Plywood handicrafts with a jigsaw
Complex flat crafts
complex crafts of the flat type involve internal sawing. The manufacturing process differs from the previous one in that the patterns are translated from the stencil to be sawed inside the contour.
To introduce the jigsaw blade to such areas, a hole is preliminarily made with a drill or awl. Then, the pattern is carefully sawed out along the marked contour.
- Picture and photo frames. The drawing for such a handicraft is given in Fig.4. Here the middle part is cut out to accommodate the canvas of the picture. It is important to make accurately the external and internal sawing.
- Figures of animals. This technique eliminates the need for complicated coloring. All details of the figure are sawn out, and the color is provided by the background. In Fig.5 shows the stencil for making an “Owl” handicraft.
- Figures inscribed in the composition, t.е. picture. Picture.Fig. 6 shows a framed moose head example. At first, the workpiece is oval-shaped with the help of a jigsaw. Then, the contour of the animal’s head is sawed out and an even oval frame of the picture is formed. Inside the outline are sawed eyes and other details. The back of the picture is created the desired color background, and the figure itself is varnished. Another variation (also shown in Fig.6 provides for a light background and darkening of the head).
- Decorating elements. Plywood trim is used to frame interiors, architraves, roof edges, etc.п. In Fig.Example of such elements is shown on page 7. The form and pattern of the patterns can be very different, and is set by the stencil (template).
- Panneau, pictures. In Fig.8 shows a beautiful idyll from the life of animals. In its making, you don’t need much artistic ability. The picture can be taken from a magazine or a poster and then transferred through copying paper to a stencil. From it, the image is already transferred to the plywood. An attractive, rounded shape is given to the workpiece by means of external sawing. A plywood panel can be made of several individual, flat figures, combined into a single story.
The sawing process itself
Before you start woodcarving with a jigsaw, you should check if there is enough light falling on the working area. The light source must be at the front. The lamp should be placed at a slight angle to the plane on which the work will be done. For the master of sawing, there are two options for the working posture: sitting or standing. Positioned so that it was convenient to work, it is necessary to trace the position of the plywood. It should be placed at a distance of about 30-40 centimeters from the eyes.
If you use a manual jigsaw, the first thing to do is to fix the saw blade correctly: it must be vertical with its teeth “looking down”, and it must be tight. To make the tension, you need to lean the jigsaw against the table and press with your hand. After that it is necessary to twist “ears” so that there is enough tension. If you want to tighten them more, use the pliers. Once calibration is complete, gently release the jigsaw: when straightened out, it will provide the correct tension.
Rules for sawing with a plywood jigsaw:
- Before starting, it is better to go over the workpiece with glass paper, after which you can transfer the drawings to the plywood;
- During the whole sawing process the hand of the master should be vertical, making reciprocating movements up and down;
- it is best to choose plywood of the first or second grade, as it has no knots, cracks and other irregularities (birch plywood with a thickness of three to ten millimeters is considered ideal for cutting);
- To make a hole for its subsequent sawing, use a drill or an awl;
- no lateral pressure should be applied to the workpiece;
- Movement during sawing must be without jerks, with the maximum possible amplitude;
- If inside the sawed pattern you need to make shaped incisions, you should drill a hole, remove one of the sides of the jigsaw blade, put it through this hole, fix it again on the jigsaw and continue sawing;
- The second (free) hand of the master is needed in order to accurately advance the part and scroll it;
- To saw does not overheat, you need to take small breaks in the work;
Plywood handmade with a jigsaw
As you can see, from ordinary plywood or wooden billet you can make a large number of products yourself, which include a vase for candy, a lamp, a basket, a frame for photos, a stand for cards, a hanger in the hallway, a needle holder, a panel, a bunting, a stand for eggs or for hot food, a box, a candlestick and much more.
If you are just starting to carve, then take simple drawings, diagrams, drawings or sketches for carving to begin with. Choose ideas for making wooden products with a hand jigsaw that will be pleasing to you in their appearance.
Once you have mastered sawing techniques, then you can pick up the bar and start cutting jewelry patterns with openwork pieces.
You can also use the jigsaw to make casings for your home design.
