What are rotary cutters and what are they for?

Types of cutters

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Cutters for hardware manicure come in different materials and alloys.

Diamond nozzlesDiamond cutters are designed for use on very sensitive, thin nails and cuticles. They can easily and gently remove thin skin that has grown on the nail (pterygium).Diamond nozzles come in natural and synthetic. But the latter work quickly blunt and crumble, so give preference to the natural diamond crumbs.

Ceramic cutters Ceramic nozzles are softer and more delicate in comparison to others. They are ideal for beginners. Ceramics eliminate trauma to the skin and nail plates, allowing the treatment of the most difficult areas during the hardware manicure.Cutters made of ceramic are not amenable to oxidation and corrosion. When working for a long time, ceramics do not heat up and do not cause discomfort, which is undoubtedly a plus.

This category includes both metal cutters and cutters made of other hard alloys. Metal nozzles for a hardware manicure are hard. They are most often made of medical steel. They don’t dust, but cut off a thin layer, forming a chip. The metal tips are convenient for working with rough skin, scraping off gel nail polish, and treating the areas under the nails. Carbide cutters are made of tungsten carbide. They are convenient for removing and correcting artificial materials. Cuticles and natural nails, on the other hand, should be put aside. There is a high probability of over sawing and damage.

Corundum bitsCorundum bits are easy to work with. They are better for use in the secondary phase of nail and cuticle treatment. The corundum cutter acts gently and carefully. The tool is suitable for sensitive and delicate cuticles, pterygium and marigolds.

Polishers and buffersFinishing your manicure, you’ll need :1. The polisher helps to bring nail plates to perfection, to smooth out all imperfections and to remove excess gel or acrylic coating.2. The polisher has the same function, but is designed to work on cuticles. It eliminates burrs, improves the appearance of side rollers, and gives the acrylic coating a glossy sheen.

Mill classification

The main parameter for selecting a milling cutter is the diameter of the shank and zinc. The unit of measure for these parts can be inches or millimeters. Never combine parts with different units, it will lead to failure of the machine. Depending on the design features there are the following types of milling cutters:

Assembled. It is the most common cutter type. Such popularity is due to the ease of fabrication and detailing. The tool has the appearance of a blank with welded cutting edges.

With removable edges. The design has interchangeable cutting elements. Double-sided sharpening allows you to continue to use the tool when one side is blunt, turning the edge sharp side.

Monolithic. The cutting edge is machined, so these tools are considered the strongest. After several sharpening operations it will need to be replaced.

What milling cutters are there and for what

Ceramic Corn Cutter

Ceramic cutters can do a lot. With their help, the device will get rid of rough skin and corns, shape nail beds, remove gel-lacquer coatings and do many other useful things. Ceramic cutters are indispensable in a hardware manicure and pedicure. They differ in granularity. each degree of abrasion corresponds to its color.

Ceramic cutters for a hardware manicure and pedicure are differentiated by the type of abrasiveness: the Supercore abrasive. The black nozzle handles very rough skin on the heels. Coarse abrasive. Green nozzle. The nozzle is used for removal of artificial coatings and correction of artificial nails. For fast and safe removal of hyperkeratosis and thickened edges Medium abrasive. Blue nozzle. Designed for removal of gel nail polish, artificial coatings and correction of artificial nails. The streamlined shape allows easy routing around the cuticle and along the lateral camber. Fine abrasive. Red nozzle. Designed for removal of gel nail polish, correction of artificial nails. The streamlined design allows easy access to the cuticle and along the lateral camber. Extra-fine abrasive. The nozzle is yellow. For microdermabrasion, finishing of gel and acrylic, correction of the inner side of the artificial nail, correction of a grown-up thin natural nail.

Ceramic Cutteradvantages: Wear-resistant material used as a base for the nozzle. Ceramics, which is superior to metal in many ways, being harder and stronger than metal. The cutter will never blunt, and many nail technicians call it “forever. The ceramic nozzle is characterized by its heterogeneous structure that enables perfect smoothness of the file in a very short time. It is very sharp, but does not traumatize nails and skin. The features of ceramic cutters are that they do not corrode, do not heat up and do not clog with dust. Proven excellent for medical pedicures. Ceramic cutters can be used for wet and dry processing.

Purpose and use:Excellent for removing artificial materials from nails, blister treatment, cracks. Significantly saves time when removing gel-lacquers and gel, allows you to do without softening liquids and long waits. The time to remove gel nail polish is significantly reduced: it is only 5-10 minutes. Subject to disinfection and sterilization. Can break when falling from a height, so require careful storage.

What Cutters are needed for manicure?

In this article we’ll look at how to choose how to manicure, what they are, what they are used for and how to work with them.

A machine manicure. A modern and popular way to treat nails. Until recently, only classic and trimmed manicures were performed, which required advance preparation of the nails: steaming and moisturizing the skin. Therefore, this method requires a large amount of time. And with the advent of hardware manicure processing has become fast and safe. Manicure tools can be simply disinfected and reused. The advantage of manicure treatment with a machine. Low probability of nail trauma. For professional machine processing it is necessary to choose correct milling cutter heads.

