The tool for laying aerated concrete with their own hands
Special for laying aerated concrete trowel is used as a mortar dispenser. With such a hand-held tool it is easy enough to distribute the adhesive evenly over an even surface:
- holding the trowel by the handle to scoop out the required amount of adhesive composition;
- Apply the adhesive to the horizontal and vertical surface of the joints and immediately with a simple longitudinal movement smooth it over the entire area with the teeth of the tool.
When moving the trowel along the masonry, the entire portion of the applied mortar passes between the teeth and distributes over the area as a layer of the same thickness. Thanks to this, the entire working surface of the aerated concrete block is evenly covered with a thin layer of glue, which completely eliminates the appearance of cold bridges, reducing heat loss in winter.
Making with your own hands
Creating a planer with their own hands requires a certain set of materials:
- an ordinary board about 5 cm thick;
- The elements of the carbide saw or wood saw (note that with this option you will need to constantly sharpen them);
- glue “Moment”.
When creating a planer for planing on aerated concrete, the following order should be observed. Take a regular board length of 300-400 mm, processed wood planer, and all the edges and corners are rounded or cut. Then the cutting elements are marked. On one side of the board are made notches in 5 parallel lines at the same distance from each other, using 40% of the area of the board. These lines should be placed at a 70º angle to the longitudinal axis of the board (right slope from the crosscut). Similarly, marks are made on the other side of the board (other 40% of the area). So, the markings in the opposite halves of the board will face each other.
The final stage of creating a planer for aerated concrete will be screwing on the back side of the board convenient for work handle.
Use the jigsaw to make notches in the planned lines. Their width should correspond to the saw blades. The cuts are made, departing from the edge of the board 2-3 cm on both sides. Next, the board is sanded with an emery cloth, and the saws are broken into pieces of the same length as were made on the board, and vertically inserted into the slots. The slots are pre-lubricated with glue, the excess glue is wiped off. If necessary, the slots can be glued again if the first time was not good enough. The teeth of the saw should protrude above the surface of the board by about 5 mm. They can be sharpened with an angle grinder, or alternatively their size can be increased. It is worth consulting an expert in any case.
Tool for laying aerated concrete with their own hands
Properly chosen instrument for masonry aerated concrete easier to work and help build their not only yakislishey, but also shvidshey. Therefore, before laying sintered concrete blocks need to acquire a complete “arsenal” of devices for work.Concrete trowel and other tools for laying blocks
As you know, aerated concrete blocks are placed either on the cement-plastic mixture, or more correctly and simply, on special adhesive. To apply the masonry mortar on the blocks you can use several different tools: trowel; trowel; toothed spatula; spatula.
Let’s look at each of the tools for aerated concrete. We can say with confidence that the carriage. The most handy tool of all. fill the masonry mix, which is applied to the row of blocks through the gap in the day, and, due to the serrated edge, evenly distribute over the surface. The tool is chosen according to the width of the blocks. that is, if you lay aerated concrete walls with blocks of 30 cm thickness, the size of the carriage must be exactly the same. However, the carriage has its own drawbacks. It can not apply glue to the vertical surfaces of the blocks, and the cost is higher than that of a toothed spatula.
Trowel and toothed spatula “work” in pairs. The first tool to apply glue on the blocks, and the other one. leveling. This set can be used on both horizontal and vertical surfaces. The trowel also makes it possible to apply glue in any direction, and due to the serrated bottom edge of the spatula. Make the ball even. Cost of such tools is approximately two times cheaper than the carriage (about 400-500), but still more expensive than a set of trowels and trowels.
Concrete planer and other tools for processing blocksThe planer is designed for planing the surface of blocks after placing a row. With its help, all the clogs are removed, which means that the next row is laid more easily and, most importantly, evenly. The same tool is used for levelling the horizontal surfaces of the walls. this is done to allow the plaster, which will be used for treatment of the blocks, to adhere to the surface as much as possible. In that case, if the trowel blunts, you can easily sharpen it with a simple emery board. But if the edges on the blocks are small, then instead of the planer you can fully use a sander.
Mortar cutter for aerated concrete. The cutting tool is used for creation of special channels in the blocks for laying the reinforcement, which provides strength to porous concrete walls. It can be both manual and electric. The difference between them lies in the speed of work, well, and, of course, in price (a few hundred versus several thousand). over, the hand-held tool is intended for making a hole of a certain size, but the width of the channel made by the electric tool can vary.When you purchase a manual screwdriver must first be informed about the size of the channel, for cutting which it is designed.
