Manual cultivator for the garden with their own hands
How to make a cultivator with your own hands and assemble homemade attachments
Make a hand cultivator with your own hands is simple enough. you do not need a large expenditure of time, or specific skills, or rarely available mechanical components. The advantages of self-made design mass: the operation will not need fuel or electricity, since the work she led the physical force, and if broken (which is very rare). fixing will not make much effort. The materials required for home production of the hand cultivator, you can probably find in every workshop or even a garage (when assembling will need a welding machine and, mostly, steel elements), but the garden with a minimum of effort will always be well-groomed.
Classification of devices is carried out depending on the mechanisms used. Cultivators are divided into the following equipment.
- Electric. Primarily used for the treatment of large areas. The device can work only if there is source of electricity. The design is lightweight and compact, in addition, such devices do not pollute the atmosphere with harmful substances.
- Battery. This type of equipment is used to work on small plots. The advantages of battery-powered cultivators include high mobility and small size.
- Gasoline. Another type of equipment, which is considered one of the most common among dacha owners. Has a high productivity, good mobility, convenient to use. But such devices must be properly maintained, not to mention the pollution of the atmosphere with harmful substances.
- Mechanical. It is no secret that hand-held cultivators are very easy to use, they do not take much time and effort, as well as low cost. There are several types of designs of hand cultivators, starting with a simple cultivator “Tornado”, which is a simple fork with bent fingers on the bottom, and ending with a flatbed.
The advantages of manual cultivators can also include the fact that they can be easily made by yourself. No special skills are needed, just follow the recommendations. For the manufacture of this or that design need the correct drawing of the product, a little free time, patience and, of course, some tools and materials.
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Prepare a power fork made of steel strip for the base. There is a working axle with implements on the front of the tool. They need to be made from pieces of pipe on which steel rods with pointed tips are welded. This is where the name comes from.
Loosening the soil is done by gently shaking and piercing it, but the weeds remain in place, especially their roots. The main advantage of this tool is its easy operation. Adjustment between the rows is practically effortless.
Just as in the star model, in the construction of “hedgehogs” you can additionally install a plane cutter for the last stage of land treatment, with the help of which all the weeds are removed. For the handle you can use both a stick from a shovel and a bicycle handlebar. Such a rudder can be used in front and behind.
For the first option, it is necessary to drive the nozzle itself “hedgehogs” into the ground with its own weight. The process is rather labor-intensive. For the second case, you need to weight the working part. However, it is much easier to work with, despite the extra weight. For this kind of work, it is possible to listen to the advice of parents. They are personally familiar with these tools. In the past, manual designs were used very often, since there were no mechanized means at all.
What a cultivator can be?
Despite the fact that the most popular and in demand is a manual device, choosing cultivators, you must remember that they come in several types. That said, they vary greatly in price, and may also have some advantages for working in one situation or another.
One of the most convenient options is considered rotary. This is a design that consists of 4 identical discs that rotate when the cultivator is engaged in work. In addition, there is a moving knife, staples, a handle with additional wheels.
When using such a design there is no need to hold it in your hands. Cultivator is moved by auxiliary wheels and discs, which immediately loosen the ground. In such a configuration, the device can not only prepare the soil for further planting, but also get rid of weeds. This is a very convenient option for those who have a fairly large plot.
Those who use a little land for planting or at all plan to buy a device for work in greenhouses and hothouses, it is worth choosing a cultivator class mini. It is a small device to work in small areas and loosen the soil around bushes and trees. In addition, mini cultivators for dacha are suitable for the express removal of weeds in flower beds.
If the work is large, and the area of the site is not limited to 6 acres, it is worth choosing a gasoline cultivator. This is already a single axle tractor, but in the simplest version. It works quickly and can dig deep into the ground to a depth of 150 mm. It is convenient to use not only for loosening the soil in the vegetable garden, but also for shaping the landscape of the lawn.
Gasoline cultivators, unlike most manual cultivators, can handle even the toughest soils. At the same time, they remove weeds, roots and other unnecessary elements from the soil.
If the task of the gardener is only the spring loosening of the soil, then you can use a minicultivator-rake. It is a simple option, which can be compared to a rake. The handle will have several pointed teeth at the end, which penetrate the soil and loosen it perfectly, while allowing you to dig out weeds that are not too deeply rooted. Such a ripper is a great helper when taking care of flowerbeds and even houseplants.
