How to properly plow with a power tiller
Plowing land with a motor-block plow
A single-axle tractor attracts small agricultural workers and homestead owners because of its versatility and versatility. And, of course, not the least popular in the list of jobs he can do is plowing the plot. At first glance, there are no wisdoms in this process, but, this judgment is more than wrong. Certainly, if the goal is not just to do a good job, but also to provide long and trouble-free operation of the technique.
How to choose a planter for ploughing
Modern power tillers are not only designed for tilling. Dacha equipment with a motor is capable of cultivating and tilling, carrying out small loads, clearing the area of garbage and snow, mowing unwanted vegetation. They can also be used for irrigation and harvesting.
The single models are equipped with a special shaft, so you can combine with other devices and already with them to cut firewood, provide electricity or pump water. This is also the main difference between the power tillers and power tillers.
In this video you will learn. How to choose a single-axle tractor:
- Lightweight. Designed for small plots, weight not more than 4.5 kg. Low cost, but they do not run for long. The motor, due to the small volume, easily overheats and breaks down. Such devices do not have additional attachments, for example, to install a plow.
- Medium. Models weigh less than 80 kg. They are equipped with a rear drive, front headlights, have two gears and engines up to 12 horsepower. Compared to heavy models, they are more agile and maneuverable. The depth of the ploughing does not exceed 11 cm.
- Heavy. Ideal for ploughing large areas of land with a MotoBlock. Engine power. from 12 to 30 horsepower. Easily plow the soil and work faster than other models. Have a lot of additional functions. It is possible to attach a plough, potato puller, various trailers. Among the disadvantages are its heavy weight, which requires considerable effort.
How to plow with a power tiller in winter. time choice and peculiarities of work
Many beginning farmers argue that plowing the soil just before winter is not a necessary procedure, because soil treatment can be done in spring, before sowing. In fact, such a statement cannot be called correct, since the soil plowed before winter is more quickly saturated with oxygen, the weeds in it die off, not withstanding the frost, and useful for cultivated plants bacteria recover faster. Pre-winter tillage is especially necessary in cases where the development of virgin lands is planned for spring.
Not many people know exactly when to plow before winter. the weather conditions and climate of a particular region play a very important role. In any case, you should treat the soil a few weeks after the harvest, immediately after a cold snap. The optimal period for this is mid- to late November, but residents of southern regions can also plow the ground in early December.
Late plowing with a power tiller before winter is caused by fast growth of weeds. Even if you till the soil in early November, a few weeks are enough time for the noxious weeds to form and get stronger. For the same reason plowing should be as deep as possible before winter to be able to exterminate as many harmful plants as possible.
The most important thing is to have time to plow before the night-time temperature drops to 5 ⁰C. During this period, the soil is still soft, and weeds will not have time to grow to their optimal size before winter.
The type of ground to be tilled in winter also plays an important role. If the soil on the plot is sandy or clayey, while plowing it can be simultaneously mixed with organic fertilizers. manure or humus. At the same time, the fertilizer must not be fresh. it must be kept in the air for a year, otherwise it will cause great damage to the soil.
The actual process of ploughing before the winter season follows the same sequence. First of all, the single axle tractor is equipped with a miller or plough, after which it is time to use the mounted implement. Immediately before the main tillage a test plowing should be performed, which will help to determine the quality of work and the correct adjustment of the attachment. After that the main soil is tilled with the power tiller before the winter period.
Assembling the plow consists of mounting the hitch to it, which is required for further attachment to the mechanism. It consists of several steps:
Preparing the required elements, such as the hitch, for the work process. Plow and wrenches; For optimum plowing depth, the hubs of the hitch must be matched to the middle hole of the stand and a bolt is used to connect them; The bolt for attaching the adjustment bolt is placed in the hole of the stand, located on top, and secured with a nut. It is important to make sure that all the nuts are not completely secured so that they do not have to be loosened during subsequent work. After installing the hitch, you can proceed to the next step; It’s time to hitch the plow to the Neva single axle tractor, as shown in the photo. One or more pins are used to connect them, depending on the model of the power tiller. After that the pins should be secured with cotter pins.
A small area can be worked in half an hour with a power tiller (if plowing is correct), whereas a week is needed for manual plowing. Small field or vegetable garden can be prepared for planting with this implement.
The machine is transported to the area where the soil needs to be plowed. Heavy or medium class equipment is needed for ploughing. A single-axle tractor weighing less than 70 kilograms will not pull the plow.
Knowing the limits of the field, furrows should be made along the length of the plot. this reduces the number of turns of the power tiller. During ploughing the implement always swings slightly to the right, so a twine should be tightened to ensure that the first furrow is ploughed accurately. It will mark the boundary of the field.
The twine is no longer necessary for the following furrows.
The tiller is operated from the unploughed side, so the steering wheel is turned slightly to the left. The first furrow is always a test one: make it at low speed, then check the ploughing depth. if it is less than 15-25 cm, the machine will have to be adjusted.
Having reached the border of the area, single axle tractor turns, the right wheel is set in a furrow (such position “tilts” the unit to the horizon). It turns out that only on the first row does the plough take a vertical position, and then the ploughshare with the power unit tilts slightly, so the plough should be moved slightly to the opposite side.
To do this, loosen the nut, adjust the position of the plow, and tighten the nut again. A correctly aligned plough ensures even, high-quality ploughing.
