Self-Made Seeder for Moto-Block with Your Hands
Popular in-factory models
Today, several types of seeders for the tiller are sold on the market of agricultural mini-equipment:
Premium STV-2 is a universal two-row seed drill designed for mounting on a single-axle tractor with at least 6 L.с. Plows, sows and refills furrows, seals and packs the soil simultaneously. STB-4 has practically the same features and capabilities as STB-2 Premium, but is twice as productive, because it sows in 4 rows instead of 2.
The main task of the 6-row SM-6 to sow small seeds of vegetables, cereals and herbs. Original constructive solution of vacuum seeder of exact seeding SVTB 4-8 makes it possible to adjust the number of sowing rows from 4 to 8.
Seeder for power tillers. it is one of those tools of attachment that is simply necessary for full-fledged agricultural work. Agree, you want to give the most complex and time-consuming processes and work in the field to specialized machines. The planter for the motor-block is very popular for decades. We offer you to make a homemade sowing machine.
Crop planting. it is a very complicated and routine process, which is difficult to carry out, even with a small plot. What to say about the work in the fields and large farm areas. That is why planters for power tillers are very popular all over the world, and in our country, including. The seeder itself has a fairly simple principle of operation. Its basic knots. Rear wheel and chain transmission, which represent a single, smoothly operating mechanism. By driving the rear wheel, the chain gear just allows the seeds to fall into the prepared soil.
The seeding speed of the planting material is pre-adjusted. You can also set in advance the expected size of the bulbs and seeds to be sown.
Modern planters have rather strict agrotechnical requirements. The device should be designed in such a way as to take from the hopper strictly one seed and, without damaging it, bring it to the soil. Today there is a huge variety of seed drills for power tillers, from one-row to eight-row. However, let’s talk about how to design a homemade planter.
Let’s look at how to make a two-row homemade planter.
Such a device should consist of two independent sections, each of which will have:
The mounting on the section frame should be movable, so that it is possible to control the width of inter-row space and vary it from 15 to 70 cm. The travel wheel of the homemade seeder will drive the working bodies of the seeding apparatus of the reel type. A double-sided marker must be installed for orientation.
Self-made seeder frame is made of 4040700 mm corners, and the hopper for seeds is made of boards. Its optimal dimensions. 240210700 mm. It would be convenient to use the spool-type sowing machine from an old grain seeder. And for the support wheels old combine sprockets will do well. The linkage can be easily made of strip steel 630 with a length of 800 mm. It should be noted that the seed hopper mounting rack, seed shaft mounting rack, roller brackets, coulters, fixing chains, angle and various other necessary parts should be made in the workshop. It does not take much time and effort. You might find some of these parts on your farm. Here is the scheme of making a homemade seeder.
Making a seeder with your own hands. not complicated and quite a fun process. Here it is important only to observe the proportions and meet the basic requirements for the size of materials and their juxtaposition to each other.
Remember that making a homemade seeder, you get an excellent tool, but you will not have any guarantee about the correctness of its work and durability. If you want to buy a quality branded product. Visit the “My Single Axle Tractor” online store for a planter.
On our site you can also read about selfmade tools for other attachments on your power tiller, e.g.: grousers, walk-behinds, mowers, potato tillers, potato planter, plough, etc.д.
Generally speaking, making tools for a power tiller with your own hands. It is a very interesting process. Using all kinds of old, long outdated components, parts, tools and devices you can create new useful units that will help you in the economy. The drawings, which we often include in our articles, will help you make your work easier, save time and effort. Create with pleasure.
Precision hand planter has the following characteristics:
- The number of seeders (rows). in modern models it varies from 1 to 5-7;
- The type of sowing machine is either a bushing or a brush;
Important! Brush seeding unit consists of a drum with brushes and calibrating disk installed outside the hopper. The principle of its operation is as follows: as the drum with brushes rotates, the seeds fill the space between them and are pushed out into a certain hole in the calibration disk, installed opposite to the outlet window of the sowing machine.
- Type of the barrette. most manual seeding machines are equipped with barrettes;
- Type of coulter. wedge-shaped (corrugated);
- Working width. in multi-row (2 or more row-type seeders) this feature is 7-8 cm on average. In single-row machines, the width of the row spacing can be adjusted by changing the length of the marker and can be up to 50-60 cm;
- Seed sowing depth. from 1 to 5 cm;
- Capacity (volume) of the seed hopper. the seed hopper of different units can hold from 0.4-0.5 to 2 liters of seed;
- Type of rotation transmission from driving wheel (wheels) to sowing machine. direct (sowing machines are located on one axis with a driving wheel) or chain (sowing machine is connected with a driving wheel through two sprockets and chain);
- The recommended speed of the seeder is 3-4 km/h;
- Productivity. from 2-3 to 10-12 seeders per hour.
Important! When typing in a search for this unit, the service often gives such a variant as “sekisvalni seeder” in the search tooltip. Going by this prompt will not benefit the user, as it refers to the sphere of dating, erotic videos. and photo materials for adults.
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Varieties and description of seed drills for power tillers
Devices of this kind are used for drill seeding and simultaneous sowing of seeds into the soil. Depending on the purpose, a row seeder for a power tiller for garlic, a corn seeder for a power tiller, and a universal row seeder, which is suitable for sowing seeds of any crop.
