The roller for the tiller of the motoblock with his hands
Cultivator roller for tillers with your hands
We will talk about the tillers for the motor-block. Our tips will help you understand how to make a cultivator for your power tiller and what it should be.
The first tip is to get some basic information!
Cultivators are available for continuous and inter-row cultivation.
Consider the design of the continuous tillage machine and the tools it uses. First row. tines, or as they are also called, booms. Behind the tines is the spring harrow and then the rollers. There are also tooth harrows instead of rollers. The tines loosen, the harrow breaks up the seedbed and clears the weeds. The roller or a tooth harrow levels the soil.
The inter-row cultivator has a slightly different design. The main tool is the tines, like on the first one. Behind the tines are L-shaped rakes or blades. The tines loosen the seed rows. Blades cut weeds near cultivated plants.
The L-shaped design prevents damage to the roots of the main crop.
We have outlined the direction in which you need to move in self-made, and this understanding will allow you to choose the best model among the products of our production.
Second tip. repeat successful designs!
The third tip. if possible, use prefabricated elements!
For example, factory-made tines, which have high wear resistance thanks to a surfaced layer of sormite.
What are sormite tines? The word comes from the name of the town of Sormovo. This implies the Sormovo works, where in the thirties of XX century one of such materials was obtained for the first time. The material has a high hardness, it can be used to increase the strength of parts subjected to high wear and tear. It is available on the market as an electrode. Here is a great technique for hardening parts. For example, for ploughshares.
The fourth tip. make the frame sturdy!
The most important piece of advice is to make the frame sturdy, because when you cultivate, you put a lot of force into the implement.
Fifth tip. make the cultivator universal!
There are examples where the cultivator is used for both final and inter-row cultivation. To make the transition, you need to remove the roller and install the support wheels.
Why choose a chainsaw?
There is a saw in almost every home. It is a versatile device that has a fairly powerful engine. It is also used as a drive to make a single-axle tractor out of a chainsaw. It has the following advantages:
If your vegetable garden or garden is small, it is not advisable to buy powerful equipment. In addition, you will need to buy additional attachments. So it could end up costing you a pretty penny. However, a single-axle tractor is in fact already indispensable gardening equipment. And to make it somehow easier on yourself, you can easily make it out of a chainsaw.
Attachments for a power tiller
Motoblocs. Versatile machines that greatly improve efficiency in agricultural work. The use of such equipment allows you to perform a large amount of work with the least amount of labor, compared with manual labor. With the help of power tillers one can easily cultivate garden and household plots of land. The wide range of use of such devices allows us to attribute them to multifunctional equipment. In our online store Agromehanika you can find any equipment on the motor blocks: Kentavr, Agat, Oka, Ugra, Salut, Favorit, DTZ, Zubr, Neva, Proton, Honda, Zirka, Pubert, MTZ, Belarus, Forte.
The standard purchase kit, depending on the model, includes only a few attachments for power tillers. Tiller, coulter, power tiller or plow. Depending on your needs, you can buy additional attachments for your power tiller.
Various implements on a single-axle tractor (cultivator, plow, mower, grain seeder, dipper, potato digger, rotary broom, snow shovel, trailers, etc.).) By mechanizing manual processes they make the work of farmers much easier.
When choosing a crawler, one should take into account the technical parameters of the machine, its equipment range and compatibility with the equipment of other models of crawlers. The decision of which tool to buy on a single axle tractor will depend on what kind of work is expected to be done with the power tiller. For example, if you plan to mechanize the process of potato growing then you will need to buy a potato planter, a weeder and a potato weeder, but if you need this technique for sowing then it is worth buying a vegetable planter.
Buying attachments for power tillers, you should take into account the fact that each tool is designed for a specific model. That is why before buying it is worth asking the seller-consultant which attachments for the power tiller will expand the range of use of this technique
which attachments are worth buying, in order to expand the range of use of this technique. The functionality of the machine should be built up gradually.
28 сентября 2021 г. Правильно заводим мотоблок Garden Green, и задний ход как же без него!
Types of power tillers
The most common types of attachments for power tillers:
A plow for a power tiller is used for plowing large areas of land. Also with the help of a plow, after a little practice, it is possible to plant and dig up potatoes. When properly adjusted during plowing, the plow plows deepen into the soil to the desired depth on its own, without much physical effort.
Trailer for power tillers is designed for transportation of various loads. Depending on the model of the power tiller the trailer can carry loads weighing from 250 to 500 kg. For convenience, the carts are equipped with seats.
The tiller for the tiller is designed for dipping potatoes, as well as for making furrows when sowing vegetables. Manufacturers of power tillers produce single- and double-row plows.
Cultivation tillers. One of the most popular farming tools for tillage. Depending on the desired working width, the cultivator changes the sections and adjusts the coulter.
This equipment turns a single-axle tractor into a mini-tractor. Adapter. it is a rear axle on which seats are mounted with a hitch for attached or trailed equipment.