Additional tool for working with aerated concreteFirst of all. a cutter with large teeth reinforced with bit tips will be in use. With their help you can cut the blocks to make a non-standard shaped “pegs”. If it is necessary to cut a straight piece of aerated concrete block, then a special tool made of metal is used in pair with the cutter. For cutting aerated concrete can be used electric shears or scissors saw, but their cost is high, compared with their manual “counterpart”.
As you know, when building a house with aerated concrete is very important as much as possible evenly laid the first row after the foundation. First of all blocks are placed along the slopes of the building and only then, depending on them, lay the entire row. To ensure that all the blocks are laid strictly at the same level, between the extreme “lighthouses” stretch a construction cord.It is very important when laying the blocks to ensure that the thickness of the seam between them was close to the same (ideally it must be two to three millimeters). For this “adjustment” is used humming mallet, which is used to tap the blocks after installation. But the eye can not say exactly how evenly the row is laid, so when laying gas concrete blocks Majstru will be necessary and a building level.
Tools for working with aerated concrete blocks
It is faster to build a house from aerated concrete blocks than from bricks. In order for the material to retain its insulating properties, the thickness of the joint between the elements of masonry is reduced to 2-5 mm. With the right adhesive and a tool for applying it, you can save time and nerves. In the article we will tell you what and when it is better to use, and if there is a difference between the quality of specialized and universal equipment.
To trim the blocks, you need a sharp hacksaw with a fine tooth. There are special saws for aerated concrete. They are thicker than other types to saw elements of high strength, but builders also use non-specialized saws, most importantly, they must be sharp and with tips on the teeth. Quicker and more convenient to cut with a saber or band saw. They cost starting from 10 thousand euros. rubles. Draw a marking on the gas blocks or cut them with a square so as not to spoil the geometry. The angle piece can be soldered by yourself.
You need a special cutter to make trenches for utilities and fixtures. They come in manual and electric. If you want to save money, you can attach a second disc to the angle grinder, which would divert the dust when working.
For glue, use a trowel one block wide with teeth. Such aerated concrete manufacturers as Aeroc, HH and Itong produce it to the size of their products. But it is inconvenient to scoop up glue with a wide tool. Trowel is easy to break, so it is better to buy a spare one, so as not to interrupt the construction in a bad moment.
If in your area these firms are not represented, finding a suitable trowel can be a problem, but on the Internet you can easily find templates to make it yourself from a sheet of metal or attach the grater to the bucket for scooping mortar. Some articles advise to apply glue trowel, and equalize serrated spatula, but if you have little experience in masonry, it will lead to overspending adhesive solution. To increase the speed of work in straight sections, it’s convenient to use a carriage. Its size should match the width of the blocks to create a thin joint.
The edges of aerated concrete blocks should be smooth and flat. To do this, use a sanding board if the defects are minor, and concrete planers in more serious cases. Products with good geometry does not need a strong correction, so if you choose, quality building material, you will simplify the entire work. To increase the speed, use a grinder. It is possible to fit tightly one block to another with a rubber mallet. A metal hammer will damage the wall, although there is a way out here, too. pick up a rubber nozzle.
Do not forget to check the levelness with a level and construction cord after each laid block. After 10-20 minutes, depending on the glue, it will be difficult to change the situation. It is especially important to lay the first row correctly.
If you have blocks without special handles, evenly arrange them in a row is inconvenient, so the large manufacturers of aerated concrete sold grabs for different sizes.
In addition to the basic set you will need:
When choosing equipment, you should consider the time interval (it is better to lay blocks in summer, in clear weather) and the number of workers hands. In one season, it is difficult to erect a box of a two-story house with hand tools, unless you work all day. Electric saws, grinders increase the rate of erection in times.
Not everyone can make a quality tool with their own hands, so if you can buy everything in the store, do not neglect it.
