What can be done with a jigsaw
Using an electric jigsaw
It is worth noting that saws for jigsaws are fragile, you can move them only in a strictly vertical plane. Any misalignment will cause the blade to break. The saw functions by moving downward, exactly the same way the saws are positioned, with the teeth downward. When working with complex sections, it is the workpiece that is scrolled, and the blade must remain in one place. In the case where the outer perimeter does not contain difficult patterns that can be damaged during work on the internal scheme, then you can start with the outer perimeter. Thus, you will lighten the weight of the workpiece.
It is imperative that the blade temperature be monitored. The file tends to heat up quickly, and overheating can cause a breakdown. For this reason, it is worth letting the file cool down from time to time or changing it for another.
In this article we have tried to answer the question: what to saw plywood with? Cutting plywood is a more labor-intensive procedure than wood cutting. This is mainly due to the multidirectional nature of the fibers and the viscous adhesive mixtures. Nevertheless, with the right equipment, these problems can be easily handled.
Sawing with a jigsaw, transferring blueprints for the wonder jigsaw to plywood
Fretwork, the hand saw, dates back more than 450 years. The tool was first mentioned in a book about ornaments in 1870. For the last few centuries, all kinds of decorative items have been made with this miracle jigsaw: picture frames, various furniture inserts, stylish boxes and caskets.
Few People Know About This Jigsaw Feature! Hidden Features of Jigsaw
A lot has changed since that time. The jigsaw has also changed. it is now electromechanical. No surprise there. The need for this tool has not gone anywhere, as in former times people are engaged in creativity, some for pleasure, and some for profit.
And what about practicing the basic techniques?
The most intricate patterns are always based on a number of basic shapes and elements which, once practiced, will prepare you for complex projects. It is desirable to do it on thin plywood up to 3 mm thick.
Blunt and right angles: the jigsaw moves smoothly without pressing the workpiece, as if making an idle stroke; meanwhile the second hand slowly rotates the wooden workpiece to the desired angle.
Internal circular contour: for this, a small hole is drilled in the inner part of the figure, through which the saw is passed. When sawing a circle the sawing line follows the inner contour of the pattern. the stroke of the tool should be of medium intensity; the workpiece is unfolded in proportion to the movements of the jigsaw.
Oval contour: sawing out such a shape, increase the stroke of the jigsaw on the steep parts, turning the workpiece in this place faster.
Sharp corners: a neat sharp corner without chips and other imperfections is obtained by drawing together two cuts.
With the help of an ordinary, hand (not electric) jigsaw, you can make a lot of very interesting, beautiful and useful things out of wood, plywood. plastic and other not too thick and dense materials. The name of this hand tool comes from the German Laubsäge. which translates as Slim plywood saw. In general the jigsaw is considered an invention of Italian craftsmen who used this kind of tool in the mid-16th century to cut out details for intarsia. wooden mosaic. Manual jigsaw is a resilient metal arc-shaped frame with a handle, in which thin and narrow metal file is fixed by means of clamping screws. Before securing the jigsaw, the ends of the jigsaw arc are slightly bent inward by hands, and after the screws are tightened, the frame, thanks to its U-shape and elasticity, tightens the jigsaw. Since manually, fingers tighten the nuts of the thumbscrews very tight, and then it is quite difficult to unscrew them, you can use some tool. pliers, for example, or better yet make a special wrench. a simple metal plate with a slit for the ears of the wing nut. It’s much easier and comfortable to use such a wrench. Sawing with a hand jigsaw. a fascinating activity that does not tolerate haste, but requires great accuracy and care when drawing the pattern on the surface of the workpiece, and in the process of sawing. Usually the pattern is applied with the help of tracing paper from some pre-prepared sketch. Now, with the advent of computer equipment, printers, the master’s work with the jigsaw has become much easier. There is no need to draw a pattern on plywood or wood, it is enough to print it on a piece of paper, glue it on the workpiece and saw along the prepared lines of the pattern. If the drawings or the drafts found on the Internet do not suit, it is possible to make the own sketch on the computer screen by means of any graphic editor and to print it too on the printer. The main thing in this case. This is to ensure that the lines on which you will be sawing with the jigsaw are clear. There are a lot of sketches of various articles with ready-made drawings in real dimensions for sawing out with the hand jigsaw on the internet. Various shelves, photo frames, lamps, decorations, etc.п. If you want you can always find something interesting, but even add a little bit of their own and get an interesting and original thing, made by hand, which then present as a gift to their relatives or friends.
