinder is not used for cutting tiles intended for tiling visible surfaces.
The tool can be used to trim edges that will be hidden by a layer of grout, grout or plastic layout.
When using an electric jigsaw at home, rules should be followed:
- For cutting ceramic tiles, you need a blade with high hardness, designed for cutting tiles or glass;
- You should keep the RPM low, with higher RPM the quality of cutting deteriorates;
- cutting is performed on the tile, turned face down, ensuring that the glaze is protected from damage by the soleplate;
- If the jigsaw is equipped with a spigot, a construction vacuum cleaner should be connected to remove fine dust;
- It is absolutely forbidden to press the tool or cut with force. the load leads to cracking of ceramics;
- The tool is designed to cut wall tile and will not cut porcelain tile or thick floor tile.
Interior cuts require a hole to be drilled, into which the saw is then inserted. When cutting workpieces at the end face it is sufficient to mark the surface. When using the jigsaw, the workpiece to be cut is placed on a flat, horizontal surface and fixed with a clamp.
When using an electric jigsaw, keep the RPM low.
Cutting installed marble tile with angle grinder indoor without dust
Cutting is performed by moving the instrument away from yourself, checking the direction of the cut with a line visible through the slit in the base of the underside.
With the glass cutter
To cut the ceramics use a standard glass cutter. A fishing line is applied to the front surface of the workpiece, and then the tool is pulled through by applying force. The slit on the glaze should be obtained with the first run, if you use the glass cutter again, the break line will be sloppy. To divide the workpiece into halves the tile is placed on a board with an even edge, and then press the dangling part. You can use a cylindrical mandrel, which is located under the cutting line and evenly influence the hands on the dangling edges of the tile.
To remove the narrow edge, which has a width of 10-30 mm, use pliers. When using pliers the cutting line is uneven, the tiles will have to be trimmed with a grinder or filed. The glass cutter is only suitable for straight cuts; it is not possible to make a bevelled or scored cut. The tool is not suitable for ceramic tiles with a textured surface. Also not suitable for cutting porcelain tiles, it is not possible to accurately break the cut pieces by hand.
The glass cutter is uniformly pressed down by hand.
There are several varieties of glass cutters:
- Standard roller with a tungsten carbide or cobalt working element. A roller that rotates on a metal axis, used to cut glass, faora, or tile up to 10mm thick. There are models that provide for lubrication of the roller with special compounds. Extra long tool life, used for cutting materials up to 12 mm thick.
- Diamond, which is distinguished by the material of the roller. Increased hardness of the cutting edge improves the quality of the edges, the glass cutter is used to cut materials up to 6mm thick. The disadvantage is the price of the fixture and replacement rollers.
The tile cutter
For cutting ceramic tiles, a manual device is used, which consists of a cutting element, guides and support rod with a lever. Workpiece is marked in advance and then placed on work table. The handle allows the cutting tip to pull through the glaze, and the guides provide a straightforward movement. At the final stage, align the break line with the hemispherical protrusion on the base and act on the tile with a special tweezer. Elastic pads on the base of the tool protect the workpiece from damage.
There are mechanical tile cutters with additional elements:
- Measuring ruler;
- Transporter for cutting tiles at an angle;
- Integrated hole drilling device;
- Ball bearing slide.
Electrically operated equipment is used to speed up the process. Under the work surface there is a water tank that removes fine dust and cools the cutting tool. A motor with a disc runs on a rigid guide rail, ensuring straightness of cut tiles. Stops and clamps are provided. Capable of cutting tiles and porcelain tiles up to 40mm thick. The tool provides an even cut without splintering; the machined workpieces can be placed on the wall or underneath without any trimming.
There are electric units with a fixed motor, the workpiece moves along the rails together with the table. Budget models have a bottom-mounted motor, equipped with an operating plate with a slot for the blade and tile backstops. Water must be regularly replenished during use; the water is contaminated by dust and splashes from the cutting tool rotating.
Equipment is properly supported and placed on a workbench or flooring, and cutting should be done away from interior decorations and finished walls.
