Tools for working with fabric by hand
A marking sewing tool
For marking the contours of the pattern and other lines, various kinds of marks, there are special tools, tools and appliances.Cutter (copying roller). a wheel with a serrated edge on the handle, used for marking outlines on the fabric. Toothed edge of the wheel leaves behind a pointing line. This wheel comes with a smooth edge that leaves a continuous fishing line. Used for marking very thin airy fabrics.There is also a double copy roller, which allows you to mark simultaneously the seam line and the seam allowance line, t. е. the seam allowance line. Its width can be adjusted. This roller allows you to save a lot of time when cutting the fabric and in addition to the seam allowance allows you to mark squares and stripes.Copy paper is needed for the transfer of cutting lines on fabric copying roller (cutter). You can use paper in the tone of fabric, but so that the color of the lines does not completely merge with the background. You can use white tracing paper to make the lines clearly visible. There are new types of tracing paper that leave a mark that can be removed with water. Copy paper is acceptable only if you do not care about marks on the wrong side of the fabric.Tailor’s chalk allows you to put on the fabric clear lines. The disadvantage of this tool is that its traces need to be removed after sewing the product, but sometimes it is not easy to do. Therefore, instead of chalk you can use a flat piece of high quality soap (mostly white). You can further sharpen the washcloth with a knife and use it to draw fine, clear lines on the fabric, which disappear when the product is ironed. But to avoid unpleasant surprises, you should first try the soap on a patchwork fabric, whether it leaves any spots on this fabric after ironing.Special felt-tip pens are also used for marking the fabric. Sometimes the ink used in them will evaporate and disappear from the fabric 48 hours after marking, sometimes it must be removed with water. But in all cases, the markings made with a felt-tip pen must be removed before you start ironing the place, otherwise the iron may fix them. Also, before marking with a felt-tip marker on the main fabric, make sure that the felt-tip marker will not leave a mark on that fabric and that the water when removing the marker will not leave a stain either.
Tools and appliances for manual work
Manual tools include hand needles, thimble, scissors, tape; tools include a mannequin, a template, a ring and knife, a spike, pins, etc.д. (Fig. 1.14).
Thimbles 1 Use different numbers depending on the operation being performed and the type of material being ironed. To trim the threads after the operations, use a ring with a knife 2, which is put on the index or middle finger of the right hand, or self-draining scissors 6. Scissors 7 used for cutting and trimming, detail clarification, etc.п., Available in various shapes and sizes.
Special scissors with serrated edge of the blade are used for trimming the edges of the parts in order to prevent them from crumbling. Transferring of pattern lines from paper to fabric or cardboard is carried out with the help of a cutter 3. A peg is used to remove threads and straighten corners of parts 4 (metal, plastic or bone rod, sharpened at one end). In the process of wet-heat treatment the valve edges are straightened on a special device. a template 5. The attachment 8 the girdle turn device is used to quickly turn out narrow patterns after turning and straighten the ends. To check the quality of semi-finished and finished products using dummies 9. In the absence of special machines for working over buttonholes use nipple punching machines 10 or percussion type devices 11. Buttons are tightened on the device 12. A special device is used to prevent the shear of the details from crumbling 13, allowing to obtain zigzag cuts. Bottom lines of dresses, skirts, coats are adjusted on a figure with the help of a device 14.
The quality of the product, the productivity of the worker depends on the selection of tools and fixtures. Tools and appliances are chosen according to the material from which the product is made, and the type of work performed.
Hand needles must be sharp, elastic, unbreakable, well-polished, with an eye of sufficient size and without burrs. Needles are different in diameter (thickness) and length, have an ear of various sizes. Depending on the length and diameter of the needles are divided by numbers: from 1 to 12 (tab. 1.2).
Needles are selected according to the type of fabric, the fabric being worked on and the operation to be performed (table “Methods of working with needles” on page 54). 1.3).
According to the needles and the treated fabrics, the numbers of threads should also be selected. For very fine cotton fabrics (marquisette, cambric, etc.).) cotton threads 0. 80, and when making dresses from chintz, satin, flannel. with 0 thread. 60.
