What is the difference between a single axle tractor and a power tiller. Features and possibilities of power tillers
What is the difference between a single-axle tractor and a power tiller?
The owners of dacha and country houses often look for a special equipment to perform various works on the processing of the soil and care for the territory. There is a wide range of devices on sale, which differ in their features, capabilities and manufacturers.
In this article we will talk about single axle tractors and power tillers. It is a mistake to think that power tillers are lightweight. In fact they are in fact two completely different units and they can not be put in the same row.
What is the difference between these two devices, we will consider in more detail. As a result you can decide for yourself what is better, and make the right choice of the machine, which will become an assistant in agricultural work.
Features and capabilities of power tillers
A single axle tractor is different from a cultivator because of its versatility, its high weight and power output as well as its price. The unit not only performs all the functions of a cultivator, but also helps by a variety of attachments to solve a wider range of problems:
- plowing a land plot with a trailed plow;
- digging of root crops with the help of potato digger attachment;
- mowing the grass, using the mower attachment;
- clearing of debris and snow from the site;
- May be adapted for short-distance transportation of agricultural loads.
The industry produces models that run on gasoline or diesel fuel. Gasoline units are cheaper (from 30-40 thousand), but consume fuel less economically than their diesel counterparts (from 60-70 thousand). Diesel units are very noisy and can cause problems in the winter due to freezing of the fuel. The models may have different technical solutions and characteristics.
Moto-blocks are quite sophisticated multifunctional equipment, whose target audience. small farms. It can be said that heavy power tillers have the functionality of a mini-tractor.
What is better a cultivator or a single axle tractor
To answer this question, it is important to understand how to choose and use a cultivator or a single-axle tractor correctly. To do this, it is worth well to study your own plot and assess for what tasks you want to buy a motocultivator or a mini-tractor.
The size of the area of the ground. The bigger the patch, the more powerful the machine. In this case, it is better to give preference to mini-tractors (especially if you are working on a farm or collective farm). For small garden plots a power tiller will be enough. Soil quality. Clay and dense soils, turf and abandoned territory is better to work with a power tiller. It will require less effort from you, as the wheels with grousers and an active cutter will cope well with even the densest soil. For an already cultivated area and soft airy soils it is worth choosing a cultivator. Frequency of use. The more often you use your machine, the faster your choice will “work off” its value. That’s why you should choose the right cultivator or single axle tractor when looking for a return on investment. the difference seems to be obvious. Storage space. If you don’t have a hangar, storage room or garage, is it worth buying a single-axle tractor that has nowhere to put? A massive mini-tractor will simply rot away outside during the fall and winter, while a cultivator is enough for a small corner in the barn or hallway. Availability of spare parts or accessories. To keep the equipment in good working order, it must be looked after in good time. And if spare parts are unavailable or their selection is limited, your single axle tractor or cultivator simply won’t work. The physical abilities of the operator. Not only are some machines difficult to handle, but they are also heavy on their own. Try to choose a power tiller or single-axle tractor with your physical abilities in mind, so you can just lift and move it yourself. Source
What to choose?
Choose a single–axle tractor or cultivator should be after a thorough study of your site and operating conditions.
You should rely on the following criteria
- the quality of the soil. Heavy, dry, clayey, stale, virgin soil is better to trust a power tiller. Light soil with an airy texture can be given to the cultivator;
- lot size. Up to 10 acres, no need for a power tiller in greenhouses and greenhouses. Larger dachas will already need it;
- needed functions. If you need to harvest, deep plow, carry loads, mow the grass, a simple cultivator is out of the question;
- The size, ability, and age of the user. Elderly, physically unfit people, teenagers will find it difficult to maintain a heavy single-axle tractor. It will also be difficult in the case of communicating with the technique “on you. Cultivator is as affordable as possible in this parameter;
- The multiplicity of use and the availability of storage space. It is unlikely there is a reason to buy an expensive bulky single axle tractor if the dacha is very cramped, without additional buildings and visited a couple of times a year;
- availability of spare parts on sale. Before buying, it is better to study how realistic it is to buy consumables and make repairs in a particular region. Difficulties with maintenance often make the most advanced equipment completely useless.
