The better to cut chamotomic brick. Power tool for cutting bricks

How to cut chamotum brick?

Previously, the question of cutting bricks did not arise, because it was simply cut with the help of a pick. But now there are a lot of construction tools that allows cutting blocks quickly and accurately.

During the cut of this building material, a lot of dust is formed, so you need to always use personal protective equipment: a respirator, fabric gloves, plastic glasses. According to safety regulations, all electrical equipment must have grounding.

To get an accurate and even cut, you need to apply the necessary marking to the processed object. The necessary dimensional lines are applied to the plane of brick with a pencil with a pencil with a ruler and a square.

Cutting with a gas tank

A special circular saw of an independent type equipped with a gasoline engine is called a gas tank. This tool has a large mass and size, so for piece cutting of ceramic brick, it is not very convenient. Cutting tool used in a gas tank can be two types: wheels or chains. Both types of equipment are made with diamond spraying.

The saw, equipped with a disk, resembles a corner grinder (only larger). When installing the circuit, the tool is similar to a chainsaw. Due to its power, such a saw is more suitable for cutting openings and niches in brickwork, as well as in dismantling. Benzorezoresis is able to cope with the walls of almost any thickness. A big plus is the equipment of this equipment for a forced water supply system to the cutting area, which eliminates dust.

Cutting brick corner grinder

When performing a small volume of cutting brick, a corner grinder is a good solution. It is recommended to use angular grinding machines with a capacity of 2 kW. But you should not take too powerful, because they are extremely bulky and heavy.

The most convenient for this are models in which it is possible to use circles with a diameter of 23 cm. The cutting equipment of smaller diameter is also suitable, but using it is not too convenient, t. to. The disk does not pass for the entire thickness of the block. The workpiece will need to be turned over, while the accuracy and quality of processing will suffer, the performance will significantly decrease.

Technically, the method of cutting bricks with a corner grinder does not represent much difficulties. But it is important to hold the tool correctly. It must have a reliable fixation, in which the cutting edge is strictly perpendicular to the processed surface. In an inexperienced person, it is unlikely that you can immediately make an even cut, so you should first practice. It is necessary to take into account the width of the cutting edge and the backlash of the tool.

Experts advise to use a special clamping bed for angular grinder to improve the quality of cutting. In this device, the workpiece is fixed in an individual recess, and the angular grinder is rigidly fixed on the lever. The fixed fastening of the brick block allows you to easily cut it along, across and at any angle. details on

Diamond cutting brick

In order to obtain a flat cut surface without cracks and chips, diamond cutting brick is used. Such work is carried out by corner grinding, but using a special diamond cutting tool. Any work in which such equipment appears are considered a diamond sharp. The difference between these cutting elements is that they have diamond spraying on the working part.

For cutting brick blocks, it is better to use diamond discs, t. to. They ensure the safety of work and have a long service life. Use diamond cutting with a more powerful professional tool is economically impractical.

Manual tile cutter

When there is a need to cut thin pieces of facing brick, you can use a hand tile. It will be convenient when carrying out finishing work, when pieces of brick with non.standard dimensions and angles may be needed.

The use of tile cutters

With forceps you can give a brick an arbitrary figure shape: perform a bevel, rounding, etc. The tool is suitable for thin and painstaking work.

Cutting brick using a special machine

A specialized machine for cutting bricks is effective in case of large.scale work. It allows you to carry out all manipulations as quickly and efficiently as possible. Due to the presence of an irrigation system during processing on such a special machine, a minimum amount of brick dust is thrown into the surrounding air. But this equipment has a fairly high price, so its use for single work is unprofitable.

Some craftsmen make machines with their own hands. To do this, build a structure from a bed (support) and cutting equipment (circular saw, corner grinder). The equipment should be securely fixed and before starting work to control the serviceability.

Features of brick cutting

The working surface of the tool should be very thin and acute

Features of working with blocks at home:

  • Fragility and brittle material. The chipper and the peorator for cutting are not suitable.
  • The working surface of the tool should be acute and thin to avoid the appearance of chips.
  • Before starting work, the subject should be fixed with improvised means.
  • To prevent dust from scattering, the element must be wetted with water.
  • During operation, it is necessary to use personal protective equipment to avoid dust and brick fragments into the respiratory system and vision.
  • The power tool must be reliably grounded.
  • For the accuracy of the cut, marking is applied to the surface (using a piece of chalk and a square).

At home, you can always find than to cut a brick. There are two types of cutting tools and sawing: manual and electric.

  • corner grinder (angular grinding machine);
  • a special machine for cutting building blocks;
  • electric hacksaw (jigsaw);
  • laser tool (for cutting openings in a brick wall).

If there is no electricity at the facility, you can use a gas tank to solve production problems.

How to cut chamotum brick

With masonry work, it happens that a whole brick is not suitable, and the surface of the stab brick is not even even and smooth. In this case, cutting bricks is the most optimal option. When arranging window or doorways in the existing walls, you have to cut a brick.