Very thin silk fabrics. chiffon, crepe georgette. sew with silk thread 5, 75 and cotton thread 0; thin and light silk fabric. crepe de Chine, crepe satin. cotton thread 80, wool fabric. with thread 0. 60.
When making suits and overcoats from thin fabrics use cotton thread 0 1. 60; for overcoats of thick fabrics. with threads 0. 40.
Silk threads are not used for cotton fabrics. Capron threads are used in the manufacture of articles of wool, silk fabrics and fabrics with synthetic fibers.
For sewing is recommended to use lavsan, reinforced and cotton threads in three, four and six folds, for overstitching seams and seams. lavsan, kapron, silk and cotton in two and three folds, For buttonhole seaming. kapron, lavsan and silk, for sewing on buttons. lavsan, staple, reinforced (cotton-lavsan), as well as cotton in three, four and six folds.
Materials and tools for patchwork
There is a perception that patchwork is an easy type of needlework. It would seem that what is easier. collect all the fabrics that are in the house, and sew them together. Alas, this is not the case. In order to create a patchwork, you need to feel very good color, know the basics of composition, understand the specifics of tissue, own the most different types of techniques, know the basics of design, because each patchwork should be seamlessly integrated into the interior. In this section we will discover the first secret of patchwork. how to choose the right materials.
In patchwork sewing you can use absolutely all fabrics that are produced today industry, including fabrics that are already used. The easiest way to work with cotton fabrics such as chintz. Such a fabric before you start work, you need to wash it to give it shrinkage. Otherwise, the finished product may become deformed during use. If you want to do without washing, you can use the following method. Wet a terry towel, squeeze it slightly and straighten it. Put a cloth on it, roll it up together with a towel and leave it for 2-3 hours. Then iron the fabric with a hot iron. It’s very interesting to work with drapes. It is a soft fabric, usually warm colors It pairs well with tapestry, braid, embroidery. Old, with beautiful blue stripes denim combined with chintz, tartan fabric, braid can create super trendy models. Very popular today is organza. Layered on top of another fabric, organza gives it a new texture, creates an additional color shade. Iron this material with a warm iron, not a hot iron in any case. The most difficult to create a patchwork product of staple, silk or modern man-made fabrics. But also these works turn out to be very beautiful and bright. And how wonderfully looks stitching on silk! If you decide to create such a product, you will definitely need a special adhesive fabric. With it you need to glue the back side of the material, before proceeding to the cut. Such a fabric is sold in stores selling handicraft goods. You also need to glue materials such as fine wool, crepe de Chambray, etc. п. Very effective look velvet bedspreads with the addition of taffeta and moire. Velvet. the material is very capricious, it does not hold shape, deforms under the iron. Before work it is also necessary to glue, lightly steaming, through a wet cloth with an iron. When cutting velvets, take into account the direction of the nap. Choosing a fabric in the store, pay attention to the back of it. Sometimes the wrong side is prettier than the front. Feel free to use the wrong side of the fabric in your work as well!
Tips. Your first products beginners to get acquainted with patchwork best of all create from chintz. The fabric is easy to sew and iron. And the mottled pattern can better hide minor flaws. Do not use old, long used fabric for the lining of the product. The back of your work must also have a “face”. For the back of a quilt, choose a fabric that harmonizes in color with its front side.
Patchwork sewing is great because there are no restrictions in either material or technique. Use embroidery, braid, cords, buttons, knitting, combine different fabrics. The main thing is for the product to be beautiful and of high quality. And remember: for your work to bring joy to you and your loved ones, you need to follow the rules of patchwork.
Every patchworker has a huge pile of fabrics. Sometimes in this pile is difficult to find what you need. How to store fabrics? The first thing to do is to sort them by type. cotton, silk, linen, wool, etc. д. Lay out fabrics of the same kind by color. all shades of blue and blue; red, burgundy and pink; purple and lilac; green; orange and yellow; brown and beige; black, white and gray. The fabrics are variegated, that is, in flowers, with ornaments, etc. п., Divide them into separate groups. This allows you to quickly find a material of the right texture and hue. In separate boxes or bags, also by colors, put small scraps that you need for panels, applique, etc. п.
