How to properly assemble the cutters on a single axle tractor Patriot
How to make a tiller for a power tiller with your own hands
The standard equipment of any brand of power tillers assumes the presence of cutters and other necessary parts. But there are situations when you need to independently increase the power of the machine to work the soil better and deeper. To date, anyone can make cutters for power tillers with their own hands, and to do this it is necessary to follow simple instructions, which we will consider in detail in this article.
In agriculture, power tillers have long occupied a leading position in operation, distinguished by the rapid processing of land and the possibility of automatic harvesting. Each model, regardless of the country of the manufacturer, includes additional power units. As a rule, they are quite enough for quality work on any plots, and there is almost no need to make milling cutters for a power tiller by yourself. But there are situations when the capabilities of the purchased unit, do not correspond to the Russian realities.
A simple example: not all Western manufacturers take into account the depth of soil in other countries, specific crops, weather conditions and other things that can complicate the work process and increase the likelihood of a quick breakdown.
In such cases, you can always buy an additional cutter for your specific area or make it with your own hands. It is worth noting that in many cases, homemade parts work much more efficiently than factory-made parts! Visually, any cutter looks as follows: two parts of the module with a special set of tillage blades are attached to the wheel base, and then adjusted so that one structure does not interfere with the other. Thanks to this simple technology, the single-axle tractor is able to move independently around the area and do the cultivation.
It is worth noting that there is a second type of mounted milling machines, working with a PTO. These units are attached to the back of the main structure, and are often found on such models as MTZ, Proab, Agro and others. Despite the difference in installation, all types of cutters are made according to the same scheme.
Depending on the type of operation, the optional equipment may differ slightly from one another. The main purpose of milling machines is the destruction of weeds and leveling the ground surface of the plot, but they can also perform other tasks in parallel. For example, to wrap fertilizers, process the soil or even fertilize it with special devices. Let’s take a closer look at what types of milling machines are most common.
The Importance of Choosing the Right Strawberries
Many beginners think that the most important thing is to buy a quality single-axle tractor, but they don’t pay enough attention to the choice of milling machines. Such a mistake can cost a lot of money when cultivating an area, because the right choice of tillers affects the following points.
- Cultivation quality. If you buy and use quality tillers, you can even do without a plow.
- Saving time. Good tillers allow you to spend a minimum amount of time on certain work on the garden plot.
- Cutters provide easy control of the tiller. An incorrectly selected part can cause an increased load on the operator in the process of milling.
In addition, bad tillers can put an increased load on the gearbox of a power tiller, which will negatively affect its durability and performance. There are many factors to choose from, such as power and type of ground to be worked.
Carefully study the features of your power tiller, as the following are important: cotter pin, trailed, PTO or rotary machine, as well as other points.
Which cutter is best
Saber-type nozzles are suitable for any soil. High-performance power tools are recommended for areas with rocks and large roots. In active cutters, the blades do not break because of the quality manufacturing material. Cutting elements are characterized by maximum reliability, strength and durability. Cutter bars are installed on cultivators.
Goosefoot is characterized by great permeability milling machines on the virgin, untouched by agricultural machinery, resulting in fast and easy processing of the soil, ground lump is thoroughly crushed, mixed at a depth of 30-40 cm. They are handy for working stony and hard types of land, fighting weeds, and are installed on both power tillers and power tillers.
The disadvantage of the tool is less strength. During operation, the blades must be constantly inspected for damage and repaired. Goosefoot material is not as strong as alloyed or high-carbon steel, but lends itself well to welding processes. If the cutting elements break or crack, the product can be repaired at home with minimal cost. This quality is a major advantage when choosing a cutter.
How to properly assemble tillers on a single-axle tractor?
Assembling a cutter can cause some difficulty, especially if you are doing it for the first time and by yourself.
To begin, you should familiarize yourself with the structure of the cutter.
The drawing below indicates its main constituent elements:
- rotor axle (comes in different lengths, can be one-piece or split);
- pin with a locking device;
- blades (right and left);
- Fixing elements of the construction (nuts, washers and bolts).
Also, do not forget the fact that the movement of the blades during work is counterclockwise. Be careful when assembling the module. any deviation in the design will lead to the fact that the axle will be out of balance, the unit will be skidded while working.
