How to saw a furniture board without chipping
How to saw furniture board without chipping. Sawing laminated chipboard at home. Choice of circular saw blades and saw blades
And you will also need additional tools for sawing:
Cutting Laminated Chipboard is done in the following order:
- Marking out the material. A ruler and pencil will be needed to mark out the blanks, to draw dots on the sheet of material from the end. Then you need to connect the points evenly in one trimmer line and glue a painting tape on top. A good way to saw laminated chipboard without splintering is to use tape, i.e. к. It helps reduce the number of cracks in the board material that can occur due to excessive heat and pressure. Sawing Laminated chipboard.
- The next step is sawing Laminated chipboard. Choose what to cut the chipboard with, and put the tool at the required angle so that the sawed edges of the sheet are flat. Sawing Laminated chipboard and hardboard should be done very carefully and as smoothly as possible.
- Processing of the board. If the sawn particleboard in home conditions is uneven from the ends, on which the cutting was carried out, they are processed with a belt sander. In some cases, it is better to immediately contact companies that provide services for the manufacture of furniture parts to order by the size of the customer and sawing Laminated chipboard on special equipment. To veneer the edges of the parts, a special veneering edge band is used for processing.
Cutting with a plastic pad on the sole
One of the causes of jigsaw chipping is the sole of the jigsaw. It does not press the edge of the kerf, thus allowing it to break during the reciprocal movement of the file. This is solved with a simple plastic escutcheon.
An overlay for the sole is cut out of a sheet of plastic. It is necessary to make a cut for the file. It is simply clamped to the board and sawn with it. The sawed-in overlay is glued to the base plate with double-sided adhesive tape.
After that, the jigsaw makes the cut even cleaner than when using painter’s tape.
Using the jigsaw
For accurate sawing of laminated chipboard you can use the jigsaw. At the same time, it should be noted that it is preferable to use this tool for cutting small lengths of wood. Also when using an electric jigsaw, a saw blade with a small tooth size should be selected.
When sawing laminate flooring move the power tool smoothly without exerting excessive pressure. When sawing laminate woodchipboard with the jigsaw, it is advisable to set the power tool to a small rpm when sawing.
What and how to cut chipboard and plywood? Some tips
When you look at the of chipboard furniture in stores, you cannot help but be struck by how much it costs! And after all The chipboard is one of the most accessible materials for constructing furniture with their own hands. You can buy all the hardware you need right now. And furniture designs, both on the Internet and in “paper” magazines, can now be found for every taste. So what’s the problem? The main problem is to accurately cut particle board.
Of home tools, the most suitable for cutting particle board is a hand-held circular saw. But when cutting chipboard with it, there are a number of problems: 1) it is very difficult to follow a straight line, the saw wiggles; 2) chips form.
Are there ways to solve these problems?? There is. That’s what we’re talking about today. By the way, all these tricks also apply to the cutting of plywood.
Cut chipboard on the floor with full support
Cutting with full support means that when you bring the saw to the end, the cut sheet Woodchip board will not fall off immediately.
If you want a very straight and clean cut, chipboard is best cut on the floor. That way you get a solid, stable base 100% of the time. The chipboard won’t shift even if you climb on top of it to finish the cut. You’ll also be sure that the piece you cut won’t fall off, split, or fall off.
Place 5×10 cm woodblocks under the chipboard, perpendicular to the direction of the cut. The timber will have to be sacrificed because the saw will cut through it. The more stable your Chipboard sheet is, the tidier the cut will be.
Set the depth so that no more than half a tooth of the saw blade protrudes over the bottom edge of the chipboard or plywood (see “Setting the depth” on page 54). photo above). You may not think this is important, but trust me, the depth of cut has a big influence on the quality of the cut. This setting causes the tooth to cut rather than cut through the material and stabilizes the saw so that it vibrates less when cutting. Both of these factors make the saw marks on the chipboard cut less obvious.
Sawing laminated chipboard with a parquet.
The cause of the chips in this case is the effect of the cutting teeth, but not only in the direction of the kerf, but also on the opposite side. (The vibration of the power tool can not drive the parquet block perfectly straight, resulting in misalignment of the disk relative to the kerf). The guide in this case not only allows the chipboard to be sawed evenly, but also prevents chipping on the side opposite to the sawing direction. When choosing a disk for sawing laminated chipboard, one should pay attention to the number of teeth, because the more they have, the cleaner the kerf is.
Before machining furniture pieces with the router, it is important to saw them out with a 3-5 millimetre reserve on each side that is to be machined. Unlike the previous methods of sawing, the hand-held router leaves behind a perfect surface. Chipping after such processing is rare and, at the same time, it is possible to maintain perpendicularity of the cut. Until now we have considered only straight sawing, but if we are talking about sawing various kinds of circles and roundings, then there is no alternative to the jigsaw and router. The disadvantages of using a router include the need for skills to work with it. We will talk about them in other articles.
