Tile cutting in hand luggage. How to work with roller tile cutter
Than and how to cut porcelain border at home
Unlike ceramic tiles, cutting porcelain tile is not so simple, especially at home. The problem is that it is much more firm and dense material. What tools can be used to solve this problem? Below we will consider how you can cut a porcelain tile using manual tools or electric devices.
Porcelain stoneware is made in industrial conditions from mineral crumbs and various additives by double pressing and high.temperature firing. The result is a heavy and dense finishing material with a low level of porosity. All these characteristics provide him with very high strength and duration of operation, but, on the other hand, create difficulties for processing porcelain tiles. In addition, the surface of the material often has a texture to achieve anti.slip properties and decorativeness. This is an additional test for a hand tool, since many manual tools for cutting ceramics and glass are able to cope with smooth materials of the middle plane.
Ceramic tiles, on the contrary, are often smooth, thinner and lighter, with an average level of porosity. It breaks easier, tolerates mechanical loads worse, but it is easier to cut it when laying. Thus, cutting porcelain tiles is much more difficult than tiles, and not all tools are suitable for this.
Tools for cutting porcelain tiles
Obviously, it is better to use specially designed tools for cutting porcelain tiles. But there is not always such an opportunity, especially if you need to perform a limited volume of work and buy electric tile cutter for especially durable materials is inappropriate.
For cutting porcelain tiles for household purposes, cutting elements with diamond spraying are suitable. The optimal solution is diamond wheels for corner grinding or electric stump.cutter. It is very difficult to achieve a neat cut line with manual tools.
Below we will consider suitable tools. from the simplest to more complex specialized devices.
This is the easiest manual tool, but, unfortunately, not very suitable for porcelain tiles. He copes well with glass and ceramics with a thickness of not more than 10 mm, but does not cut thick and dense materials.
The tool consists of a diamond cutter, winning or a special alloy fixed on the handle. The edge when cutting porcelain tile glasses is usually uneven, so glass cutter is not recommended in cases where it is important to get a neat cut.
The glass cutter will not be able to cut a large amount of porcelain tile, it can only be used if you need to cut one or two non.thick tiles of porcelain tiles in a straight line.
Manual tile cutter
This is a special mechanical tile cut. The design of manual tile cutter includes a carbide cutter, lever mechanism and guides. The built.in square allows you to accurately measure the tile and choose the desired angle of the cut, and a special platform helps to move the material evenly along the cut line. The tool is suitable mainly for working with ceramic tiles, as well as porcelain tiles of small thickness.
There are devices of various modifications:
When choosing a tile cutter for porcelain tile, it is extremely important to focus on the quality of its cutting surface, materials from which a lever, moving nodes, a platform is made. Models of the lower price segment from dubious manufacturers are unlikely to cope with dense and thick porcelain tiles and quickly become unusable.
Electric tile cutter
A specialized electric drive device for flat and quick cutting of tiles and porcelain tile during repair and final work. As a cutting element, a diamond disk is used. Cutting is carried out in a wet method. the water is supplied from the hose from above or poured into the tank under the statin. The liquid provides high.quality diluting and cooling of the cutting element.
Corner grinder (angular grinder)
If necessary, porcelain tile can be cut with a hand.made hand.grinder of low power. For cutting porcelain tiles, you need to choose a disk for an angle grinding machine with diamond spraying. Cacks for concrete and stone for this purpose are unsuitable. Suitable as continuous diamond discs for wet cutting, which are periodically moistened with water for cooling, and segment. The optimal disk thickness for this type of work is about 2 mm.
Advantages and disadvantages of manual tiles
Like any other tool, manual tile cutter has positive and negative qualities that should be taken into account when choosing a device for cutting tiles.
The following characteristics are distinguished among the advantages:
- independence from electric networks;
- the ability to use at any temperature and humidity;
- low weight;
- Low cost.
Manual tile cutter
The device of manual tile cutters is the same, there are only some differences regarding the functionality. The following working parts are distinguished:
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- the base serves as a platform for the location of all working elements;
- tubular guides, along which a carriage with a cutting wheel moves;
- carriage. in addition to the cutting roller, it is equipped with a special concave paw to break off the cut part of the tile;
- The cutting element is a carbide roller rotating on the axis;
- The handle with which the carriage moves.
