Is it possible to cut OSB with a hacksaw. OSB thickness and composition
How to cut OSB plates at home: a list of the best tools from the builder of the frame
OSP plates are very durable, reliable, easy to handle and operate. They do not contain voids, nodes, are not divided, not deformed under the influence of moisture. That is why OSB is used in modern construction and repair, in the decoration of premises, in the production of packaging and furniture. Below are the recommendations of experts on the use of this material.
To perform work, it is necessary to select the required size of the stove and the correct OSB type in accordance with the humidity indicators at the facility and the level of the planned load.
The following modifications of the plate: OSP-1. Suitable for use for low humidity and light loads. They are general structures. OSP-2. Boards are suitable for use of indoors with low humidity. They belong to the category of supporting structures. OSP-3. Can be used with high humidity. They belong to the category of supporting structures. This type of plate is the most popular and popular market.
How to cut a wood-braid plate (wood-braid plate)
OSP-4. Plates can be used with high humidity. They are characterized by high resistance to loads.
OSB plates of various thicknesses and format are also available. The thickness of the plate can be from 9 to 25 mm, dimensions. Up to 2800 x 1250 mm. Depending on the project, you can also choose plates with a flat side edge or with the front side of the groove, which allows them to connect.
Prefer products of the right type, depending on where they will be used to increase the efficiency of the material.
Tips for acclimatization of plates and their protection against water and moisture.
It is recommended to store them in a certain room for at least 48 hours before using OSB at the construction site. This will allow the material to acclimatize.
It is also important to protect the plates from the harmful effects of water and moisture during storage. And if the material has already been used to decorate the external surfaces of the object, protect it from the atmosphere, covering it with a thick film. The seams OSP-3 are recommended to grind immediately before the finishing processing.
Cutting, milling, drilling OSB can be carried out using a cutting tool or firm drill. You can also use manual power tools for cutting. It is important to note that before OSB processing, it must be fixed and the speed of tools should be moderate.
To fix the material, it is recommended to use screws, clamps or nails (not with a smooth rod). The same connecting elements are suitable as when working with solid wood, and their length should be at least 50 mm. Start mount OSB (OSB) from the middle of the top, gradually moving to the sides and down.
As for the gaps, when connecting plates with even edges, as well as with other structures, their width should be 3 mm. And if we are talking about slabs with milling faces (with the front side of the “crest-shit”), then gaps are formed between them. In addition, when the boards are laid on the floor, there is a gap of 15 mm between them and the wall. And if the material is used for wall cladding, the gap between it and the foundation should be 10 mm.
Application of paint and varnishes to the surface of the material.
For OSB plates, you can use the same varnishes and paints as for other wood species. Over, they are used in strict accordance with the instructions.
Mineral wool has proven itself perfectly as a thermal insulation material used with plates. It is folded on the front of the building.
If OSB should be installed on the facade, their compounds are sealed with a special isolet, or Pur or PVA glue is added to the comb with a groove.
As for the connection between the stove and the foundation, it must be waterproof. For example, bitumen compositions are suitable.
Basic principles of storage and storage of material
The following requirements are required for the OSB storage process:
Ensuring the protection of structures from water (precipitation, discharges from the ground, etc. D.);
Plates should be flat on a flat surface (baking sheet or wooden grill). Direct contact with the soil should be avoided.
What self.Tapping screws to fix OSB and how to make a calculation of expenses
Oriented chip plate or OSB. An indispensable attribute of any modern construction. The material is used for both external and interior decoration, can play the role of a supporting or connecting element, for example, in a roof pie, and can be an independent solution, say, in the role of interior walls or ceiling floors.
What self.Tapping screws to attach OSB depends on the design features of the structure and the place of direct installation of the chips.
OSB universality really has no equal. It is used with the same success at any stages and construction cycles.
In order to consider all possible options for fastening OSB plates, it will be convenient to divide their installation into several main groups:
OSB fasteners in roofing work
Installing OSB plates as one of the layers of a roof pie, requires increased attention to the strength characteristics of both the material itself and the fasteners used in the work.
