What oil to fill in the single axle tractor tarpan

What oil to fill in a power tiller gearbox

Every singleaxle tractor has a gearbox. It also uses gear oil, which is regularly replaced. Today there are machines that do not need oil change. Transmission formulas should be used for changing. This will extend the life of the machine. The gearbox of the Neva MB-2 power tiller requires TEP-15 transmission oil. It operates in summer time at air temperatures from.5˚С. For wintertime, use TM-5. It can withstand up to.25˚С. Volume 2,2 l.

For the Neva MB-1 unit, you need to prepare TAD-17I or TAP-15 V. Lubricant volume 1 liter. Salut 5 and Belarus 08H-09H use M-10B2 and M-10G2 in warm weather. In winter time, M-8G2. Oka MB-1D1 is filled with TAD-17I or TAP-15B gearbox. A gearbox on a Celina MB power tiller is filled at the factory. No need to change lubricant. Tarpan is filled with TAD-17I or its analogues. Favorit with MS-20 or TAD-17I aviation oil.

Vario requires an 80W90 oil change every two years. Patriot Garden 85W90 is the best oil for the unit. Recommended compound for Zubr TAP-15 gearbox.

A few words about replacement time. First change for a Favourite gearbox after 25 hours of operation. Thereafter every 250 hours. Changing is better when the engine is hot. Hot oil is drained out through the oil drain plug and fresh oil is put in through the oil filler plug.

In Celina a gearbox is firstly changed after 50 hours of operation, then every 200 hours thereafter. Ugra and Oka are refilled daily with a small amount of. Complete change after 100 hours of operation.

Never use summer car oil in the winter. At the first opportunity, experts recommend replacing the car oil in the snowthrower by a specialized lubricant.

Therefore it is strongly not recommended to use automobile engine oil to keep the engine block in working condition. For the use of automotive leads to accelerated wear of cylinders and engine piston group as a whole that eventually causes engine failure.

Model range, characteristics

The family of main models of power tillers is based on the “TMZ-MK-03” base design. They have a similar layout, but different power units. Main parameters of the cultivators are given below.

Name Value
Engine, power, l. с. Kohler (XT775) 5.5; Briggs Stratton (675EXi) 6; “Tarpan” (173) 5
Hourly fuel consumption, l 1,1
Weight, kg 45
Productivity, ha/hour 0,06
Diameter of cutters, mm 320
Operating temperature range, °C 5-40
Number of gears (forward/reverse) 1/-
Price, 22500. 25000

Earlier versions of “Turpan” with Briggs 675EXi engine. In later models they were replaced by their Japanese analogues.

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The plant, besides simple machines, also produces a separate line of equipment. “TMZ-MK-03-02”. The difference from the main series is the horizontal positioning of the power unit and the variable speed gearbox, which allows to move forwards and backwards. Such design essentially facilitates the processing of land in confined areas.

Name Value
Engine, power, l. с. Briggs Stratton (RS950) 6,5
Fuel consumption per hour, l 1,1
Weight, kg 55
Productivity, ha/h 0,06
Cutter diameter, mm 320
Working temperature range, °C 5. 40
Number of gears (forward/reverse) 1/1
Price, 25750

Choice of

As for devices operating from the mains, this manufacturer offers models with a two-stroke or four-stroke motor. Such units are very convenient in terms of operation and maintenance, they do not require regular refueling and oil replacement in the engine. To start working with the cultivator, it will be enough to connect it to a power source.

When selecting equipment, it should be noted that such units are recommended for work on small areas of land. As a rule, the models have a fairly long cord, which will not cramp the movements during the processing of the working territory. There are also disadvantages with such devices

First of all it concerns the risk of electric shock in the course of careless handling of the tool

Gasoline devices will stand out in terms of more complex maintenance. In addition, such cultivators, due to the peculiarities of the carburetor and engine, will emit many times more noise during the performance of tasks on the ground. In order for the unit to function, it needs not only oil but also fuel. Pour into the cultivator is recommended only a good 92 and 95 gasoline, additionally mixing it with oil.