Before you start working with a tile, it is necessary to check it for serviceability. In particular, the smooth course of the carriage on even and smooth guide. The cutting video should be without defects, rotate freely. Subject to these conditions, you can form a uniform in depth and a flat groove, through which a tile will be carried out.
If noticed on the video of Zazubina or other damage, then it must be replaced. The guides are preliminarily cleaned by dust and pollution, machine processing or other means to ensure free movement of the carriage. If necessary, then the threaded fasteners are pulled up. Some models provide for the ability to configure the tool to work with a specific tile in size.
Consider step.by.step instructions on how to cut the tiles with a manual tile cutter:
On the front side of the facing workpiece, an approximate fishing line for a trimmer is applied. To do this, you can use a construction or stationery marker, felt.tip pen. But most masters prefer a barn pencil, since it is easy to erase from almost any surface.
To obtain a flat cut in the right place, it is necessary to properly lay the workpiece on the tile cutter site. In all types of manual tools, a ledge and a landmark are provided, which are located along the central axis of the platform. The plate with a centimeter scale additionally acts as a stop for the tile. It is also fixed perpendicular to the guide.
If you need to cut the tile with a manual tile, for example, diagonally, then the planned fishing line for a trimmer is enough to combine the location with the roller. To simplify the fixation of the workpiece on the site, additional grades may be provided.
It is important to form a groove throughout the marking line even in depth. That is, you need to slightly press the video to the tile, press on it and draw a wheel over the entire surface. Any jerks or uneven pressure can lead to crooked break.
It is worth noting that you need to move the carriage in the direction of yourself. So the foot will not interfere with work and easier to observe the degree of pressure on the tile. The force is calculated so as to destroy the glazed coating. over, only one is done, as when working with glass.
The next stage in the technique is how to cut the tiles with a tile.cutting cutter. the break of the workpiece on the intended line. To do this, raise the lever on the carriage and direct to the facing material of the sole of the foot. Pressing on the surface of the tiles is carried out in the central part. The result should be a neat break on the intended line.
Upon completion of the work process, you need to perform several more actions. The tool is completely cleaned of ceramic crumbs and dust. It will be correct to wipe all the parts with a damp cloth or sponge. Next, the device is placed in a native box or cover. The storage location is selected dry to exclude the appearance of rust.
Briefly about the main thing
Manual tiles is represented by a platform, guide and carriage, on which there is a pen, a paw for faulting tiles and a cutting element in the form of a roller.
The tool is characterized by mobility, low weight, ease of use and low cost.
The disadvantages of tile cutter include small performance and relatively low cut quality against the background of the results of the work of electrical counterparts.
During operation, it is important to accurately place the tile and form a groove on the surface along the entire length with the same depth.
To get the best result, it is necessary to properly care for the tool and check it for serviceability, timely eliminate defects.
Of course, working with a manual tool is not so dangerous than if you have to deal with an electric counterpart, but still requires compliance with safety precautions.
- It is necessary to start operating the device only in a protective casing, special shoes and goggles. Compliance with this rule will avoid injury.
- At the time of cutting, nothing should distract the employee, so it is best to do work in rooms where none of strangers will come in.
It is recommended to soften the finishing material before the cut
Whether to wet the tile
Before cutting finishing material, it needs to be softened. To do this, soak the tile 1-1.5 hours before work.
It is believed that a manual device of this type can only cut a tile with a thickness of up to 15 16 cm. At the same time, roller devices give minimal cutting power, a rigid carriage provides a greater effect, and only the most powerful bearing models cope with panels with a thickness of 15 16 mm.
Manual models for tiles and porcelain tiles are not suitable from a relief surface. If the cutter did not “get” to the bottom of all the recesses. the glaze layer will not be cut evenly. Therefore, an even fault can not be expected.
With regard to porcelain tile, the thickness restriction may be more serious: even bearing tile cutters do not always cope with panels with a thickness of 15 16 mm.
Cutting with improvised means
To process single blanks, you can use a stone drill, which is an imitation of glass cutter. Marking is applied to the surface of the tile and with effort is carried out with a cutting edge along the steel ruler. Then the workpiece is broken using a wooden bar or cylindrical mandrel. To obtain a hole, it is necessary to drill the channels along the marking line, and then gently knock out the central part. The edge is uneven and requires long.term processing by a suction or coarse.grained sandpaper.
The drill on stone imitates glass cutter, while the edge turns out to be uneven.
