Tools and appliances for electrical installation work
Choosing a tool for an electrician
A person who has chosen the profession of an electrician, must necessarily have a special set of tools, with the help of which you can repair electrical wiring or make installation. In general, an electrician’s kit can vary greatly in terms of the constituent elements. It all depends on the professionalism of the worker, the intended purpose and so on. Let’s look at how to choose an electrician tool for working with up to one thousand volts.
Tools for electrical work in brief
Electrical work. above all a responsible event, on the correct execution of which depends on the overall fire and electrical safety.But in addition to the necessary knowledge, professional tools are needed to successfully perform the tasks at hand.
Before you perform electrical work is required to review the project and decide on the front of the upcoming works, the order of wiring electrical equipment, then it is necessary to choose what electrical tool will be performed wiring. The quality of electrical work depends on the right choice of power tools, because if the electrician starts to squeeze out the hole to install the socket with a hammer and chisel, the effectiveness of such work will be equal to zero.
In construction stores you can always find a set for electrical work. And even if a standard tool kit doesn’t suit your needs, you can make a list of the tools you need for electrical installation work.
Combination pliers, or pliers. it is the most common type of pivoting pliers, which is used to fix and bind various objects. Pliers are also needed when working with cables, cutting or soldering wires. The quality of the material from which the pliers are made is the main indicator of their durability. Pliers are available for different types of loads and have some features:
- for electrical work with different types of cables, pliers with a round or sharp-shaped working part can be used;
- any type of pliers may or may not have cutting elements of the wire-cutting plane;
- special types of pliers can be designed for both installation and special or adjustment work.
A cable stripper, can be of several designs. Selection depends on cable type and cross-sectional area. These types of tools are needed for time-consuming cable-laying jobs, because they reduce the time required to complete them. Today, when in a construction supermarket you can buy a mini-tractor, a rider or any other garden or construction equipment, it is worth recalling that a stripping tool is equally effective for carrying out electrical installation in the house, and for repairing wiring of power tools or household appliances.
Modern wiring technologies have led to the emergence of brand new tools, the use of which can indicate the level of quality of work performed. In addition to several dozen types of crimping kits, there are about a hundred types of individual tools for various crimping jobs.
A set of screwdrivers and an electric electric screwdriver will be necessary for any electrical work associated with the installation of junction boxes, meters and switches.
Are there any differences between the tools used by professional electricians and the so-called household tools, i.e. those that are used by an ordinary man doing the simplest electric installation works at home: replacing sockets, switches, connecting electric appliances, etc?
Let’s start with the fact that no self-respecting electrician would use someone else’s tools, the installer is just not sure of their proper properties. Can the insulated handles of the pliers withstand the voltage? Won’t your hand slip from the screwdriver stop. The importance of these issues is understood only by a professional who faces the risk of electrocution on an almost daily basis. The danger is real! The danger of electric current is that it is almost impossible to detect the presence of voltage in advance with the senses. If we can smell gas or, for example, feel high temperatures, we can’t sense the life-threatening voltage.
Many people say that before starting electrical work in an apartment they switch off the power completely and thus protect themselves. But there is still a chance that the circuit will not be disconnected with a disconnecting device or that the circuit is not assembled correctly, so that the voltage cannot be disconnected.
A pointer (indicator) is used to detect the presence/absence of voltage. Those devices of unknown manufacture, which are widely sold at a symbolic price, do not withstand any criticism! Such indicator may stop working at any moment, thus deceiving its owner and endangering his life, or it may break right in his hands even under a minor mechanical impact.
The difference of professional voltage indicator is just the same in its reliability. It’s also about knowing how to use it correctly. Before he starts, an electrician must always perform an external inspection of the voltage indicator, then check the correctness of its operation on live parts. And only then disconnect it and check again that it is de-energized at the place of installation. If the voltage gauge falls down during operation, the data obtained with it can no longer be trusted, it may be damaged. All these activities and remarks may at first glance seem easy, but without the skill practiced to automatism, the risk to life remains.
All tools with insulated handles that are used in electrical installation work are basic safety equipment. According to the Regulations for the Safe Operation of Electrical Installations (SEWI), there are a number of requirements for such tools and their use. The simplest of them is storing the wiring tool in a separate bag or case intended to protect it from external influences. In addition, every six months the tool must be inspected to check for mechanical damage.Once a year, insulated handles are subjected to a special test in an electrical laboratory where they are tested for their stability during prolonged exposure to high voltages. Test results are recorded in a special log, in which each protective device has a specific number associated with its case.
