How to make a trailed device for a power tiller
How to Make a Homemade Trailer for Your Hoe-Block
If you have decided to make a homemade trailed device for a motorblock, then let’s take up the implementation. To make this trailer would take a few days of work. Capacity of the trailer was calculated on the weight of the cargo to be transported in 400-450 kg. When the test was conducted, the trailer could easily hold 6-7 bags of potatoes.
No problems with overloading. Trailer was designed to haul loads in bags, so there are no folding sides.
We think ahead the constructional part of the project. The trailer will consist of a fairly strong driver, body, frame made of steel angles and durable wheels.
- The bracket of the attachments of the motoblock;
- Trailer device;
- Footboard, we use s20 board;
- Driver’s seat, we use s20 board;
- Body, we use an s20 board;
- Support beam, we use three 50×50 bars;
- M8 bolt;
- Thrust ring, we use the pipe 58×4;
- Two wheels, taken from the sidecar SZD.
The trailer hitch for the power tiller consists of several parts. Connect the different parts by welding. The junction of drawbar and pivot part is the most stressed part, so we reinforce this place with additional stiffening ribs.
To make the frame we use scraps of round and rectangular tubes, and steel angles. The design will turn out a bit intricate, but with an additional margin of safety. The reason is a difficult terrain and difficult operating conditions of the trailer.
For the strut we use angle 21x21x3; 2. We also make the frame for seat from 21x21x3; 3. We make a frame from a pipe 50x25x4; 4. We make the seat supports from the angle 40x40x4; 5 and 14. For the front braces we use tubes 50×25, 6 and 15. For longitudinal members we use 40x40x4 angle; 7 and 8. For right supports of wheel axle we use angle 32x32x4; 9 and 16. Rear braces we make from 50×25; 10. For making reinforcing cross-bar we use 40x40x4 angle; 11. Longitudinal joint body is made of 58×4 tube; 12. For wheel axle we use 30 mm diameter bar; 13 and 17. For the cross members we use 40x40x4 angle; 18. For the production of the brace, we use metal s4.
If we are not planning to put many loads on the trailer, we can make a simpler version.
- Body of the steering unit;
- For drawbar we use 49×3 tube, L1820;
- For step frame we use 25x25x4 angle piece;
- For the stop we use 58×4 tube;
- For the stiffening rib we use s4 steel;
- For the plates we’ll use the strip 25×4; 11.
Wheel axle for trailer to power tiller
To make the wheel axle we use a steel rod with a diameter of 30 mm. It is connected by welding to side members and longitudinal joint body, using angle brackets and supports. Wheels should not protrude beyond the dimensions of the body, so properly select the size of the axle. Body is braced with 20mm boards and reinforced with steel brackets. Then it is attached to the frame with three strong, 50×50 bar base beams.
The center of gravity of the transported load must be closer to the front, as is customary for single-axle trailers. Wheels are taken from SZD sidecar. They are used with the hub assembly, and the ends of the axle rod are ground to match the diameter of the hub bearings.
Trailer hitch for trailer
To connect the trailer to the power tiller, a trailer hitch is made. The shape of upper part of console is taken from the carrier of bucket, because for fastening will be used original bracket of the attached equipment. Around the axle in the lower part is fixed the swivel unit of the trailing device. The space between the angular contact bearings is filled with grease and covered with dust caps.
Make the connection between the trailer unit and the trailer articulated, depending on the difficulty in operating the trailer. drawbar must be inserted into the pipe body of the longitudinal joint and secured. This solution allows the trailer to be independent of the wheels of the power tiller, which makes it very easy to steer the trailer in rough terrain.
The components of the driver’s steering unit are:
- hitch (1),
- anvils (2),
- bearings 36206 (3,6),
- body (4),
- spacer sleeve (5)
- spacer (7),
- washer (8),
- nut m20x2,5 (9),
- oiler (10)
- drawbar (11).
For the driver, a seat is made in the front of the body. It is made with a very soft base. to give the driver a firm footing on the drawbar. In other words, the driver uses the control levers with his hands and rests his feet on a special step.
How to make a trailer for a power tiller with your own hands
Let’s see how to make a trailer for a power tiller with your own hands. It is important to be able to read drawings and diagrams, as well as have the skills to use some tools.
Makeshift trailer for power tillers according to the schemes and drawings, which are now found in large quantities on the Internet sites. Before you get to work, you need to develop a drawing of a trailer for a power tiller. In addition you need to prepare all the small parts for mounting, tools and a welding machine.
Dimensions of the trailer for a motor-block must be clearly drawn on the diagram, each part is marked and highlighted from different sides.