Which method is better to choose
When selecting technology, the specifics of the work should be taken into account:
- To carry out urgent repair associated with the installation of several tiles, you can use manual cutting with a jigsaw or glass cutter. In the absence of experience, it is recommended to practice scraps.
- When performing a major overhaul associated with laying a tile on the walls or floor, you will need manual or electric tile cutter. It is recommended to prepare a grinding machine and a set of circles for cutting small edges or grinding slices. If the room has conclusions of water or gas pipes, then a set of crowns and an electric drill will be needed. To cut the edges by 5 mm and less, a grinding circle or nippers are used (depending on the personal preferences of the master).
Tiles and cutting features
The most common glazed tile. Its cutting is largely similar to that glass. To plan the furrows must be on the front side. If there are only forceps or weak tile cutters at hand, then you can facilitate the cutting of thick floor ceramics using a corner grinder. To do this, the fishing line for the trimmer of the section from the front part to the reverse. Corner grinding is carefully carried out a furrow of about half the thickness of the tile. After that it is already much easier to break it.
It is better to break it, resting the tile along the entire line of the cut on a flat surface, the corner of the countertop or a metal corner. Look for an example of a tile cutter and how the support on the cut line is implemented on it. There is a small, even ledge along the entire length and several mowed edges of the surface on the sides of it.
If the cutting of porcelain tiles or any textured one is necessary, then there are very few options. For such a goal, only tools with a diamond disk can be used, with which the entire thickness of the tile is cut through.
Cutting with a corner grinder or machine is always produced on a flat surface without tearing tiles from it. Otherwise, you can easily put the material in a situation where the cutting disk gets stuck in the context of.
Cutting oblique lines and curly edges
Previously, the cut shape is marked on the stove. It can be a corner or even roundness for installing tiles at the place of the protrusion of the wall or the output of the pipe. After that, either on an electric machine, carefully and in parts cut out all excess, or use forceps.
For the second option, you should carefully carry out a cutting circle along the cut line. After that, using pliers or pliers, they literally bite a piece of tiles until they get to the edge of the restrictive line. To decorate an even end, you can use rough sandpaper or supra.
Even if figure cutting is made on an electric machine, sometimes you have to bring a fishing line for a trimmer using forceps.
Features of the material
Raw materials consisting of clay, kaolin, quartz sand, field spar and mineral additives are pressed under high pressure and then sinter at high temperatures. The resulting material has practically no pores and has a firmness of equal hardness of corundum (7. 8 on the Moos scale). Inferior in firmness to only a few materials, such as diamond, sapphire, ruby and so on. At the same time, thin tiles (3 mm and thinner) are quite fragile.
note! Cutting the material of such hardness will not turn out with hand glass cutters, stone canvases and electrician. They can only be used as an auxiliary tool.
Consider two methods of cutting tiles at home. The methods have restrictions that will be discussed below, as well as ways to circumvent these restrictions. Acceptable results can be achieved, but it is better to cut porcelain tiles on professional equipment. Only he will give a guaranteed result for an acceptable time with a relatively large amount of work.
Cutting corner grinding
Corner grinding machine (angular grinder). a universal tool for cutting and processing many materials. Due to its universality, it does not apply to specifications. In the household, with the help of a corner grinder, you can solve many issues.
In order to cut off porcelain tiles, almost any corner grinder is suitable. There is no need for high power. A small, light tool is even preferable to use. The turns are more important, not the power. A powerful tool will cut the tile faster, but just the speed here can affect negatively. it will turn out less carefully.
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The main issue is the selection of a cutting circle. It is the choice of a circle that should be paid special attention. And this is not about the landing size (it is granted).
Choosing a cutting disk
The material is cut only with diamond discs. Diamond discs produce two types: solid and segment. To obtain the best results, it is recommended to try to make cuts with different cuts. For cutting porcelain tiles, there are features when using both continuous and segmented discs:
Continuous are positioned by manufacturers mainly for “wet” cutting. T.e. for cutting with water cooling or special liquids. And are not used for cutting without cooling, as they can quickly fail. However, when is the task of obtaining a cut with as few chips as possible, it is a continuous disk that can be better suited. This is situational and largely dependent on the specific material (quality, thickness, relief, etc.) that is processed;
In addition to the type, the discs are characterized by a whole set of parameters: the density of diamond spraying, the height of the cutting edge, the thickness of the disk, etc. It is better to follow the recommendations of disk manufacturers. The discs themselves usually indicate for what purposes they are used.
