What to do if a suitable screwdriver is not available
What can replace a Phillips screwdriver
To begin with, we need to take a close look at the screw. If one recess is longer than the other, the unscrewing process is much easier.
Otherwise there is a high probability that the recess will be chipped, which can cause damage to the workpiece as a whole. A Phillips head screwdriver can be substituted in the following ways.
- Coin of any denomination. The main thing is to make sure that its edge fits into the groove of the screw. Just put a coin in the screw and twist counterclockwise.
- If the screw is screwed in weakly, insert the fingernail into its slot and twist it like you would twist a screwdriver.
- Insert the flat tip of the knife into the slot and remove the screw. You have to be careful here, because a poor-quality blade can bend, break, and the screw can stay in place.
- A compact disc is a great substitute for a screwdriver. However, this analogue is only suitable for screws that are loosely driven. Otherwise the disk will break.
- If the slots are too narrow, you can enlarge them with a metal hacksaw, and then use any method you feel comfortable unscrewing.
- If you have a flathead screwdriver of the appropriate size, use it.
- Melt the handle of a toothbrush and then insert it into the slot of the screw. When the plastic hardens, you can proceed with the unscrewing. But this method will not be effective if the screw is screwed too tight.
If the “sprocket” is inside, you can make a straight cut for a flat screwdriver, you will need a hacksaw for metal, or an angle grinder with a cutting disc, or a sharp chisel, the same hammer, VD-40, screwdriver. In the most extreme case (nothing helps), the bolt can be drilled, here you need a drill and metal drills.
If the “star” inside, you can make a straight bar for a flat screwdriver, you will need a hacksaw for metal, or an angle grinder with a cutting disk, or a sharp chisel, the same hammer, VD-40, screwdriver. In the most extreme case (nothing helps), you can drill out the bolt, and then you need a drill and drill bits on metal.
If there is no suitable tool
Sometimes the problem occurs when a triangular screwdriver is not at hand. In such cases, there is no need to use brute force and break into the housing of the kitchen appliance. It is enough to replace the store tool with a tool made by your own hands. A good match is made with the hexagonal furniture wrench. It is included in the set of closets and any other self-assembled items.
Furniture suppliers deliberately make them from soft enough metals to save on machining. But it is still possible to make a good tool for repairing appliances. You will only have to remove the excess part of the hex. For cutting, an abrasive wheel mounted on an engraver is preferred. Usually it takes less than ¼ hour and 1-2 adjustments to get a good triangular head screwdriver like the one in the kit.
What can replace a Phillips screwdriver
To begin with, you need to look closely at the screw. If one of the pits is longer than the other, it is easier to turn the workpiece.
Otherwise, it is more likely that the recesses will be ground, and you do injury to the workpiece. Phillips screwdriver can be replaced by the following options.
- Coin of any denomination. The main thing is to make sure its edge fits into the groove of the screw. The coin simply needs to be inserted in the screw and turned counterclockwise.
- If the screw is screwed in weakly, insert a fingernail into its slot and twist it the same way you would twist a screwdriver.
- Insert the flat tip of a knife into the slot and unscrew the screw. Be careful here, because a poor-quality knife can bend, break, and the screw can stay in place.
- A CD is a great way to replace a screwdriver. However, this counterpart is only suitable for loosely screwed screws. Otherwise the disk will break.
- If the slots are too narrow, you can widen them with a metal hacksaw, and then use whatever method is convenient for unscrewing.
- If you have an appropriate size flathead screwdriver, use that.
- Melt the handle of a toothbrush and then insert it into the slot of the screw. When plastic hardens, you can start unscrewing. But this method will not be effective if the screw is screwed too tight.
You can make your own screwdriver. Take a nail, grind it like a flat spline. The second end you bend as a handle. If you have bits, you can make a portable tool on the basis of a bolt and washers.
The Phillips is made from an old, appropriately shaped wrench. They are very durable and will last for a long time. It can be carried along with a bunch of keys and will always be on hand.
We have considered the main types of screwdrivers, their features and operation. Although this is a fairly common tool, it can be improved and made on your own. We hope that you have gained a lot of new information and can use it for its intended purpose.
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As available to us. Chinese screwdrivers. respectively, we can do anything with them. they are not sky-high price. We can even afford to break it.
The devices described below can be considered a perversion, or you can see how to do it and do it your own way (we’ll consider it better).
If screwdrivers have a black blade, there is total uncertainty about the quality of steel. If the blade is light, that’s better. For the beginning we will check how screws are screwed with screwdrivers which we have and then we will decide if it is necessary to heat them up or not. If they are rigid enough and the blade is not twisted, you may leave it as it is. If the blade is just soft. heat it up red-hot in the flame and quickly poke it in wax or paraffin. Let’s harden.
Now the actual sharpening. In a machine or on a sharpening machine set a diamond wheel. We are not talking about granularity. we use the one we got.