Using stencils for carving, it is much easier and faster to make homemade products from wooden blanks or plywood.
In this case, handmade products will emphasize style and complement the design of the room.
And what if we use wooden blanks??
For all its practicality, plywood does not have the expressive texture of a board. When sawing projects from planks, you can use these advantages: play on the difference of colors and shades, the orientation of wood fibers (like in intarsia), etc.д. Wood crafts have a more attractive face (without the layered structure of plywood) and are much easier to process with a finishing compound.
For sawing with a hand jigsaw, softwood and hardwood blanks up to 10 mm thick are used. When choosing material, give preference to boards of tangential sawing. Do not use radial-cutting workpieces, because it is not recommended.к. they have parallel annual rings that, because of their hardness, will lead the jigsaw away when sawing.
What can be done?
As mentioned above, plywood is not capricious, pliable material, so it is easy to handle when creating this or that craft. From such a base, you can make a variety of objects. from complex figures and decor (for the home and garden), to various small things like hangers or a small casket. Consider in detail how to work with plywood sheets.
Many craftsmen at home choose this method of processing plywood. It can be easily handled by anyone without much difficulty. The ability to draw beautifully will be a great help. If the user has no artistic talents, you can immediately take a ready-made image, and then accurately translate it onto the surface of the sheet material with tracing paper.
First of all, you need to saw a piece of plywood sheet of the required size. A hacksaw with sharp, fine teeth is best for this purpose. Manual electric jigsaw in such works can not suit. its saws, even for ideally clean cut, leave a large number of visible chips in the kerf areas. Remove such flaws can be difficult, and it will take enough time.
Then the surface is prepared. If the sheet of plywood is originally sanded, you will only need to go over the ends with an emery machine. If the material is not sanded, it is necessary to sand all surfaces. It is desirable to use sandpaper with different grits. It is better to start with sheets with coarse “grains” and finish with fine ones. An electric sander is perfect for such tasks.
Next, you should draw on the prepared basis selected pattern or translate it, using a sheet of tracing paper. Then the sketch has to be burned out. By adjusting the degree of incandescence of the burner’s tip or by holding the tool on the surface, you can achieve a large number of beautiful colors.
Only if you do everything carefully and without rushing is it possible to achieve a high-quality circular sawing pattern. After completing the burning work, it is desirable to cover the handicraft with a special varnish, but you can leave it uncoated.
A popular way to make plywood ornaments is sawing. Applying this technique, the most amazing and spectacular things can be made from plywood sheets.
To saw out the desired details of the plywood pieces, you can use a hand or electric jigsaw. For the formation of attractive ornaments (or if the basis has a large thickness) it is more convenient to use an electric tool. However, it is still recommended to pay attention to a simple hand tool.
Jigsaw machine is ideal for sawing out the necessary parts. Today there is a wide range of such devices. Some people construct them on their own.
Sawing is recommended to test on simple products. First just try to accurately cut out a certain pattern. For example, it can be a stand for hot objects. In the future, you can move on to the development of volumetric designs.
Plywood is often used to make attractive furniture. both cabinet and upholstered. Production of this kind is engaged in some large factories. Sometimes from plywood make good furniture and home craftsmen themselves.
Drawings of the desired designs can be found on the Internet or make their own, indicating all the dimensional parameters.
To make furniture from plywood sheets, it is recommended to use electric tools. To cope with the process of cutting multilayer material, you can not waste time in vain, and immediately seek the services of specialists. It is acceptable to use a quality circular saw (a device with a guide rail is recommended).
It is necessary to saw and sand plywood for such constructions by hand, but it takes a lot of effort and time. Probably need a milling machine to make shaped parts.
Spectacular interior components made of plywood can be built not only for the home environment, but also for the site at the cottage. For such conditions masters often decide to build small benches or tables. there are many options. Not bad designs can be built for children’s rooms. Funny figures in the form of animals, flowers or three-dimensional beautiful figures will certainly delight children and decorate the interior in their cozy corner.
Features of the material
Plywood itself is a sheet of natural material. wood, which consists not of one but several layers of thin adhesive veneer. This veneer can be made of different wood, so the crafts are made of beech, pine or birch plywood.