The right choice of color is the basis of patchwork. So, before you get to work, think about what color scheme you would like to see your future creation in. If you want to match the product to a specific interior, choose fabrics of appropriate colors. Well, if you are lucky and you are equipping your new home, make a luxurious thing, such as your heart and soul ask for, and choose interior details (wallpaper, curtains, furniture, etc.).) under it. The color scheme of the product also depends on its purpose. If you have planned a blanket for the baby, then use fabrics of gentle, “tender” colors: pink, blue, lilac, with a delicate pattern. If you have an older child who is already actively learning about the world, get bright, juicy, active-drawing fabrics. To make it easier for you to match colors and to have fewer mistakes, use the following method. Pin a piece of white flannel to the wall or any other vertical surface. White. because it is a neutral color that will not interfere with other colors, flannel. because; to this fabric, the scraps will “stick” without pins Cut is better to take not a small, at least 150 x 200 cm. Next, think about the design of the piece and choose fabrics in the right colors. Cut a piece from each fabric and attach it to the flannel. If you have a geometric design in mind, do not be lazy, cut the flaps clearly according to the pattern and lay out at least one block. Step back a few steps, squint your eyes slightly. You will immediately see the extra color. it will “scream”, standing out from the general color scheme. Look also if your details do not merge into a single spot of color. Save this piece of flannel, let it always be used for this purpose. An insufficiently attentive attitude to color leads to the fact that the details of the product visually blend in with each other or, conversely, one color overpowers the other. The work in this case looks out of harmony, ugly. So do not hurry to sew. Believe me, although sometimes it takes a lot more time to select the fabrics than the sewing itself, but they are justified.
Lengthwise, crosswise, and oblique
Each fabric has a share and a cross thread. The leftover thread, or warp, runs the length of the fabric. If you try to stretch the fabric, you will see that it does not stretch along the grain of the thread. Consider the location of the grain thread when cutting triangular details, ruler for panels, strips. The cross thread runs perpendicular to the grain. The fabric tends to pull in the direction of the cross thread, but not very much. The transverse thread can be used to cut rolls for quilts, pillows, tackle square. Also in sewing there is the term “oblique thread”. This thread is imaginary, in fact, it is not in the fabric. The slanting thread is at a 45 degree angle to the grain. The fabric is pulled very strongly in this direction. Use the oblique thread to sew a ruler for the rounded edge of the product. Sometimes the pattern of the fabric needs to be cut in the wrong way. For example, you need to go around large flowers and cut out a strip of oblique thread. Place such a piece on top of others when sewing so it is easy to see if it deforms. Thread In order to do patchwork, you need to have a large selection of thread of different colors and thicknesses. Light fabrics are sewn with light threads and dark fabrics with dark threads. When combining different colors and tones of fabrics, sew the patchwork with gray or beige medium tone thread. Thick thread. or 0. is needed for sashiko stitching. Thin threads are useful for folding the garment in preparation for stitching. Use special waxed threads for fine art stitching. If necessary, they can be replaced with reinforced threads 5. Use 0 thread when sewing with a sewing machine. When sewing, use only one color of thread.
Tip. Never use unequal thread or knotted thread. They will break the needles in the sewing machine and get stuck in the sintepon when sewing.
TOOLS AND SUPPLIES
In order to do patchwork, you need to choose comfortable and quality tools. You will make fewer mistakes, the cut will be more accurate, and the product will be neater and prettier. In addition to traditional sewing tools such as scissors, needles and a thimble, patchwork sewing uses modern tools that greatly facilitate your work when cutting fabric. You will learn more about common and unusual tools in this section. ^
Marking, nesting and hand sewing tools
Chalk is traditionally used for markings. Unfortunately, the mark from it rather quickly loses its clarity, so start sewing as soon as the marking is finished. You can buy chalk in different colors in the store. Make sure that the chalk is always sharpened. You can use a pair of scissor blades for sharpening. For marking fabrics, it is best to use a thin piece of soap. Unlike crayons, soap does not leave a dusty residue. To make the line of marking clear and thin, the piece must be sharply honed. Try to use soap with a minimal amount of paste additives as they can leave a greasy residue on the part. And remember. soap-drawn fishing line disappears not only from the wet-heat treatment, but also from the heat of damp hands. On no account use a simple pencil or even more so a ballpoint pen for marking. These tools leave indelible “writing-” on the fabric. Pencils. If you work with light fabrics on which you cannot see any soap traces, use special pencils for marking. There are pencils, which show their traces in 1-2 minutes after application and disappear from the contact with air in 48 hours or just after moistening the fabric. Lines left by other types of pencils should be removed with a soft cloth dampened with water after finishing work. Marking pen. A pen that writes in white was invented recently. It leaves a thin line, which is removed when the fabric is moistened or ironed. Silver pencil. This pencil is best for marking light or medium-toned fabrics. Pencil marks can be erased with an eraser or washed away with water. Ruler. Use a ruler that is free of burrs and nicks. It is best to buy a wide plastic transparent ruler with a 45 degree angle marked on it. A ruler is used for small measurements. A measuring tape. The tape should be tight, with graduations and numbers clearly marked on it, and have metal rivets on both ends. The scale on the tape should be applied on both sides. Never roll tape tightly when storing it, it may stretch.