We put a microscope on top. If not, you need a binocular magnifying glass in any case.
We clamp our screwdriver in a hand vise (see above). The base is rigid. What’s good about a hand vise. they have large flats that will serve us as guides. do not bevel the blade. And sharpening. Not much speed. I sharpen at 250 rpm. We won’t heat up the blade.
It is also useful to have in hands for checking some mechanism to compare screwdriver sharpening with spline in screws, until you have much experience. Fit. don’t fit. By the angle of entry into the slot of the screw. As a cleaver axe or more or less in the plane of the inner faces of the slits.
Microscope magnification. to your liking. I use an 8x.
A properly sharpened screwdriver, should have a stinger like the one on the right in the picture. And the “sharpener”, which is sold in various telemarkets as a “screwdriver sharpening tool” is really a scam. And it “sharpens” knives in order to destroy the cutting edge.
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Screwdriver, like any other tool, tends to wear out in the process of use. And the parts that are subject to the most wear are those that are under the most strain, i.e. there is uneven wear. As a result, the screwdriver starts to slip out of the slot of the screw or screw, you have to make significant efforts at work. The screwdriver has to be sharpened from time to time to regain its regular shape. And it is necessary to notice that not everyone is able to do it correctly. In general, it is very difficult to restore the shape of a shaped screwdriver at home. For a screwdriver with a flat blade, you can use an ordinary emery or even an “angle grinder”, but you must keep in mind that the broad edges in the working part must be parallel to each other. If they are sharpened “wedge-sharpened”, it will be of little use, and the screwdriver will continue to slip out of the slot in the screw head.
If you don’t have the right tool
Sometimes the problem occurs when a triangular screwdriver is not at hand. In such cases, there is no need to use brute force and break the body of the kitchen equipment. It is enough to replace the store tool with a tool made by your own hands. The right analogue is made of a hexagonal furniture wrench. It is included in the set of a closet compartment and any other self-assembled items.
Furniture suppliers deliberately make them out of soft enough metals to save on machining. But you can still make a pretty good tool for repairing appliances. It will only be necessary to remove the excess part of the hexagon. For cutting, an abrasive wheel mounted on an engraver is preferred. It usually takes no more than ¼ hour and 1-2 tweaks to make a screwdriver as good as the one in the store set.
To make sure the screwdriver fits a certain fastener, you need to pay attention to its marking.
In accordance with the state requirements of the standard, it is not only coded type of slot, but also the length of the rod, the number of the fastener.
For example, the marking PH3 × 150 mm indicates that the tool has a cross slot (PH).
This slot is suitable for fasteners with a diameter corresponding to number 3 (5-7 mm) and a stem length of 150 mm.
Often the marking also contains information about the material from which the tool is made.
For example, CrMo indicates that the drive end is made of chrome-molybdenum alloy.
BEST WAYS TO LOOSEN A STUCK SMALL SCREW
Screw with torn edges
Flat head / half head screws (or rather slotted screws) often come off, and there could be several reasons for this:
- the use of old, poor quality or unsuitable tools;
- screwing it in the wrong way (with a hammer, for example);
- Insufficient torque when tightening/screwing, which causes the screwdriver to pop out of the slot;
- “seizing” of the screw (corrosion);
- Improper use of hardware (without drilling, when necessary, or for the wrong material).
Method No1. Unscrewing
Carefully examine the screwdriver you use to remove the screw and if necessary change it for a better one. It is important that the stinger is firmly seated in the groove and not damaged. If replacing the screwdriver does not help, there are other ways to proceed. If you want to e.g. remove a screw from a wooden item, tap the head, and then tap the tool with each pull. You can also use pliers if possible as we mentioned above. Or you can use a rubber band to seal it.
How to unscrew a screw with a torn edge
Tip! Use a few drops of grease or brake fluid, kerosene to make the screw go through. You can also heat the screw to make it expand. so the surrounding material will deform and you can unscrew it.
If nothing helps, you can take radical measures.
Method #3. Extractors
Another good way to remove the screw. Find a drill bit so that its diameter is smaller than that of the threaded part of the hardware, make a hole in the head, cut the left-hand thread there and unscrew the screw by means of conical extractors. This will work for all types of heads, but in the case of self-tapping screws you have to choose another way. they come in hardened.
Steps for removing a torn-off screw with an extractor
What conclusions can be drawn? If you need to unscrew screws with stripped edges, the easiest way to do it is welding (or gluing, if the effort will not be too much) the nut or some stop to the remaining part of the metal, heating and making a kerf.
It is desirable to choose a tool depending on the type of the slot of the screwdriver: for cross-head screwdriver screw fit a knife or scissors with sharp ends, for metal items for flat screwdriver better use a knife with round end.
- WD-40 liquid on the screw and just unscrew it;
- Use a cordless screwdriver;
- tap the head of the screw with a hammer and unscrew it;
- heat the screw, tap it, unscrew it.