Tools sold in markets and stores are not subjected to these tests and inspections. Consequently, there is a risk in using it. Are you ready to take risks?? With your life, with the lives of those around you? If you do not have two options: become a professional electrician, or resort to the services of companies that employ professionals. Believe me, when it comes to electrical work, there are no minutiae, and risk is always a factor!
As a conclusion, it should be noted that acquiring any power tool (rotary wrenches, drills, screwdrivers, angle grinders, etc.), the risk of serious injury is always present. д.) in a construction equipment store, you should always ask in advance about the availability of a repair center for warranty service tools.
An electrician’s tool and its use
The main element, without which you can not do without when carrying out installation and repair work, is a screwdriver. It is necessarily present in a toolkit for electrical installation work. Screwdrivers not only can be straight and curved, but there are also indicating screwdrivers, which determine the presence of phase.
Another basic tool for the electrician is a multimeter. It is intended for diagnostics of a fault in the electric system with its subsequent elimination.
It should be noted that all tools used for electrical installation work must have the necessary protection against electric shock. For example, pliers, pincers and cutters, which are used when working with cable, have handles of insulating material.
If in the process of installation will be carried out work on the cable, it is necessary to have press jaws, which are designed specifically for this type of work.
For connecting and installing power equipment, the electrician’s tool kit includes a set of wrenches. In the process of work with the cable may be made to remove the insulation tape and stripping the cable. For this purpose, an electrician’s arsenal must include a knife that is designed for this type of work.
If you have to work with big diameter and thickness of wire it is better to use side cutters, because the knife can not cope with such a task.
Another important detail in the work of an electrician is the presence of a flashlight. People of this profession often have to install wiring and repair cables in the absence of lighting, so this tool must necessarily be present in the arsenal.
For large-scale works that require the use of professional equipment, power tools are used.
Electrical Installation and Maintenance | Electrical Tools and Equipment
Tools and devices for electrical installation work
To qualitatively perform repair and construction work requires knowledge and special wiring tools. Before they are carried out, you need to familiarize yourself with the project, decide on the sequence of processes. Then only make a set of necessary tools. The correctness of his choice determines the result of electrical installation work. If the master will install the socket with a chisel and hammer, the effectiveness of such work will be minimal. In addition, work practices and the use of improper tools may result in personal injury due to electric shock.
What tools should have a home electrician?
So first we will give you a set of hand tools for an electrician, so you know what you need to supplement the existing set in the house.
The following items should definitely be in your suitcase:
- Screwdriver set. When installing outlets, switches and other elements of electrical wiring can not do without a screwdriver. You need not only a shaped screwdriver and a straight screwdriver, but also an indicator screwdriver, so that you can determine the presence of voltage on the bare pins. Read about how to use the indicator screwdriver in the corresponding article. We also talked about all the most popular types of screwdrivers and their purpose separately.
- A box cutter. Without this tool, it’s hard to imagine electrical work. In your own tool box you should have a knife and blade set. Here we can immediately add that a tool for stripping wires would also be helpful: a special knife for electricians or a stripper.
- Pliers. It would be more correct to say. pliers, which are necessary for an electrician-assembler not only to bite the wire, but also to perform the correct stranding of wires.
- Side cutters. Despite the fact that many pliers include pliers, it is better to buy professional side cutters with a good blade. With the help of the tool you can not only cut through thick wires during installation works, but also peel insulation from wires, if there is no stripper at hand.
- Hammer. As any other installer, an electrician must have a hammer in his briefcase. With the help of this tool you can hammer dowel in the wall, make strokes (paired with a chisel) or score a staple (as one of the options for fixing wires in the wall).
- Chisel. We have already said about it. if you need to manually hold the chisel, you can not do without a chisel. At the same time, be sure to keep a chisel in your suitcase when installing electrical wiring in a wooden house.
- Circle pliers. Not always used for electrical work in the house or apartment, but still have its own specific value. with the help of hand tools home handyman can figure bend a wire to connect some kinds of contacts.
- Crimping Pliers. If you most often use sleeves as a way to connect electrical wires, then the list of the most necessary tools include pliers, too.
That’s all the most necessary tools for an electrician. Well, if you don’t have a complete list, you can buy all the tools you need at any building supply store.