Scissors. Tailor scissors must have sharp ends and be well sharpened. In addition to the large tailor’s scissors, you will need small scissors with sharp ends. They are needed for “jewelry” work. trimming thin threads, slitting applique, making notches when stitching “trapunto”. Seam ripping tool. This small tool comes in handy when you want to precisely cut a seam that wasn’t sewn correctly. Roller knife. Such a knife is a dream of every patchwork masters. With a roller cutter you can cut out parts from several layers of fabric at once with perfect accuracy. It is better to buy a medium-sized knife. A knife with a small disc will limit you in the number of layers. Knives get blunt over time. A blade size sharpener is best for your tailoring needs. This knife can only be used on a special mat. A mat for a roller blade. Using such a mat eliminates the need to measure details with a ruler. The mat is marked with a centimeter or inch grid. Do not buy a small rug, even if it is much cheaper. It is uncomfortable to work with. Get a mat, size 50 x 60 cm. Then you will have no problem sewing long strips or large pieces.
Needles for handwork. You’ll need a needle for fine art quilting: a long, wide-needle (embroidery needles are good) for sashiko stitching and basting in preparation for seaming, and a fine needle for blindstitching. When buying needles pay attention to their tips. They must be sharp and long. Sewing pins. It is best to have pins with shiny heads. Such pins will be clearly visible even on mottled fabric. Pins, like needles, should have sharp, long tips. Thimble. Ordinary metal sewing thimbles are good for work. If you wish, you can buy a special leather thimble. It is softer than a metal mat, it does not sweat a finger. Safety pins. These pins can be used instead of stitching to bind all three layers of fabric on small panels in preparation for stitching. Calf and millimeter paper. These accessories will be useful for translation from magazines and books of drawings, blocks, diagrams, etc. п.
Modern industry produces many sewing machines specially equipped to work with patchwork. These machines have a built-in upper conveyor, which does not crumple the sintepon in the product, and can also sew special decorative stitches for patchwork. However, it is not at all necessary to acquire such a machine. For patchwork sewing is quite suitable and a simple electric machine with a small set of decorative stitches. Do not forget to purchase all needle numbers for different fabric densities with your sewing machine. When working with quilts, a lot of woven dust, small hairs from synthetics. So remember to take good care of your sewing machine. clean it, lubricate it, and then you will enjoy a long life with it.
No matter how skillful your hands are, no matter how perfect your sewing machine is, you can’t do quality work without an iron. There is an old proverb: “A tailor shits, an iron irons. Every stitch you have made with the sewing machine must be ironed. The iron can correct defects, or it can create them. Thin fabrics (staple, some chintz, synthetics) must be ironed with the utmost care. Do not rub the same place with the iron for a long time, do not pour water on the fabric, do not pour too much steam on it, do not press the iron hard. Remember, even if you cut a piece perfectly straight, strictly along the grain, under too hot iron the fabric can stretch, deform. Before you start ironing synthetic fabrics, check the degree of iron heating on a small unwanted flap. Certain modern fabrics should absolutely not be steam ironed. They leave permanent marks from water, and the material can get wrinkled. Every modern fabric needs a different approach. On cotton fabrics the seam allowances do not need to be ironed out, i.e. ironed in different directions. Be sure to iron them out to one side. On the contrary, with drape fabrics the seam allowances are thoroughly ironed out.
