How to properly sharpen an ax with a corner grinder. Bar

How to sharpen an ax with a corner grinder

Despite the apparent simplicity, many make mistakes during the tightening of the tool. The most common:

  • Sharpening of an ax with a corner grinder. It is not easy to hold in the hands of a corner grinder, so the lateral departments and the chamfer with it cannot be avoided. The abrasive in the cutting disk has a large fraction, because of this, the quality of the processed edge will be low. High probability of metal overheating.
  • Overheating of the edges from prolonged exposure to electric. It will be difficult to restore the working properties of an ax after that, you will need to harden and a wedge launch.
  • Using worn equipment. Old discs, abrasive bars with development do not contribute to the formation of a high.Quality edge. A faulty tool can injure.

Competent factory sharpening is not recommended to be completely transported. In most cases, a fairly easy refinement of the bar cutting. For some axes (floods, tourist), the severity is not a priority.

Modern axes that are made of high.Quality steel practically do not need regular sharpening. Their working edge tolerates the cutting of any wood well. Exceptions are random hits on nails or stones, then a serious launch may be required. In other cases, a fairly fine.Grained sandpaper for finishing.

It is not recommended to drag an ax with a corner grinder

With prolonged exposure, electric shoes can overheat the blade

Worn abrasive circles must be replaced with new

Design and varieties of axes

The first tools are the great.Grandfathers of the ax with a primitive structure. They were pointed stones tied to a stick. Later, combat rangers, argunes and axes appeared, which had metal plates as a blade. In general, the spectacular forms of these maneuverable weapons differed little from their predecessors. Therefore, the modern appearance of the tool has practically not transformed.

The ax consists of three main structural elements. Together, they represent a massive, chopping gun designed for primary or black wood processing.

  • Handing. Handle. For its manufacture, wood rocks have high characteristics of shock viscosity. Shock viscosity of wood is the ability to absorb maximum mechanical efforts (work) when hit and resist the shock bend, while maintaining the initial characteristics of the strength. This indicator in deciduous rocks is higher than in coniferous. Therefore, the handle is often made of solid wood of oak, ash, maple and birch. It is known that the tree, as organic material, is subject to decay, and is prone to deformation under the influence of heavy loads. Therefore, some manufacturers prefer to make an ax of plastic or metal. However, these materials are significantly inferior to the classic wooden handle, since they greatly transmit vibration waves from the blow. For this reason, the specifics of working with them is limited.
  • The ax is a steel blade with a butt on the opposite side. For the manufacture of the blade, steel brands with a carbon content of above 0.7 % are used. They are resistant to physical and mechanical exposure and show high operational qualities.
  • Klin. An ax attachment system to the handle. It is made of iron or wood in the form of a polyhedron or prism, which provides reliable fixation of the working part to the handle. It is tightly installed in special grooves and fixed with a metal mount. Insert.

The technical parameters that each structural element must correspond to are determined in GOST 18578-89.

GOST 18578-89 Building axes

The weight and appearance of the device depends on the need to perform specific tasks for them when working. By purpose, axes are:

  • Plotnitsky. They have universal overall dimensions and can be used both for stitching firewood, branches, cutting small trees, and for primary processing of wooden products.
  • Logging. Massive and strong samples are necessary in the process of harvesting and rough processing of timber in production.
  • Tourist or camping. These compact models are more often made of stainless alloy. They have wide functionality: from cutting pegs and flushing wood fibers to splitting small stones.
  • Specialized. These include a fire belt and assault ax, ice ax and army ax. Their appearance is transformed for the tasks that they perform. For example, the working parts of the tool are on two blades at once.
  • Calun. The working part has rounded shapes. A heavy blade of wide shape has a dull angle of sharpening, and the application of a strong blow is provided due to the elongated handle. Suitable for cracking firewood.
  • Professional. Designed to carry out public work. For example, a roofing is used to device a roof covering. Their modifications are different: butt in the form of a head of a hammer, nail or picking.

The ax as a tool of labor is used in many areas of human activity. It is convenient and multifunctional, and in work it requires only physical strength and small dexterity.

Sharpening of an ax for cutting meat

Even if the sharpening of an ax for cutting meat by the manufacturer was carried out flawlessly, the time comes when it is necessary to restore this tool parameter.

You can carry out sharpening work at home with different tools:

  • Current stone. The most affordable and simple, must have a rounded shape and bend, which will allow you to accurately withstand the angle of sharpening;
  • A tape type file. Simplifies the task of sharpening at times, implies manual work with the application of a minimum of physical effort;
  • A grinding machine, a sharp.Wheel circle. Power tools for which you can work only if there are at least minimal experience.

Some use “angular grinding” to restore the severity of the ax, but this method has many drawbacks. Sparks fly in all directions, the angle of sharpening is not withstanding, the metal overheats. All this at times reduces the quality of the blade and leads to the need to replace the kitchen tool soon.