The table shows the average current at the beginning of 2016. All data was collected from official suppliers and big Russian construction stores.
|Ytong saw, 65 cm||2500|
|ARCHIMEDES saw, 55 cm||400|
|Zubr concrete saw||1300|
|HH carriage, 40 cm||1900|
|HH trowel 200mm||350|
|Trowel trowel 200 mm (Poland)||600|
|Planer HH 450902018,0 mm. with a handle L-228mm||620|
|Stroborez NN, manual||500|
for tools for laying aerated concrete Ytong, HH, Aeroc not always differ from other manufacturers, but their products are ideal for working with blocks. For a cellular concrete wall to be even, strong and warm, you need to make a thin joint. Work with special tools is easier and faster, do not be lazy to buy them. Most companies that make gas blocks offer everything for the job, so when ordering material in advance, think about what you’re missing for masonry. It is not forbidden to use homemade and universal construction tools, but all equipment must comply with technological parameters.
Tools for working with aerated concrete
Address: 119071. г. Moscow. 2-y Donskoy proezd, 2. 4 page. 1
Any job can only be done well if you have the right tools at your fingertips. When building a house of cellular concrete (foam and aerated concrete), in addition to wall material and glue, use special tools: hand and electric.
The electric tool for aerated concrete
To make the work go better, professionals try to maximize the use of existing power tools. Ideally, for masonry aerated concrete will need an electric drill (peorator) and an electric electric screwdriver. Although without the second in the construction of aerated concrete with their own hands can do.
True, some people use and angle grinder to cut blocks, but as a rule it is a luxury. the cost of cutting-off wheels is often more expensive than a special saw for cutting concrete. And the dust will be too much.
An electric screwdriver will speed up the process of wrapping screws in the blocks, which are attached to the strings-priming wire. Considering that it must be done on every row, professionals always take this tool with them. the productivity in this case increases, and labor intensity (albeit slightly, decreases).
The next electric helper when working with aerated concrete is an electric drill (or peorator). True, you can buy a special construction mixer, but the first two tools are more universal. To them acquire the nozzle, and with its help easily and accurately knead adhesive for cellular materials.
Let’s say at once that if you can hardly do without power tools at the construction site, but still can’t do without hand tools! Using such a tool to work with aerated concrete, you can guarantee high-quality and fast construction (though, if you follow the technology).
Trowel, trowel and carriage
In principle, a traditional trowel for masonry brick is also quite suitable for working with aerated concrete. In addition, such a tool removed from the walls of the excess glue, using a rounded spout trowel for aerated concrete. And here to sustain a minimum seam (up to 3 mm), as required by the technology, you will need to buy a comb trowel, the height of the ridge is 5 mm.
It is true, these two tools can be successfully replaced by one. a mortar carriage. It is also easier to use, and masonry is faster. In such a tool for aerated concrete has a cavity filled with glue. When pressed, it projects outward in an even strip through a ridge-shaped flat slot. The stonemason only needs to stroke this device along the row to dispense an even layer of adhesive.
The aerated concrete carriage can be filled with a trowel or a bucket.
It is believed that there is no better tool (which determines the horizontal or vertical) than a laser level. However, its cost is quite high, so even professionals do not always use it. A worthy alternative to such a tool is a metal water level ruler. But its accuracy must be checked regularly. Including at the time of purchase.
It is not even a tool, but rather a device for quick and quality laying of gas blocks at a right angle and strict vertical sawing. Theoretically it is also quite possible to do without it, in practice it speeds up masonry.
Angle for laying aerated concrete consists of a ruler with an inch or metric division value and a base. The scale of the ruler comes in one- or two-sided. For masonry aerated concrete works any tool of this type will do: metal, wood and granite.
Such fixtures help make it easy to carry (or remove from a row of) blocks. Is it necessary to buy a tacker for aerated concrete? The will of the builder, of course, but anything that makes the job easier and faster would be good to have on hand, wouldn’t it?
Grips (also called grips). are two crossed levers connected to each other. When their upper ends are tightened by lifting up, the lower ends clamp the block, and it is convenient to transport it.
Saw for aerated concrete
Cellular blocks are easily cut in height and very poorly. in length. But since it is necessary to cut aerated concrete just vertically, it is easier to use a special hand saw. It has got pobedite tips on the teeth (each tooth has a height of 3-5 mm). And the teeth themselves are set at a special angle. It is true that there are chains for electric saws, but for the construction of one house their purchase is hardly justified.
One standard hand saw for aerated concrete is enough to cut 250 m3 of cellular wall material.