The main elements of seed drills for single axle tractor are coulters and seeding units. Coulters have special “tines” or chains, which are needed to sink the seeds into the ground. For operation on heavy soils, the rough terrain seeder is used with a disc coulter; for operation in loose soil, the anchor-point coulter is used. The main advantages of seed drills are uniformity of sowing and optimum planting depth.
This type of attachment is best suited in cases where the farmer needs to sow crops precisely into pre-prepared holes, or nests. Sowing machines for power tillers can be successfully used for sowing garlic seeds, onions and other small planting materials.
The advantages of the seed drills for tractor units are their ease of use. Such equipment is characterized by small size and weight. Nevertheless, drills of this type are very slow, so they take much time to operate.
These seed drills for the power tiller make sockets according to pre-marked points in conventional squares or rectangles. Such constructions consist of a frame, supporting wheels, a mechanism for unwinding of measuring wire from a reel and seeding sections.
The advantages of these devices for the power tiller include the ability to cover a large area when working. Among the disadvantages of such seed drills are their heavy weight due to the large number of metal elements in their construction. These seed drills are not capable of high speed, which wastes time.
Devices of this type have a simple and reliable design, do not require special maintenance and are very rarely in need of repair. The principle of operation of scatter seeders on a single-axle tractor is very simple: during operation the seeds, picked up by a special disc, succumb to the pressure, as a result of which they are thrown out of the seeder to the site.
The advantage of these devices is their high output rate. Among the disadvantages should be highlighted the difficulty of using planters on the edge of the plot, in which most of the seeds are thrown outside the vegetable garden.
Punctuated seed drills
These devices are used for sowing the seeds of garlic, onions, corn and legumes in pre-prepared sockets, which are at a certain distance from each other. Despite the complex design and large size, the dotted planers to the power tiller are quite easy to use.
The advantages of these devices include high precision during sowing and good efficiency. Among the disadvantages should be highlighted the lack of opportunities to use such drills in areas with heavy clay soils.
Design and function of precision drills for single axle tractors
As mandatory elements of any seeder are:
- tanks for the storage of planting material;
- seeding mechanisms. are necessary for directing seeds from the preliminary storage in the seed duct
- a device for catching the future sowing (a wheel).
Seed drill and power tiller are linked together by a coupling device. usually included with the machine. On the basis of the pulling power of a power tiller depends on the row of the planter itself.
The scheme of operation of any seeder for a power tiller looks like this:
- the furrows for the seedbeds are made with coulters;
- the seed is dosed from a storehouse into the holes. At the same stage, fertilizers can be spilled together with them;
- a special roller-wheel covers the furrows and rams the seedbed for better soil contact and faster sprouting. If the roller is missing, it can be adapted by yourself.
Seeder for a power tiller with his own hands
It does not take much time to make a universal planter for the tiller with your own hands. This construction consists of several main parts:
- pairs of wheels;
- of the seeding roller are mounted in advance;
- two bearings;
- seed box;
- handles with brackets;
- a pair of brackets for fixing the coulter.
The seed box is made of boards (up to 15 mm). The structure is closed by means of steel trim panels. Longitudinal and transverse walls are fastened together with self-tapping screws, steel angles and spikes. At the bottom of the walls, 15 mm thick wood plates are fastened.
Semicircular notches in the linings and walls. They are designed for mounting of seeding roller. on them are mounted brackets for mounting.
Rubber plates are fixed in the inclined bottoms for dropping seeds from the cells.
Wheel diameter of the universal planter for power tillers. 200 mm. The size of the hubs. 60 mm, they are provided with holes equal to the diameter of the roller.
For the coulter a 1.5 mm steel is used. It is fixed to the brackets.
Seed planting depth is adjusted by re-fixing the coulter in the holes on the bracket.
Another bracket is fixed at the back of the seed box. This provides the connection between the tool and the tiller. For better understanding of the algorithm of operations for seeder manufacturing with their own hands, see the drawing.
The chain gear of planter together with its back wheel is the main working mechanism of the equipment. The seed drill hopper is designed for simultaneous sowing of two to five rows at a time. On larger machines or on larger assemblies a separate hopper is provided for each row. When sowing small seeds, for example. carrot seeds. should be mixed with fillers in the form of bran or cooked grains. Do not mix the seeds with sand, as it will only damage the structure of the delicate seeds.
Each vegetable planter is pre-equipped with a brush designed for loosening the planted seeds. A brush, which disturbs the seed, is driven by the rotation of the support wheels. Seed pours evenly into an opening in the hopper at the back of the machine. Outlet hole in the hopper is closed by a special rotary disc, which can have different diameters. Outlet diameter can be also different, enabling to sow seeds of different crops, and even to plant a few seeds at a time.
The design of the seeder allows you to preset the depth and speed of sowing, as well as the number of seeds to be planted. Another big advantage is that the seeder can be used with any power tiller regardless of its class.
Seed drills for power tillers: types and how to make their own hands
Motor blocks are reliable helpers in agricultural and land works, and their productivity is greatly increased by specialized types of additional equipment.
Seeders for power tillers help to carry out the procedure of sowing many crops evenly, achieving the desired density of grain placement.
Today, many companies offer for purchase an absolutely variety of types of these devices, so it is important to familiarize yourself with the types and choose the most beneficial option for your device. over, do not exclude the possibility of creating a planter with their own hands, which, oddly enough, with the right approach, the availability of parts and drawings is not a difficult task.