We also suggest reading the video, which explains in detail the process of assembling the cutters to the power tiller:
Which cutters are best?
Saber-type nozzles are suitable for any kind of ground. For areas with rocks and large roots it is recommended to use high performance attachments. In active cutters the blades do not break because of the quality of the manufacturing material. The cutting elements are characterized by maximum reliability, strength and durability. Mills are installed on cultivators.
Goosefoot is characterized by high passability of the cutter on the virgin, untouched by agricultural machinery, as a result of which the soil is easily and quickly processed, the ground lump is thoroughly crushed, mixed at a depth of 30-40 cm. They are convenient for the treatment of stony and hard types of soil, weed control, and are installed on both motor cultivators and power tillers.
The disadvantage of the tool is less strength. During use, knives should be continuously inspected for damage and repaired. Goosefoot material does not have such high strength characteristics as alloyed or high-carbon steel, nevertheless it lends itself well to welding processes. If cutting elements break or crack, the product can be repaired at home at minimal cost. This quality is the main advantage when choosing a cutter.
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The active sabre cutter is delivered knocked down from the factory. This is due not only to the fact that in this way the product is more compact (i.e., it is cheaper and easier to transport), but also to the peculiarities of the metal, which does not like welding. Before you can install a cutter on a single axle tractor, you need to assemble it.
Correctly, precisely and clearly written text instructions for the assembly of the mill is a necessary document for the production of this work. However, it is also very convenient if there is a qualitatively composed assembly diagram of a tiller for a power tiller at hand. After all, information is often better perceived by a person just through pictures, not through words. That is, one perfectly complements the other. Also on the Internet you can easily find a lot of assembly videos, including those where the artist not only assembles the tiller, but also explains what he does. This is clearly visible to the audience.
Materials and tools required
The active sabre cutter uses only bolted connections between the constituent parts. This means that complex and expensive equipment (such as a welding machine) does not have to be used. Just as it is not necessary to have special skills work. virtually anyone can cope, even without special training. Bolts, nuts and washers are usually already included with the cutters. But it often happens that the factory forgot to put the bag you need, or they made a mistake in the quantity (the package contains fewer fasteners than needed). Then you can buy the necessary parts at the market, in a construction supermarket or in a specialized store. it’s not a problem at all. Many people also have a wrench of the right size in their garage or home, and if they don’t have one, buying the right tool won’t blow their budget.
In brief, the assembly of the tiller for the power tiller is done in the following order:
- Select the correct direction of rotation. After all, during operation, the sharpened part of the tiller will cut into the ground.
- Use the bolts to install the cutter blades in the sockets that are specially designed for this purpose.
- Then put washers on the bolts and tighten the nuts carefully.
It is not so easy to make a mistake in the process, because everything is clear even intuitively. However, you should note that the blades are marked L and R by embossing in the factory. L means that the part will be installed on the left side and R on the right, respectively.
Additional section is attached to the main section with a pin. The limiting disc is connected to the rest of the unit with a bolt and nut.
How to correctly assemble the cutters on a single axle tractor video
A single-axle tractor today is a sought-after tool on the plot. Assembling a tiller for a power tiller is an important part of preparing to till the ground.
The most common cutters are saber blades (image ), as well as devices called goose feet (image ). These devices are easily assembled on the power tiller. They do most farming jobs on the land.
They need to be changed very rarely. This greatly reduces the time it takes to service a crawler tractor.
Sabre cutter and its assembly
Before assembling the tillers on a single axle tractor, it is necessary to understand the concept of a power tiller well. It is a welded frame made of pipe with a diameter of at least 23 mm, with a fuel tank and engine mounted on it. They are attached to the frame with brackets. The motor is otherwise called a power unit. It is equipped with a gearbox and a clutch mechanism. Each brand of cultivator has its own power pack with different capacity.
The cutter bar is most often sabre-shaped. This is one of the most popular attachments today, and is therefore called the standard attachment. Sabre-shaped blades have proven their effectiveness over many years of use on various soils. Many applications can be solved by mounting it on a single-axle tractor. The strength of the blades, made of carbon steel, is very high. The cutter design is collapsible. Each blade is thermally hardened using high-frequency currents during the production process.
