What is the difference between an impact drill and a regular drill?


Drills can be domestic, occasional use or professional, for daily use.


This type of drill is used not only in manufacturing, some people buy it for home purposes, when larger scale work than just assembling furniture is needed. They are used for the construction of summer homes and outbuildings, major protracted repair, when you need to work with hard concrete surfaces. Professional drills have more motor power and are capable of sustaining high loads over a longer period of time. Intensity of such a tool is 10 hours without damage to the engine and major components.


Household drills are unable to withstand heavy, continuous use, work on very hard surfaces. But they have many advantages: they are ergonomic, lightweight, easy to hold, and cost considerably less than professional tools. Different types of tools include cordless and cordless drills. Each of them is designed for specific working moments. The durability of the tool depends on high-quality assembly, and the life of the tool depends on the construction skills of the drill owner.


A cordless drill is a cordless drill that operates from a wall outlet. It needs a stable power supply, because power fluctuations can cause the tool to malfunction. Buying a drill, it is better to think at once about the stabilizer. The cordless model does not need to replace or charge the battery, this is its advantage. The disadvantage is the inability to use the tool in places without power.


Drill is quite mobile cordless, it is convenient to work outdoors, in the country house, in places where there are no outlets. Included with a drill usually comes with a battery charger, it is necessary in service of two batteries, when prisazhennaya one, it put the charge, and work continues with the second device. Cordless drills are also capable of high rotational speeds. For convenience, they are equipped with a reverse rotation (reverse function), which allows you to screw in and unscrew fasteners.

Drills can be equipped with one of three types of batteries:

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  • Nickel-cadmium. it does not have enough power for long-term stable operation, but it is affordable;
  • Nickel-metal hydride. somewhat better than the previous one, but is afraid of low temperatures, such a drill is not suitable for winter outdoor work;
  • Li-ion. the most expensive and the best battery, it can work for a long time without needing to recharge.

What it is and what it’s for?

In the professional community, the electric impact screwdriver has already gained recognition, but in the mass market it is not yet so widely known. In appearance, this tool is similar to the usual electric drill, the difference lies in the principle of operation. Impactless drills work due to the reducer, while screwdrivers of this type are equipped with an impact mechanism that strengthens the torque.

Shock mode does not have a constant tempo, but is triggered when an obstacle is encountered. This gives the device a distinct advantage when working with hard and extremely hard materials, such as concrete.

Drill vs Impact Driver vs Hammer Drill

The purchase of such a tool is relevant both for home use and for professional construction. Masters note that the percussive principle of operation does not interfere with the tightening of fasteners and does not damage the elements.

Before classifying impact screwdrivers, it is necessary to understand the division of tools into drills and screwdrivers. The former are equipped with drills for making holes, while the latter additionally can also screw in fasteners. If the tool allows the use of different types of attachments, it gets a compound name, such as a drill-electric screwdriver.

Depending on how they are powered, electric and pneumatic tools are distinguished. But the latter are very rare and are used only in specialized enterprises (tire service, service stations). That is why it can be said that all impact drills are electric.

Electric screwdrivers are divided into mains and cordless screwdrivers according to the type of connection. The first have a low weight and are convenient for home use. Cordless models are indispensable for work on sites without the possibility of connecting to electricity.

Why do you need an impact drill??

The primary function of an impact drill is drilling. Its impact is an additional option. This is a modification of non-impact drills, which appeared much earlier. It is capable of handling a large number of materials:

For the beginner builder, an impact drill can replace a peorator, an electric screwdriver, and many other tools. For example, you can use it as a mixer by installing the appropriate attachment. The main functions of an impact drill:

  • At low speeds, it can work with screws.
  • In non-impact mode, it becomes a regular drill.
  • In percussion mode, you can drill in hard materials.

Which drill is better: an impact drill or a hammerless drill

Drill. an essential tool, without which no repair can do. Drill holes, mix mortars, screw in screws. this is not the whole list of important functions.