Given the significant wind and snow loads on the roof plane, as well as the fact that roofing structures are not a static, hard structure, it is recommended to pay attention to the following points:
- When laying OSB on a roof, priority should be given to a special “ruff” or ring nails;
- Phosphate self.Tapping screws used in the OSB installation are more fragile and have less strength with the progress of the structure;
- The final choice of which self.Tapping screws to attach OSB to the frame, behind the craftsmen and depends on climatic conditions in the construction area;
- The length of the nails or screws used in roofing is calculated by a simple formula: the thickness of the OSB sheet is at least 40-45 mm on the entrance of the fasteners into the frame;
- That is, if the sizes of OSB are considered to be standard in 9 mm, 12 mm, 15 mm, then, therefore, the length of the screw will be in the range of 50-75 mm;
- The fastener card looks like this: according to the rafters, the step of self.Tapping screws is 300 mm, in the joints of the plates. 150 mm, according to the cornice or ridge cut. 100 mm and the indentation from the edge of the sheet. At least 10 mm.
Conclusion! When installing OSB on the roof, you should give preference to special nails, due to their greater strength to cut!
Vertical or wall installation method of OSB
What self.Tapping screws to attach OSB in the case of wall installation? The question has a unambiguous and quite specific answer. If the recommended standard thickness used during the vertical installation of OSB sheets is 12 mm, then accordingly, adding to this value the required 45-50 mm body of the self-tapping screw in the rack or frame at least, we get the answer.50-70 mm.
The fastener card is the same with the roofing: in the middle of the sheet, the fasteners are 300 mm in steps, at the joints of the plates, the step decreases to 150 mm, the sides adjacent to the ceiling or floor are attached after 100 mm. Speaking from the edge standard. 10 mm.
The choice of the shape of the screws for vertical installation is due to the need to hide the head flush with the plane of the wall. That is why the facades and external planes of buildings use self.Tapping screws with a rubberized head, which, when twisting, not only sits in a hid, but also does not bake wood, preserving the appearance of the wall.
Self.Tapping screws with wall installation can be replaced with nails with a spiral or ring cut. Their length is determined by multiplying OSB thickness by 2.5. In our case, this is: 2.5 12 mm = 30 mm. This is the minimum permissible length.
Installation of OSB sheets in a horizontal plane: Paul/ceiling
You should not dwell on the choice of self.Tapping screws for the installation of OSB on the ceiling. The scheme, quantity and size of self.Tapping screws used for these purposes repeats the above examples exactly.
The selection of screws and the fastener drawing during the floor laying of OSB are determined by the basis on which the material is laid.
If it is a beam or rack frame, then phosphate self.Tapping screws with a body length is at least 50 mm and a secret head. The perfect choice.
In the case of laying OSB on a draft, continuous floor, galvanized screws with double carvings are suitable. The procedure for determining the optimal length is indicated above.
If you read the article carefully, you have already noticed that regardless of the OSB installation site, the fastener map remains the same. Accordingly, the number of screws required for work will generally coincide.
The average consumption of self.Tapping screws during OSB installation is about 30 pcs. On m². Accordingly, the installation of a standard sheet will need about 75-100 pcs. Self.Tapping screws.
My Favourite Joinery Method for Plywood, MDF & OSB
Now you know what kind of self.Tapping screws to attach OSB for high.Quality and durable use of plates in combination with other building and finishing materials.
Advice! When buying, do not chase low and check the quality of the screws. There are enough cases of marriage. But there is no little things at a construction site!
Recently, I notice that more and more houses are sheathed with OSB slabs (OSP. Oriented-brown plate). And for this there are several good reasons. After all, OSB plates. This is an affordable and reliable material with an absolutely homogeneous internal structure.