An electric drill or a rotary tool with the impact mode off makes it possible to cut holes. Processing requires a special drill bit with a sprayed cutting material and a center drill guide.
Electric drill allows you to cut holes.
To prevent slipping of the tip a piece of masking tape is glued to the tile, water supply to the work area reduces dust emission and improves the quality of the edge. The power of the drill depends on the diameter of the hole, for household works enough tool with a 300-watt motor, chuck speed. not more than 500 rpm.
You can use a hand jigsaw to cut thin wall tile. The tiles are pre-marked, and carbide saws are used for cutting. The technique allows you to make curved cutouts with straight edges (for example, to make a rectangular cutout to bypass water pipes). A manual jigsaw does not guarantee high performance and tile edges are prone to chipping if the saw blade is misaligned. The tool is not suitable for cutting porcelain stoneware or thick clinker tiles used for flooring or paving areas.
A hand jigsaw is used to cut thin tiles.
Cutting with improvised means
Not always a lot of work needs to be done. Why waste money if you have to cut several tiles? In this case, you can use the following tools:
Important! It’s the pobedite bit that’s recommended. Thanks to it, it is possible to apply a deep scratch on the surface of ceramics more qualitatively.
How to cut ceramic tiles with the glass cutter? The algorithm is as follows:
- Measuring out the extra piece.
- The marking is made along it.
- Along the mowing line, a ruler of metal is applied. It is important to do it perfectly straight.
- All that’s left is a one-time run of the glass cutter or other sharp improvised material along the ruler. In the process, the ruler should be held well. You will have a noticeable scratch as a result.
- The tile is placed on the edge of the table or workbench. The scratch on it must coincide with the edge line of the table.
- With a strong, confident and sharp movement of the hand you should press on the edge of the tile.
The piece you need will chip off. It is clear that it will not be possible to make the cut perfectly. But you can save money. And afterwards it is enough to sand the cut with emery paper. In addition, if you just put the tile in clean water for an hour, the cutting process will be better.
Please note! Some people ask whether it is possible to cut ceramic tiles with a jigsaw. Yes, but the cut will not turn out as high quality as you would like. The use of an electric jigsaw is rational when correcting tiles laid in an inconspicuous place. But, there are special diamond-coated saws for manual or electric jigsaws. This option is allowed.
The glass cutter is a cheap and practical tool
The glass cutter is a traditional hand-held glass cutting tool that can be used to cut thin ceramic tiles. It is cheap and available to everyone. costs 150-200. Glass cutter is a device with a handle in the form of a pencil, at the end of which a rotating roller is fixed. The sharp roller is made of hard material that can cut through hard surfaces.
There are several types of glass cutters on sale, differing in design features:
- Roller. This is the traditional, simplest type of glass cutter. Its cutting roller is made of a high-strength alloy of tungsten and cobalt. The roller glass cutter is able to cut glass, faor, tile up to 10 mm thick.
- Diamond. It replaces the metal roller with a natural or synthetic diamond. This solution gives a neater cut, suitable for work with thin tiles up to 6 mm.
- Oiled. Different from the simple roller tool, it is lubricated to reduce friction and increase tool life. This professional tool is more expensive than roller models, lasts longer, and cuts materials up to 12 mm thick.
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Glass cutters are the simplest tool, which is suitable for straight cuts in wall tiles of small thickness. It is not used to work with floor ceramics, porcelain tiles, cutting on a curve or at an angle of 45. For large amounts of work, you need to get another tool.
Consider step by step how to cut a tile with a glass cutter:
The cutting line is marked on the tile surface with an ordinary pencil or marker.
To fix it in place, the tile is held with the left hand and a ruler or straight bar is placed against the cutting line to keep the roller from sliding off the smooth tiled surface.
Hold the cutter like a pen in the right hand when working. Make the cut in one movement, pressing the cutting wheel firmly enough against the surface. During the cut, you should hear a characteristic noise that indicates that the upper layer of the tile has been cut. After making the cut, put a blocking block under the tile with the marked break line and press on the opposite edges. The tile is broken at the cutting point.
The seam is neat, but not perfect. Use abrasive materials, such as sandpaper, to finish the edges.