Attachments also include:
– equipment designed for harvesting potatoes;
- weeders. inter-row weeder;
- pumps. an ideal device for irrigating land plots;. equipment designed for grass mowing;. a unit for fast and efficient snow collection;. a device to pick up litter from paths;. facilitates the process of planting potatoes.
Making a power tiller
For this purpose, the electric motor is replaced by a motorcycle motor or other gasoline motor, which has higher power and reverse (forward/reverse). Install instead of the working body loosening two additional wheels or grousers and reduce the speed of travel at the expense of the reducer. Thereby a simple cultivator becomes a full-fledged single-axle tractor, the mechanical capabilities of which are much higher. Further improvement leads to the creation of a mini-tractor that can not only work in the field, but also carry loads with the help of a cart.
For the production of planting and other works, there are made the okrug from the discs of agricultural harrows, different milling machines, roller, plow for weeding, plow-digger and other attachments, which facilitate the physical work on the garden. Each of these devices has its own attachment, which is attached to the homemade power tiller.
The plow digger can be used to plant 10 acres of potatoes by a single person in 2-4 hours. First of all a furrow is made in which seeds are put. And when making the second furrow, the first one is filled in at the same time. So the potatoes are planted evenly and quickly. Digging out is done with the same and exactly the same method. But first, the haulm must be mowed with a petrol or trimmer, which are also made by hand.
Stubble cultivators are designed for the hardest land cultivation. They are used as an alternative to the plough, i.e. they do the basic cultivation of the stubble immediately after the combine to prevent the evaporation of moisture, explains Pavel Vilchinsky, the representative of Väderstad in Russia in the Central Black Earth Region.
The width of stubble cultivator tines is 28-40 cm, distance between the rows of tines. 25-30 cm, and the load on such machines is from 200 kg, says Prokhor Darmov, the director of marketing. The thing is that stubble cultivators can work at depths from 15 to 30 cm, and therefore, they need a strong (6-8 mm) solid frame, he explains.
Such machines are well suited for working with large amounts of harvest trash and intensive mixing of harvest trash.
If the cultivator is a multi-row one, then the last two rows of tines should be spaced further apart, as they provide an even background effect visible to the eye and ensure trimming of the remaining weeds, explains Vasily Lebed, Product Manager for Soil Treatment division. And the further the two rows are apart, the easier the crop passes through and the less chance of blockage.
Two-beam stubble cultivators are designed for the heaviest primary tillage. They do the basic solid not deep tillage on the stubble immediately after the combine to prevent the evaporation of moisture, incorporate crop residues and provoke the sprouting of weeds, without leaving a plow foot and “slate”, specifies Alexander Ladygin, General Director of the Russian representative office of Lemken. In contrast, three-beam stubble cultivators are designed to work with large amounts of crop residues to a depth of more than 18 cm, therefore, to ensure a high throughput capacity such a machine must have widely spaced in the row of tines with the working tools, a large number of tines and overlapping distance between the tines. And, in order to ensure a continuous overlap, an additional beam is installed for the attachment of the working tools, in which the working tools are partially removed from the first and second beams and transferred to the third or fourth. In fact, the more beams or rows, the more intensive the stubble cultivator: a high throughput increases mixing intensity.
The higher the height of the legs, the higher the clearance of the cultivator (the distance between the frame and the soil surface) and therefore, the lower the chance that the unit will be blocked with stubble residues, adds Alex Stern, product manager for tillage equipment Querneland Group CIS. According to him, in order to ensure good mixing, on the surface with a buried tool should remain about 40-50 cm. That is, the frame must be at least 70 to 80 cm high.
Stern cultivators can be either classic tine or combined. that is having discs. However, Alexander Ladygin from Lemken Rus is convinced that this technique should not be combined. Both disk harrow and tine harrow do the same job, i.e. they mix large amount of plant remains and undercut the weeds to a certain depth. True, the cultivator also destroys the plough leg. That is why there is no sense in combining both of them in one machine and thus getting a “conflict of speeds”, the specialist argues. After all, the optimum speed of the discator. from 12 km/h, and the cultivator. up to 12 km/h. over the construction of the combination machines is heavier, thus increasing the fuel consumption. And the cost of such machinery is much higher, not to mention the extra expense for the replacement of operating elements, since all of them wear out equally. This is analogous to the fact that we would install two types of engines on an airplane at once. a jet engine and a propeller,” says Ladygin.
What is more preferable to work on stubble. with discs or stubble cultivator. is a very subtle question, says Pavel Vilczynski. They seem to do the same job, but the share of the paw cultivator is better in the presence of perennial weeds (especially root weeds). Whereas a disc machine, on the contrary, can increase clogging. But at the same time leveling discs is better.
When using a combination machine it is necessary to understand that the disk tool will “get stuck” in the field faster on the wet ground and will stop working, adds Alexey Shtern. Whereas “purely” foot model will show itself perfectly on such soil.