Assemble the trailer on the basis of the power and dimensions of your power tiller. Equipment with insufficient traction will not pull a heavy semi-trailer.
After figuring out the scheme, you need to decide on the leading parts of the trailer. The basis is the frame and hitch for the trailer of the power harvester. Then go the frame, the driver’s seat and the wheels (2 or 4pc).).
Usually start with the main component of the cart frame, since it is on it falls all the load during transport of goods, so it must be extremely strong. Ideal is to have a complete axle with wheels, in this case you do not need to spend time and effort on the additional settings. It is important that the materials are hard and not deformable. Tubes or thick channels can be used.
The easiest way is to have a trailer made of 60×30 mm tubes welded together as a frame. To these the crossbar is fixed (steel bar). Cross pipes are attached on different sides to act as struts in the future. For strapping, pipes with a cross section of 25 mm are welded to the struts, and at the end of the corner supports.
Bogie parts are preferably welded together, bolt mounting is not considered to be very reliable and not very durable. To strengthen the cart at the bottom add struts and weld a reinforcing bracket.
After completing the support, move on to the assembly of the body. Any materials will do: wood and metal, and a combination is also possible. It is desirable, of course, to make the base metal. For the stability of the bottom it is better to make it double. To fix the sides better, on the edges welded beams. For easy loading and unloading the sides can be made hinged by planting them on the movable mount.
It is not necessary to choose very heavy materials, because the weight of the trailer will overload the engine of the power tiller. The simplest body can hold up to 500 kg, which is enough for a small farm.
It is better to take the wheels from used equipment, they already have hubs. Prepare the pins, on which the wheels will be fixed. Preferably, the wheels should be located directly under the boards. To fix the wheels the rod is resharpened to the size of the hub bearing beforehand. Instead of the rod, you can use devices from the VAZ beam.
How to make a trailer for a power tiller
more info on the site. Trailer device with their own hands for a homemade trailer to the Moto Sich motoblock.
A single axle tractor is a piece of equipment with limited towing power. It is impossible to hitch thoughtlessly any trailer to it and load it as much as the height of body sides allows. First of all, the choice of trailer for a power tiller is based on the size and carrying capacity:
- Lightweight motor blocks are equipped with a motor of up to 5 liters. с. For these units the optimal dimensions of the trailer are: width 1 m, length 1.15 m. Maximum capacity up to 300 kg. The price of such trailers, factory-made, ranges from 200 u. е.
- The middle class power tillers are most in demand by private individuals. Such equipment is already working with a motor of power over 5 liters. с. Trailers that are 1 meter wide and up to 1.5 meters long can fit in here. In the store it costs from 250 u е.
- Professional heavy-duty tractors are fitted with motors rated from 8 hp. The technique is able to pull a trailer with a width of 1.2 m and a length of 2 to 3 m. Such dimensions require a solid support, due to the two axles. Factory-made trailers price starts from 500 u. е. When transporting cargo, you should not try to squeeze everything out of the power tiller. From a strong overload the engine overheats, accompanied by rapid wear of the working parts.
The choice of trailers by design variant affects the comfort of use more:
- The cheapest and easiest to buy and easy to produce models are those with a solid body. The sides are fixed to the bottom and cannot be opened during unloading.
- the optimal variant in terms of price/ease of production is the trailer with folding sides. And on the body it can be opened only one rear or together with side. Such models are very convenient for transporting bulky loads, the main thing is that their weight does not exceed the permissible norm.
- Dump trucks are more expensive and more difficult to make, but they are convenient for unloading bulk cargo.
Knowing what kind of trailers there are, you can think about the more suitable option for yourself.
What you need to know?
In order to successfully operate a trailer or other device, it is very important to have a strong hitch element. It is a trailed device, with which the movement of equipment at the expense of the power of the power tiller.
There are many variants of making a trailer device for your motor-block with your own hands, but it is best to use the most simple and functional. Quality steel should be used as the material for manufacturing, so that it can withstand enormous loads. It is best to use a channel for making a coupling, if it is suitable in size and thickness. A simple variant is considered a U-shaped hitch for a power tiller.
Besides the main driver’s seat, there is a simple folding bench that is attached to the front wall of the body and rests on the sides. Some trailers for power tillers are additionally equipped with a spare wheel. It can be placed on the side board or at the bottom of the trailer on the metal bottom with the help of special fasteners.
Near the driver’s seat for the convenience of storing small tools that may be needed on the road and during repairs, fix small homemade metal boxes or special bags.
Planning to buy a trailer device for a power tiller, it is necessary to study the main varieties of such products, their advantages and features. One of the key criteria used in classifying trailers seems to be their load capacity.