The main mistake of beginners is the wrong choice of cutters for manicure. Therefore, today we will tell you about the basic rules for selecting a cutter, as well as the advantages, types and types of cutter bits.

There are many different shapes of cutters and each of them differs in its abrasivity, material.

On the nozzles for the cutter is a colored mark that indicates the degree of abrasion and hardness of the cutter. And to understand which cutter in front of you. easy. Each color describes a milling cutter:

  • White. The cutter with the lowest rigidity.
  • Yellow. Gentle and delicate. Use for working on thin nails.
  • Red. The most popular cutter with fine abrasivity. Used for skin and nails.
  • Blue. medium-hard. Blue diamond cutters are used for working on leather, and blue carbide and ceramic cutters. remove material from the nail part.
  • Green, pink, orange. Cutters with large abrasivity and are recommended for rough skin and nail plate.
  • Black. roughest cutter.

Advice for beginners! It is recommended to choose a burr with a blue marking and rounded edges. Medium hardness allows you to gain experience, and then move on to more professional accessories without damaging your nails.

The blue and red inserts are commonly used in manicure units, but the black and green ones are also used. In case you need to remove calluses on your hands.

So, to choose nozzles for the cutter, you need to know what kinds they are, what they are made of and how they are used, let’s start to understand.

Cutters come in different materials and alloys:

  • diamond
  • ceramic
  • tungsten
  • corundum
  • carbide
  • plastic
  • silicone
  • combined

All of the above nail cutters are designed for different nail work. Therefore, a distinction must be made between different types of milling cutters.

The main characteristic of milling cutters:

The diamond cutter is used to work on delicate cuticles, thin and brittle nails, and when it is necessary to clean the pterygium. They are used for acrylic and natural nails. It is recommended to use the diamond cutter no more than 5-10 times. If you avoid this recommendation, the processing time with this cutter will increase, because the cutter rubs off.

Ceramic burrs are used both at home and in the salon. In contrast to the diamond cutter, the ceramic cutter is soft and delicate, allowing it to be used to treat hard nails and cuticles, as well as to remove coarse layers of epidermis or calluses. Also a ceramic cutter eliminates damage to the skin and nail plate, allowing you to cope with the most difficult areas in the nail treatment process. Ceramic tools are not susceptible to oxidation and corrosion. After a long period of treatment, ceramics will not produce heat or discomfort, which is undoubtedly an advantage. This type of cutter is recommended for beginners.

Tungsten cutters differ from other cutters in that they do not heat up in operation and have a long service life. This cutter is used for treating keratinized skin. Tungsten cutters have excellent quality for a small price.

Corundum cutter is suitable for the natural nail plate and polishing the skin. They are very popular among professionals and amateurs, as they are easy to work with and their efficiency is really impressive.

Carbide mill is intended for nails correction: filing, adjusting the form and length of the nail plate. Suitable for hard materials, e.g. artificial nails. The service life and efficiency of the carbide cutter is much longer and higher than in other cutters. They are rust-free and easy to disinfect and sterilize.

Silicone polishing cutters are used in the last stage of manicure. Grinding cutters allow aligning the nail plate, cutting out an extra layer of gel or acrylic during the build-up. Polishing cutters are used to clean the skin of irregularities and burrs, as well as to give acrylic nails a shine.

There are different shapes of cutters:

Cutters in the form of a needle, flame and balls are used to clean hard-to-reach places. For example, the joint between the nail bed and the nail plate.

Cone shape cutter is convenient for processing and polishing lateral nail rollers.

It is with the help of a cylinder shape you can remove gel nail polish and give nails the desired shape and length. The cylindrical form differs in thickness and width.

The drum cutter shape is a type of cylinder and is used to clean rough skin, calluses. Makes the nail plate flat, sawing off hard nails and growths.

3 Things to Consider When Buying a Rotary Cutter

The corn-shaped cutter is designed to correct the nail plate, cut off the gel and acrylic and provide the desired nail shape and length.

How to insert a cutter correctly?

There are three types of clamping positions: manual, automatic and semiautomatic. It is worth to look carefully in the manual, which type of clamp in the router handle.

  • With the manual clamp you need to press the button on the body, return the washer and insert the cutter. Press the button again and close the collet. Check fastening.
  • With a semi-automatic machine you have to turn the handle, open the collet clamp, insert the cutter and close.
  • Automatic clamping. the easiest and most convenient. Thanks to the automatic cutter clamp, the cutter can be changed quickly and with no unnecessary steps. You simply insert the cutter into the clamp and it automatically locks it in place.

So, now we know what cutters are needed, how to choose them, what are the differences and what they are needed for. For a professional nail machine you need to choose the right cutters, which you can find in the Beauty Stage online store. Then the result of the hardware manicure will be unsurpassed.