Planer grinder, sanding grinder
Despite the fact that after sawing the block is sufficiently flat surface, it is recommended to grind the surface of the cut with the rubbing blade for aerated concrete. This operation will help minimize the thickness of the interblock joint.
over, ideally, the surface, ideally protected in the rough, professionals necessarily pass through again with a grinding trowel. After such processing of the filler block adhesion will be excellent.
Gas blocks are a fragile wall material. To align in a row of laid stones use a rubber mallet. If you even lightly hit a block of metal, (but not in a monolithic structure (wall)), it is sure to split.
When selecting a beater use the following rule: the harder the block (less density, hence less grade), the harder you buy a rubber mallet.
To reinforce the rows, a groove is cut in the aerated concrete and reinforcing bars are placed in the groove. Make such a recess in the wall helps Stroborez for aerated concrete. It can be electric, but more often it is bought in a manual version. in fact sometimes not all construction sites at the stage of construction of walls are supplied with electricity.
With the help of a hand strobore cutter is not difficult to cut grooves for reinforcement and grooves for laying wires during internal works. So after buying this tool, the question of how to make a mortise in aerated concrete, will disappear by itself.
In addition to the above-mentioned tools when laying aerated concrete at the construction site can not do without a pencil (something, yes it is necessary to mark) and a construction cord. Level is a level, but the weight fixed on a thin rope cord will show the perfect verticality. Without it there will be distortions in the walls, which will sooner or later lead to cracking.
And you’ll also need an empty bucket, where the glue is stirred. And a brush to remove dust from the row (before laying the adhesive solution on the aerated concrete strip).
It is believed that the cost of the tool, even with significant volumes of masonry gas concrete work does not exceed 1% of the estimate. So do not be stingy in buying quality “helpers”. it is when the investment really justifies the purpose.
Any work can be done well only if everything you need is at hand. When building a house from cellular concrete (foam and aerated concrete) in addition to wall material and glue use special tools: hand and electric.
Electric tool for aerated concrete
To work went well, professionals try to maximize the use of existing power tools. Ideally, the mason will need an electric drill (peorator) and an electric electric screwdriver. Although without the second in the construction of aerated concrete with their own hands can do quite well.
True, some people use and angle grinder to cut blocks, but as a rule it is a luxury. the cost of cutting-off wheels is often more expensive than a special saw for concrete cutting. And there will be a lot of dust.
An electric electric screwdriver will speed up the process of wrapping self-tapping screws in the blocks, to which fasten the string-prick. Given that it must be done on each row, professionals always take this tool with them. the productivity in this case increases, and labor intensity (albeit slightly, decreases).
The next electric tool when working with aerated concrete is an electric drill (or peorator). True, you can buy a special construction mixer, but the first two tools are more versatile. They get the nozzle and with its help easily and qualitatively mix the glue for cellular materials.
Let’s say at once that if you can hardly do without power tools at the construction site, but you can not do without manual tools! Using such a tool for working with aerated concrete, you can guarantee high-quality and fast construction (though, if you follow the technology).
Trowel, spatula and carriage
In principle, a traditional trowel for masonry bricks is also quite suitable for working with aerated concrete. In addition, this tool removes from the walls of the excess glue, using the rounded spout trowel for aerated concrete. But to withstand a minimum seam (up to 3 mm), as required by technology, will have to buy a comb trowel, the height of the ridge which is equal to 5 mm.
However, these two tools can be successfully replaced by one. the mortar carriage. It is easier to use, and laying is performed faster. In such a tool for aerated concrete has a cavity filled with glue. When pressing it, it protrudes outward in an even strip through the comb-shaped flat slot. The stonemason only needs to move this device along the row to dispense an even layer of adhesive.
Filling the carriage for aerated concrete can be done with a trowel or a bucket.
It is believed that there is no better tool (to determine the horizontal or vertical) than the laser level. However, its cost is quite high, so even professionals do not always use it. A worthy alternative to such a tool is a metal water level ruler. But its accuracy needs to be checked regularly. Including at the time of purchase.
This is not even a tool, but rather a device for quick and quality laying of gas concrete blocks at right angles and strict vertical sawing. Theoretically it is also quite possible to do without it, in practice it speeds up masonry.
Corner for masonry aerated concrete consists of a ruler with an inch or metric division value and a base. The scale comes in single-sided or double-sided. For masonry work with gas concrete any tools of this type will do: metal, wood and granite.