In order for the masonry of bricks to be flat, sometimes the brick will need to be cut.

Necessary tools

Cutting brick is performed using an angular grinder, a stone.cutting machine or a gasoline cutter. In addition, a square and a construction pencil will come in handy.

Production of blanks

Cutting a brick with a corner grinder is necessary in small.scale production. Line or brigades of builders to buy specialized equipment unprofitable and have to use more universal.

For cutting bricks with a corner grinder, you need a power tool for a circle with a diameter of 230 mm.

For cutting bricks with a corner grinder, it is better to use diamond discs.

When using a corner grinder under the 180th circle, cutting a brick to the full thickness will not work, you will have to turn it over, which significantly reduces the performance and convenience of work, and you will not get an even cut over two passes.

Corner grinding grinding for cutting bricks should choose a fairly powerful. For a long tool for the tool and a comfortable speed of work, you need an angular grinder with a capacity of about 2 kW or more. Too powerful cars are not desirable, t. to. They, as a rule, have a sufficiently large mass and dimensions, which contributes to rapid fatigue when working with corner grinders and reduces the overall comfort of operation. It is convenient to finalize surfaces with a 125 mm angular grinder.

During the use of corner grinder, do not forget about safety precautions. Be sure to put on the goggles.

There are two main types of stone circles: abrasive and diamond. Perhaps the only advantage of the standard abrasive circle can be considered its relative cheapness. Cheapness is precisely relative, t. to. ordinary abrasive circles are subject to rapid wear and are subject to frequent replacement. They are also inconvenient in work, since when stinging such a circle, its diameter is constantly reduced, and it cuts to full depth only at the very beginning of use. Abrasive circles of different manufacturers can differ greatly in quality and service life. As a rule, a good abrasive circle on stone has double reinforcement and a thickness of 2.5-3 mm. It is dangerous to work with an abrasive circle, t. to. It is more susceptible to deformations and destruction.

The diamond circle is preferable, it retains a constant diameter during operation. One diamond circle of good quality can survive dozens of ordinary abrasive circles. The diamond disk has a strong steel base, as a result of which the probability of its destruction is negligible.

Kolka and Teska Brick: a. the right speaker across; b. irregular speaker across; B. Kolka along; g. working position with Teske; D. working position with Kolka.

There are several types of such circles. The simplest circles with a continuous edge are cheaper than the rest, but have significant disadvantages. In the process, they are very hot, which can cause emergency discharge of disk. To avoid this, it is necessary to arrange breaks in work. The service life of such discs is the lowest. The advantage of the continuous edge of the disk is the high quality of the cut surface without bullying and dyeing.

The most common diamond circles are segment. Their cutting edge is divided by radial cuts into separate sections. This design allows you to effectively remove the sludge and ventilate the cutting area. This is a good choice to cut a brick with a corner grinder. They are usually used for dry cutting. When water supply, segment grooves are clogged with wet cutting products, which worsens the properties of the disk.

The best option will still be a turbocharged disk. It has a toothed surface that gives the disc of higher strength and rigidity. The location of the teeth on the edge of the disk in a spiral creates the effect of the centrifugal pump, which is the best possible to divert wet or dry sludge. Discs of this design are most durable and cut brick and masonry stones of any type.

Before cutting a brick with a corner grinder, you must first mark. This is done by a building pencil and a square. It is necessary to take into account the thickness of the disk and the backlash on the spindle of the corner grinder. If you draw a fishing line for a trimmer simply in the right size, most likely you will not succeed. Cut brick will be shorter than the required size by 1.5-2 mm.

Tools and equipment

Different methods of cutting bricks are distinguished:

  • Hardware:
  • on the machine;
  • On the end peel.
  • corner grinder or gas tank;
  • laser device.
  • using a jigsaw or saw;
  • kelma and hammer;
  • cracking.

Machine processing of brick

A device for convenient, safe and quick cutting of bricks for nippers, in half and non.standard shape. Two types are proposed: industrial and household. The second is better to use in home construction, as it differs in small.sized and practicality. The cutting element is a diamond disk of a certain diameter. Tool design:

The device is cutting bricks of such species as red, fireproof, stove, silicate, end.

The main advantages of the machine are:

  • performing dry and wet cutting around;
  • high speed of work;
  • The accuracy of size and shape due to convenient location during cutting. a person sees markup.

Corner grinder as a reasonable tool

When performing a small volume, an angular grinder is used. For cutting material, a device with a 23 cm disk is used. For angular grinding galloping with a smaller diameter circle, the brick must be turned over, as a result of which the evenness of the cut side is disturbed. To avoid a defect, the material is fixed, and then treated with a grinding machine in the site. With a large circle, an angular grinder is used when cutting a brick wall. To cut bricks at home, the main thing in use is to hold the working tool correctly: the cutting edge should be perpendicular to the processed material.