How to sharpen the Myasnitsky ax correctly

The technology for conducting sharpening is identical to all types of cutting/chopping tools. Safety will be observed only if a person strictly complies with some rules:

  • You need to correctly organize the workspace. Place the sharpening tool on the horizontal surface, make sure of its solid mount, so that during the sharpening the sharpening does not vomit from the place.
  • The abrasive circle before work should be checked for quality. There should not be cracks on its surface, Zazubrin, recesses.
  • Be sure to use protective glasses. The fact is that the addor for meat is made of high.Quality steel and sparks fly in the process of sharpening, particles of the abrasive surface. Wounds without protection cannot be avoided.
  • The blade is kept “from themselves” towards rotation of the circle, the blade is in parallel to the axis of the sharpening tool. You need to hold an ax with two hands, which will help withstand the correct angle of sharpening.

It is important to remember that the blade must not be overheated, because the metal spoils so, becoming fragile. If a burr has formed on the surface of the blade, then you need to turn it over and start processing the other side

The width of the chamfers

The chamfer is the width of the plane between the two planes of the blade, the parameter can be one/two/tripartite. For kitchen axes, manufacturers can withstand the double.Sided width of the chamfers and in the process of independent sharpening it does not change. The optimal chamfer width is 18-20 mm.

It is allowed to change the bend width on one side of the blade, which makes it possible, if necessary, to change the angle of sharpening.

Angle of sharpening

This parameter varies within 25-30 degrees, for compliance you can cut the template and already navigate it on it. The angle of sharpening directly affects the cutting/chopping characteristics of the product: the smaller this parameter, the sharper the blade will be.

Electric tool for sharpening

You can use a special tool. An electric grinder. It is distinguished by impressive dimensions and rather big cost, but such a device allows you to work to restore the severity of the cutting edge of not only an ax for meat, but also all other types of knives.

Often for sharpening a meaty ax, a sharpener with an abrasive circle is used. It makes it possible to perform work at a professional level, but requires the availability of experience in operating machines.

Sharpening of an ax on a grind: 1. Emphasis; 2. Ax; 3. Sharpener; 4. Protective casing.

The lack of using a machine with an abrasive circle is the rapid heating of the blade metal, and this worsens the quality of the kitchen tool and reduces its characteristics.

Hand tool

Its advantages are in low cost, small dimensions. It can be stored in the kitchen, and experience is not required. But there is a drawback of a manual sharpening tool. The work to restore the sharpness of the cutting edge will be long, especially in the case of a large/wide blade.

Effective manual tools for sharpening the Myasnitsky ax are considered:

  • Musat. They rule them, and not sharpen the blade, they can also return the severity of the ax in just a few movements or quickly remove the burrs on the canvas;
  • Bar/stone. Several species with different abrasive surfaces will be needed;
  • Special sets. Can be used by absolute beginners, do not require an independent setting angle of sharpening.

Musat Current stone Test machine T-4 Bushcraft Limited Edition

Necessary equipment

To sharpen the corner of the blade at the right angle, you must have at hand:

Sharpener for sharpening an ax. It can be a set of grinding stones with different grain fraction or manual sharpeners.

  • Augoter or transporter. You can use a bar with a beveled angle equal to the necessary degree of sharpening the blade.
  • Combat fabric and a set of brushes with different stiffness of the bristles.

It is worth taking care of individual protective clothes and glasses. And also prepare a workplace and configure locksmith equipment.

The process of sharpening an ax

The working surface must be cleaned by removing dirt and rust. After that, measure the existing angle of sharpening to prevent an error when calculating the necessary new parameter.

How Evil is the Fiskars Pull Through Axe and Knife Sharpener

To sharpen the ax, it is placed on a straight surface or fixed with a vice. Using grinding tools with a large grain fraction, the necessary tilt values ​​and chamfer width on both sides of the working blades are produced.

The processing is repeated, reducing the rudeness of the grain of grinding devices. The finish adoption is brought to absolute smoothness.

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Proper sharpening of the blade and a competently installed chamfer width will allow even the gross processing of timber with minimal physical energy costs.

Making an ax for a taiga ax

It is worth noting that the choice of correct wood is the key to success in the manufacture of a high.Quality taiga ax. Maple and ashes will be ideal options. Equal options. Birch and pine. The latter is perfectly polished and honed, but extremely unreliable due to its fragility.

Selection of chocks. Without the presence of knots, defects. Processing and drying. The tree is cleaned of the bark and split in the middle. Drying of wood should be performed at 25 °, while the humidity indicator should be 15%. Withstand lasts two months.

Creating a form. We need a hatchet or a large knife to remove the main wood. In addition, do not forget about the chisel and a small hammer. These tools will be needed for smaller works.

How to plant an ax? Should use gauze, as well as epoxy resin. After three days, the taiga ax will be ready to work.

The last step is to process sandpaper and varnish coating. The ax will become not only useful, but also beautiful, such as in the photo from an advertising catalog!

Sharpening features and the most common errors

If the work is carried out on its own, at home, it is understood that the owner uses only a tool or equipment that is at hand. As a rule, this is a home (or purchased) mini-machine under the general name “Electrocation”. There is simply no other option, since no one seriously considers the method of processing the cutting part with a regular file or bar.