Most often it is used when working on caskets, when they need to make a shaped bottom in the form of a fish. The base and cover in this case I cut out with an electric jigsaw from birch planks. You can, of course, do and plywood bottom with an electric jigsaw, but then you have to do a small indentation from the drawing line, as the saw with a rather large tooth tears the plywood, especially if it is not very good quality. I also saw out of thin birch planks with a hand jigsaw the blanks for trinkets in the form of fish, otherwise after sawing with an electric jigsaw it is necessary to work a lot with a cutter, giving the desired dimensions to the workpiece. And here a file of a hand jigsaw with very fine tooth can be sawed practically directly on the contour of the pattern, to give the desired shape to the workpiece very precisely and in this case the work for the cutter is much less. I use the simplest saw blades for a hand jigsaw (I saw with such, probably, in my childhood at the pioneers’ house), but for my work they are quite suitable, although their quality, to put it mildly, is not very good. In the close-up photo you can see that its teeth are not sharp at all, but they cope with plywood.
The widely used “Zubr” blades are considerably better. (left photo). Here I have sharper teeth, and the quality of the metal is much better.
There are on sale and high-quality saws with diamond coating, but they cost more expensive, and not always they can be found. They are needed for precision work in artistic sawing. I also use wide blades that can easily be clamped in the jigsaw. I use them to saw birch planks 1-1,5 cm thick when making napkin holders in the shape of fish. The disadvantage of such a jigsaw is that it is difficult to perform shaped cuts with a small radius of rotation, you have to take out the saw, make additional cuts to cut the desired contour. But on straight or curved sections with a smooth curve, you can get a much more precise cut than with the jigsaw. And the fine tooth of such a file avoids chipping the wood.
Electric jigsaw is most widely used in woodworking:
Precise and accurate cuts make the jigsaw an indispensable tool in the joinery and furniture industry, and are also often used in the home. With the right tooling, the tool can be used for cutting tiles, drywall, sawing plastic, laminate, ceramic tiles, and thin metal. The capabilities of an electric jigsaw depend largely on its power and type.
Plywood handicrafts with a jigsaw
Sawing with a jigsaw. an activity very fascinating, especially if as a result of the labor should turn out a first-class craft. It is always nice to admire the fruits of manual works that took a lot of time and effort for their emergence. In this article we have collected the most interesting sketches for sawing with a jigsaw from plywood and wood. The patterns and designs created with the help of these templates will make a great gift for a dear person and a wonderful element of interior design.
A certain set of tools is used when sawing with the jigsaw. So, the work will require:
- Electric jigsaw and hand jigsaw;
- Plywood or a special treated board (thickness depends on the product);
- An awl, a drill with a drill bit, in order to make a hole, into which the blade will then be lowered;
- Several different files and sandpaper, in order to smooth out the edges;
- drawings, templates, stencils to apply to the wood;
- mallet, hammer, pliers;
- Work table. a surface of 20 by 30 cm with a hole, converging to a cut of 3-5 cm in diameter at an acute angle;
- a thin awl and a pencil for transferring the image to the board;
- spare jigsaws for electric jigsaw for different kinds of cutting;
- Spare saw blades for hand tools.
Beginners will need a lot of saws for a hand jigsaw. They are consumed in huge quantities by trainee carvers. To create patterns, it is worth using a hand jigsaw, longer and straighter cuts are made with an electric tool. Handheld is more accurate, but less productive.
What you can saw out of wood with a jigsaw. The subtleties of sawing with a jigsaw
Today, many people want to decorate the interior with pleasant little things, such as elements with carvings. Very popular wood products with beautiful ornaments and patterns. Wood always decorates the house, creates comfort, and most importantly, is a natural material. Woodcarving is a very pleasant and interesting activity, which can be mastered by everyone, if he carefully studied the process and prepared to work.
Features of work
The jigsaw is a tool that allows you to saw out of plywood various elements, create ornaments. The thin blade with teeth makes different cuts, lines and allows you to create ornaments from wood. The jigsaw is also used in construction, but in this article we will talk about cutting decorative elements. Cutting with a jigsaw has a number of features. There are many variations of this tool. The two main varieties are manual and electric jigsaw. The hand jigsaw was originally invented. This design consists of an arc and a blade. The blade is secured with clamps that allow you to change the tension. The frame includes the handle.
The clamps can be positioned to rotate. This allows you to change the plane and create complex carving elements. A hand jigsaw blade and its construction are subject to wear and tear, so it needs to be replaced often. Masters who work with hand tools have many spare saws to replace. An electric jigsaw is a tool that operates from the mains. There are mechanisms in the body, there is a handle on the body, and the sawing element is in the front of the bottom of the body. Sometimes there is a foot, which helps to cut smoother. There are models with attachments, used to facilitate sawing, aligning the edge.