Advice from. Tuck the seam allowances into the side of the dark piece. Through a light-coloured fabric, they are visible, thus creating an additional, usually undesirable pattern. And if in addition the allowances are uneven, extra threads from the wrong side are not cut, then it will not bring beauty to your product, but rather make it untidy.
The patchwork technique discussed in the book requires a stencil or template. Make a stencil from heavy cardboard. In the center of the fabric cut aperture in the desired shape. Through it you will be able to see the pattern of the fabric. Be sure to write on the stencil its size and the size of the block (part of the composition), which will turn out with the help of this stencil, because over time, such details are forgotten. If you need more than one stencil for a block, tie them together with ribbon so they don’t get lost. For artistic stitching the stencil is required.
Tools for manual work with fabric
TECHNICAL DATA AND DOCUMENTATION INTERTOOL ET-6109
Sockets12-heads, TORX, extended, sockets with bitsProfessionalTypesProfessionalSize370×270×70mmManufacturing materialCr-V SteelGuarantee LifetimeSocket sizes4-32mmQuadrat1/2″; 1/4 “Number of items in the set108 pcs.Material case plasticWeight6.867kgVolume0.010980 cc.м
Set INTERTOOL ET-6109 professional level, designed specifically for mechanics, service stations, various industries and services. Contains a wide range of 108 hand tools for working with all fasteners in the hardest to reach places and assemblies in the car. The kit is also useful for home craftsmen for household repairs and garage use.
Tools for years to come. All tools in the set are made of high-strength Cr-V steel and are distinguished by their durability, reliability and corrosion protection. Manufactured in Taiwan with strict adherence to specifications and quality control at all levels of production. The tools are characterized by accuracy and freedom from defects, with a lifetime warranty.
Twelve-sided universal sockets. The basis of the set consists of twelve-faceted sockets that work with both twelve-point and hexagonal fasteners. Very handy in tight spaces because of increased number of positions for mounting the head on the fastener.
Convenient storage. All tools are packed in a rugged, shockproof carrying case with metal locks.
Tool Set in Ukraine. Based on the results of an independent rating study within the framework of the Ukrainian People’s Prize project from 2018 to 2021.
Includes two 1/2″ and 1/4″ ratchet wrenches with reverse, release button and socket lock. 72-tooth ratchet mechanism provides smooth action and makes it easy to work in confined spaces.
slight bend in the handle increases comfort for awkwardly positioned fasteners. Ratchet is fully polypropylene coated with rubber inserts on the handle to hold the tool firmly in the hand, even when spilled with grease or oil. Handle can be cleaned easily with a cloth.
Variety of sockets lets you perform the vast majority of automotive repair jobs. Knurls on the head prevent slipping when using gloves, and the glossy part is easy to clean.
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The main feature of the set is its equipment. The set is based on 12 grit sockets with a range from 4 to 32 mm for frequent work on various threaded connections. In particular, twelve-sided fasteners are often found in foreign automobiles, engines, steering and suspension systems, as well as in motorcycles and other vehicles.
A larger number of facets than conventional hex heads, providing more options for fastening various types of fasteners. It becomes much easier and comfortable to work in hard-to-reach places, in limited space! These heads provide fast and effective mounting/dismounting of threaded joints.
The set also includes E-type heads with a size range of E4-E24 for working with fasteners with a “star” profile. Extended sockets from 6 to 22 mm for work with high screw studs and in cramped spaces.
The 16 and 21 mm spark plug sockets make it easy to unscrew the spark plugs in any car or motorcycle. Extenders and gimbals will help to get fasteners in deep engine wells and in places with limited space. A variety of bits and heads with attachments will be needed in the repair of onboard equipment, as well as in everyday life, to repair electronics, furniture, etc.
Tool sets in Ukraine. According to the results of an independent rating study within the framework of the project Ukrainian People’s Prize from 2018 to 2021
When setting up your creative corner, it’s important to stock up on the necessary accessories as well.
- Container. Keeping all the little things you need for sewing in a regular box or drawer isn’t very convenient. Therefore, equipping the workshop, it is worth buying for yourself and a good organizer. Choosing the right model is quite simple. To store things in a drawer, you need to use a container with a lot of different compartments. Next to the desk it is worth to place a wall organizer.