How the power tillers are assembled? Every power tiller consists of 2 units. Each of them contains 12 burrs. The unit is made up of 3 subassemblies. Each cutting unit consists of 4 legs positioned at right angles (picture ). In relation to each other they are positioned at an angle of 30°. Each blade is made of 5 mm thick steel.
They are mounted on a stand, which is made from 63×40 mm angle bar. The other end of the leg is welded to the flange to hold the four blades together. All of the tiller’s parts are connected to one another by bolts with washers and flanges. This design is very reliable. It is able to withstand loads quite high.
If you plan to use the cultivator all the time, it is better to use a prefabricated tiller.
In the process of installing the cutter on a single–axle tractor, some craftsmen have difficulties. That’s why it’s recommended that two of us do the work. The assembly is usually performed on specially made wooden trestle with a height of about 50 cm. They help work more quickly.
the single axle tractor is carefully supported on the coulter bar and tilted at an angle of approx. 45°. The trestle is placed under the handlebar. In this position, the wheels are removed from the tiller and the cutters are installed (picture ). On the outer ends on the right and left, you must install the plates on the tillers for the power tiller.
They improve the performance of the machine and make it run steadier and smoother.
This product is newer and more modern. Primarily used for hard ground. It is recommended to work only on weed-free land and on level ground. Even with the onset of autumn cold weather the results are very good. How to assemble the goosefoot cutter? It is necessary to prepare some tools and material:
The rippers can be based on old car springs. They are cut into pieces of the required length and welded to the pipe that serves as the base. The blades are ground and welded to the pipe as well. After assembling the complete machine, a test run is performed. During it, the necessary adjustments are made. When starting the power tiller, the cutter blades should hang in the air without touching the ground. Lower them slowly. Only then the cutter will work for a long time.
Making goose feet requires some training in metalworking. The blades need to be forged, which is not possible for every machine owner. If you assemble the system incorrectly, it can be broken. The goosefoot design is non-dismountable. This gives it extra strength. The characteristics of the product:
How to correctly assemble the cutters on a single axle tractor?
Assembly of the cutter can cause some difficulties, especially if you do it for the first time and alone.
To begin with, you should be familiar with the structure of the cutter.
The drawing below identifies its main constituent elements:
- Rotor axle (comes in different lengths, can be solid or split);
- pin with locking device;
- blades (right and left);
- Elements of fixing the structure (nuts, washers and bolts).
also remember that the blades move counterclockwise during work. Be attentive when assembling the module. any deviation in the design will cause the axle to be out of balance, and the unit will be skidded to the side while working.
We also suggest you read the video, which tells in detail about the process of assembling tillers to the motor-block:
The gooseneck nozzle is suitable for heavy soils. It can be used on different models of power tillers thanks to the variable hub variations. This model is easier to operate, but is prone to jerks and impacts when working in the soil. Active counterparts or factory-type products do not always cope with heavy soil. This is especially true for versions with Chinese blades, where the quality of the metal leaves much to be desired. Not only will it be difficult for the user to hold the machine in his hands, but the load on the gearbox will also increase significantly.
These cutters can be repaired by removing damaged components and replacing them with new ones. This model also has a width limiter. pairs of cutters can be added in a row at the operator’s request.
If you know in advance that you need to process difficult soil, then you either have to pick up high-quality cutters manufacturers of Ukraine and Poland, or look for other modifications.
As for the spiral milling machines, called “virgin”, this design is all-welded, which is done precisely to increase its strength characteristics during operation. That is why it withstands heavy loads. The only thing that can displease the user is the slowness of operation. However, it is understandable: it is impossible to speed up on the virgin soil, no matter how one would like it.
If you want to buy this particular version of the milling machines, it is important to consider another disadvantage. during cultivation, the soil will be pushed from the center to the edges. This will form a shallow furrow, which may further require leveling of the land. Otherwise, spiral cutters are considered to be more reliable devices in comparison with other analogs. They are rugged, reliable and durable. If you need quality soil treatment on a difficult site, they will be the best help for the gardener.
A comparison of cutters awaits you in the following video.
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