Household and professional

Drills can be divided into domestic and professional. They differ mainly in terms of the amount of time they can be used continuously. For household models, it is no more than 15-20 minutes, and then you need to take a break for about 10 minutes. This will prevent overheating and breakage of the appliance.

The choice of whether to buy an impact drill or a regular drill will depend mainly on what you need the tool for. If you need it for minor repairs around the house, like drilling a couple of holes in the furniture, then get an ordinary.

Otherwise, there are several criteria for selecting a tool:

  • Power. With an indicator from 800 to 1500 watts almost any work is possible. 500-800 watts is enough for home use.
  • Reverse. Reversible rotation is necessary for unscrewing screws or for removing the drill from the material if it is stuck.
  • Type of chuck and fastener. A cam-type attachment method gives you an advantage over a quick-clamp method in reliability, but if you need to frequently change attachments, you’d better choose the quick-clamp one. There is a division of chucks according to the maximum diameter of opening. Choose models so that the chuck can hold the accessories you need.
  • Adjustable speeds. A convenient and useful option that allows you to screw in self-tapping screws and efficiently drill materials that require a certain number of revolutions, such as steel.
  • Impact or nonimpact mechanism.

The last point is especially important because percussion models are characterized not only by rotational but also reciprocating motion. These are the right tools for drilling in stone, concrete or bricks. Tactless is good for drilling in materials that might break during operation.

But if you need to do more complex work, then you should give preference to percussion models. The ability to switch off the percussion function also gives you the opportunity to drill in ordinary materials such as wood, thin metal or plastic.

An impact drill will be a more universal option. Of course, additional options will make the price of such tools higher than that of conventional drills, but not so much to neglect the comfort and guaranteed high results.


One of the best powerful impact drills is Metabo SBE900 Impuls.

Metabo electric tools are climbing up the marketing charts every year, overtaking such giants as Bosch and Makita. The cost of such an electric tool is quite high. The price of one of the best drills, the SBE900, for example, cannot be called budgetary in any way.

The engine of this device has a power of 900 W, the drill can be used of medium diameters.

The tool weighs only about three kilograms, has an elaborate functionality, convenient to work. The vibrations transmitted to the hand are relatively low. The frequency of oscillations can reach several tens of thousands per minute.

The drill has a handy mechanism that can adjust the speed of rotation, its advantage is that it allows you to choose the optimal torque mode. To set the desired mode, there is a setting wheel on the front of the housing.

The body of the drill is made of aluminum and includes a gear box that engages the switch.

Functionality largely copied from the models of the best torches. Hidden inside the chuck is a clutch that reliably protects the mechanism in case the drill jams unexpectedly. Metabo is not cheap, but it is reliable in operation, has good power.

If we talk about the disadvantages of this impact drill, it should be said about the chuck. It does not cope well with large-diameter drills, they slip. The quick-clamping mechanism is not needed in this design. The best option would be to use a traditional chuck, which is adjustable with a wrench.

Metabo vary in this way:

Makita HP1640K is three times cheaper than Metabo SBE 900, so it makes sense to have a closer look at this fairly good tool. Ergonomics and functionality are thought out in detail, drilling with the drill is easy and pleasant. For home works, such a tool is quite suitable. The power is 685 W, you can effectively regulate the speed. The machine weighs two kilograms, which allows you to work with one hand. From the disadvantages it should be mentioned: the percussion mechanism is weak, but it is possible to work on concrete.

Consider the drill “Zubr ZDU-850 ERMM2”. The gear housing is made of metal, which in itself can already cause a lot of attention. The machine is quite powerful and can function for a long time, 860 W is quite enough to work within a private household.

No exaggeration to say: “Zubr ZDU-850” is not inferior to its global analogues from Makita or Bosch. The Zubr can work quite hard, it has a good safety margin.

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Of the design disadvantages we should say about the trigger on the handle. it is not the best idea to control the speed. The reason: it is difficult to smoothly accelerate the drill, at low speeds it is almost impossible.