Such devices help to conveniently carry (or take out of the row) blocks. Do I have to buy a hold-down clamp for gas concrete blocks?? The will, of course, the builder, but everything that facilitates and speeds up the work, it is good to have at hand, isn’t it?
Grips (also called grips). These are two crossed levers connected to each other. When their upper ends are tightened by lifting upwards, the lower ones clamp the block and it is easy to transport it.
Saw for aerated concrete
Cellular blocks are easily cut in height and very bad. along the length. But since you need to cut aerated concrete just vertically, it is easier to use a special hand saw. It has pobedite tips on the teeth (each 3 to 5 mm high). And the teeth themselves are set at a special angle. It is true that there are also chains for electric saws, but for the construction of one house their purchase is hardly justified.
One standard hand saw on aerated concrete is enough to cut 250 m3 of cellular wall material.
Planer grinder, sanding grinder
Despite the fact that after sawing the block is sufficiently flat surface, it is recommended to grind the surface of the cut additionally rubbing blade for aerated concrete. Such an operation will help to minimize the thickness of the joint between the blocks.
The more so that ideally professionals will pass over the roughly protected surface again with an abrasive grinder. After such processing of the filler block, the adhesion will be excellent.
Gas concrete is a fragile wall material. For alignment in a row of laid stones a rubber mallet is used. If you even lightly hit a block with a metal, (but not in a monolithic structure (wall)), it is sure to split.
Choosing a beater uses the following rule: the harder the block (less density, hence less brand), the harder to buy a rubber mallet.
To reinforce the rows in AAC concrete, a groove is cut out, into which reinforcing bars are inserted. Make such a recess in the wall helps Stroborez for aerated concrete. It can be electric, but more often it is bought in a manual version, because not all construction sites are supplied with electricity at the stage of construction of walls.
With handheld Stroborez cut grooves for rebar and grooves for laying wires during domestic work is not difficult. So after buying this tool, the question of how to make a strobelow in aerated concrete, will fall away by itself.
In addition to the above tools at laying aerated concrete at the construction site can not do without a pencil (something, yes need to mark) and a construction cord. Level is a level, but the weight fixed on a thin rope cord will show the perfect verticality. Without this, there will be distortions in the walls, which will sooner or later lead to their cracking.
And you also need an empty bucket where you stir the glue. And a brush to remove dust from the row (before laying the adhesive mortar on the gas concrete strip).
It is believed that the cost of the tool even with a significant amount of masonry aerated concrete work does not exceed 1% of the estimates. Therefore, do not be greedy on the purchase of quality “helpers”. That’s when the investment really does pay off.
Stacking of aerated concrete blocks using homemade tools
It is well known that the masonry of aerated concrete blocks is less time-consuming compared to traditional masonry. But despite this builders try to simplify the process of laying aerated concrete blocks and make it even less time-consuming. Often for this builders use inexpensive and affordable homemade devices.
How to simplify the laying of aerated concrete blocks?
Consider the use of homemade devices for a quick laying of aerated concrete blocks. With these devices masonry quickly erected by one or two people.
Traditionally from a special dry mixture for laying gas concrete blocks using a drill and mixer nozzle to get the desired consistency (thick “sour cream”).
Mixing mortar for aerated concrete masonry
Dry mix for laying AAC concrete blocks
Tools for use in laying aerated concrete
The tool for using when laying aerated concrete
The tray is made of galvanized steel thickness of 0.8-1 mm and a toothed spatula with a height of teeth 5 6 mm.
Glue spreading tray
Set the homemade tray in the initial position and use a used ladle to pour the adhesive solution onto the horizontal surface.
The process of spreading the glue mortar
Further by means of the tray the bed mortar is distributed on length of one block laying.
Spreading the mortar using a homemade tool
Preparing to lay the aerated concrete block
The tray is set at an angle to the next starting position to apply the adhesive to the vertical surface of the previous stone.
Glueing of vertical surface of aerated concrete block
Pour the required amount of mortar into the tray and apply it to the vertical surface.
Masonry aerated concrete blocks using homemade tools
Tray for distributing the adhesive solution
Spreading the mortar on the vertical surface of the aerated concrete block
Now you can feed the aerated concrete block for laying it into the wall.