Summing up, we can say that a single-axle tractor is much more relevant to the average or large rural area, commercial farming, farm with a large family, with a permanent residence on private property. A modest dacha with a few seedbeds high efficiency is rarely needed, so a cultivator with the right power is quite enough.
Dozens and hundreds of acres with infrequent cultivation, to acquire the technique can be unprofitable at all. It is cheaper to plow the field once, if one hires, for example, a tractor.
In general, the choice depends on personal preferences of each person, his or her financial capabilities and wishes
What is a cultivator and a single axle tractor
Both a single-axle tractor and a cultivator are machines for tillage. They run on a gasoline engine, have in their structure a body, a handle, and attachments to perform the functions.
Both types of equipment are used for shaping and loosening beds, pulling weeds, and harvesting. A man sets the attachments, sets the direction of travel, and enjoys the result. This way you can tidy up an impressive amount of land with a minimum of effort.
Features of power tillers
The single-axle tractor can be called a “tractor in miniature. The machine runs on a carburetor or diesel motor with multiple gears. The axle is equipped with separate wheel pairs, most often all-terrain vehicles. Can be equipped with an attachment.
For all its compactness, the single-axle tractor is fast and versatile. “Mini tractor” is capable not only of plowing and ripping, but also easily trims lawns, removes snow and hay, helps transport small loads.
Some models even include irrigation pumps, woodchoppers, trailers.
Available in heavy and light versions. The heavyweight easily copes even with very dry soils, steep thickets, and mud piles.
Lightweight power tillers are not always good for neglected plots, but are great for regular maintenance of dachas. Modern power tillers have anti-slip handles, transport wheels, disc and star cutters.
- ability to work in different seasons;
- construction reliability;
- power and depth of work.
Diesel models sometimes have difficulties with ignition at temperatures below freezing. To work in all seasons it is better to choose a gasoline engine.
Some brands make electric modifications. The battery-powered motor is useful for cultivating land in the greenhouse, but the fuel-powered versions have significantly more power.
Cultivator also has the axle, steering handle, disc cutters, transmission. Wheels will not be present at all models. The engine is also optional.
The manual cultivator is as simple and lightweight as possible and ploughs the simplest seedbeds.
The automatic one is equipped with a diesel or gasoline engine, is heavier and sometimes has wheels for easy movement. Less common are electric cultivators.
Cultivator is a narrow range helper. It is suitable only for the main cultivation.
High maneuverability allows you to break up clods of soil, pull weeds with roots even in hard-to-reach areas of the dacha, carefully incorporate fertilizers. All this is true for normal soils, but the cultivator runs the risk of not being able to cope with heavily stacked hard soil.
Some brands try to increase passability by pneumatic tires. Experienced farmers say that the option is suitable for small plots. However, with a large number of acres, such tricks are still not enough.
Motor cultivators have the reversing and reversing functions in the direction of movement. Gearbox can be chain, worm or gear, as well as in a motor-block. The chain-driven version is the most durable.
Motor cultivators and their features
As we have noted above, such machines have less power, size and functionality. This is all due to their lower cost. To a large extent, it is the latter circumstance that leads to the high popularity of motorized cultivators among owners of relatively small plots.
The functionality of such units is very limited:
Most cultivators, especially those with low-powered motors, do not allow replacing the working element. They are equipped with cutters of various diameters as standard and can therefore be used for all tasks. The power harrows are often segmented, so the machine’s width can be adjusted. So the machine can be adapted to different row spacings. The engine impulse makes the tiller rotate. and simultaneously loosens the ground and moves the machine forward. The rotational speed of the drive shaft is adjusted in the motorcycle way. with a rotary knob.