The drill starts working right away, which is sometimes very inconvenient.

Another important disadvantage of the “Zubr”. not enough strength factor for the ratchet of the percussion mechanism.

The main advantages of the apparatus:

Impact wrenches: what they are and how they differ from impact wrenches?

One of the criteria for assessing the masculinity of the master of the house is usually considered his ability to hammer a nail (in modern terms. to screw in a screw) into a wall. Without this elementary skill you can neither hang a shelf, nor decorate a room with a painting, nor install a curtain rod.

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Faster and without unnecessary effort to cope with this task is called for an electric electric screwdriver, and especially often praise the impact electric screwdriver, but not everyone understands what it is and why.

What is the difference between the drill and the impact drill? Let’s look at each point

A person who doesn’t know the tools won’t always tell at once the difference between a drill and an impact drill. both by their appearance and by the tasks they perform. Unless he jokes: “With a punch!” In principle, the basic difference between the two is well defined by this answer. But, as scientists and teachers are fond of saying, the answer is not deployed and is characterized by insufficient information.

Meanwhile, anyone who is inexperienced in repair, but has thought to enrich his collection of necessary tools, should certainly know what he chooses and what he pays his money for. Because it can also happen that he will buy equipment that is not very suitable for achieving their goals. Or, on the contrary, he will pay money for functions that are never useful to him. Or worse, he will bring home two different-looking and different-named tools, which are designed to do the same job.

To avoid such mishaps, you need to quickly understand the issue and find out: what are the similarities and differences between the devices.

Difference between Drill Drivers & Impact Drivers

What is the difference between a drill and an impact drill. can be understood by comparing the different characteristics of the two tools, which we will try to do in our next article.

  • So, wood and all its derivatives (boards and planks) are treated with conventional drills, although many craftsmen change them for those designed to work with harder substances, such as metal, to speed up drilling;
  • iron and other metal surfaces are easily amenable to special drill bits, which have a special design and increased strength;
  • Glass and ceramics are brittle, splintering materials. For making holes in them, the lance-shaped drill bit design has been developed to almost eliminate fracture, which are successfully used in practice;
  • if a hole or hole with a large diameter is needed, core drill bits are used.
  • Grinding wheel. put on instead of a drill (or a special nozzle), provides the ability to smooth out any roughness virtually to a mirror shine. Of course, the power of the device is not as much as a real grinder, but a small grinding work around the house can be performed with some success.
  • Wire brush can help you clean the metal from rust. This is a very important attachment when working on the preparation of metal surfaces for painting, because by hand to perform such work. yesterday’s day.
  • Mixer nozzle turns the drill into a construction mixer and allows you to prepare any composition required for repairs in minutes. Very handy, for example, when laying intermediate walls, when you need a small amount of mortar, kneading the adhesive mixture for wallpaper, performing work on the leveling of surfaces.

There is another interesting variety. a drill. electric screwdriver. It is used to meter the tightening force of screws and other fasteners. In household chores and furniture assembly is a very useful thing. And finally, the impact drill. It performs all the functions of an ordinary one, but some additional ones are added.

In some cases, it is necessary to make holes in a wall that is very heavy in structure. For example, in a masonry or concrete work. An ordinary drill, even one equipped with a pobedit drill bit, will cope with this task with difficulty. And if the slab is reinforced concrete, then super strong drills do not remember

can. And it takes an unreasonable amount of time to wrestle with the material. In this case, you need exactly an impact drill. It consists of two ratchets, special gear mechanisms. The drill chuck is firmly connected to one ratchet, its body to the other. These parts convert the rotary motion (drilling) into a reciprocating motion (impact). When this function is not needed, it can be disabled. A stop is inserted between the ratchets and the drill operates in the more usual way.