However, these devices also have disadvantages. Quite often in the process of operation the owners of cultivators misalign the proportions of oil and gasoline for refueling, during which all attempts to increase the revolutions and productivity of the equipment lead to the fact that the engine of the cultivator begins to work with interruptions. As a consequence, the wear and tear of moving parts increases, it may be necessary to replace the packing. In addition, soot will accumulate in the mechanism, it will be necessary to additionally adjust the valve in the device. Therefore, many owners are advised to give preference to two-stroke engines, which will be easier to service. But such cultivators will consume more fuel.

As for the choice of cultivators from the class of lightweight devices, in this case you should decide on the tasks that will need to perform the device, because not every unit has enough power to process heavy types of soil. The configuration of the blades in the device is decisive here

Also the working width of the machine is worth looking at. This can usually be corrected by repositioning the cutters

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Tarpan motocultivator is a universal compact unit designed for mechanization of the hard physical labor for soil cultivation on homestead plots.

Recommended area to be cultivated up to 0,2 ha.

Tarpan motor cultivators are manufactured in Tula at Tulamashzavod plant.

A distinctive feature of this cultivator is the ability to disassemble it into two parts and fit into the trunk of most sedans.

MK may be transported after removing power pack 1 (see Accessories on page 35). Figure. below) from the implement unit 2. To do this, loosen hinged bolts 3. When transporting the MK it is necessary to stow it in such a way that oil does not leak out of the gearbox (through the oil filler plug hole), out of the engine crankcase and the fuel residue from the fuel tank.

Technical characteristics of cultivator Tarpan MK-03 with Honda engine, briggs stratton

Main parameters Value
Overall dimensions, mm, max (control handles folded up) length 1300 (760)width 700 height 1060 (760)
Weight, kg 45
Working width, mm 560
Cultivator cutter diameter, mm 320
Performance, ha/h (at normal soil and a ripping depth of 180 mm) 0,06
Tillage depth max., mm 200
Operating tilt angles, deg., longitudinal and transverse. not more 15
Engine briggs stratton Honda
Model 12j802 GCV-160
Type 4-stroke, carbureted
Working volume, cc. see. 190 160
Max. power, l.с., not less 5,5 5.5
Fuel tank capacity, l 1,1
Volume of filled oil, l 0,6 0,55
Fuel and oil according to engine manual
Hourly fuel consumption, l/h, not more 1,1
Clutch Dry automatic centrifugal
Start Manual operation
Switching off Remote gas lever
Gearbox Single-stage worm
TAD-17I GOST 23652-79 worm gear oil. Approved replacement gear oil grade SAE 90, SAE 75W/90, API GL-4, GL-5
Volume of oil in gearbox, l 0,35
Sound level at operator workplace, not more dBA 81
Correction level of vibration velocity on the control handle, not more dB 118
Number of speeds 1 forward

A Briggs Stratton 12j802 or Honda GCV-160 engine is installed on the MC Tarpan

displacement: Briggs Stratton 190 cm3 ; Honda 160 cm3

What fuel and oil to fill in the Tarpan cultivator you can know from the engine user manual or from the table in the manual.

Honda GCV-160 engine instruction manual download

Briggs stratton 12j802 engine user manual parts catalog download (comes in handy when ordering parts).

Dynatrac ProRock 60 and XD60 Axle Oil Fill Procedure

Manufacturer of Tarpan cultivators Tarpan Ltd. Tula, official website www.tulamash.ru/static/tarpan/history.html

Turpan power tiller user manual download

Soil cultivation operations are carried out with the help of MC rotary cultivator tool. Cultivator cutters cut layers of soil as they rotate, crumbling and mixing them, while causing the MC to move forward.

The advantage of rotary cultivator compared to the plough is better soil loosening, chopping and incorporation of weeds, as well as uniform mixing of organic and mineral fertilizers with soil over the entire depth of cultivation.

Application of MK is also recommended on clayey heavy soils, as it has a high torque on the shaft and grinds the soil well.

Tillage of virgin soil by milling is not recommended. It will break the agro-technology of tillage.

Tarpan consists of the following main parts ;

  • power unit including engine, coupling device, centrifugal clutch, steering system
  • Operating unit including worm gearing, left rotary cultivator, right rotary cultivator, depth regulator, bracket, protective hood.

To expand the functional capabilities of the cultivator additional attached implements and accessories were developed and supplied separately, with the help of which the MK can perform hilling, furrow cutting, weeding and other types of work.