Keep in mind that you must necessarily put in your suitcase also insulation tape, various shrink wrap, marker and measuring tape. Without these tools you can not do without when installing electrical wiring with your own hands. We also advise you to buy a special belt for all the above items, on which you can attach anything from a hammer to a screwdriver. In addition to the belt, installers wear specialized vests with lots of s, which is also convenient for storing tools for various types of electrical wiring. In the photo below you can see what the belt and vest look like.
Measuring tools and devices
This category of devices is usually the least extensive when it comes to applicability in domestic or civil construction. There was a time when many electronic devices looked like separate products, but today most of them are collected in one device.
- A tape measure is a basic mechanical device that is used all the time: for marking out walls and designing future electrical wiring. As you know, the hidden laying of cables in the walls must be “predictable”. subject to a set of rules of installation geometry. If one day the user will have to hang a shelf close to the switch, he should be sure that he will not accidentally hit the chandelier’s power wire when drilling into the walls. To this end, all bends of the cable should be made at an angle of 90°.
- The punch. this tool is often missing from an electrician’s kit because it is considered the prerogative of carpenters, construction workers, draftsmen, or finishers. Nevertheless, it is extremely convenient for wiring work. and this is confirmed by the fact that its analogues many workers try to make from what they have at hand. a tape measure, a pair of rulers, straight pieces of shielding pad or flat cable duct. The trimmer is needed to precisely copy non-standard angles, to transfer parallel lines when installing sub-sockets, or to mark complicated shapes.
- Level and mini level is another underestimated and simple tool that is needed to make sure that each socket and switch is strictly level on the wall without tipping to one side.
- multimeter. now this product alone can fully replace not only a voltmeter, ammeter and ohmmeter, but also to carry out wire identification, measure DC current and even temperature (if equipped with a contact thermocouple).
- Electronic caliper. this product is exactly the same as its mechanical counterpart, the only difference being that it displays the inner and outer diameter, as well as the depth of holes. This tool is used for both marking and determining cross-sectional area of wires, if their marking is not visible or there is no insulation at all.
- Latent wire indicators, voltage indicators, continuity taps, etc. Monofunctional products are almost a thing of the past these days. They are still often used by older craftsmen, but have largely been superseded by multimeters and multi-indicator devices.
- Current clamp meters are the most specific tool of this group. It is designed to measure the current without opening the wire jacket and breaking the circuit, and the mechanism of operation of the product is based on capturing the force field emanating from the conductor.
A common ruler and protractor are also useful for a number of measuring and measuring tasks when installing wiring. The latter is especially appropriate during planning the symmetrical arrangement of electrical fittings in rooms, as well as when trimming ceramic tiles at the stage of laying cables in the bathroom.
The list of necessary tools for an electrician
The first rule for all electricians. Never skimp on tools. While many people are on a tight budget, it is not the case that you can cut costs by buying cheap products. They will not last long, and are also much harder to use: even a simple rubber screwdriver handle will help you feel the difference with the plastic one if you work with it all day; not to mention that quality tools can simply save your life when working with high voltages. You’ll be doing demanding work over long shifts in tough conditions: at heights and in basements, in heat and cold, and often coping alone, and the last thing you need is a substandard tool kit. Don’t make the mistake of false economy, make sure your bag is filled with only high-quality tools. An investment in equipment. It’s an investment in your career and safety! Here’s an incomplete list of the tools you’ll need. that allow you to perform basic electrical wiring operations.
This is the electrician’s number one tool. Pliers come in a wide range of types and sizes, and your kit should contain several varieties:
- pliers. cut, twist wires together, pull them together, and do a host of other things. They are even often used instead of a hammer. They have square-shaped jaws that are great for twisting wires, a cutting blade for wire, and a gripping area to pull wire. Look for tools that are rated for 1000 volts and have comfortable knurled handles that do not slip;
- needle-nose pliers, needle-nose pliers, needle-nose pliers, long-nose pliers. check the assortment and pick yourself something from this list, you will find them indispensable, especially with built-in cutters;
- Crimper or crimping pliers. For splicing, crimping, butt splicing of wires.
- side cutters, wire cutters. for cutting wire, nails, staples, MC cables, etc.д. Make sure that the “jaws” are specially hardened for such use and are not just for cutting copper or aluminum wire. There are some models equipped with live wire detection;
- Cable shears. Are used to cut thick wires or cables;
- wire stripper. Manual or automatic stripper that strips wire without damaging it. These tools come in a variety of versions and have different sizes of cutting teeth for different cross sections of wire.