  • Because of the additional elements included in the design, the impact drill has a greater weight than a conventional drill. Therefore, it is more difficult to work with it in drilling mode.
  • The tool’s spindle is designed for heavy and fairly continuous use. Accordingly, it has a different design.
  • And it’s not very accurate at drilling.

It is additionally worth noting that if you have a large amount of work, which requires the function of chiseling (for example, laying power grids throughout the apartment), an impact drill will not be the most suitable tool. It is too low-powered for global activities, and it has only one operating mode when removing the stopper between the ratchets. And it can only function in that mode for a fairly short interval of time.

If you make the impact drill chisel for a long time, it will simply break down. For this reason, a peorator designed specifically for overcoming walls is used for drilling. By the way, it can work in a drilling mode, but it is not his element, as well as for a drill. destruction of obstacles. After we understand the difference between the drill and the impact drill, and understanding what tasks each of them should solve, you can easily determine what kind of tool you need in your household.

Choosing a drill: types of drills, difference between percussion drills and impact drills

Portal about construction and repair Stroy-benefit opens a new cycle of articles. for all who set up for serious repair in your home.

We want you to prepare for repair correctly. buy the tools and materials you really need. Exactly for you we open this series of articles.

The first articles we will devote to power tools, and we will start with what you can‘t do without. a drill.

The capabilities of modern models have long since gone beyond trivial drilling. with their help you can not only make holes, but also to grind surfaces, screw in self-tapping screws and screws, stir mortars, etc.д.

An ordinary drill (hammerless) allows you to drill holes in not very strong materials such as wood, plywood and plastic.

The impact drill is designed for holes in wood and metal. It operates in two modes: drilling and drilling with a hammer, which can partially replace the rotary drill.

The mixer drill is a combination tool with an increased speed rating. Such drills are not only used for drilling, but also for mixing viscous building materials, mortars, paint, etc.п.

The mixer is more powerful than a conventional drill and has a particularly robust gearbox. Its strong torque is its main feature, but increases the weight of the machine. This tool is sure to come in handy for large-scale repair and finishing work.

An electric screwdriver drill is different from a regular drill in that it can be used to screw in/out screws, self-tapping screws and screws thanks to its ability to adjust the tightening torque.

The most widespread use of these tools is for furniture assemblers, as they are simply indispensable for the assembly of furniture sets. In the home it is used when you want to screw something. for example, for fixing steel profiles to the rails (wood or metal), drywall, molding, etc.д.

An ordinary drill is undersized and lightweight because it has no impact mechanism. This is also the reason why it is more accurate.

Impact drills are characterised by the fact that, apart from the rotary motion, they can also move back and forth.

An impact drill is essential for drilling in tough materials like brick and concrete. And the impact function can be switched off, which makes it more versatile.

The fundamental difference between a drill with impact function and a conventional drill is that, in addition to conventional drilling, it can be used to create notches. cable ducts, sockets for switches, sockets, etc.д. This is why this tool is often referred to as a rotary drill.

A large catalog of impact drills is in front of you:

If you are going to order a drill for repair, be sure to check out this catalog. there are always low prices.

Impact drill is often called a peorator, but these tools have fundamental differences. Of course, if you need to punch a few holes in the wall during the repair, an impact drill is what you need. But if there is more extensive work to be done, such a drill is not enough. Why?

The fact that in the drill, the impact function is implemented by two gears. Drill bit is equipped with a special built-in electro-pneumatic or electromechanical mechanism: the electric motor creates through the drive reciprocating motion of the piston, which drives the working piston. This piston strikes the drill. the impact is transmitted with more force, and the pneumatics reduce vibration.

In other words, the main difference between the two tools is in their main function: drilling in a drill, and tapping in a rotary drill. The impact drill is limited to brick and plain concrete, while the core drill easily chisels reinforced concrete and natural stone.

There are three types of drill cartridges:

In the following article, we will tell you in more detail about peorators.