When you will only choose the material for your future plywood handicrafts, pay your attention to the most important technical characteristics of this material. These will be:
Grade, it is determined by the presence of spoilage. The highest grades of veneer are more suitable for decorative ornaments and crafts made of plywood with a jigsaw. The higher the grade, the higher the cost, but the appearance of the future work is worth it.
The thickness, to date there is a range from 0.5 to 2 cm. To choose the thickness, it is necessary to determine the purpose of the material. For furniture, the maximum thickness of plywood is needed, but for decorative items, 1 cm is enough.
Moisture, a dry material is needed in order to immediately begin the production of crafts. Too wet a layer of plywood can cause the saw on the jigsaw to break.
It is recommended to dry plywood before starting work. When your craft is intended for garden or cottage areas, then choose a material with high moisture resistance.
Plywood cutouts made from a jigsaw.
- Jigsaw and a set of saws;
- Drill or electric electric screwdriver;
- tape measure, awl;
- grinder or sandpaper;
- compass and angle.
Here is a list of materials only for lightweight plywood crafts, if the work becomes more complicated, then additional sets will be required.
When making children’s crafts, your attention should be drawn to the fact that the plywood does not have any damage, because they can cause various harm to children.
Buy only high grade and quality plywood, and after work, treat all sides with sandpaper. And also it should not have in itself toxic additives.
How to saw with a jigsaw
A number of conditions must be met in order to get a neat cut:
- The hand that holds the jigsaw should move only vertically.
- All movements must be done as smoothly as possible, without jerking. In addition, they must be performed with maximum amplitude. This is necessary to engage the entire blade.
- The second hand turns the bushing smoothly in the process.
- Do not apply too much pressure with the saw blade on the workpiece. Side pressure on the blade is inadmissible.
- Artistic sawing is performed only when the saw moves from top to bottom. For this reason the reverse movement must be performed without pressure.
When working with a hand-held jigsaw it is necessary to lead it not along the marked line. The blade must run on the inside of the contour. This is due to the presence of a kerf after sawing. After completing the work one of the clamps should be loosened. The frame of the device must not lose its elasticity.
Externally, the process of making plywood figures is simple: it is enough to saw out on a stencil the figure you like, and then paint it. But, as in any work, there are subtleties here, knowledge of which will help avoid annoying mistakes. The following nuances must be kept in mind for the result to be satisfying:
- If the sawing contour is rather complicated (many curved sections) it is better to buy plywood of the 1st or 2nd grade. This will exclude accidents that complicate the work: increased flexibility of the sheet or its cracking.
- The optimum thickness of the sheet. As a rule, choose plywood 18-20 mm thick. If the figure is set, you can use material of different thicknesses; the product will gain volume and look more effective.
- Too much moisture. Before you start the work, it is better to dry plywood. It will become more pliable, it will work easier, less often you will have to change the removable saw blades on the jigsaw.
- Equipping the workplace. The most comfortable working conditions will provide a specialized workbench joiner, but you can do without it. At home, its practical substitute is a piece of bar fixed on the table. It will serve successfully as a base for fixing the jigsaw and a platform for other tools.
Tools are used for different processes:
- Jigsaw. Use it to saw the largest parts.
- Hand saw. Used for sawing out smaller and more complicated details by hand. An inexperienced craftsman will be more comfortable working with a jigsaw, the saw blade of which has large teeth and a thick band. For sawing small complex fragments, the tool with fine teeth and a thin band is more suitable, but it is more difficult to manage, and in the hands of an inexperienced person it can break.
- Drill or bodkin. Needed for making holes and drilling out details the jigsaw cannot handle. A fine drill helps smooth out shaped elements.
- Band saw. For artistic work, it is not often used; mainly if the sheets are thick, and the blanks for garden figures are large enough.
To make your garden figurine a joy to your neighbors and guests for as long as possible, you need to protect it from atmospheric moisture. For this use staining, staining, oil and wax treatment, varnishing. The plywood figure will be successfully protected with one or two layers of paint.
Before applying a decorative coat of paint, the plywood is prepared. To do this, the material is sanded and primed with, for example, acrylic varnish. On a leveled surface, the coating will look smooth and beautiful.