For cut with manual corner grinding, disks less than 2.0 mm thick are not acceptable. The height of the cutting edge should be greater than the thickness of the tile (affects the cleanliness of the cut).
Advice! Check the condition of the disk in front of each cut. With any deviations, the disk changes, otherwise the risk of chips increases.
- Put the marking to the tile. For this, it is best to use a construction marker.
- Tile on a flat surface. In some cases, it will be more convenient to fix the tile to the surface with clamps or fix it in the workbench.
- To obtain an even cut, you can additionally strengthen with clamps along the cut line the metal strip. Then it will be necessary to cut along it.
- Cutting is carried out on the front side, since the output is the largest number of chips. You can do a double cut. First draw a small furrow on the front side, and make the main cut on the back. This method will minimize damage to the front surface.
- If there are no strict requirements for the cut, then you can not saw it to the end. Having made cuts, break the stove with your hands.
- It is recommended to lead the tool, starting from yourself.
- Additionally polish the slice if necessary.
Do not forget about safety precautions, in the video below, the author remarkably described how to work safely with a corner grinder:
Applying a corner grinder, it is imperative to use protective equipment:
- a suit that covers the legs and arms;
- protective glasses (preferably a mask);
- protective gloves or mittens;
- respirator (with a significant amount of work is required).
- The ability to cut an element of almost any shape. For figure cut, good skills in working with tools are needed;
- The possibility of cutting the tiles already laid in place;
- The accessibility of the tool.
- traumatic hazard;
- It is very difficult to get geometrically accurate cuts;
- a large complexity of obtaining a clean cut without chips;
- low speed of work;
- A large amount of dust and noise.
With the help of corner grinder, it will not be possible to get the perfect slice the first time. To obtain accurate cuts without chips, they cut with an indent from the line of 2-5 mm. Then bring to the desired sizes with grinding. This is a rather time.consuming operation and takes a lot of time, therefore it is recommended to be carried out only with elements that will be in a prominent place.
Or use the trick, as in the video below:
There is only an electric tile for porcelain tile. There is no specialized manual tile cutter for porcelain tile. But for these purposes, you can use hand.made tiles of good quality. The cheap suitable tool is most likely to be found, and when using one at the output there will be simply broken tiles.
A good bed with a powerful stiffness rib. Otherwise, during the fault of the stanch tile, the tile will be broken not in line;
- Lack of backlash in a carriage (usually depends on the thickness of the guides). As you use over time, it begins to play any manual tile cutter. Therefore, it is not recommended to use old, unverified;
- The thicker the tile, the thicker the diameter of the cutting roller should be;
- The carriage should have a smooth move. This is achieved by special bearings. The smoothness of the course can also have a honeymoon, but from the experience of use it is not for long and unstable, t.e. Once it swept smoothly, but the next guarantees are not there.
- Mark the tile, it is recommended to use a construction marker.
- Put the tiles on the tile cut through the line.
- Gently draw a fishing line for a trimmer from yourself with a light pressure. At the same time, it is important to maintain the same pressure effort throughout the line. Important! According to the porcelain border, the feature is carried out once. Conducting several features is unacceptable. Otherwise, a fault may go through the line.
- Install the paw on the tile and break the line by pressing.
- Polish the slice if necessary.
How to make a figure breakup
To highlight curly parts from the tiles, special forceps are often used to cut the tiles. If they are not there, you can get by with pliers for one.time work, the technology of the whole procedure is quite simple:
- Make an arched fishing line for a trimmer on a glazed tile surface using an acute tool.
- Perform several cuts from the edge of the tile, not reaching the mark of 5 mm., then carefully squeeze the cut.off fragment sharply with the forceps.
- Do this work in turn with each segment. You can simply squeeze the tiles with pliers, it will begin to crumble and separate along the marking line.
During this process, do not try to immediately break a large piece to increase the pace of work. With such manipulation, a tile’s lift abroad may occur.
Cutting sex tiles
Options how to cut floor tiles is also plenty of. For one.time operation, tools that are available in the home device are useful. It should be noted right away that these options are suitable for cases when masonry is performed by ordinary ceramic or tiles. In the case of porcelain tiles, you will have to contact the store for industrial tiles. For cutting floor tiles, the technology remains the same as for the facade.
As for the tools, their list is no different from that which is intended for wall material.