  • The cutting process is carried out outside the room due to a large amount of dust. Use personal protective equipment. glasses and mask.
  • The tool is kept in strictly perpendicular position to the marking line.
  • Do not make pressure on the instrument.
  • In the presence of a small diameter of the circle, make a cut along the entire perimeter, and then remove the excess with a hammer and treat defects and uneven grinders.

Work with a gas tank

Cutting brick is carried out by the type of autonomous circular saw with a more powerful engine almost instantly. But along with a high speed of operation, the device is endowed with large size, so it is seriously transported. A large cutting disk in a gas tank resembles the same as in a corner grinder. Due to the high power, the tool can be sawed with chamotomed brick for laying furnaces, barbecue. Due to a large accumulation of dust when working with the tool, it is recommended to use a respirator.

A circular saw

Such a tool serves for work with wood, but possible use in sawing brick and blocks. Material processing on a circular saw requires a replacement of a circle with a reinforced disk of the K480stzb model. The cutting edge should protrude above the table 7 cm. Here you need a line for measuring the height. Cut off the brick must be smoothly, without sharp movements without pressing the tool.

Miter saw

Small.sized stationary equipment, convenient and safe in operation. Serves as an option for cutting bricks of facing. The end file is used in wood processing, replacing the discs on concrete, performs the function of sawing at any angle, the required size and accuracy. Cutting facing brick is carried out with ease, does not require much experience. But it is important to observe safety precautions, use PPE.

Laser cutting

The method is used if necessary to cut a brick or concrete wall. Laser installations operate on gas discharge lasers. But the tool is expensive equipment when working at home, requires knowledge and experience in work. If you cut a brick with this method, you need to take into account the following points:

  • type of brick;
  • the complexity of the cut;
  • thickness of the cut product;
  • the presence of reinforcement if the wall is cut;
  • accessibility to the current source;
  • the presence of water communications for dug dumping.

Stone.cutting machine

Used mainly on the construction of large volumes. The components includes:

  • metal frame;
  • drive unit;
  • cutting block with a diamond canvas;
  • water supply system in the cut area;
  • Block or brick mounting design.

After fixing the material, it can be cut with a machine.

  • Marking.
  • Fixation of the working material.
  • Transfer of cutting head to working condition.
  • Smooth movement along the marking line.

Another device for cutting material

In a simple way to get brick blocks of a non.standard shape is a manual cabin. You can hammer a brick using a hammer and a chisel. For cutting the last way, put a brick on a flat surface, apply a fishing line for a trimmer at the site of the rang. Mettlers perpendicular to the fishing line for the trimmer, and deliver a sharp blow with a hammer. As a result, there is a split in half. The error in this method is the unevenness of the split, which affects the appearance of the final product. There is also a problem. you can grind and spoil the block.

  • Brick surface processing using jigsaws to cut.
  • Cutting cutting hacksaw to give an original relief, for example, when you need to process decorative brick.

An electric jigsaw is used to speed up the cutting process, but at the same time get more even sides. And a hacksaw or saw will help to perform curly sections, patterns. But for particularly durable products, for example, for refractory bricks, sawing with such a tool is not suitable. Each method of cutting, detection, sawings has its pros and cons of. The selection of electric devices, manual devices, as well as the type (dry or wet) of the technique depends on the final goals.

Varieties of disks for an electric tool

There are 2 types of stone equipment: diamond and abrasive cutting discs. Abrasive discs for cutting are inexpensive, but quickly grind, prone to deformation and destruction in the process.

Diamond discs (circles with diamond spraying) are safer and last longer. In appearance, the edges are divided into 3 varieties:

  • Continuous. Overheating of the working surface and as a result of this is a small service life.
  • Segment. The edge is divided by radial cuts into separate sections. The cut area is ventilated, but there is a risk of waste flipping between segments during wet cutting.
  • Turbocharged. The teeth in the edge are located in a spiral, due to this, wet and dry waste is well diverted. Has the best working characteristics and a long service life.

How to cut brick using various tools

Previously, the question of cutting bricks did not arise, because it was simply cut with the help of a pick. But now there are a lot of construction tools that allows cutting blocks quickly and accurately.

During the cut of this building material, a lot of dust is formed, so you need to always use personal protective equipment: a respirator, fabric gloves, plastic glasses. According to safety regulations, all electrical equipment must have grounding.

To get an accurate and even cut, you need to apply the necessary marking to the processed object. The necessary dimensional lines are applied to the plane of brick with a pencil with a pencil with a ruler and a square.

Cutting with a gas tank

A special circular saw of an independent type equipped with a gasoline engine is called a gas tank. This tool has a large mass and size, so for piece cutting of ceramic brick, it is not very convenient. Cutting tool used in a gas tank can be two types: wheels or chains. Both types of equipment are made with diamond spraying.

