What oil to pour into the hydraulic jack
The strong design and special weight distribution on the lever and inside of the jack, as well as its hydraulic basis, make it much easier for a person to work with large and oversized loads. With such a jack, for example, you can lift an entire truck or container with a load, as well as a small platform.
As already mentioned, the main working element of the jack is the hydraulic fluid, which is poured inside in a sealed container. It allows you to lift almost any weight, depending on the properties. There are several types of liquid that are poured into the hydraulic jack, each of them has its own characteristics.
Usually special oils are used as the hydraulic fluid, which can be purchased at any auto store:
- Some manufacturers of engine lubricants offer branded hydraulic fluids for hydraulic systems in trucks and cars, which can be used not only in the brake and lifting systems, but also in the jack.
- Also common industrial oils (I12A, I20A, I30A, I40A, I50A) can be used. Although the last three oils should be used carefully, because they are too viscous, so they may not be suitable for certain types of jacks. Besides, due to excessive hygroscopicity, they can cause damage to the jack by causing corrosion processes in the metals.
- Also note that brake fluid is only partially suitable for a hydraulic jack, because it is also too hygroscopic. The water will cause damage to the jack, also causing corrosion.
In extreme cases, the hydraulic jack should work even on water, but it is better to resort to the use of oil to avoid its breakage. It is necessary to consider arguments, what oil is better to pour.
What oil to pour in the hydraulic jack: examples for all occasions
To determine which mixtures are bad and which are good for the jack, it is better to get acquainted with the internal system that will be filled with the fluid, even if it is fast. Perhaps this knowledge will not help much in the choice of oil, but it will convey the importance of this process, and an understanding of the mechanism will be very helpful in the repair. If you don’t have time or inclination for this kind of information, just scroll down a little bit, but we’ll run through the following diagram and tell you how the fluid circulates in it.
When the elevator is not in operation, its stop is lowered to the zero position, and almost all of the fluid is in the oil reservoir. In order for the stop to be pushed upward, the fluid must move from its compartment into the cylinder block and be under the piston collar. The pump and the 2 valves (suction and discharge) carry out the oil transfer operation.
When the pump piston rises, a vacuum is produced in the pump chamber, sucking liquid from the oil reservoir through a suitable valve. When the piston is lowered, on the contrary, pressure is created pushing oil out of the chamber through the discharge valve. The fluid cannot leak back because the ball on the spring (valve), allows it to flow only in one direction and when pressurized, blocks the round hole, pressing tightly against it. In this way, the volume of liquid in the working cylinder is gradually increased, pushing out the piston and raising the stop with the load.
When the oil jack has completed its task, the piston must be lowered, moving the fluid back into the original compartment. This task is efficiently carried out by the closing valve, whose turn connects the working cylinder and the oil reservoir and allows the pressurized oil to flow from the former to the latter. This is a simple principle, according to which the classic hydraulic jack works.
What do you fill the bottle jack with??
Pour oil into the bottle jack. Pour it through the neck on the side of the housing. This neck is also the level. Pour oil, then pump the jack.
- Lift the jack to the highest position without load, operating the lever
- Then it is placed on its side with the filling plug on top
- The cap is loosened and the piston rod is pushed vigorously into the cylinder. This operation is carried out to drive the air out of the working chamber.
- The cap is closed, and 10-15 full raises and lowers of the rod with a load of 40-45 kg.
- Give increased load on the last cycle and repeat the procedure, if the jack does not hold.
Design of a bottle jack
As you can see in the picture the hydraulic bottle jack consists of the following parts:
Fig. 1. The design of the bottle jack: 1. Main piston 2. Lever 3. rod 4. Suction valve 5. Stop valve 6. Oil storage tank. 7. Working chamber.
When force is exerted on the lever (2), the rod (3) creates a pressure which opens the valve (5) and the fluid flows into the working chamber (7). When the lever is pulled up, the stop valve (5) closes and the liquid is drawn into the pump cavity from the oil storage tank (6) by the pressure of the suction valve (4). The main piston (1) is raised by pumping the liquid from the storage tank (6) into the working chamber (7).