You’ll need a few different kinds of screwdrivers. with different lengths and shapes of heads. wide and narrow, thin and thick, flat and cross. Universal sets with interchangeable heads and a swivel handle will make your job easier, and percussion. The swivel options will allow you to handle even stuck fasteners.
Hex keys It is better to buy a set with about 5 to 16 wrenches of different sizes. Socket wrench set. alternative to the common socket or shank wrench.
- multimeter. Measures amperage, resistance, and voltage. Comes in analog and digital. You need a meter that can read up to 600-1000 volts. It contains an ohmmeter, ammeter, and voltmeter “in one bottle”. You can use the devices separately, but most electricians will have both;
- Non-contact voltage detector. It will light an indicator light or buzz when it detects a working mains. Some of these devices are automatic, while others must be turned on with a switch. Handy, -sized model runs on AAA batteries.
- Cable puller. Metal or fiberglass wire with a long, flexible tip, used to pull single or stranded wire through metal or plastic conduit;
- hacksaw. for cutting racks, pipes and cables;
- tape measure. To measure wire, cable tray, distances when installing electrical wiring, and more. A 10-meter tape measure is usually enough for basic tasks;
- level. To measure the deviation from a horizontal or vertical line. The plastic housing will weaken over time and cause poor readings: make sure your spirit level is metal. Great if the instrument is made with rare-earth magnets: this thing will stick so firmly that you won’t have to worry about it falling off and breaking;
- adjustable wrench. will be needed for tightening fittings when installing piping and working with rigid pipes
- a drill. cordless device is ideal, allowing you to work in hard-to-reach and remote places from power sources. It will need a wide range of drills of different sizes and for different materials. Most cordless drills come with two batteries in case one goes dead in time. New lithium batteries. A big plus, they are far superior to the old nickel. cadmium equivalents. Impact drill. a very good addition to the tool kit: electricians often need to punch through brickwork or concrete
- punch cutter. useful for making grooves for cables. You can use an angle grinder for this purpose, but a grommet cutter will make the groove faster and neater;
- headlamp. you’ll need it in dark places. Never try to work with electricity without proper lighting. Unlike conventional flashlights, head lamps will keep your hands free;
- tool belt. Every craftsman’s must-have. It has many kinds for different trades. The electrician’s belt should have several s on one side for small parts and supplies, and s on the other side for hand tools. It should have a holder for electrical tape and a loop for a hammer.
Planet Electric has a wide range of different kinds of tools, which you can find in more detail in our catalog.
Electrical installation tools for beginners and professionals
Professional electrician to perform qualitative work must have a certain list of wiring tools. There are certain kits for electrical installation, which both experienced specialists and beginners need to have. The necessary inventory includes hand and electric tools, as well as work clothes.
Electrical installation tool
An electrical installation tool is a set of devices, appliances and accessories for quality performance of electrical installation works of any complexity. Used to facilitate work (less effort required), increase productivity, speed and safety.
Main criteria of choice: convenience, universality, safety of operation, high quality of material (the reliability and service life of the tool depends on it)
Standard kit includes:
Cutting tools for different cable diameters (copper, aluminum, armored). Some models are equipped with swiveling heads for work in hard-to-reach places. These include: cable cutters, side cutters, wire cutters, sector cutters.
Work in the high-voltage area with tools with rubberized dielectric handles and ribbed surface of one blade (prevents the cable from slipping). For more comfortable and safer work, choose models with extended (telescopic) ergonomic handles with locking and locking in several positions.
crimping and crimping tools for making connections, crimping lugs, clamping and terminating cables of various types by means of integrated heads and vices. Professional crimping (aluminum and copper thermowells) making with the help of mechanical and hydraulic presses, with special hexagonal matrix. Modern presses are compatible with all popular types of lugs (DIN, AWG, JIS B).
tools for sheath and insulation stripping for fast and high-quality stripping of insulation of power cables, telephone cables, twisted pair without damaging the cores.
testing instrument for wide range measurements of voltage, resistance, frequency, dc and ac current, line presence test. They are ammeters, voltmeters, ohmmeters, indicating screwdrivers, etc. Used in commissioning, repair work, fault location in electrical equipment.
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