Hard soils are best worked when they are moist. they may have to be plowed several times.
The plow should not be pushed during movement. Watch the engine, it must not overheat. If this happens, the equipment is given time to “rest”, otherwise it will fail.
When plowing, the ground is enriched with oxygen. During this period fertilizers can be applied to the soil. It is useful to loosen the ground in the fall, then in the spring, after the snow melts, the soil is well saturated with moisture. If you have to plow the same plot year after year with a power tiller, the direction of the furrows should be changed from vertical to horizontal. so the soil will acquire a more homogeneous structure.
Let’s talk about how to plow the land with a power tiller below. To begin with, let’s find out what other preparatory measures, besides attaching the wheels and plough, need to be done.
Before starting the operation of loosening the soil, along the first row of a plot it is worth pulling an orientation cord. Experienced tillers can easily skip this step. For beginners this operation is necessary. The fact is that during ploughing any plough goes slightly to the right. And that’s why it’s very difficult to make the row perfectly straight. The cord will help not deviate from the “course”.
From the second row onward, all rows can be done without any additional guide bars, because the wheel of the power tiller will follow the furrow.
Properly plowing land with a snowplow
Before ploughing, wheels with a diameter of 50-60 cm and a width of 18-20 cm are mounted. It is important to observe these parameters, if the wheels are too narrow. there is a probability that the tool will be rolled from side to side. A too small diameter will create a small clearance between soil and gearbox. If the rim is solid, there is an increased chance of soil collecting in the ribs.
For hitching up the machine you will need a partner. It helps to lift the equipment and put it on the stands, at a recommended height of 15-20 cm. At the same time the coulter edge must touch the ground. The plough leg is positioned vertically, and the ridge is set horizontally. The right edge is set in line with the inside edge of the right wheel. This ensures even ground trimming, easy fallback, and smooth running of the power tiller. Before carrying out operations, you should check with the manufacturer’s instructions.
A cord is stretched along the ground, which serves as a landmark for further movement. It is usually set on the first row. These rules help inexperienced plowers keep their bearings, because the plow is pulled to the side. On the second row, the cord is retracted. As a rule, a person who has already been involved in this kind of work has no problems with maintaining the right distances and makes all the rows straight.
Working with the land
Ploughing begins after the initial preparatory work. For less unnecessary movement, the single-axle tractor goes along the side that is larger. This allows you to make fewer turns, which saves both the effort of the worker and the time spent redefining the direction of the block. The handle turns to the left for easy movement on the unplowed ground. It is important to maintain a moderate pace of movement of the unit, so as not to let the motor get hot. In case of overheating work is halted until the block cools down. It is also not advisable to push the plough.
Each field is unique and has a different ground hardness. The ground is considered to be of normal quality, if it is loose and can be easily penetrated up to 50 cm deep with a metal spike. When the plough has hard ground it is very difficult to move the plough and has a negative impact on the serviceability and future performance of the tool. In this case the ground is moistened with normal water or special solutions, and the plot is passed twice. The first is preparatory, and the second is used to plow to full depth. In some cases you need to consolidate the result and go over it a third time.
Preparing to use a power tiller
Ploughing begins with getting the tiller ready. Let’s find out how to do it.
- The machine needs to be set up before ploughing. The single-axle tractor must be transported to the work site without the use of carts or other attachments. As a rule, the machine is transported to its destination by truck. If the area you want to work on is close to your home, you have to put the tiller in a suitable place on a level surface.
- Removing the transport wheels. Once the single-axle tractor has been transported to the area to be plowed, the transport wheels must be removed in order to replace them with specialized ground wheels (iron wheels). To make this work easier, you can put trestles under the hitch located on the rear of the machine. To ensure a better grip, the grouser bar is needed. They are indispensable equipment for plowing, planting beets, carrots, potatoes.
- Hub rotation. At the next stage of preparation of the machine before ploughing it is necessary to change hubs, on which transport wheels stood, for longer ones. This is to increase the clearance between the tines. This will significantly improve the stability of the machine during operation.
- Assembly of the star wheel hubs. On to the mounting of the iron wheels. It is essential that these elements are assembled correctly. The correct mounting is determined by the direction of the tread pattern. A tapered tread pattern shows the direction of travel forwards.
Additional recommendations for plowing virgin land
When ploughing, one can either drive in a circle or in a zigzag pattern. It can be said that everything depends on your personal preferences, only experienced professionals advise to take into account the shape of the cultivated area. If the site has a rectangular shape, then the ideal option will be circular plowing. Owners of a square plot, on the other hand, are advised to opt for zigzagging. When cultivating the vegetable garden, it is best to create beds along the perimeter of the plot and place them parallel to each other. This will facilitate the process of plowing and subsequent planting work.
In addition, many farmers are faced with such a problem as excessively hard soil, which can not be processed even with special equipment, it is often characteristic of virgin. What can be done in such a case? Knowledgeable people advise to adhere to a system of staged tillage. The ground also becomes softer and more pliable when it is moist. Therefore, carry out plowing work either after abundant rainfall, or after preliminary intensive irrigation. In addition, one can try to work the virgin soil layer with the help of a power tiller. To do this, go over the same strip several times in a row, gradually deepening the machine into the soil.
When the work is done, take care to clean the mechanism of earth, grass and other debris. Then rinse it with water and dry it thoroughly. This is necessary to ensure maximum durability and reliability of your power tiller or power tiller!