When placing the blocks in low areas (below the chest level of the bricklayer) you can hand feed an aerated concrete block weighing about 15 kg. But when laying on higher areas it is convenient to use a homemade holder, which is made of steel strip and reinforcing steel. Fixing the holder to the block is made with 2 screws, they are easily screwed into the aerated concrete and unscrewed with an ordinary electric electric screwdriver.
Fixing the homemade holder to the block
The block is easy to feed and lay with the help of a handmade holder.
Feeding the aerated concrete block directly to the place of installation
Then the block is leveled by the landing cord.
Using a trowel without teeth removes excess adhesive from the face surface of the masonry.
Unscrew the screws, remove the holder and put the tray in its original position for laying the next stone.
Unscrew the screws from the holder and remove the tray for the next block
The process of laying aerated concrete blocks with homemade tools
On average, two workers need a minute and a half to lay one aerated concrete block in the wall. One cube of aerated concrete is laid in about 40-50 minutes. That is, the productivity of one person per shift can be about 4-5 cubes of aerated concrete masonry.
You can watch a video of the process
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Do you have your own experience or homemade tools? If yes, then write in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев below your thoughts on the subject.
Varieties of tools for laying aerated concrete
Often use aerated concrete in construction. It has gained popularity due to its unique properties:
Simple Cement Spreader Hand Tool | Argafast’s Mortar setter
Based on these qualities, the construction process with the use of aerated concrete is many times faster, with less effort. To simplify the working process, to achieve a better result, the master uses special tools.
Many people work with improvised means, which are quite a substitute for professional tools, although they do not give the same good effect.
The entire range of tools is conventionally divided into two groups: basic, without which it is difficult to carry out repair work; auxiliary, the use of which is not necessary, but greatly simplifies the construction process.
You are going to do the works related to aerated concrete by yourself? Knowledge of basic tools is a must. There are not many special tools, they are quite uncomplicated.
The main purpose of the trowel for aerated concrete. the application of adhesive solution, its even distribution on the surface. This is an indispensable tool for laying aerated concrete with their own hands. the edge of the trowel ends with a series of prongs. Regardless of whether the work is done horizontally, vertically. a bucket-kelma significantly speeds up masonry.
Its other name is the aerated concrete trowel. The material from which the equipment is made. polished galvanized coarse sheet metal, capable of withstanding the heavy mortars that are used in construction. Trowel for aerated concrete can be of different shapes, width depending on the type of work.
Among its advantages are the following:
- Suitable for thin joint masonry. up to 3 mm;
- allows for a uniform coverage of the surface with the adhesive mixture;
- mortar does not spread over the surface.
During the construction of the need to make slots in the wall surface for wiring, laying fittings, pipes, the work will facilitate Shtroborez on aerated concrete. The tool for aerated concrete is manual or works from an electricity source. Manual is more convenient, lightweight, creates little noise, dust, but it can only be used when working with light materials, for example, if there are cells in the aerated concrete.
Electric stroebolzer copes with harder surfaces: concrete, reinforced concrete, masonry. Externally, electric stroeborezchik looks like a grinder, strobes are cut with special discs. When working with the device must wear protective equipment. goggles, headphones, respirator or a mask during the creation of drawings produces a lot of dust, the device itself is quite noisy.
Laying each layer of blocks is preceded by leveling the previous row. this is what the planer is for. In addition to leveling, such a tool for working with aerated concrete cuts off protruding areas.
Planer outwardly similar to the construction half-trowel. a wooden base with two inserted plates of fine-toothed saw, a convenient handle for a firm grip of the tool. This arrangement allows you to carefully cut and level out uneven areas.
During construction, some craftsmen replace the special planer with a carpenter’s planer, half-fooganok. It will prolong the timing of the work. you will have to spend extra time on constant sharpening of the tool teeth, the process of leveling will require more force.
It is a rubber mallet, the main purpose. alignment of surfaces in the process of laying. Aerated concrete blocks are fragile, the use of conventional metal, wood hammer will destroy the material. Rubber gently removes irregularities without harming the surface structure.
Often when masonry walls to complete a row you need not a whole block, but its fragment. In such cases it is sawn using a special hacksaw. The cutting tool is supplied with squares to make geometrically correct shapes with straight edges. If you need your own hands to saw a large number of blocks, it is advisable to use an electric bandsaw. Externally, a hacksaw for cutting aerated concrete does not differ from an ordinary hand saw, but it is made of stronger materials. this prevents the plate from deforming during cutting.