According to the material, hardware cutters are divided into the following types:

  • Carbide (metal)
  • Ceramic
  • Diamond
  • Corundum
  • Sand or silicon carbide caps
  • Grinding. made of rubber, silicone, chamois leather


Work like a knife. The more pronounced the notches, the deeper the metal penetrates into the grafted material or skin.

CeramicWhich are made of ceramic and also have a notched surface. Brittle, with blows cracks and chips are formed, so require more careful attitude to work.


Corundum Corundum is characterized by high resistance to high temperatures and heat during operation.

Silicon carbide or sand capsIt is used for pedicures, to treat rough skin, corns. Have a cardboard base with a sputtering. Disposable. The caps are put on the rubber base and must be sterilized after use.

GrindingDepending on the base material. rubber, silicone or cloth, provide an opportunity to grind the most different on the sensitivity of the zone in manicure and pedicure. They can also be paired with oil or polishing cream if additional nourishment of the skin is needed. Often relevant for foot treatment in pedicure.

How to choose a cutter by its shape

Let’s consider the main varieties of cutters:

  • Cone. indispensable for grinding and subsequent polishing of the lateral nail rollers;
  • Reverse cone. serves to remove calluses and work with the free edge of the nail plate (which makes it in demand not only during manicures, but also pedicures);
  • Boron. it can be used to remove the pterygium from the surface of the nail;
  • Needle and ball. used in cases where you need to clean hard-to-reach places. usually their localization. between the nail plate itself and the lateral rollers.

The arsenal of the professional must have almost all varieties. both in materials and forms. from carbide cutters for artificial nails, to silicone ones for sanding of expanded nails.

Modern nail treatment

An apparatus manicure is treatment of the nail plate and the space around the nail with the help of an electric device (cutter) and rotating cutters. Hardware manicure is performed without cutting tools. scissors, wire cutters, trimmers.

Uneven “biting” of unwanted skin around the nail during the trimming manicure leads to hitches and blood vessel damage. Electric nail treatment with cutters is different:

  • Low traumatism: With proper pressure the nozzle cuts through the horny cuticle without damaging the capillaries that are vital to the cuticle;
  • The formation of an even line of the nail well in a single touch;
  • The ability to grind, trim the cuticle, which the trimmed manicure is devoid of.

Metal cutters and their classification

The great variety of metal cutters makes it necessary to classify them. The assignment of the type of cutter to one or another type is carried out according to various signs.

Constructional feature includes the following types:

o multi-directional teeth (pointing in different directions at an angle to the axis of rotation),

o straight (blades parallel to rotation axis),

o helical (blades are helical in relation to the axis of rotation),

o Angled (pointing at an angle to the axis of rotation);

serrated teeth are used for shaped surfaces (spline shafts, gear teeth, etc.) o helical (blades with helical orientation in the direction of the rotation axis).). Sharp teeth are in turn divided into cutters with straight back (for light work, for small cutters), broken back (for cutters used in heavy applications, with large teeth), curved back (cutter with the highest strength and outline similar to a slab).

Separate consideration should be given to cutterbar types. They are used in cases of metal working in hard-to-reach places or grinding of various surfaces and profiles and are made in the form of shank. It is fastened in the drill chuck.

Depending on the shape of the edge, rotary burrs are: Flank burrs with cylindrical cylinder:

Depending on the shape of the board cutters are divided into:

Company TITAN offers a wide range of burrs on metal, the full range of which can be viewed on the website of the company.

According to the type of internal structure cutters can be:

• Solid (tines are made one piece with the body),

• shank (end) with a shank (cylindrical or conical).

The largest classification of this metal cutting tool is the division according to the technological purpose.

Flank feed milling cutters are used for edge milling and plane milling.

Angular (end) for chamfering and forming flat edges.

One-angle, disk-shaped cutters used for milling of inclined planes and angular grooves.

Cylindrical with a cylindrical shape.

Quarter round (quarter angle) concave are in turn divided into circular and end. Used to form a rounded edge.

Semicircular concave discs are also used in machining for rounded edges.

90° end stop to form rectangular steps (shoulder).

Double-sided reciprocating discs produce the same results as the previous types.

Angular (for grooves) for dovetail grooves.

Three-sided disc cutters for rectangular grooves for various applications.

Three-sided disc narrow grooves are used in rotors of electric motors.

Slotted discs for slotting and grooving.

Slotting discs for slotting of various types (wedge, keyway).

For T-slots, the purpose and application comes from the name of the cutter type.

End mills for the formation of open grooves.

End keys for slotting and window machining.

Semicircular convex discs for creating radius grooves.

Double-angle symmetrical discs for the formation of prismatic grooves.

Cutoffs for making cuts and mitre cuts.

Drill bits are in turn subdivided into copying with a cylindrical working section and a rounded end (for hollows and steep wall models), copying with a tapered working section and a rounded end (for hollows and inclined wall models) and copying with a tapered working section and rounded corners (for pre-shaped hollows, windows).

Engraving machines for engraving work.

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