Cultivator Tarpan mounted equipment

Designed for cutting the grass cover of lawns and lawns to a specified height. Fitted instead of the executive unit and connected to the power unit.

Use the 0,6 m wide String mower for mowing grass and weeds in grassy and hard-to-reach places near trees, curbs and fences. At rotational speed of cutting head from 3800 to 4600 rpm. Grass is easily cut and tossed aside. Instead of blades, the mower uses polypropylene lint string. Easily demountable into a power pack and operating unit, the mower can be easily transported in the trunk of a car.

Hiller used with MB Tarpan-03, 04 and MB Tarpan-07 consists of frame and blades, adjustable by means of slat bar with holes. Used for hoeing, ridging, furrowing. Mower should be used in conjunction with skidders, which provide the necessary traction.

Threshing tools are used with Tarpan-03, 04 and MB Tarpan-07. Threshing tools are composed of grousers and knives, fixed on a hub, and designed for weeding and loosening of soil. Minimum width of the hoe bar is 350 mm. The threshing units are fitted to the output shaft of the MC gearbox instead of the rotary cultivators.

Doing the 50 Maintenance on the TYM T654. Changing Front Axle fluid, Engine oil, and Hydraulic fluid

The rotating cultivator cutters cut the soil layers, crush and mix them while causing forward motion of the MC.

260×80 tines are used with MC Tarpan-03, 04

Transport frame with wheels used with MK Tarpan-03, 04

Protective disc is used with MK Tarpan-03, 04 and MB Tarpan-07

Goose-foot mill is used with MK Tarpan-03, 04

Operating principle of MK: MK shaft is driven by a gearbox from the engine, on which tillage cutters of a rotary cultivator are installed. Cutters, rotating, loosen the top layer of soil and at the same time move the MC forward. Design of MK allows fast separation of power unit 1 from executive unit 2. To do this it is necessary to loosen hinged bolts 3.

Power unit includes a block with a 4-stroke engine 1, coupling device 2, clutch 3 and steering 4

MOTOR. For engine design see engine manual.

Steering control allows to regulate position of handles in vertical and horizontal planes that enables to cultivate beds without trampling the soil when handlebar is turned horizontally. For ease of transportation (size reduction) handlebar should be turned to the side of the engine.

Engine remote control unit allows you to change the engine speed with the control lever 2 and stop the engine by pushing the lever down as far as it will go.

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Centrifugal clutch transmits engine torque to the gearbox when engine reaches desired rpm. The clutch is designed for clutchless starting.

fill, single, axle, tractor

ATTENTION! To avoid damage to clutch parts, do not start the engine unless the power unit is connected to a gearbox or other working unit.

It is RECOMMENDED to drop 1-2 drops of engine oil once a season between the pad axle and bushing 4 (two places) used in the engine to improve clutch operation.

Gearbox (Fig.5) single-stage, worm type, with oil bath. The gearbox housing has gussets with holes for mounting the transport device and other attachments.

Cultivators 1, 2 left and right are mounted on gearbox shaft and fastened with axles with locks.

stand behind the wheel and grasp the handles firmly;

slowly press the engine speed regulator control lever, smoothly increase the engine speed;

after the engine reaches the required rpm, the centrifugal clutch is automatically engaged, the gear shaft starts rotating and the mower starts moving. The working depth of the rotary cultivator depends on the position of the depth adjustment. which can be varied by repositioning it in the bracket through the holes in the regulator.

The tiller is lowered into the ground by pushing on the steering control. In this case, the depth control is buried in the ground, and the forward speed is reduced. The deeper the regulator enters the ground, the lower the MC travel speed and the greater the working depth. If the MK does not move forward and the cutters dig into the ground lift it by the steering wheel.

If the tillage head steers to the side of the area to be tilled, move the working power tiller to the opposite side. Turning the MK should be done by tilting it to the right or to the left. WARNING! Observe the distance between the machine and the length of the handlebar.

When turning, do not pull the front attachment towards you; push it away from you. When cultivating loose ground, do not allow the tillers to sink all the way into the ground, which would overload the engine. On heavy terrain, work in several phases, each time increasing the working depth in order to achieve a good crumbling of the clods and a more even soil structure. Before treatment of areas with high vegetation the vegetation must be mowed and removed. When cultivating areas with plant remains, plant remains may wind up on rotary cultivator blades of MK rotary cultivator.