Transmission for the cultivator is rather an exception than a rule. In an effort to simplify and cheapen the design of their units, manufacturers equip most models with a simple gearbox that allows switching between forward and reverse motion. However, powerful and heavy versions, which are already more like a single-axle tractor, can also have a full-fledged gearbox. but for such convenience will have to pay a lot.
According to weight, power and, consequently, productivity, the following types of cultivators are distinguished:
Light. Weighs an average of 25-30 kg and is equipped with 1-3.5-horsepower engine, are easy to use and, what is especially important, as accessible as possible. Their compact size and maneuverability allow them to maneuver cleverly between dense crops. Such a unit is more than enough to handle a small garden plot. for a standard 4 acres more and do not need. And if you cultivate 15 acres or more, it is not a good idea to consider a lightweight cultivator. What’s more, models with 1 to 2 hp.с. Suitable only for work on previously used land. they can’t handle unploughed land or virgin land for a long time. Machines for 3-3.5 л.с. are more universal, often have 2 speeds and can till at least 20 cm, while the low-powered versions can work at maximum 10 cm. Width of the passage of the light class cultivators does not exceed 35 cm.
Medium. They are distinguished by their larger size, capacity of 4-6 liters.с. and increased capacity. For ease of operation, such units are equipped with a transmission with 3 gears (2 forward, 1 reverse). Their engines have the power of 6 litres and ploughing depths up to 35 cm and a pass width of up to 85 cm. This makes such motocultivators suitable not only for gardening work, but also for the care of a small farm. Practice shows that such models are optimal for small and medium-sized plots, where the soil needs to be cultivated several times a year. Besides, many devices of this class allow installation of additional equipment to extend their functionality.
Heavy. The size, appearance and efficiency are maximally close to power tillers, but they remain exactly the same as cultivators by design. Their engines have an output starting from 6 liters.с. and allows to work on areas from 1-2 hectares, and also to plow virgin lands. Such a unit is suitable for the care of a large countryside plot with many plantings, as well as for a small farm. Thanks to the powerful engine, the pass width is increased. depending on the model it is 80-90 cm or more. Most heavy cultivators can be used with additional equipment, and some are even suitable as a tow vehicle for carts. At the same time the main purpose of any such devices is still the care of the site.
Another important characteristic that must be taken into account when choosing a power tiller. is the type of engine. The following variants are on sale:
Electric. low-noise, environmentally friendly, with different power, but requiring connection to the mains;
petrol ones. self-contained, powerful, enduring, but noisy, more difficult to maintain and environmentally unfriendly;
battery-powered. they combine the possibility of self-contained operation, noiselessness and environmental friendliness, but cannot boast of high power, and such models are rather expensive.
To summarize, it can be said that power tillers are very easy to use and affordable tool. But their use in most cases is limited to small areas and volumes of work. This is a suitable option for the care of a small garden plot, for work in a greenhouse or a greenhouse, where you only need to plow the ground, occasionally loosen it and control weeds.
When to use the power tiller
The main working element of the cultivator is the sectional rotary tiller with a width of 35 to 100 cm, because the main function of the unit is to process the soil by milling. Thanks to the removable sections, the width of the cutter bar can be adjusted to suit different crops. Cutter bar hitched to the ground forwards travel.
Moto-cultivators are usually equipped with gasoline engine of 3-6 liters.с., and their weight starts at around 20 kilograms.
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All these features are the reasons of cultivators functionality. They are used to perform:
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Small, lightweight cultivators. about 20 kg. are indispensable for cultivating flower beds and greenhouses.
If it is necessary to cultivate a country or garden plot of 15-20 acres, cultivators weighing 40 kg will do.
Heavier cultivators (from 50 kg) are close in their functions to lightweight power tillers. Sometimes they are equipped with gear boxes, so it is possible to work with auxiliary equipment: wheels with grousers, plow, ridgers. Although they are inferior to power tillers in terms of quality of processing.
Motor cultivators are justified on small plots and in greenhouses. For such conditions they are preferable to power tillers, because there is no need for intensive work and deep plowing, and their price is much lower. And they do a great job at loosening the soil with the power tiller and inter-row cultivation.