The saw, equipped with a disk, resembles a corner grinder (only larger). When installing the circuit, the tool is similar to a chainsaw. Due to its power, such a saw is more suitable for cutting openings and niches in brickwork, as well as in dismantling. Benzorezoresis is able to cope with the walls of almost any thickness. A big plus is the equipment of this equipment for a forced water supply system to the cutting area, which eliminates dust.

Cutting brick corner grinder

When performing a small volume of cutting brick, a corner grinder is a good solution. It is recommended to use angular grinding machines with a capacity of 2 kW. But you should not take too powerful, because they are extremely bulky and heavy.

The most convenient for this are models in which it is possible to use circles with a diameter of 23 cm. The cutting equipment of smaller diameter is also suitable, but using it is not too convenient, t. to. The disk does not pass for the entire thickness of the block. The workpiece will need to be turned over, while the accuracy and quality of processing will suffer, the performance will significantly decrease.

Technically, the method of cutting bricks with a corner grinder does not represent much difficulties. But it is important to hold the tool correctly. It must have a reliable fixation, in which the cutting edge is strictly perpendicular to the processed surface. In an inexperienced person, it is unlikely that you can immediately make an even cut, so you should first practice. It is necessary to take into account the width of the cutting edge and the backlash of the tool.

Experts advise to use a special clamping bed for angular grinder to improve the quality of cutting. In this device, the workpiece is fixed in an individual recess, and the angular grinder is rigidly fixed on the lever. The fixed fastening of the brick block allows you to easily cut it along, across and at any angle. details on

Diamond cutting brick

In order to obtain a flat cut surface without cracks and chips, diamond cutting brick is used. Such work is carried out by corner grinding, but using a special diamond cutting tool. Any work in which such equipment appears are considered a diamond sharp. The difference between these cutting elements is that they have diamond spraying on the working part.

For cutting brick blocks, it is better to use diamond discs, t. to. They ensure the safety of work and have a long service life. Use diamond cutting with a more powerful professional tool is economically impractical.

Manual tile cutter

When there is a need to cut thin pieces of facing brick, you can use a hand tile. It will be convenient when carrying out finishing work, when pieces of brick with non.standard dimensions and angles may be needed.

The use of tile cutters

With forceps you can give a brick an arbitrary figure shape: perform a bevel, rounding, etc. The tool is suitable for thin and painstaking work.

Cutting brick using a special machine

A specialized machine for cutting bricks is effective in case of large.scale work. It allows you to carry out all manipulations as quickly and efficiently as possible. Due to the presence of an irrigation system during processing on such a special machine, a minimum amount of brick dust is thrown into the surrounding air. But this equipment has a fairly high price, so its use for single work is unprofitable.

Some craftsmen make machines with their own hands. To do this, build a structure from a bed (support) and cutting equipment (circular saw, corner grinder). The equipment should be securely fixed and before starting work to control the serviceability.

Varieties of brick

Brick has been used in construction since ancient times. It is distinguished by enviable strength and durability. There are a fairly large number of types of bricks depending on the material from which it is made, as well as on what it is planned to be built (walls, furnaces, etc.).

Red brick

Classic brick, made of special varieties of clay and burned in a stove at high temperature, is called red for its color. It is widely used in various areas of construction and in the construction of individual residential buildings. The material can be cut at home with several tools that allow this to do this with the production of products that differ in a high level of accuracy. The cutting tool is more often a diamond circle. The appearance of the final structure largely depends on what to cut.

Hand.shaped facing brick

A distinctive feature of the brick manually is its unusual and attractive appearance. Used for facing work. However, it is quite expensive, therefore, in order to save money, the cutting of a hand.shaped brick is practiced in half along the length of the block. So it will take 2 times less material. Cutting is carried out with a diamond tool.

Facing hollow brick

Hollow brick has inner voids, which can be up to half of its mass. On sale there are products of all kinds of shapes (with ready.made roundings, bevels, etc.), so you need to cut it not so often. If necessary, you can cut the material with any diamond device (corner grinder, saw, etc.).

Full-bodied brick of cross-format

The brick cross-format has an unusual shape: it is elongated (more than 29 cm) and narrow (about 4 cm). It is used exclusively for cladding. Cutting is carried out with the same tool.

Clinker brick

In the manufacture of clinker bricks, special refractory clay is used, so it is much stronger and stronger. Thanks to these qualities, as well as a variety of textures and colors, it is used for paving paths and yards, facing facades and basements of buildings. It is necessary to cut such material on special machines using water cooling.

Silicate brick

Silicate brick is made from a mixture of lime and sand (quartz rocks). The material is quite suppressed and therefore easily cut the corner grinding with a diamond circle. In the absence of this tool with work, you can cope with a simple hacksaw for metal.