When working with an electric jigsaw, it is worth familiarizing yourself with the parameters that are prescribed in the manual, so you know exactly how to use the tool to saw patterns. It differs from a hand jigsaw in the attachment of the saw blade, its thickness, and its weight. The jigsaw has more weight and less precision but its output is much higher.
It is possible to use an electric jigsaw for construction work. It is difficult to work for a long time with such a tool. For decorative elements it is heavy and not too accurate. The material can be damaged, and the accuracy of the pattern can be distorted.
Choosing the right material
To work with a jigsaw for sawing plywood is used. The best is a thin birch plywood with a thickness of 2-8 mm, for very intricate and dense designs use sheets up to 3 mm thick. And also use specially prepared wooden blanks. It is more difficult to work with wooden workpieces, but they leave very beautiful edges. Plywood is easier to use and more accessible. Before you start work, it is worth to prepare good quality plywood. It is important to pay attention to some features of the material.
- For artistic carving use sheets less than 5 mm thick, for furniture elements use 1-2 cm thick sheets.
- If you are going to coat the product with a colorless lacquer, the color of the plywood should be chosen carefully. If the finished product will be coated with paint, colored varnish or stain, then the plywood can be any.
- Plywood should be well dried to 40-65%. Raw material will lead to the fact that the tool will jam.
- The quality of plywood for artistic work should be high, plywood of the first or highest grade.
- Carefully check the material for knots and foreign stains.
- Check the material for blistering, voids, and resin stains.
- Check the sheet for delamination of the material.
What can be cut with a jigsaw from plywood. Sawing out patterns with an electric jigsaw
Just like a normal hand jigsaw, this power tool allows you to cut a variety of shapes on the material. Most often the sketches are taken by craftsmen from magazines. (See also: A damp material will cause the tool to get stuck. See also the article Plywood rocking chair with your own hands: drawings to help)
Advice!You can use patterns from embroidery magazines, knitting, or paper cuttings in your work.
In order to transfer the pattern to the plywood you need to do the following:
- Transfer the pattern onto heavy paper.
- Using a sharp office knife or a scalpel, cut out the stencil.
- Apply the stencil to the surface of the material, tracing it with a simple pencil.
- Now you can begin to cut the pattern.
Drawing a pattern on the material using a stencil.
In contrast to making a straight cut, sawing out of plywood with an electric jigsaw has its own peculiarities.
This instruction will help you to understand all the subtleties of carrying out the work:
- To plunge along the curve you should use a saw with a narrow blade.
- To cut a circle in plywood it is necessary to use a special attachment. a circular cutter. The circular cutter is fixed in the center of the circle, and then you can begin work.
- If you need to select the grooves in the wooden workpiece, you can use a rasp instead of a saw. It is also used to clean up an uneven kerf.
- In order to make a perfectly accurate and straight cut, it is necessary to use a parallel stop. It must be attached to the jigsaw with screws.A special saw guide can be fitted on the ‘ski’, which makes the cut parallel to the straight edge. Before starting work you must ensure that the ruler is firmly fixed and aligned with the blade. Otherwise the saw blade will not move correctly and may break or “burn” the material.
- If you need to make a long straight cut, you can use the auxiliary guide. In doing so, the jigsaw will move along the firmly mounted rail.
- This tool can be used to make cuts at an angle of up to 45 degrees. The angle of inclination is set on a scale.
- Sawing a hole. Very often, when carving ornaments, the craftsman needs to make a hole in the plywood. There are two options for this:
- The first option is the easiest. You drill a hole, then put the saw into the hole and proceed to saw the pattern you want.
- The second option involves using plunge or plunger sawing technology. Do not drill a pilot hole in the material. to do so, place the tool on the front edge of the ski without touching the workpiece with the blade.
Next you turn the motor on and gradually lower the fork, smoothly driving the saw into the material until the saw is in a vertical position and the “ski” is in contact with the workpiece.
Tip!Always start plunge-cutting sawing at the edge of the material.The saw should not run too close to the cutting line so as not to damage the material.
- If you need to cut a board of great thickness and the length of the saw is not enough for this. you need to use a saw with a sharpened end. First we saw through the workpiece from one side, then we turn it and saw through from the other side.
- To saw a shaped piece you can clamp the tool from underneath the table. If you feed the workpiece evenly and smoothly, you can get a clean, straight edge.
On the photo you can see the tool attached to the bottom of the worktable.