How to properly cut a tree piece by piece. Felling trees in the right direction

How to saw a tree in parts with your own hands

Very often when arranging a garden, self-building a house or during the care of a park area, there is a need to get rid of an old, ugly growing, or just an extra tree. Usually, too much time passes until the tree itself lends itself to cutting, so people prefer to use technical tools for sawing work. In this article we will learn how to properly cut a tree, whether it is a strong sprawling or an old tall plant.

First you need to learn the process of cutting down trees clearly, and then you need to put it into practice. Of course, the more experience you have, the better and faster all the work will be.

For safety reasons do not deviate from the work plan and keep to the sequence of operations, do not rush.

  • Map out for yourself the approximate place where the felled tree will fall. Such an area is called a danger zone. There should be no houses, people or animals here. The area will presumably be twice as high as the tree itself.
  • After determining the desired direction of fall of the tree, plan the side from which you will begin to saw, it may be better to start at the top, removing scattered branches, other parts. You can stretch a rope from the trunk to another object or plant to guide the fall. Sometimes you can ask a helper to pull the rope yourself, while still being in the safe zone.
  • Safety begins with you. You must have protective clothing ready beforehand. A safety helmet is usually put on your head, your shoes must be strong so you can stand firmly on your feet, it is advisable to get leather gloves on your hands so that the tool does not slip out of your hands.
  • Favorable weather conditions for cutting down trees is the absence of any wind or rain.
  • If you are a beginner, your tools for sawing are a bow saw or a special wood hacksaw. A chainsaw is preferred by professionals only.
  • Then make a so-called notch by sawing a piece in the shape of a blade.
  • The final cut should be made on the other side of the first notch, leaving the fibers in the center.
  • If the tree does not fall down immediately, move aside and ask a helper to pull the rope.

Don’t forget that not all seasons are suitable for tree cutting, you can find more about this at here.

Specifics of domestic chainsaw use

Felling wood

Trying to cut trees with a domestic category chainsaw with a low-power drive and a short bar is undesirable in terms of safety:

  • The productivity of such work is extremely low;
  • there is an increased risk of the headset jamming in the kerf;
  • High loads have a negative effect on the service life of such a tool.

The range of medium- and low-powered domestic chain saws includes:

  • Tree crowning;
  • Pruning thick branches;
  • Cutting locks in structural timber to build log cabins.

Single-handed or any other type of felling is the prerogative of powerful and productive professional-grade models. At the same time, electric drives are not recommended for big trees. With identical power to gasoline models, the torque of the electric saw range is significantly lower.

Working alone is forbidden. The presence of a partner may be required to assist in the event of injury. It is also responsible for additional felling control and signaling in the event of an abnormal situation.

Safety rules and preparation for sawing

Before you start cutting the tree, the first thing to do is to assess the safety of yourself and others. Approximately calculating the height of the tree and the trajectory of its fall, estimate how close to this place are the power lines, roads, whether there are any nearby buildings.

Wear a hard hat before the actual cutting process. it can protect you from accidental injury. In addition, it is better to wear gloves, close-fitting shoes, preventing splinters and non-slip shoes. It is better to choose a day for cutting a tree in calm, good weather, so that natural forces do not interfere with your work.

These rules for safe felling are particularly important if you want to fell a tall, strong tree such as a pine tree. The disposal of such trees, especially if they grow in the vicinity of houses, is certainly better to entrust to professionals.

After the assessment stage it is necessary to determine the height of the tree, at least approximately, the slope of the tree if it is. Take out everything within a radius of two times the height of the tree that could be damaged in the felling operation. After that, it is best to cut down the large, lush branches of the tree. these can be reached with a ladder.

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What to keep in mind when felling trees near houses

It is difficult to fell vegetation, including large trees around houses. Such an action requires a special technology. the following factors may indicate the need for felling

  • The trunk is inclined over 45 degrees;
  • The plant has a high and thin trunk;
  • Cracks and hollows or rotten areas are present.

Buildings and structures, electrical lines and utility lines in close proximity often limit the work area. in this case it is often preferable not to fell the whole tree, but partially, by hanging and lowering the already felled elements. This option requires the use of special machinery or anchoring and lowering the cut fragments with the help of neighboring trees.

After felling a tree stump is left, which is most often removed by means of pulling to make a good leveling of the ground on the site. To reduce the labor costs of such activities, it is recommended that trees be felled by chopping the roots. Such undercutting is not carried out directly but at an angle to the direction of the root growth. to dig up the roots with the shovel, previously removing the bark from the top of the roots and tapping the soil, which will reduce the risk of bluntness of the axe during cutting.

Tree felling with an axe and a regular saw is used less and less frequently nowadays, which is due to the availability of electric and chain saws among country house owners. Nevertheless, in especially complicated cases it is advisable to ask for help from specialists who, with the help of special equipment, carry out such work very quickly and as efficiently as possible.

How to cut a tree in parts?