What does OSB plates make the best material for outdoor lining of frame structures? Primarily. This is the stability of the size. That is, all OSB plates are strictly the same sizes after they leave the forestry. In addition, OSB plates have absolutely uniform composition. This means that they have no voids and air bubbles. Another OSB. This is an environmentally friendly material that is suitable for both external and any internal work. OSB is made from fast.Growing trees and production is almost non.Waste.
But the best. This is what OSB. This is an economically profitable purchase, t.To. This material is much cheaper than a faner comparable in quality and physical characteristics.
When you install OSB slabs, remember two things: about the gaps between the plates and the fastener map.
All wooden building materials change their size, t. To. Wood reacts to changes in humidity and air temperature. This is absolutely natural and applies to all wooden materials, including OSB. Therefore, so that the OSB boards do not led, from each edge you need to leave a gap of 3 mm.
Ways to refresh the bath sooner or later the problem is how to refresh the bath with your own hands so that you do not have to buy a new. There are two…
Why not, but a distinctive feature of all scandals is that door cotton will most likely soon fail. Because the human mind came up with.
“We install door closers with our own hands. 29.09.14 sometimes a situation arises when we need to drill several holes of the same length. What is the best way to get a drill.
“How to drill holes of the same depth. 13/08/14 you can magnetize yourself with almost any screwdriver. It will take only a magnet and 2 seconds of your time.
“How to magnetize a screwdriver. 8/8/14 In this video you will see a small trick that can kill even a very small nail.
DIY budget furniture from OSB
OSB plates are excellent as a kitchen decor, for example, for lining a apron or even creating original shelves. An openwork cabinet or book shelf in the office will look very unusual.
The use of OSB panels is very diverse, since the board can be installed as a partition between rooms, as well as use:
- For arranging a roof in a private house;
- For finishing the stairs to the second floor;
- As a sheathing;
- Like a canvas to close the warm floor;
- For the manufacture of furniture with your own hands.
Using OSB stamps, you can make furniture with your own hands
Due to the fact that the plates are solid and will not give distortion, massive cabinets are made of them. Among additional advantages, it is worth noting the presence of a decorative structure. The furniture is made simply, but it looks very unusual, and sometimes it does not even need additional finish.
If you glue the original pictures on OSB furniture, creating a Provence style, then you can achieve an excellent result and create an original interior with your own hands.
There are a lot of options, but it all depends on preferences and opportunities. If desired, you can design a whole children’s town inside the house, but you must first familiarize yourself with what screws will be used to carry out fastening.
You can make a special device for processing (cutting) foam at home with your own hands. To do this, you need to purchase a lowering transformer, string, springs with which the string will be pulled, a two cm thick pipe for lining. The thickness of the plate of the polystyrene foam, which will be cut, should be at least two cm.
To arrange a countertop for this equipment, you will need a table, profile, board. Make such a device for cutting polystyrene foam at home is not difficult.
Areas of use
Operational properties allow the use of OSP-3 for the following purposes:
- Creating a crate for a roof.
- Lorcation of external and internal walls.
- Black floors.
- Installation of floors.
- I.Beams comparable in their strength characteristics with concrete and reinforced concrete structures.
- Creation of supporting surfaces for facing materials or lags.
- High.Quality packaging in the form of pallets, boxes and boxes.
- In the furniture production, oriented-combat boards of the third type are used for the manufacture of parts subject to increased load.
- Sandwich panels during the construction of frame houses.
How to CUT PLYWOOD With A Handsaw on a Budget
OSB on a wooden floor: how to lay down
If the main wooden surface has bumps, then it is necessary to level the level with the help of special lags, and only then proceed to laying OSB sheets. Brushes-fixers should be installed at an even distance from each other, when accounting for joints. In some cases, to eliminate the mobility of wooden boards, the floor will have to be sorted out (install new boards in problem areas). From a wooden surface, it is worth removing the influx of paint and protrusions with sandpaper. After that it will not be superfluous to chop the wooden floor, although this is not necessary.
To ensure maximum reliability, the lower side of the OSB sheets must be covered with waterproofing. If you intend to lay a laminate after the OSB plates, then on the surface of the plates it is worth making steam isolation using a foamed film to prevent condensation.
