How to sharpen a chain of a chainsaw with a file. First about horror stories

Sharpening chains of chainsaws with your own hands

The use of chainsaws allows you to change the size and shape of wood and other materials. The cutting element of the chainsaw is a chain that moves at high speed during operation. There are blades on the chain, the geometry of which causes quick cutting. Over time, the chain is blunting, and you need to sharpen the teeth. Sharpening of the chain is a procedure that can be performed yourself, since it is no more complicated than sharpening another cutting tool. The only conditions for sharpening can be called the use of a special design. This is due to the fact that the created tooth has an unusual geometry: it consists of two cutting edges, the angle is created using the side and upper plane. The special difficulty of sharpening is that the upper surface has an angle relative to the line of movement of the circuit, which should be withstanded with great accuracy.

How to sharpen a chain of a chainsaw

Sharpening of the chain of the chainsaw is a procedure, the implementation of which gardeners and professional rollers regularly face. In the article, the master plumber will tell you how to restore the damaged teeth of the saw set, and quickly return it to the previous working condition.

To figure out how to sharpen the chain, you need to understand the basic principles of its device and work. It is impossible to sharpen the chain by eye, you will need to know the main characteristics of the chain and its components.

The chain of the chainsaw consists of three types of links made of high.Alloy steel:

  • Cutting. The main elements of the chain. Distinguish right.Sided and left.Handed, which are located alternately, their cutting edges are located above the plane of the tire. The design of the teeth includes the restraints of the depth of the drink.
  • Drive (shanks). Serve to transmit the moment of rotation from the gas outlet to the chain through the leading star. This feature allows you to extend the service life of the sprocket and gives the chains more steadily to stay on the tire.
  • Connecting. Connect the shanks and cutting teeth of the chain.

One of the main elements of the chain is a cutting tooth that crashes into wood and removes chips. The tooth depth limiter determines the thickness of the wood chip and limits the depth of penetration into the tree.

Depending on the type of circuit, the recommended parameters relative to the limiter are 0.025 “(0.65 mm) or 0.030” (0.75 mm).

The long service life of any chainsaw depends on competent care and use, including the chain headset. Good operational qualities of the latter affect the performance of the device and performance parameters. Untimely sharpening can cause some problems in the work directly the saw itself. Most often it is:

  • Curved saws;
  • Large loads on the saw, resulting in the wear of the parts of the device, and hence the reduction in the service life of the entire device;
  • Increased fuel consumption.

Learn to file your chainsaw in 1 minute

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If, as a result of the saw, a small dusty shavings form, and the saw itself is buried in the cut with the application of great efforts, it means that the goal has become dull.

There are other signs of a chain of chain:

  • The speed of the tool decreased;
  • Uneven and sharp sawdusts are formed;
  • It is necessary to make great efforts for the cut of wood;
  • The chain stretched or began to sag.

The chain of the chainsaw can quickly swell for the following reasons:

  • If you work with a saw too often;
  • When the operator presses greatly on the saw when sawing;
  • If the chain is made of poor.Quality metal, or steel has passed the wrong heat treatment;
  • With a frequent cut of raw or tarry wood;
  • When sawing trees with solid wood, such as: oak, Karelian birch, cherry, acacia, elm, ash and others;
  • If the chain meets on the way of barriers in the form of sand or stones;
  • If the chain is incorrectly sharpened or has insufficient tension during operation.

The device of all chain saws is similar, so there will be one algorithm when removing the chain:

  • First you need to put on protective cotton gloves to avoid cuts from cutting teeth.
  • Remove the protective cover from the working part of the chainsaw and put it to one side on the flat surface.
  • With the help of the end key, unscrew the fixing nuts, which hold the housing and tire, remove the upper cover of the body.
  • Now it is necessary to move the tire down to the stop to the asterisk, thereby relaxing the chain, and remove the working elements from the fasteners.
  • Disconnect the chain from the tire.

How to understand that the chain of the chainsaw is dull and it is time to hide: signs

The long service life of any chainsaw depends on competent care and use, including the chain headset. Good operational qualities of the latter affect the performance of the device and performance parameters. Untimely sharpening can cause some problems in the work directly the saw itself. Most often it is:

  • Curved saws;
  • Large loads on the saw, resulting in the wear of the parts of the device, and hence the reduction in the service life of the entire device;
  • Increased fuel consumption.

If, as a result of the saw, a small dusty shavings form, and the saw itself is buried in the cut with the application of great efforts, it means that the goal has become dull.

There are other signs of a chain of chain:

  • The speed of the tool decreased;
  • Uneven and sharp sawdusts are formed;
  • It is necessary to make great efforts for the cut of wood;
  • The chain stretched or began to sag.