Shamotny brick

Stone, or chamotnaya, brick is a heat.resistant building material that is used for laying fireplaces and furnaces. Cutting blocks are carried out on a special machine using a segment diamond circle.

Benzorezer. a powerful tool for large.scale projects

Benzorezer. a universal tool for processing any stone materials. Sometimes they cut them and bricks. In small volumes, this is not economically profitable, since this unit works on gasoline.

Usually, with it, various arches are cut out, niches in the brick walls. You can vascular any thick wall by wielding a gas tank. As a cutting canvas, a disk and a chain with diamond spraying is used.

It is pleasant to work with a gas tank. the accuracy is high, practically does not dust, as it is equipped with a water supply system. Therefore, it can be used in the room. When arranging a fireplace, it is better to use a gas tank than cutting a brick with a stove corner grinder. The quality of the work performed will be an order of magnitude higher. The principle of operation on a gas tank is not much different from the use of corner grinding.

Tool cutting

It will go much faster, more precisely and better, if you use a tool for cutting brick. His choice is not too extensive: usually used an angle grinding machine (corner grinder), benzores or a special brick cutting machine for this.

Without a construction square and pencil for applying marking, one cannot do in these cases. In addition, you will need personal protective equipment, since the cutting process is accompanied by the formation of a large amount of dust and small fragments. These are gloves, glasses and a respiratory mask.

Corner grinder

Than to cut the brick if you need a small amount of non.standard stones?

For this purpose, an angular grinding machine is best suited, which is popularly called a corner grinder. Unlike equipment, which will be discussed below, almost every home master has such an tool.

Advice. It is recommended to use a corner grinder with a capacity of about 2 kW. A less powerful tool may not cope with the task, but it’s hard to work too powerful.

A disk for cutting brick installed on the machine can be of two types:

  • Abrasive. inexpensive, but not too practical. It is quickly “erased” and can deform or crack during the saw process, which will affect the quality of the cut and safety of the master.

Abrasive cutting circle

  • Diamond. durable steel disk with diamond spraying is very reliable and durable. It is more suitable for this operation, as it easily cuts brick, making an even and neat cut. But its price is much higher than abrasive.

In any case, the optimal disk diameter is 23 cm. A smaller circle will not break the brick over the entire thickness, so it will have to turn it over in the process. But too big circles are not so convenient to work.

Diamond discs, in turn, differ in the type of edges and are: there are:

  • With a solid edge. The cheapest of analogues give an even surface on the cut. But heat up during work and wear out faster.
  • With a gear turbocharged edge. The cloves on it are located in a spiral, so the dust and other waste is well diverted from the working area. Such discs can be used for dry and humid cutting, they have the longest service life and the best working characteristics.
  • With a segment edge. In such disks, cuts are made along the edge, dividing the working plane into separate sections. The section of the cut during operation with such a disk is constantly ventilated, so it heats up slower. But with wet cutting, there is a risk of waste flipping in slots, so it is used mainly for dry cutting.

How to cut bricks, and which disk is up to you to decide. Now you know about the features of any cutting nozzle.

You just need to remember that it is necessary to cut not exactly along the marking line, but a little retreating from it so that the marking remains “in the body” of the part you need. Otherwise, due to the backlash of the instrument and thickness of the cutting part of the disk, it will turn out less than the required size.

Holding a corner grinder on weight, it is difficult to make a quality cut. It is better to fix it and brick in a clamping bed. With its help, you can make neat cuts not only along or across the brick, but also from any angle.

A special bed for corner grinding faces will facilitate the work

It is very important when performing such work do not forget about safety precautions.

The instruction requires the following points:

  • The tool must be held with two hands so that when the reverse it does not break out of his hands and does not injure you or to others. This requirement will also ensure a higher cut accuracy.

During work, a stable position and the correct capture of the tool are very important

  • An electric supply cable should be at the maximum possible distance from the working area in order to avoid cutting it or wrapping a disk with all the ensuing negative consequences.
  • It is possible to release an angular grinder from the hands and put on the ground or other surface only after the disk rotation is completely stopped.
  • The cutting circle must be closed with a protective casing.

You can’t use a corner grinder without a casing

Advice. To reduce dust formation, you can pour water into the working area when cutting bricks.

Brick cutting machine

Special brick cutting machines are expensive, it does not make sense to buy them for one.time work. This complex equipment is intended for those whose activities are related to masonry work.

It consists of the following nodes and elements:

  • Metal bed;
  • Power unit with an electric motor and a diamond circle;
  • Brick or stone fixation system;
  • Most models are also equipped with a water supply system to the sawing zone.

Dakar plus brick cutting machine

Such equipment allows you to quickly and with high accuracy perform cuts of any complexity. At the same time, the master is always visible to the process of cutting, he can control it.

And the irrigation system minimizes the amount of brick dust thrown into the air, doing the work as comfortable and safe as possible.

How to cut a brick using this machine?