What is the difference between a drill and a rotary tool. the essential differences

During construction and repair work it is often necessary to drill a hole of a certain diameter in a concrete or brick wall, in the floor, on the ceiling. For this purpose, repairmen use a peorator or a drill. The peorator and the drill are identical in many ways, but you can still find significant differences between them.

Peorator and drill are used to perform different operations. Peorator drill is designed for hammering out a hole in the surface of the wall, ceiling. The drill bit is used to drill a corresponding cavity. Drills of different diameters are used for the drill and the torch.

Are there any differences between the drill and the tile cutter??

The first thing that expresses this difference is the existing mechanism of the striker. It has a very complicated electro-pneumatic or electro-mechanical device. Most often electro-pneumatic, because it guarantees a higher degree of reliability when operating the tool. In a peorator, the motor is driven by a crank or spherical bearing. The piston of the device transmits the energy through the striker to the drill, the core bit, the chisel, the drill. That’s how you get the hole in the surface.

The hammer mechanism of a drill can be described in simpler terms. Operating mechanism is based here on two ratchets. One ratchet aligns with the body and the other with the cartridge. The chuck comes into motion when the drill is turned on. There is a special stopper between the ratchets. Therefore, the mechanism does not work when it is switched off.

When the drill is switched on, the ratchets move back and engage with the surface on which you want to make a hole of a given diameter. The impact performance of a drill is different from that of a rotary tool because of the different uses of the instruments. The core drill is used for chiselling while the core drill is used for drilling holes in hard surfaces.

The drill. 1- Cartridge. 2. Gearbox. 3-motor. 4-Start button. 5- Mode button. 6- Body. 7- Induction rings or chokes. 8-capacitor. 9. Power cable.

The second thing that distinguishes a drill from a peorator is the functionality of the tools. The drill is designed to be used for three main jobs: for a simple hammering action, for a normal rotary action without the percussion action, and for rotary action performed in parallel with the percussion action.

A peorator is not just for drilling, but also for piercing the surface of walls, ceilings, floors. Also for chiselling in stone surfaces. It can also be used to chip off excess material from walls, floors, ceilings. The drill will be used only to drill a hole of a given size in a concrete or brick wall surface, or other surface. There are two drill modes: no-impact and impact drilling.

The third difference between the drill and the rotary tool is the throughput rate.

The torch is more suitable for drilling on hard stone surfaces than the drill. Peorator output is many times greater than impact drill. The impact energy of a drill is low. Usually you need a certain amount of force on the tool to increase it. This force does not have to be exerted with the rotary drill. The peorator is naturally more powerful.

Fourth: the peorator and the drill differ in all kinds of accessories and their fasteners. Drills, chisels, core bits and screwdrivers are tools for the rotary hammer drill. Drill bits are drill bits coated with a special coating of tungsten carbide. The peorator’s attachments have freedom in relation to the chuck that allows you to adjust the load on the chuck when striking. The diameters of all these attachments are different for the torch and the drill.

The fifth difference between a torch and a drill is the tool’s service life. The torch lasts much longer than a drill. The drill is fast out of order if used often for percussion jobs.

The sixth point of difference between the torch and the drill is the work process itself. When working with the pen, you need to apply gentle pressure to the pen. The drill must be pressed two or three times harder. Creating the necessary impact energy is, of course, easier with the hand drill. The torch always vibrates less in the hands of the builder than the drill. It is easier to work with it when building any object from scratch. That is why the rotary tool is used for rough repair work. When doing finishing work, you can get by with a drill as well.

A small conclusion

Peorator will always be used during construction and repair work for routing for wiring socket group and lighting group, for routing wall surfaces for boxes, for sockets, for switches. For ordinary household needs, such as hanging shelves and cabinets, you can get by with a drill. In any case, experienced construction repairers will always know which tool to use in which situation. Peorator is ideal for drilling, chiselling stone, concrete surfaces. A simple drill is always good for minor household repairs.

DRILL VS. DRIVER (What’s The Difference?!! Cordless Drill Vs. Impact DriverCOMPARISON)

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