- Clips for fabric. Such neat clothespins can be used not only to bind individual parts, but also to hang finished cutouts.
Hand Sewing Tutorial (RIGHT HANDED): Backstitching
All these things should not only be functional, but also attractive in appearance.
Agree that today it is impossible to imagine many construction processes without the use of special equipment, auxiliary equipment and hand tools. High-quality tools are needed everywhere, whether you’re doing major construction or small repairs on a country house, organizing work at a large service station or a small auto repair shop, etc.д. You need a universal kit for your daily needs? You want to buy tools for home and family, as they say? Then, welcome to our online store! You can easily find affordable, high quality hand tools from the best manufacturers to perform service and repair work.
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Technological step. Materials and tools
The following materials, tools and appliances are needed to perform the work:
- Hand needles
- Measuring tape and ruler
- Fur, cloth
- Tailor pins
- Chalk, pencil
- Paper for pattern-cardboard
- Synthetic fiber
- Colored ribbons, beads
Fabrics, fur. It is desirable to choose a variety of fabrics by color, texture, species. Smooth and printed calico, corduroy, baize, jersey, flannel and other materials are suitable for sewing souvenirs and various costumes for toys, as well as for trimming. Drap, cloth, felt and other dense fabrics are suitable for making decorative wall toys and voluminous combined.
For making voluminous stuffed toys it is recommended to use short wool synthetic fur, it is easy to handle and well holds the shape of the toy, as well as plush.
Longwoven synthetic and natural fur is more suitable for decorating toys and combining with shortwoven fur, with any kind of fabric and nonwoven materials.
Thread. For sewing toys need bobbin thread 0, 40 different colors. When decorating decorative stitches on the front side of toys use mouliné, iris, darning, wool yarn.
Colored ribbons, beads. These materials are necessary for the decoration of the product.
Cardboard. Needed for the manufacture of patterns.
Syntepon.Stitched toy shapes are stuffed with synthetic fibers.
Needles, scissors, needles. For cutting fur the small scissors with sharp closed ends are the most convenient, and for cutting fabric the large scissors with straight blades are used. Needles need different sizes. The tip should correspond to the thickness of the middle finger.
Chalk, glue, pencils. Use chalk to outline patterns on fabric and fur. PVA glue is used to glue parts together.
Before you begin work, you must wear overalls. an apron or a lab coat to protect your clothes from getting dirty with lint, glue, paints. The apron must have a neat appearance.
Theme. Tools and accessories for working with fabric
We pay your attention, that according to the Federal law N 273-FZ “About education in the Russian Federation” in the organizations which are carrying out educational activity, training and education of students with physical disability both together with other students, and in separate classes or groups is organized.
Theme. Tools and accessories for working with fabric
Goal: to familiarize students with the tools and materials for working with fabric; to teach them to measure the thread of the right length; to insert the thread into the eye of the needle, to tie a knot at the end of the thread and on the fabric; to foster frugality, respect for sewing, diligence.
Equipment: needle, thread, fabric, pins, measuring tape.
For Marichka, for Alyonka neck dress nice,
I sew pants for Gritz, for grandma-mittens,
And for mom and dad. one costume each for the holidays.
Also panties for Nicholas. And why am I naked myself??
The teacher tells about the needle pins, centimeter tape, thread and
Needles are used for hand sewing. They come in different thicknesses.
They are made of steel. The fabric is sewn with thin needles.
Use pins to attach the patterns to the fabric and glue the pieces together.
The tape measure is made from a special 150 cm long cloth. It is designed for taking measures and measuring fabrics.
Thread comes in cotton and silk. Appointment-Sewing clothes.
The threads also come in different thicknesses. The fabric is sewn with thin threads.
1) needles should be stored in a special place (pads, special box).
4) I can only pass the needle with the eye forward.
1) Measuring the length of the thread (not more than 50 cm) in two ways.
To measure a thread with the arm out to the side.
Measure the thread the way through the elbow.
Who is the fastest to thread a needle??
Who is best at tying the knot at the end of the thread?
Identifying the best students. To draw attention to the deficiencies made by the student we. Cleaning the workplace, checking for needles.