  • You need to mark it and install it in the working area, fixing in the right position;
  • The cutting part of the tool is lowered to the working area and focused on marking;
  • Then turn on the engine and set up the speed of rotation, after which the cutting is carried out.

In the photo. the process of cutting brick on the machine

How and how to cut a brick?

During any construction work associated with brickwork, you can not do without cutting bricks. When constructing walls, furnaces, fireplaces, with facing and other masonry work, an irregular.shaped unit or non.standard size can be needed.

How to cut brick using various tools

Previously, the question of cutting bricks did not arise, because it was simply cut with the help of a pick. But now there are a lot of construction tools that allows cutting blocks quickly and accurately.

During the cut of this building material, a lot of dust is formed, so you need to always use personal protective equipment: a respirator, fabric gloves, plastic glasses. According to safety regulations, all electrical equipment must have grounding.

To get an accurate and even cut, you need to apply the necessary marking to the processed object. The necessary dimensional lines are applied to the plane of brick with a pencil with a pencil with a ruler and a square.

Cutting with a gas tank

A special circular saw of an independent type equipped with a gasoline engine is called a gas tank. This tool has a large mass and size, so for piece cutting of ceramic brick, it is not very convenient. Cutting tool used in a gas tank can be two types: wheels or chains. Both types of equipment are made with diamond spraying.

The saw, equipped with a disk, resembles a corner grinder (only larger). When installing the circuit, the tool is similar to a chainsaw. Due to its power, such a saw is more suitable for cutting openings and niches in brickwork, as well as in dismantling. Benzorezoresis is able to cope with the walls of almost any thickness. A big plus is the equipment of this equipment for a forced water supply system to the cutting area, which eliminates dust.

Cutting brick corner grinder

When performing a small volume of cutting brick, a corner grinder is a good solution. It is recommended to use angular grinding machines with a capacity of 2 kW. But you should not take too powerful, because they are extremely bulky and heavy.

The most convenient for this are models in which it is possible to use circles with a diameter of 23 cm. The cutting equipment of smaller diameter is also suitable, but using it is not too convenient, t. to. The disk does not pass for the entire thickness of the block. The workpiece will need to be turned over, while the accuracy and quality of processing will suffer, the performance will significantly decrease.

Technically, the method of cutting bricks with a corner grinder does not represent much difficulties. But it is important to hold the tool correctly. It must have a reliable fixation, in which the cutting edge is strictly perpendicular to the processed surface. In an inexperienced person, it is unlikely that you can immediately make an even cut, so you should first practice. It is necessary to take into account the width of the cutting edge and the backlash of the tool.

Experts advise to use a special clamping bed for angular grinder to improve the quality of cutting. In this device, the workpiece is fixed in an individual recess, and the angular grinder is rigidly fixed on the lever. The fixed fastening of the brick block allows you to easily cut it along, across and at any angle. details on

Diamond cutting brick

In order to obtain a flat cut surface without cracks and chips, diamond cutting brick is used. Such work is carried out by corner grinding, but using a special diamond cutting tool. Any work in which such equipment appears are considered a diamond sharp. The difference between these cutting elements is that they have diamond spraying on the working part.

For cutting brick blocks, it is better to use diamond discs, t. to. They ensure the safety of work and have a long service life. Use diamond cutting with a more powerful professional tool is economically impractical.

Manual tile cutter

When there is a need to cut thin pieces of facing brick, you can use a hand tile. It will be convenient when carrying out finishing work, when pieces of brick with non.standard dimensions and angles may be needed.

The use of tile cutters

With forceps you can give a brick an arbitrary figure shape: perform a bevel, rounding, etc. The tool is suitable for thin and painstaking work.

Cutting brick using a special machine

A specialized machine for cutting bricks is effective in case of large.scale work. It allows you to carry out all manipulations as quickly and efficiently as possible. Due to the presence of an irrigation system during processing on such a special machine, a minimum amount of brick dust is thrown into the surrounding air. But this equipment has a fairly high price, so its use for single work is unprofitable.

Some craftsmen make machines with their own hands. To do this, build a structure from a bed (support) and cutting equipment (circular saw, corner grinder). The equipment should be securely fixed and before starting work to control the serviceability.

Varieties of brick

Brick has been used in construction since ancient times. It is distinguished by enviable strength and durability. There are a fairly large number of types of bricks depending on the material from which it is made, as well as on what it is planned to be built (walls, furnaces, etc.).

Red brick

Classic brick, made of special varieties of clay and burned in a stove at high temperature, is called red for its color. It is widely used in various areas of construction and in the construction of individual residential buildings. The material can be cut at home with several tools that allow this to do this with the production of products that differ in a high level of accuracy. The cutting tool is more often a diamond circle. The appearance of the final structure largely depends on what to cut.