During the point grinding in the working area, the temperature rises (which is a friction force, it does not need to be explained) and very significantly. Therefore, with the slightest supervision (inattention, inaccuracy), overheating of the metal is guaranteed. And an increase in thermal blow changes the structure of the material. As a result, the blade becomes fragile and fragile. With intensive work, such an ax will need to be done quite often. And this is an additional wear of metal and a waste of time and energy.

It is not enough to fix the mini-machine at the installation site. The working surface of the table (bench, bedside tables, etc. D.) Must be massive in order to exclude the slightest changes in the position of the sharpener during the sharpening of the ax.

The same goes for an abrasive. Firstly, it is necessary to ensure its reliable “landing” on the engine shaft. Secondly, do not let this be skewed. Thirdly, the circle cannot be worn, otherwise the proper sharpening of the ax will not be achieved. Fourthly, it is necessary to exclude the beating of the shaft itself, which is often observed in used products that are rejected due to the economic inappropriateness of repair.

Various details are processed in the house on a mini-machine. For example, sharpening a screwdriver, removing rust or scale. Over time, not only the abrasive surface wear out, but also significantly changes its geometry.

sharpen, corner, grinder

To avoid overheating of the metal, the speed of rotation of the engine shaft of the engine is minimal.

The position of the blade in the process of sharpening the ax should correspond to the rotation of the circle. Another (in the direction) will cause only increased wear of the metal, but it will not give the right result. In addition, control over the condition of the cutting edge will be much more difficult.

sharpen, corner, grinder

During the entire sharpening time, it is necessary to maintain an unchanged angle between the current and the abrasive of 45 °.

The cutting edge should constantly move along the surface of the circle. Gradually, slowly and accurately. In this case, we must not forget about the periodic cooling of the chamfer by immersing this part of the ax into the water.

If necessary, give the blade a special acuteness, it is manually served with a bar with an abrasive of the smallest fractions (grinding). In this case, it must already be wetted, not the metal metal.

Design and varieties of the product

The ax device has changed little over the millennia. The design of all varieties includes the following parts:

  • Steel blade with a butt;
  • Wooden or plastic handle. An ax;
  • Metal or wooden wedges or other system attaching the blade on the hilt.

The blade is made of high.Quality instrumental alloys with carbon m more than 0.7 %.

By purpose, the following varieties of axes are distinguished:

  • Plotnitsky (universal). The main purpose is carpentry, but with such an ax it is possible to blame a small tree and strip firewood
  • Calun. The purpose of a heavy tool on a long handle is to prick a drow in large volumes. The shape of the blade eliminates the stuck in the field.
  • Lumberjack. Optimized for logging: cutting trees and knotting. Weighs up to 2 kg.
  • Tourist. Lightweight small.Sized axi of universal use. Appointment: chop the valernik, spruce gun for the night, tent stakes, etc.P.
  • Multifunctional. The butt is made in the form of a pickle, head of a hammer, a nail. Used by roofers and concrete workers, builders. Amateurs for limited volumes of various works.

Plotnitsky ax

Tourist ax

There are also highly specialized varieties. For cutting meat carcasses, firefighters used in historical reconstructions, etc.P.

The width of the axis of the ax

The beam width corresponds to the distance from the axis of the blade to its side surface. This parameter defines both the sharpness of the tool and the service time until the next drag. Sharpen an ax with the right chamfer quickly and simply.

Correction of champs is a more complex operation and will require a lot of time and effort. To change the width of the chamfers, it is necessary to remove excessive metal volumes.

Historically damaged by long work or corrosion, the axes that have lost part of the metal in the chamfer were restored by a blacksmith by partial skew. Weight and dimensions became smaller, but the geometric parameters of the tool functionality were restored- it was enough to sharpen it again.

High.Quality axis axes wear out quickly and lose the shape of chamfers. In this case, the tool should be sharpened asymmetrically:. One chamfer is made 15 and the other. 25 °.

Frequent errors

Despite the apparent simplicity, many make mistakes during the tightening of the tool. The most common:

  • Sharpening of an ax with a corner grinder. It is not easy to hold in the hands of a corner grinder, so the lateral departments and the chamfer with it cannot be avoided. The abrasive in the cutting disk has a large fraction, because of this, the quality of the processed edge will be low. High probability of metal overheating.
  • Overheating of the edges from prolonged exposure to electric. It will be difficult to restore the working properties of an ax after that, you will need to harden and a wedge launch.
  • Using worn equipment. Old discs, abrasive bars with development do not contribute to the formation of a high.Quality edge. A faulty tool can injure.

Competent factory sharpening is not recommended to be completely transported. In most cases, a fairly easy refinement of the bar cutting. For some axes (floods, tourist), the severity is not a priority.

Modern axes that are made of high.Quality steel practically do not need regular sharpening. Their working edge tolerates the cutting of any wood well. Exceptions are random hits on nails or stones, then a serious launch may be required. In other cases, a fairly fine.Grained sandpaper for finishing.

It is not recommended to grind an ax with an angular grinder with prolonged exposure to an electric shield. The blade can overheat worn abrasive circles must be replaced with new

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