How to sharpen the chain with a file correctly

Correctly sharpening the chain with a file helps the installation of a chainsaw horizontally on a flat surface. Then, using a visual inspection, the presence of visible defects in the chain is determined, after which it is pulled and stopped by the brake system. To keep the canvas when working under it, a stand is placed from improvised materials, or it is fixed by the factory manufacturing clamp.

The movement of the file is made from the inner edge of the cutting tooth. The tool is located along the factory mark denoting the correct angle of sharpening. For the convenience of performing the procedure, the processed element should be located approximately in the center of the circuit, then the brake is released, the canvas is moved and fixed again in order to sharpen the next section of the chain.

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When sharpening with a file, it is necessary to fix the chain and ensure the correct movement of the tool

It is recommended to perform the same number of files for sharpening all cutting elements, but it often turns out that their wear is different, therefore it is not always possible. To facilitate the performance of the work, holding devices with standard sharpening angles indicated on them are used.

It is not recommended to constantly drag the teeth of the chain for the following reasons:

  • Identified in the operation of the mechanism due to uneven processing of the cutting elements may occur;
  • A large amount of metal is flowing;
  • The teeth lose their correct geometric shape;
  • There is a risk of circuit breaking over time.

It is obvious that manually without experience is not easy to master the sharpening process. We recommend watching a video that shows the process of working as a file.

How to understand that it’s time to hide a chainsaw?

There are several ways to understand that the main element of the chainsaw is time to sharpen, namely:

  • You make more efforts to work with a saw;
  • Sagging of the chain is observed;
  • There is a vibration during the cut;
  • The cut is torn.

No Nonsense Guide to Chainsaw Sharpening. How To Sharpen A Chainsaw Properly. Farmcraft101

If in the process of carrying out any actions with the tool you observe at least one of these reasons, then you need to give the chainsaw for sharpening, or sharpen the chain on the chainsaw with your own hands. Those who are engaged in a roll of forest or actively work with wood, often have to sharpen the chainsaw. In some cases, the saw needs to be sharpened several times during the day.

How to sharpen a chainsaw with a file

To sharpen the chain of the chainsaw manually, you will need a whole set of special tools.

Flat is flat. It is needed to grind the depth limiter.

Round file. Used to grind the cutting edge, for work a suitable thickness of the tool is necessary.

Holding. Has guide lines along which a file glides during sharpening of teeth.

Template. Required for growing along lines and corrections of work.

Hook. You need to remove sawdust from the chain.

Special tools for sharpening the chain can be purchased by a set or separately. Some models of chainsaws are included.

Place the template on the chain so that it enters the cuts located below. Place a round file on the rollers under the edge of the cutter cut. The movement of the sharpening tool will occur in a straight line parallel to the sides of the template.To strap the limiter to the desired height, put the template so that emphasis enters its hole.

The limiter is processed based on the type of wood that you will saw. For soft wood, you need to install the emphasis next to the word “soft”, for dense ones. “hard”. A flat file is used for this work. Move the tool smoothly and smoothly, strictly from yourself.

Sharpowing with a file

For work you will need two files: round and straight. The first is chosen by oval in the link body. There are no more than 6 mm on chains of household chainsaws. Usually this size does not exceed 5.5 mm. You can’t use a more overall file. He will change the geometry of the cutter.

There are two main manual sharpening technologies. The easiest method is when the file is visually controlled. The master maximally possible observes the corners of the factory processing and carefully processes a vertical line under complete visual control.

The tool partially hurts the horizontal edge. Then it is brought to the desired state with a flat file and passes slightly along the limiter.

The second method is more accurate and productive, sharpening chains for chainsaws with your own hands with a file is done using a special holder for a round product. With such a device, sharpening a chain for a chainsaw with your own hands is made easier.

It is tuned like this, both faces can be processed in one pass. The vertical file moves across, and along the horizontal along the cutting edge. The device significantly reduces the sharpening time, makes it better. The depth limiter is removed by a direct file. Despite the technological difference for both methods, general rules:

  • The chain is necessarily fixed in a vice;
  • The angle of the file relative to the tire is observed (about 30 °)
  • It is made 2-3 movements from itself with the same effort.

You can make a device for sharpening chains of chainsaws with your own hands maximum for an hour. In the photo, the image of the factory device. To do the same at home is not difficult for an ordinary home master.

Sharpowing with a round file

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“During the use of a chainsaw, I realized that no machine could sharpen better than hands! I have been with saws for 20 years, but I sharpened the machine only when I need to quickly and without norms in acuity. He began to work with the Urals and the taiga, even worked on a roll of forest, and after now I am engaged in log cabins and in general wooden buildings. All of these machines of bullshit, especially when the turnover is large and the circle is spinning in one direction. “.

Topics. Some advice of experts:

“Announcement in the newspaper: I change the chainsaw for prosthesis”.

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