Hand.shaped facing brick

A distinctive feature of the brick manually is its unusual and attractive appearance. Used for facing work. However, it is quite expensive, therefore, in order to save money, the cutting of a hand.shaped brick is practiced in half along the length of the block. So it will take 2 times less material. Cutting is carried out with a diamond tool.

How and what to cut, chop brick? Step.by.step instructions

Sometimes in the process it is necessary to cut a brick, how and what to do in detail in this article.

Brick is a popular building material that managed to prove himself as a reliable, durable and durable.

Structures from it are able to withstand significant mechanical loads, negative effects of mechanical factors, conditions of extreme operation.

But to build a house from it, you will need a lot of time, money and effort.

Durable, dense material is not easy to process.

To cut it, cracking, special manual and electrical tools are used, which will be discussed later.

How and how to cut brick

To get two elements of the same or different shapes and size from one brick, you will have to work hard.

Professionals use specially designed tools to perform such operations, but amateurs will have to be content with what is at home.

Do not buy expensive equipment just in order to cut several elements when erecting a house?!

So, these are the tools can be used to process silicate or chamotis bricks:

  • chisel, combined cell, chirus, hammer;
  • Corner grinder, it is also an angular grinding machine;
  • benzores;
  • hacksaw for metal with special spraying;
  • electrician;
  • cutting machine;
  • Laser equipment.

The most advanced today is the last option.

Compact, mobile laser installation quickly, efficiently and easily cuts not only brick walls, but also a dense, durable monolith, suitable for processing concrete blocks and other building materials.

The principle of operation of the equipment is based on the use of gas discharge lasers.

Laser installations are quite expensive, so buying them for use at home is inappropriate.

Laser cutting services are provided by construction companies and repair teams.

When performing work, a number of nuances should be taken into account, for example, the presence of reinforcement in the laying of the reinforcement, the type of material, whether there is access to electricity and water, etc.D.

Among other popular power tools, with which you can cut this building material at home, the first place is a corner grinder is given.

Manual can be used, but they have to bother with them for a long time.

Why cut, chop brick

So, why in general stab or cut building materials?

Is it really so difficult to choose products of the right size from a wide range?

Different situations may occur at the construction site.

There is not enough half.brick to complete the row, the owner wants to decorate his house with elements of irregular shape.

Just cut it with a hacksaw.

To perform such ideas, an aggregate is necessary that can make a brick of any shape.

You can post building materials without problems at home, if you have the necessary devices at hand.

If in the end you get a product of the desired size and shape, you can easily lay a brick in a place intended for it, embody the original design or architectural idea.

How to cut, chop brick

Brick cutting can be carried out using a manual or electric tool.

Not so long ago, professional builders for processing this material and giving individual units of irregular shape used combined cell.

This method is available to everyone, but not without flaws.

So, for example, the disadvantages of this method of brick.ups include low accuracy, uneven, rough faces.

In addition, it is possible to chop building materials only at a right angle.

Hand tools

One of the most popular tools that are used for cutting bricks at home is the chisel.

It is advisable to use the chisel if you need to cut one or a small number of bricks.

To work with large volumes, it is better to use productive power tools.

Cutting the chisel is performed in a strict sequence.

There should be no cracks, chips, downed corners and other visible defects on their surface.

Using a chalk or trigger trigger, apply a marking on a brick, according to which we will carry out an incision.

The working part of the chisel (sharp end) put exactly on the drawn fishing line for the trimmer.

We take a hammer and begin to carefully tap on the chisel until the brick breaks.

As a result, we got two parts with rough surfaces.

To make them smooth, you should rub the elements about each other.

Kirpiche Kirpich is carried out using a special chisel for masonry.

They are stronger and more reliable than ordinary models.

Such products are made of high.quality alloy (chromomolibden or chromovanadium steel), resistant to increased mechanical loads, wear, have a long service life.

Choosing a chisel with which you will cut a brick, do not save.

A good tool will last for many years, maintaining functionality, and low-quality will come into unsuitability after 5-6 use.

Corner grinder

Corner grinder is a universal instrument that is definitely in the garage or utility of each household man.

If we are talking about cutting bricks, then the scope of this apparatus includes low.rise construction, small.scale production.

cutting bricks

Simply put, if the acquisition of a special machine does not justify itself, it is advisable to use an angular grinder for cutting bricks.

To cut the material using this power tool, prepare:

Diamond and abrasive discs are used to work with bricks.

They differ between themselves, the scope of use, cost.

The abrasive disk costs cheap, grows very quickly, you can only cut it deeply as a whole.

Diamonds provide high efficiency and safety, have a longer service life.

How to cut or cut a brick

The need to adjust the sizes of bricks arises in almost all types of work with this material. In order for the result to be of high quality and minimally time.consuming, it is recommended to use mechanized cutting methods, which will be considered further.

Subtleties of using circular saw

Today, the price is set for a brick, thanks to which it has found wide application in almost all construction industries. A stationary saw is used mainly for working with timber, for cutting bricks it is necessary to replace the usual disc, with a fiberglass reinforcement installed on it. such components are sold in household stores.