A small tree growing close to home. on the property, eventually turned into a huge tree, which not only get in the way, but can fall on the house during a storm, causing a lot of harm.

What to do if the tree has nowhere to fall when sawing? The answer is simple you need to cut down the tree piece by piece. The easiest way, go to the experts, pay money and watch such work from the outside. It can be both specialized teams and employees of power grids, which are very often faced with this problem.

The second way to do it yourself or ask a younger and more agile neighbor, but it will need a mounting belt with a reliable carabiner and a rope, “claws” to climb up the tree without leaning on snags (because they do not always grow where you want). Where to find such things, yes there are all these accessories in specialty stores, but the best way is to rent them.

When doing the work, you should keep in mind that the seemingly small growing branch from below weighs quite a lot and, accordingly, when it falls, can cause a lot of problems. However, it is better to saw the tree from below along the branches. It’s easier to work with a simple hacksaw, but it takes a long time. But it’s not safe with a chainsaw. Besides, the saw has to be very light. But now let’s turn to the advice of experts from the forum “MASTER’S CITY”:

AA (Moscow) October 24. 2005 “I’m an experienced tree feller. 30 years. Although I’m not a professional. I used to only have to cut with a two-armed saw, though. You can’t climb a tree with it. I’ve been cutting trees with a chainsaw for four years. It’s easier and harder at the same time. On the one hand. fast, on the other hand. much more dangerous for the operator. My way is also based on the laws of physics. I saw the tree from below, gradually lowering the trunk vertically. Slower but safer. I know that the pros saw off the top in parts, but this is only to speed up the process. They have time. money. We don’t have to hurry, the main thing is to save our lives and health. In addition, my way is cheaper. You only need 50 meters of kapron cord, which in addition to that in the economy is useful. And now think about what it will cost the insurance system of an average level. About 100 American tugriks. Plus a climbing rope, t.There are not always knots, and it’s not safe to lean on them. And that’s another 50 to 70. Why would a person who is about to fell a tree or two need all this. And in the city, mind you, the high trees in the narrow space pro, in general, with truck towers saw.”

Desti (Moscow) October 25th. 2005 “Called a crew to cut down two trees, 2 men, both former mountaineers. Equipment. belts, mountaineering boots with spikes (no crampons, from their words it’s terribly uncomfortable), strong gloves made of thick rough leather, safety ropes. The first thing they tied (5-6 turns of rope around the trunk and block) at the highest point of the tree, let the lifeline. Next, they climb up, sawing knots start from the top. Procedure. The second rope is tied to the knot through the tied block, the knot is sawn off with a small, but terribly sharp saw, at the root, no stumps. Dropping to the ground. The rope is long, the tail to the ground, if the branch gets stuck, the helper from below pulls it down. Cost 6,000 for two trees. The conditions were difficult, on one side is a 380 volt overhead line, on the other side is the roof of the house. And a distance of three meters. The trees are 14 feet tall, an old bough, about 60 centimeters thick underneath.”

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AA (Moscow) May 16, 2005 “You should not cut the main tree if you are standing on the same tree, or even if you are standing on a ladder leaning on the main tree. Can you imagine what would happen if the top fell on you? Like the picture? Go? And if you’re holding a working chain saw? By the way, my friend sawed off the tops of not too thick birches with a chainsaw from a ladder. With my connivance. My fault. I was a little sober. Result: In a light gust of wind, I touched the chain with my elbow. Lucky. The bone was unharmed, but I had to have it stitched up in the hospital. Good thing I didn’t fall out of the tree. When all knots are sawn off and a bare trunk is left, the top is sawn off over the insurance, so is lowered on a rope to the ground. Then the insurance is removed and knit one meter lower. Now a man takes an ordinary chain saw, binds it to his belt with a cord and starts sawing off the trunk in one meter and a half pieces. Sawed on one side, chose a wedge on the other, broke it, dropped it. If it doesn’t break, they finish it off with a hand saw. So slowly, descending by one meter and tying the safety rope, goes down. Thanks to the length of the belt the person is hanging at an angle of about 45 degrees to the tree, so it is comfortable and not dangerous to work with the saw. According to them, in 3 years of work, not a single injury from the tool.” “MASTER CITY” forum archive

In general, the case is quite risky, so you decide. Although it is better to leave this job to professionals. As one can see from the above they also saw limbs with a hand sharp saw and only at the end resort to a chainsaw, using the whole system of safety devices.Author RVT

What tools are needed for the job?

Once it has been decided how to cut the tree, you need to prepare all the proper tools. Every worker involved in the project should have them.

  • Work uniforms;
  • gloves;
  • reinforced boots;
  • a helmet, which is equipped with a protective shield;
  • headphones;
  • chainsaw;
  • Cord or twine for pulling, cutting branches;
  • A plastic or wooden wedge.