Now we scatter the OSB plate on the floor so that the seams of the next row are obtained. Joints in the form of a cross. Should not be! The gaps between the plates are also provided. 3 mm, and around the perimeter of the walls. 12 mm. After OSB sheets, it is necessary to drill holes, and their diameter should be the same as in wood screws, which will further fix the OSB plate to the floor. The holes themselves must be drilled at a distance of about 20-30 cm from each other.
Now you can start fixing OSB plates to a wooden floor. The optimal length of the screws is 45 mm and more. If there are no screws, then you can use nails, but this is not the best alternative. To increase the strength and other positive characteristics, you can lay the second layer of OSB, but only so that the seams are placed with an offset of 20-30 cm in the above and underlying layers (that is, the placement of the seams of the first and second layer should not match).
At the end of the work, all the gaps can be filled with mounting foam, the remains of which are easily cut off with a construction knife after drying out. That’s actually the whole process.
Why need to paint slabs?
To realize whether OSB stages are painted, you should familiarize yourself with their composition and external appearance. They are light, warm material that is used in the construction of external structures, internal walls and partitions. Panels can differ in brands, dense products are used for the outer part, the marking of which has numbers 3 or 4. Because the material is made thanks to the pressing of wood chips and glue, it comes out breathable, environmentally non.Hazardous, but it is sensitive to atmospheric influences.
Wood chips and sliver when developing plates are aimed in the last parts longitudinally, and in the middle. Across the fibers. Because of this, the strength and thermal insulation characteristics of OSB plates are created. Is it necessary to paint an OSB plate on the street? The surface of the material is pleasant and warm to the touch, but it has not a completely pretty look. That’s why it must be painted.
Another prerequisite for coating is a special tool to protect the material, but means at home, from destruction, water, mold, fungi. Although the products are hydrofoistering, the compound areas are vulnerable. Because such facades are certainly necessary to color. Only before this is necessary cleansing of dust, also putty and primer. Fundamentally, so that there is an excerpt between the procedures. After puttying for drying, it is necessary to take more than 12 hours. The same period is provided for complete drying of the primer.
The better to cut OSB plates: tools
After the material is prepared for operation, it is required to choose the right tool for cutting. When working with wood at the construction site, the following tool is used: manual saw, electrolobian, disk (circular) saw, each of which has its own operational features when working with OSB.
For construction work, a large manual tool is poorly suitable for. This is due to a low processing rate. Since the chips are located in multidirectional layers created significant resistance to the cut. Therefore, it is necessary to apply sufficient physical strength to carry out cutting. However, a manual saw is useful in cases where there is no access to electricity and work is carried out with small pieces of slabs. For cutting OSB, it is recommended to use a saw with a small tooth.
One of the most common tools used in cutting sheet materials. The cut is carried out using a toothed canvas, which carries out reciprocating movements. On some devices there is a function of pendulum cut, when the blade goes not only up and down, but also in the direction of the saw. Another useful feature that helps to perform complex cuts is to adjust the angle of inclination of the sole.
- Low cut rate, which is extremely inconvenient when working with large sheets;
- It is difficult to perform a strictly straightforward cut;
- The formation of pile and bullying along the edges of the cut, most often on both sides of the sheet. This complexity is especially relevant for OSB.
However, an electric jigsaw is indispensable when performing curved cuts of complex shape.
Convenient and high.Performance tool for working with sheet materials. Allows you to perform long and rectilinear sawdown without bullying for a minimum period of time. With the help of the circular, you can cut a fairly large thickness, and if hard to fix it is possible at a time, it is possible to process and several fastened sheets at the same time. As well as the electrician has a function of inclination of the sole, which allows you to perform an edge under 450. This is especially useful when it is required to form an angle of adjoining two walls. To work with OSB, it is recommended to use wheels with a large number of teeth (at least 48), as well as equipped with carbide attacks.