  • It is recommended to cut bricks in the fresh air in order to be secured from inevitably formed dust;
  • The obligatory element of equipment is protective glasses. fragments will fly;
  • To protect the respiratory system, it is worth purchasing a respirator or at least a cotton-gauze bandage.

It is necessary to install a brick facing so that it “sits” as tightly as possible. 70 mm is the minimum allowable distance from the edge of the circle to the table, while taking too large discs is also not worth it. it will bend and interfere with work. The size of the pruning is set using a restrictive rail, which is closely pressed to the workpiece.

Overview of the capabilities of the corner grinder (angle grinding machine)

Special circles are used for cutting, the device must be equipped with a protective casing without fail. Experts always conduct a preliminary check. start the machine at idle for a minute. The power cord is assigned as far as possible so that it does not touch the moving elements. The corner grinder is held with both hands and released only after the disk is completely stopped.

Since brick and dry mixes are key building components, the cutting procedure may be needed even when the construction of small structures. Dust is always formed, therefore, as when using a saw, it is worth acquiring a respirator, unprofessional use of water jets is not recommended, since in this case the risk of trauma and equipment breakdown increases.

  • The operator should be a little away from the point in the direction of which the device will be shifted if the reverse blow is formed. You need to understand that if you conduct the tool “from yourself”, the reverse blow will provoke a rebound towards a person;
  • The machine is a particularly dangerous device, and its use requires maximum attentiveness and caution. You cannot cut brick in a state of intoxication or painful weakness of the body.

How A Tabletop Wet Saw Can Cut Too Thick Brick

A reverse blow is the main risk factor, it occurs as a tool for the instrument due to jamming in the thickness of the brick. That is why the corner grinder involves providing comprehensively thoughtful and precisely coordinated operation.

Shamotny brick

The construction of structures functioning at high temperature regime requires the use of refractory building materials. Often, chamotum brick is used in this process. The characteristics of the product are stable before the aggressive environment and elevated temperatures.

So that the design is not destroyed, it is enough to create a fire.guided shell of chamotis and lining it with ordinary construction brick. Such a capsule isolates open fire, so that the structure will last a long time.

What is a ball brick for

Fire.resistant material is intended for decorating the inner region of household, industrial furnaces, fireplaces, chimney, combustion chambers, other structures that have direct contact with open fire. The product can also be used for street structures, such as barbecue or barbecue.

Fireproof chamotopic brick should be used to build fireplaces and furnaces

Based on the conditions that arise in the process of burning solid fuel, the material from which the refractory is made should comply with several basic standards:

  • Stability before heat with a temperature of at least 1000 ° C without loss of strength characteristics with prolonged contact.
  • Low heat conduction level, ensuring the safety of surrounding structures.
  • Thermal resistance of building materials is obliged to withstand a large number of cycles of increasing and reducing the temperature regime.

Brick refractory is considered a good element for saving energy. In simple language, it quickly becomes hot and for a long time retains heat inside the structure.

The composition of the material and GOST

High indicators of thermal conductivity of chamotis bricks are achieved using the components that are part of the refractory and compliance with the production technology provided for by GOST 39093. The main element for the manufacture of refractory is a clay of a refractory type. As additional components provided for by the composition of the chamotomed brick, they use:

Production technological processes associated with the manufacture of standard or wedge refractory material provide for the sequential implementation of the following stages:

  • Preparation and mixing of components to a homogeneous mass, adding 8-10% of water to increase moist indicators.
  • Loading into a reservoir from which the raw materials moves to a dositor carriage, carrying movements in two directions-directly and backward.
  • The block of the shaped type is transmitted to the lower punch of the press forms.
  • The press exerts pressure on the raw materials to increase the density of the fireup.
  • After spression, the product is sent to the stove for firing at a temperature regime of more than 1000 ° C.

The technology for the production of lightweight chamotte brick eliminates the actions associated with preliminary drying of building materials and reduces the amount of time for its manufacture.

This production option requires lower costs. The method of plastic molding provides for the creation of a long mineral beam, which passes the stage of preliminary drying and cutting of chamotis brick using a special device. Further, the fireproof is sent to firing.

Varieties of chamotis brick

The construction market offers a wide range of furnace block products. However, before buying refracts, you should study their types and classifications, otherwise the product may not perform the functions that meet the stated consumer requirements.

Refractory material is sold in a variety of types and sizes

At the moment, there are five main classifications:

Chamotum brick marking table

Lightweight refractory material of a mulite.nodel.eared type

Half.acid chamotomic lightweight brick

SHL0.4, SL1/6.4, plug0.6, went1.3, Shkl1.3, SHL0.9, SHL1, SL1.3.

The weight of refractory bricks is completely dependent on its size, composition, additional components, labeling and other technical features.

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