Saw a tree branch

Now move the saw to the opposite side of the branch and position it so that there is a distance of several centimeters between the lower cut and the future upper cut. Start sawing the branch at a slight angle, gradually guiding the tool toward the center of it. That way, the branch will fall free under its own weight, leaving a stepped “stump” without damaging the bark.

Make a felling notch

Now it’s time to unpack the saw. The felling cut is made just above the bottom cut of the undercut parallel to the ground. Sawing through is done all the way to the middle of the trunk, but without touching the heartwood. This safety rule will allow you to determine the fall path of the tree. The tree can stand upright because its core is intact, so you gently fell it. Otherwise it will fall wherever it wants.

If you hear the wood crackle, immediately move away to the opposite side of the tree’s supposed fall!

At the end of the kerf you can drive a wedge cut from a guide undercut into the gap. This will make the work easier.

Uprooting the tree

Sawing down the tree does not always help to solve the problem, because the stump is left behind. If you want to make room for further buildings, landscaping or other purposes, you have to uproot the tree. For the work to go as quickly as possible and without unpleasant surprises, it should take place in stages and according to the plan.

Developing a plan to remove large old plants should be done in accordance with the law and under the supervision of experienced professionals. You only need a permit to cut down trees if the tree is outside your property. For example, if there is a huge poplar tree right behind your fence that is destroying the fence and your house behind it with its roots, you need a permit to remove it. If the tree is on a privatized property, you can do what you want with it. Planned removal of trees in the city in this case is aimed specifically at preventing accidents due to the excessive size of trees. Then almost all the large branches are removed from the plant, leaving only the trunk, and in the spring thin young branches emerge from it.

So a tree removal plan must take into account a lot of factors: tree species, age, size, soil characteristics, etc.д. This all helps to assess the degree of development of the root system of the plant and, consequently, the difficulty of uprooting it.

The size of the tree

Any work on trees should begin with an assessment of their appearance. There are specific rules which allow you to choose the right tool for uprooting a tree, depending on its size. So if the diameter of the trunk does not exceed 10 cm you can get by with an ordinary garden spade or pitchfork. But if you have a plant with a trunk diameter of between 10 and 20 cm, one hand shovel is not sufficient and you will have to dig a deeper hole.

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Especially in the case of very large trees with trunks more than 20 cm in diameter you should proceed as you see fit. If the tree is still healthy and strong, don’t rush to saw and uproot it. it took a very long time for the plant to reach this size. Consider uprooting it to a more suitable location. This service is called transplanting large trees and is very popular. If the tree is old, diseased or dry, you need special equipment to remove it: a chainsaw, a crane, a crushing machine, etc.д. In this case it is advisable to call in a professional.

Root uprooting techniques

The method of uprooting the tree also depends on its size. If the plant is small and you can make do with a shovel, the essence of the work is to stick the shovel in a circle under the root, then press it into the ground with your foot and press the handle. If you hear the roots cracking, that’s a good sign. If there is no reaction and the tree does not give in, it is better not to press the shovel hard, otherwise there is a risk of breaking it. Try sticking it from the other side of the tree and at a different angle.

If you do break the shovel, or if all your attempts to tear the roots of the tree at different angles are futile, you have to dig a hole. So you can see the roots and cut them with a shovel or axe. You can also use pruning shears to cut the main and most powerful rootstock. It is this that prevents the tree from falling, but in order to get close to the central root, the plant must be dug around from all sides. The trench should be about 2-3 times wider than the trunk of the tree. If you need to remove all the roots, increase the width of the hole. If you run into a hard root while digging (and this is bound to happen), cut it off with the point or cut it off with a secateurs on both sides.

The big shovel will become awkward as it gets deeper. Replace it with a digging spade or use your hands to remove the soil. Always wear gardening gloves. If this method does not produce the desired results, or if there is too little room around to dig a trench, more drastic measures must be employed.

Uprooting difficult trees

To uproot a particularly large tree or a plant with very deep and tenacious roots, you will need to use special equipment: a hammer, sledgehammer, chainsaw, or any other tool capable of splitting the stump (when split, it is easier to remove it).

You should chop the stump into 2 or 4 parts and then try to lift and remove each part separately. A wedge that is used as a lever is very effective in this respect. The longer the wedge, the more powerful effect it can have (the height of a human height is enough). Do not drive it too deep into the ground so that the weight of the ground is not added to the weight and resistance of the roots.

If you drove the wedge too deep and can’t get it back if the fragments of the split stump do not give in and there are no positive developments, do not lose courage. There is another way, based on the fact that the root system of the hapless stump is already to some extent weakened and you can slip a rope under it. For example, you have chopped off the central root, but the plant is holding on to the ground with its strong lateral branches.

You will need at least one helper to implement the plan. he will pull the stump to the opposite side while you cut its roots, thereby loosening your grip.

Chemical removal

This method can be used if after all the efforts the stump has not succumbed, or to remove the stump is not in a hurry and you do not want to make unnecessary efforts. Despite technological progress, this “grandfatherly” method is still relevant today.

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