In its construction it applies the well-known law of the Pascal: The pressure applied to a liquid or a gas is transferred to every point without variations in all directions.
The design of the bottle jack is simple enough, we pump liquid from one reservoir to another, and thereby build up pressure in the second, at the expense of which raise the working piston.
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What you shouldn’t use?
For some reason, some people are convinced that basically any oil or even just oil-containing fluids can be used to put in a jack. This is partly true. But it’s worth realizing that if you choose the wrong tool, the jack’s lifespan will also be significantly shortened. Worst of all, it can fail at the most inopportune moment, resulting in significant injury to the person using it.
often than not, inexperienced people use brake fluid as an analogue to hydraulic oil. It can also produce a good lubricating effect. That said, much of its composition is water and substances that attract it. As a result, rust begins to actively form and develop, which eventually becomes the reason that the hydraulic jack becomes unusable.
How to change oil in hydraulic bottle jack. How to remove air from hydraulic jack
For the tool to work long, reliable and serviceable, it is necessary to refill it regularly with special products that have been developed for this type of tools and equipment.
The characteristics of the jack varieties
Jacks come in different types, each of which has its own distinctive features and peculiarities:
- The mechanical jack is the most famous equipment, distinguished by its low weight, fast working stroke, high level of lifting and low cost. Its disadvantages include low stability, since the mechanical equipment has a small support area.
- Electric jack is equipment that is controlled by a special small unit and works from the electrical wiring of the machine. It can lift up to two tons of weight. Among the disadvantages are its heavy weight and manual lowering, which requires a lot of time.
- The pneumatic jack is powered by a compressor or compressed air and has a low weight and a large support area.
- Hydraulic equipment is the most popular and is used during both repair of vehicles and construction works to lift various heavy structures. Load capacity of hydraulic jacks is up to 200 tons, and efficiency reaches 80%. However, this hoist also has a disadvantage. it can not be transported in the prone position, as the mechanism of the equipment can fail.
For qualitative work of this equipment you need to use special oils. Such compositions are divided into several groups and have their own purposes.
To service the jacks, hydraulic compounds are used, the choice of which requires care and responsibility.
Quality characteristics of oils
When choosing a service fluid for tools, you should always pay attention to its quality characteristics and compare them with the model of the device, because each of them may have different requirements.
Viscosity. It has a direct effect on the performance of the machine, the movement of the material through the units and the lubrication conditions in general. If the viscosity is minimal, the system is considered more reliable, but it will wear out more quickly with friction and at low values can still leak in the valves. Increased viscosity is not always good for equipment operation, because in the case of low temperatures or with low power of the machine the whole process of functioning is complicated.
Corrosion and oxidation resistance.
If there is not enough resistance to oxidation, the viscosity of the fluid begins to change and deposits appear. Also affected by oil is the material of the device, which can be metals and alloys. When oil oxidizes, acids and water are released and sooner or later the material begins to corrode. And to prevent this, add additives to the lubricant against corrosion and special inhibitors that slow down the oxidation process.
In addition to the viscosity and resistance of the oil to oxidation, it is equally important whether the liquid foams or not. Occasionally there are extreme pressure surges inside the equipment, and then air separates from the substance and then becomes foam, which is not very useful and also causes erosion.
How much oil to put in the jack?
Hydraulic jacks are used to lift heavy objects, such as cars. It is a standard tool in any auto store. The operation of the hydraulic jack is based on the fact that the liquid squeezes the cylinder, which pulls heavy objects off the ground. You can buy a hydraulic jack and special oil at any auto parts store. Use the tips below to pour oil into a hydraulic jack.
The range of uses for the jack is much wider than just using it when changing tires on a car. Any experienced motor vehicle owner knows when to use it. But in addition to the rules of operation it is important to know how to properly maintain and replace the hydraulic material.
In contrast to existing lifting mechanisms the jack has small size and weight, easy operation, has the convenience and high degree of reliability. For every car owner such tool is a necessary and very important thing.
There are several basic types of jacks:
Can be operated manually and with the help of an electric actuator. Some models can carry loads up to several hundred tons.