Rules of cutting
Laminated chipboard is made from the waste of hardwood and softwood lumber, and is lightweight and used for furniture construction. Most home furniture makers prefer laminated chipboard when choosing raw materials for making furniture. This material is relatively inexpensive, and at retail outlets there is always a large variety of colors and textures to choose from. The difficulty in working with laminate Particle board is that it is very difficult to cut off a piece of sheet to the right size, because the fragile laminated layer creates cracks and chips in the sawing area. Knowing a few tricks helps to master this task.
To cut a laminated chipboard you need a saw with fine serrations.
And the shallower and the more frequently they are located on the tool blade, the cleaner and smoother the finished cut of the laminated material will be.
In order to saw accurately and qualitatively, it is necessary to follow a certain sequence of operations.
- On a sheet of laminated chipboard, you need to mark out a line for the trimmer saw, where you stick a piece of paper with an adhesive strip on it tightly. Tape will not allow the teeth of the saw to break the lamination layer during the sawing process.
- Using an awl or a knife blade, a groove with a recess is drawn along the cutting line. In this way we cut through the thin lamination layer in advance, making it easier for us to do the sawing work. Moving along this groove, the saw blade will make tangential movements, cutting through deep layers of particleboard material.
- When making the cut, it is recommended to keep the saw blade at an acute angle to the working plane of the board.
- If the work of sawing will be carried out with an electric tool, the feed rate of the cutting blade should be minimal, so that the saw can not vibrate and bend.
- After sawing is done, the cut of the workpiece should be processed first with a file, and then with sandpaper. The cut should be made in a circular motion from the center to the edge of the workpiece.
To protect the place of the cut on the workpiece from further appearance of chips or cracks, it is closed, applying adhesive tape of melamine, or secure the end edges, which may have a T-shaped or C-shaped appearance.
After such a decorative masking not only improves the appearance of the board, but also increases the life of the material.
Saw with your own hands or order?
High-quality cutting of chipboard is difficult to do by hand due to the large size of the sheets. The dimensions of a standard board are 2440×1200, and this is not the limit. If, however, you work with particleboard or fibreboard quite often, it makes sense to buy expensive tools and work at your own pleasure. If you only need to cut a few sheets, however, you can go two ways:
What to choose is up to you, but we’ll take a look at each of these options.
Sawing methods Laminated chipboard without splintering
Sawing can be done on a panel saw. But its If you need to saw Laminated chipboard to make a few pieces of furniture for yourself, other methods are more suitable.
You should use a ruler to scratch an awl or a nail with a trimmer marking tape to the thickness of the laminate. Saw along this line, making sure that the edges of the saw’s teeth hit exactly into the scratch. It can be sawn with a jigsaw or hand hacksaw.
Suitable for cutting a small area. The saw must be the one with the smallest tooth size. Move the jigsaw smoothly, without pressure, the speed should be set just above the average.
On the side where the teeth enter the board, there will be almost no chips, and on the opposite side, with little experience, they will appear, but in small numbers.
A fine-toothed jigsaw blade will be needed. Long, straight cuts are better with this method than with the jigsaw. On the side where the teeth plunge into the plate, there will be no chips. If they appear, it will be on the opposite side, as in the case with the jigsaw.
The use of guide rails increases the accuracy of the cut. It is better to clamp the saw to the table.
Sawing with undercutting
Requires a large ruler (guide rail) that is clamped to the workpiece. The first cut is made to undercut the laminate along the marked line. The guide bar should be set on the line and the cut should be 6-10mm deep. there will be no splintering.
The second cut is made through. There will be no chipping at the line of entry of the teeth into the board, and at the exit point the laminate has already been cut, so there simply can’t be any.
In this case, you should first saw through the workpiece with a jigsaw, stepping back from the marking line by 2-3 mm, and then align the line for the trimmer on the template. The cutter must have a bearing. With this method you can also cut curvilinear.
Curvilinear surfaces of a given configuration to get on their own is even more difficult, here will have to spend extra money even to buy a cutter, which will help you get rid of chips
No nicks formed when you have to cut chipboard.
The price of the hand router can vary significantly, based on the manufacturer, power, availability of additional functions. If you are not planning to engage in the production of furniture professionally, then it is advisable to buy an inexpensive model.
The following steps are needed to cut the chipboard:
- After marking the outline of the required part on the chipboard, cut it out with the jigsaw, taking care to cut a few millimeters beyond the planned cutting line
- make templates of wood-fiber board or plywood of the project radius do not carefully grind their ends with sandpaper
- Having attached the template to the part to be trimmed, let’s clamp it with clamps, don’t trim it with a manual coping cutter with a bearing, removing unnecessary material exactly to the planned line.
In this case it does not matter what kind of cutter (with two or four knives) is used. The only condition is that the blades must be high enough to catch the thickness of cut to be processed. After machining, all that remains is to glue the edge to the part. How to do this, see at