Clean the cutters periodically. To reduce winding of plant residues on cutters it is possible to use sabre-shaped blades, used on MK Mole, Salyut. During operation of MC, blunt blades of rotary cultivators, which impairs penetration into the ground, reduces working depth per pass, and lowers productivity. Sharpen knives as needed.

Maintenance of Tarpan cultivator

It is necessary to observe hourly and calendar types of maintenance depending on which of them occurs first. In case of difficult working conditions more frequent maintenance is necessary.

Carry out technical maintenance of the engine according to the engine manual”.

Types and frequency of maintenance

After the first 5 hours of operation change oil in gearbox.

Every 5 hours or daily wiping and cleaning of the MC.

Checking tightness of joints of engine parts for oil and fuel leakage. Checking of fasteners. Checking the oil level in the gearbox.

Every 25 hours. or every season check and clean the clutch.

Every 100 h. Or yearly oil change in gearbox, lubrication of control rod and control box.

Automotor cultivators

There is a whole range of Tarpan rotary cultivators, which mainly differ in installed engines.

fill, single, axle, tractor

Tarpan moth cultivator with Briggs and Stratton engine.

This machine is equipped with a gasoline engine with 5.5 horsepower and is designed to facilitate garden work. weeding, planting and hoeing potatoes, preparing the ground for planting crops.

Turpan engine BriggsStratton

Technical Data

  • Engine manufacturer is BriggsStratton;
  • Engine. gasoline 4-stroke. “BS” Qvantum. (USA);
  • Engine output. 6.0 L.с.;
  • Clutch. dry, automatic, centrifugal;
  • Gearbox is single-speed, worm in an oil bath;
  • The maximum working depth. 200 mm;
  • Working width: 350, 700, 1000 mm;
  • Fuel Consumption. max. load 1.1 l/hr;
  • Capacity. 0,06 ha/h;
  • Overall dimensions (handles folded down). 1300х700х1060 mm;
  • Weight. 45 kg.

Tarpan with Champion motor

This singleaxle tractor has similar technical characteristics to the previous model, it differs only in the engine manufacturer.

Motor cultivator Tarpan with Champion motor

Technical Data

  • Engine: Champion China
  • Power: 5,5 l.с.
  • Gearbox: Worm
  • Speeds: 1-Forward
  • Plowing depth: 20 cm.
  • Width of ploughing: 56 cm.
  • Warranty: 1 year
  • Clutch: Centrifugal, automatic
  • Special features: demountable
  • Type: Four-stroke Gasoline
  • Weight: 45 kg.
  • Package size (LxWxH), mm: 710x400x750

Operating instructions

If this is the first time a farmer is using self-propelled equipment to work on the land, he needs to familiarize himself with how the machine works. In addition, it is worth studying the procedure of assembling the main components and rules of service, operation. All the necessary information is presented in the accompanying documentation supplied with the product. In addition, in the case of a damaged paper copy, the instruction manual can be downloaded from the Internet, where it is publicly available. The accompanying documentation will certainly contain information on how to start the engine for the first time and run-in the cultivator, how to service and repair it in the future.

Getting ready to work

The newly purchased cultivator is in the delivery condition. It is disassembled into subassemblies and parts are preserved to prevent corrosion of metal surfaces. If the store has not assembled the machine with a test run of the motor, it will have to be done by the operator at the place of operation of the farm machinery.


first unpack all the components and stack them on a clean surface. Remove the protective film or greased paper from the metal parts. Then wipe the areas coated with grease with a clean, dry rag. the spark plugs are unscrewed from the cylinder head, washed in petrol and dried. To remove grease from the engine, turn the crankshaft several times with the hand crank. Hold the high-voltage plug wire against the ground to prevent damage to the ignition coil.

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After the factory grease has been removed, proceed to final assembly. First of all install the pneumatic wheels or sprocket on the output shaft of the worm gear. Parts are secured using the cotter pins supplied with the tractor. Then install the depth regulator in the hitch. When the drive unit is assembled, the motor with the clutch is attached. Bolt the assemblies together with two hinged bolts.

The power tillers are mounted on the drive output shaft so that the blades point in the direction of travel forwards. Take into account that the left and right designs are different from each other.