One popular version of such a loosener is the Tornado. This is a device that not only qualitatively plows the top layer of soil, but also quickly removes a large number of weeds. Its peculiarity is the tines directed in different directions. Due to this, the cultivator works quickly and qualitatively performs its task. Tornado can loosen the soil to a depth of 20 cm, which is considered an excellent indicator.
The most expensive models belong to the class of electric. They are quite maneuverable and suitable for the lawn, that is, planting it, dip shrubs, trees, processing beds. But when buying such a device, you need to pay attention to such a point as the presence of a battery. If there is no possibility of autonomous work with the cultivator, it will be necessary to use a cord, that is, the device will not be able to function in the vegetable garden, which is located away from the house.
What cultivators can be
They started cultivating the land quite a long time ago. When vegetable gardening was at its peak, hand-held cultivators were especially popular. Tools were purchased in the factory version and made by their own hands. Especially popular today are such types of manual cultivators:
- ploughshare. The product resembles a traditional hoe, but is a mechanized version;
- star. Functioning is reduced to the sequential cutting of the soil by stars in the form of knives;
- hedgehog cultivator. The principle of operation is similar to the previous version, but the ground is loosened with steel bars in the form of a porcupine;
- Tornado. The tool is similar to an ordinary pitchfork, but only the bars are used twisted.
Cultivators can be used for a number of tasks, such as:
- Loosening the soil, making it breathable;
- Cutting rows for planting vegetable crops with subsequent sprinkling;
- removal of weeds;
- breaking up large clods of earth and leveling the ground.
The capabilities of hand-held cultivators
For working hard to reach areas or where a more delicate approach is required, the manual rotary cultivator is well suited. It is operated by human effort.
Copes with loose and loosened soil at the expense of hedgehogs. Also eversion of land layers, which contributes to weed control.
There are also star cultivators that remove the roots. They are usually easy to use, replace the shovel, greatly facilitating digging.
The manual cultivator is designed to
- loosening the soil;
- recultivating the soil for further planting;
- Removal of weed crops with the root;
- Working areas under trees, bushes;
- enriching the soil with oxygen.
Mini-cultivators are suitable for small areas, they do not take up much space, they are easy to move because of their low weight. Suitable for loosening soil under trees, bushes and in hard-to-reach places. Facilitation of land works is due to the proper distribution of the load on the muscles and the positioning of the person at work.
Homemade motocultivator: let’s disassemble it together
It is quite easy to assemble a functional cultivator with your own hands. talented craftsmen create it from improvised means with minimal financial expenses. With the right materials, time and desire to make such a device for the countryside can be a couple of weekends.
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Surely you’ve seen the perfect lawn in the movies, in the alley, or perhaps on the neighbor’s lawn. Those who have ever tried to grow a green area on their plot, will say without a doubt that it is a huge effort. Lawn requires careful planting, care, fertilization, watering. However, only inexperienced gardeners think so, professionals have long known about an innovative tool. liquid lawn AquaGrazz.
Option #2: Bicycle based ploughshare
Cultivator-ploughshare will help to cope with weeds and greatly facilitate the life of any gardener. Structurally it is more complicated than the Tornado, but not by much.
- An old bicycle which is no longer used for its intended purpose;
- the head of a worn-out cultivator or the working surface of a two-handed saw;
- A drill, angle grinder, wrenches, drills, screws and so on.
A bicycle frame and one wheel are useful. A cultivator head is attached to the frame. The cutting part of a two-handed saw, a small plow, or self-made sharp steel rods can be used in the same capacity. Handles for operating the mechanism are made of aluminum or steel pipes. A piece of pipe about 2.5 cm in diameter comes in handy as a crosspiece.
The flat saw can be made on the basis of an old bicycle, using as a cutting part the working surface of a two-handed saw, ironically called “Druzhba”
There is no special complexity in the design of this handy tool, it can be made, having on hand suitable material
The construction must be rigid, that’s why the knots are bolted together. The medium-sized wheel should be secured to the frame with locknuts. We got a home-made cultivator, which is very functional and easy to use.