At home, models with small and medium lifting capacity are used, but for complex tasks you may need more robust devices. Also, all existing products can be divided into several main groups, depending on the type of their design. Among them we should mention:
- One-piece. provide for the presence of a fixed bottom, the walls of the trailer;
- models with hinged sides, which are most often used when transporting large loads;
- Tipping trailers, excellent for transporting different types of raw materials and bulk materials.
The devices can differ from each other by the number of axes. The two-axle products are perfect for carrying loads with an impressive mass over medium and long distances, while the single-axle counterparts are much easier to make on their own.
If you plan to transport large loads weighing more than 350 kg during operation, you must make sure that there is a braking system to make transportation safe.
To begin with, you should have the necessary arsenal of tools. To make a homemade hitch for a single-axle tractor you will need:
Before you start making a hitch, make sure that the workpiece is strong, check all the dimensions (drill diameters, towbar and hitch attachment sizes, etc.), and make sure that you have the necessary equipment for the hitch. д.). If all these nuances will be taken into account in advance. making a hitch will take less time and prolong its service life.
For making a universal U-shaped hitch, select a metal channel of the appropriate size and thickness. According to the drawings we make holes in the right places, through which the bracket and the pin will be attached. For easy and comfortable attachment of attachments bracket should point either upwards or downwards. It should not reach to the ground.
How To Make a Two. Wheeled Tractor with Trailer | Tractor | Power Tiller
The drawings below show the drawings for making a universal hitch, which is suitable for most models of power tillers (such as Neva MB 2, Agro, MTZ, Farmer, Favorit, etc.). п.). This hitch is suitable for connecting a power tiller, plough, mower, digger, planter, etc. д. We suggest that you also read the video, which shows how to improve the hitch for a motor-block Weima 1100D on your own:
For example, a harrow or potato planter could be used as a trailed implement. These devices fall into the first category. The second type includes planting and steering mechanisms. In other words, it is equipment that is only intermediate between a power tiller and some other machine. These elements are considered universal and are often called adapters.
Trailing devices deserve special attention. This is considered highly specialized equipment, because it can only be used for carrying loads. In fact, the trailer can be used to transport almost anything, which greatly extends the functionality of the device. Here it is also worth noting that the trailer is a prime example of an adapter, which has an elongated shape, at the end of which is located the wheel set. On top of this element is installed a capacious body, which is used to transport goods. At the present time there are many different variations, differing in shape, maximum carrying capacity, type of wheel set.
The necessary tools and materials
There is a certain set of tools that are needed to make a hitch, but they do not include anything exotic. Usually everything that is required to assemble such parts is available in the household of any owner cultivating his land plot. The following tools will be required:
- apparatus for welding;
- angle grinder;
- drill or drill press, metal drill bits;
- measuring tools (tape measure, ruler, angle);
- Fixing elements (bolts, studs).
It should be emphasized that in this case it is very important that the holes that you will drill in the part exactly coincide with the bolts and studs. a gap in diameter is undesirable, because it will reduce the service life of the used attachments and trailers. In this manufacturing process, it makes sense to first make holes in the part with a smaller diameter (from 5 mm), and then expand with larger drills (up to 12-16 mm, depending on the diameter of the bolts). such an approach will accelerate and facilitate this part of the work, while allowing you to align the holes as accurately as possible.
For the manufacture of the body you can use a channel of suitable size, and if such is not available, you can cut a part from a metal sheet.
Very convenient option of adjustable coupling. such a design will allow you to attach attachments of different classes, generations and brands. Even if this design is not relevant at the moment, do not forget that different devices may appear in the farm over time, and the possibility of convenient aggregation of any of them will significantly expand the choice, allowing you to proceed only from the desired performance characteristics of the equipment.
Universal hitch assembly sequence
After you have prepared the necessary equipment, you should study the diagrams. The drawings should show the exact dimensions of the parts and their place in the overall design of the hitch.
The correct order for the assembly of the coupling mechanism is as follows:
- The first step is to take two identical U-brackets and carefully drill small holes in them. The first shackle should have 6 holes and the second 8 holes for M12 type bolts;
- The housing is one of the most complex parts of the hitch. To make it as reliable as possible, it should be welded from several parts. It is very important to make the right holes in the body. You also need to make two threads in it, one M16 and one M12;
- You will need to put the mechanism inside the housing to adjust the position of the hitch. A screw connected to a bracket and handle should be used to make the mechanism;
- The most complex element of the construction is the handle, which consists of several small parts.
How to make electric power Tiller Machine for Agriculture
Most of the coupling parts for the power tiller being used are simple enough to be turned on a lathe. If there is no experience in doing such work, you can order them from a lathe, or buy ready-made parts at the market.