Looks like a smooth small board with an attached handle for a firm grip. This tool is used to remove relatively small irregularities, grinding the surface before plastering, puttying. Кроме того, перед кладкой каждого нового ряда с помощью терки выравнивают и шлифуют каждый предыдущий ряд.
In addition to the list of mandatory tools, without which the construction work will take longer, and the result will leave much to be desired, there are tools for aerated concrete, the use of which is not necessary. For carrying materials in each block, grooves are made for a comfortable grip. But if they are not, it is necessary to use a special tool, a gripper, which looks like two crossed levers.
/During masonry work, especially the primary work, it is important to ensure that the horizontal surface does not deviate from the level line. There is a huge number of construction levels. it absolutely does not matter which one you will use. Experts, however, recommend buying a laser tool. it is more accurate, can show the flatness of surfaces, corners, diagonals. Если средства не позволяют приобрести такой инструмент, подойдет обычный водяной – проверьте его на исправность прямо в магазине.
Primarily used in the process of puttying, is a thin metal spatula of a thin sheet of durable material, which is subjected to minimal deformation during the work. It allows you to easily apply a thin layer of building material on the surface. Trowel can be used to grind up chips, seams, clean up small protrusions, level the corners of the surface in places inaccessible to other tools.
The function of a trowel is defined as drawing even, straight lines before cutting, which will later be used to cut material. The main components of the angle. the base, a ruler with an inch and metric scale. The tool can be made of any material. most often wood, steel.
The cord is as important a tool as the building level during the laying of aerated concrete blocks. Он понадобится для проверки стен на ровность, наличие перекосов, что в дальнейшем может привести к ряду проблем. The construction cord can be purchased or made by yourself. it is enough to fasten the weight at one end of the rope, and tie a small loop at the other end. In this way you can check the evenness of not only vertical surfaces, but also horizontal. it is only necessary to fix the cord on the previously stretched pegs, evenly, tightly pull.
In addition to the mallet you will need an ordinary iron hammer. It comes in handy for leveling the vertical row. The size of the hammer directly depends on the size of the blocks. the larger, more solid the block, the larger the hammer is needed. It is important to approach the process carefully, so as not to destroy the material.
Without a trowel for applying the adhesive mixture it is difficult to apply the material to the surface of the aerated concrete brick as accurately and neatly as possible. The tool is needed to facilitate and improve the quality of work.
In addition, the trowel bucket for aerated concrete has several other advantages.
- Glue material is distributed evenly over the working surface, in the most precise layer.
- It is possible to determine the thickness of application of glue.
- Economical distribution of material is ensured by preventing the spreading of bonding mortar during application.
- The work is performed quickly and efficiently by applying and spreading mortar with only one movement.
Due to a simple bucket design, it is possible not only to reduce the consumption of glue, but also to keep the masonry walls clean in the process of work.
Reference! The cost of glue is several times higher than the price of sand-cement mortar. For this reason, loss of adhesive is unacceptable.
If one uses and applies the adhesive mixture judiciously, with the thickness within 1. 3 mm, the costs can be reduced by about 5 times. The specified thickness is acceptable for quality adhesion of the blocks.
Instructions for use
The sequence of work is elementary. To work, you need a glue mortar, the consistency is normal. A paver is placed on the end of the wall row and work begins.
Step. loading the unit with the adhesive solution
Using a putty knife we load the adhesive inside the box. Do not put a lot of mortar. it will be hard to work.
Step. forming an adhesive layer
Pull the device away from the comb. If the paver gets stuck, it needs to be moved back and forth a little, and it will go easier.
Do not forget to glue the end of the previous block in the row. Apply the adhesive.
Remove the excess amount with a toothed spatula.
Step. we set the block
Install the gas silicate in place. Aligning on a cord. The block mounting cycle is over.
Step. repeat cycle
Act according to the cycle algorithm, shown in the steps in the photo below.
Step. control the quality of laying, fixing defects
After we have installed several blocks (3-4), until the glue has not set, we check the quality of installation.
Using a bubble leveler we check the level of laid out blocks in two planes.
If necessary, we eliminate defects. We use a mallet.