The final assembly step is installing the handlebar. it is fastened to the flange made on the dry coupling housing with four bolts. Loosen the clamping nut and adjust the height of the handles to suit the height of the operator. Once assembled, the gas pedal cable is connected to the carburetor throttle and the ignition switch is switched. Before first use, check all the bolt connections are tightened and that there are no leaks of working fluid.

Getting the engine ready for operation

The motor is cleaned of factory-made grease, wiped dry with surfaces that get hot during operation. If the oil begins to collect on these, it causes smoke in the first few minutes after startup. Pour 600 ml of the oil specified in the engine manual through the filler neck. Check the oil level by the marks on the dipstick. Gradually pour in oil until the spot on the dipstick is in the middle zone. Do not under or overfill the crankcase.

How to change oil in a power tiller

Changing oil in the cylinders of a power tiller on a hot engine. This applies to actions for both two-stroke and four-stroke engines. The heated exhaust mixture drains well into the container underneath. The following steps:

  • remove the breather plug;
  • Drain the used oil;
  • pour in fresh;
  • screw in the breather plug;
  • check unit operation.

Lubricant in the cylinders of power tillers of different designs is replaced in the following order:

  • Gasoline singleaxle tractor is installed horizontally;
  • Using a screwdriver to remove the plug on the tank;
  • drain the used oil;
  • the plug is screwed on;
  • fill the box with fresh oil;
  • the filler plug is closed.

Drain the oil and pour fresh oil can be for 15-20 minutes. If you replace the used oil with low-quality products, there will be problems that lead to equipment repairs. This applies to engine lubrication and gearbox oil. Lubricants age and must be replaced in good time. How many hours it is permitted to refill automobile oil, is written in the manufacturer’s instructions. Read it so that the expensive unit you bought will help for a longer period of time.

Used lubricant must be disposed of at designated points.


Motor cultivators Tarpan are available in 3 modifications, differing in power and type of power unit. All versions with a combustion engine are equipped with a manual cable starter, a device which additionally enriches the mixture in order to ensure start-up at sub-zero temperatures. Cultivator design uses rubber products that do not lose their elasticity in cold weather and under the influence of fine dust, formed when plowing dry soil.

TMZ-MK-03 single-axle tractor with BriggsStratton 12/802 5,5 L.с. The 03-02 modification is characterized by the use of Wiema motor that develops 7 l of power.с. With a cylinder capacity of 170 cm³. A chain reducer with reduction gearing and additional speed for backward shifting is used for the transmission of torque. Gasoline A92, which enters the carburetor by gravity, is used as fuel. No electric system and no battery.

Tillage is performed with rotary tillers, which are additionally augmented with side weeder attachments. The working width is up to 1100 mm, if only weeder elements are installed, the width is reduced to 350 mm. Power of the power unit allows you to open the ground to a depth of 200 mm, it is allowed to plow areas with virgin soil.


The modification differs by reduced dimensions and weight, which allowed reducing the engine power to 3.5 liters.с. Motor drives the axle shafts via a single-speed worm gears, no reverse gear is provided. Steel tillers plough up to 360 mm wide and the ripping depth is up to 200 mm. Because of the reduced power and torque it is recommended to plow soil to a depth of 150 mm, at higher load, the engine and gearbox overheat and fail.

Cultivator is equipped with the American engine BriggsStratton 12/802 or its Japanese analogue Honda GCV160 with a four-stroke gas distribution system and air cooling. Cooling fan blades cast on the cast iron flywheel of the crankshaft, the intensity of air flow depends on the engine speed. Gearbox with aluminum casing used in the drive ensures 1 speed of rotation of the blades. Ploughed width up to 580 mm, ripping depth up to 200 mm.

Electric cultivator is designed for plowing soil in greenhouses, it is allowed to use the product outdoors in dry weather. The machine can be connected to a household AC power grid with an extension cord. To increase operational safety, the use of cables with an earthing circuit connected via an automatic circuit breaker is recommended.

2.2 kW asynchronous electric motor drives gearbox directly. A push button with a built-in fuse is used to turn on the motor, which breaks the power supply circuit in the event of a short circuit. Also includes a thermal relay to prevent overheating of the motor windings. the cutter bar is made of hardened steel and has a diameter of 270 mm. Cultivator construction allows installing a plough that plows soil to a depth of 200mm.

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