What is the difference between cultivation and plowing
If during plowing the land is turned over in layers, in case of cultivation the soil is loosened to a certain depth, thereby fertile soil layer remains in place.
When passing the cultivator, the upper layer of soil is loosened and crumbled, as a result the soil is mixed. Afterwards the plot is levelled and visually enlarged. During cultivation the roots of harmful plants and weeds are also cut. It is especially necessary after winter, when the pressure of snow and moisture compacts the soil.
The importance of arable work in the countryside is complemented by the laboriousness. It is physically hard work, so the choice of the right device-assist is able to greatly facilitate the tasks on the land. Thus, 10 hectares of land can be cultivated in 2-3 hours instead of 2 days, as by hand. So what to buy: a single axle tractor or a cultivator?
What to choose: cultivator or single axle tractor
Many people ask what to choose to work in their own garden. a cultivator or a single-axis tractor. Cultivator is a small unit that differs from the motor cultivator due to its light weight and ease of control. Its small size allows it to work small areas with soft soil. For larger areas it is better to choose a single axle tractor. This more versatile machine is different in weight, power, and difficulty to operate. When choosing a power tiller, use the table:
|The size of the plot in hectares||Engine power in hp. с.|
|up to 15||3,5|
|up to 60||4,0|
|up to 100||5,0|
|up to 200||6,0|
|up to 500||9,0|
The units weighing up to 80 kg and with up to 6.5 liters of power are very popular. с.
The next selection criterion. the name of the company that produces the product. Reliability is distinguished by German, English and Italian equipment. Cheap products belong to domestic firms and manufacturers from China. The quality of the units is slightly lower than European brands. There are also compromise options for dacha: domestic model, but with a Japanese engine. Requires service centers to maintain equipment. Machines with several gears are required for transportation. You should pay attention to the delivery set. The richer it is, the better.
There are two kinds of cultivators: tilled and steam. The latter are designed for pre-sowing tillage. Tillage tills the seeded land. They all consist of a frame and implements for work. These include: cutters, discs, tines, supporting and running wheels, units for depth and width adjustment. Cultivators with an electric motor are available for work in greenhouses. A good machine is the one that has an even stroke and does not bury itself in the soil. The operator only guides it in the right direction.
It is necessary to consider what works better in the vegetable garden. a single-axle tractor or a cultivator. For either one, you need to prepare the area: remove foreign objects, remove animals and small children. Popular cultivators with positive reviews:
- Hammer flex electric cultivator EC1500. Its cost is 8999
- DAEWOO DAT2500E with electric motor. It costs 21990
- Mantis Electro. The motor is powered by electricity. Price. 37880
- GreenWorks GTL9526. Electric. It costs 7990
Popular manufacturers of minitractors (power tillers) and cultivators:
Based on all of the above, we can conclude that it is better to buy for dacha, vegetable garden or a large agricultural plot:
- If you plan to buy a “helper” for processing a small vegetable garden, dacha with greenhouses or a greenhouse with an area of 3-5 acres, a lightweight or ultralight mobile electric cultivator will suit. In small enclosed spaces, the absence of exhaust fumes is a very important criterion. Such a unit will be convenient to use for the elderly.
- For a country house or country garden, the area of which does not exceed eight acres, the ideal option would be cultivator with a gasoline engine.
- For an average plot of 10-20 acres, you can choose both a powerful cultivator, and a single-axle tractor of the middle class. Here the following features should be taken into account when choosing a machine: the type of soil of your area, the type of planned work and budget.
- The best way to work an agricultural area of 20 acres to 1 hectare is to use a medium or heavy power tiller with large pneumatic wheels and a gearbox with 6-8 speeds. Choose the latter if you want to plow fallow land.
- If you own a farm with a field of more than 1 hectare, you will need a multi-purpose heavy-duty single axle tractor or a mini-tractor.
By choosing a convenient unit, you can buy quality equipment to perform agricultural work on the plot.
Did this information help you choose between the cultivator and the tiller??