What tools are needed for plastering walls

Tools for plastering walls: what you need for work

Wall plastering tools allow you to apply a high-quality coating on the walls. They help make surfaces perfectly smooth and very even. What tools for plastering walls is better to use when preparing walls for finishing, creating original patterns and surface treatment by mechanical means, this article will tell.

Wall plastering tools help you apply a good quality coating on walls. They help make surfaces perfectly smooth and very even. What tools for plastering walls is better to use when preparing walls for finishing, creating original patterns and processing surfaces mechanically, this article will tell.

  • Features of applying plaster
  • What tools are used when preparing walls
  • What tools are needed for applying plaster
  • How to plaster walls with screed
  • What tools are used for decorative plastering

Features of applying plaster

These features determine which tools are used in each case.

What tools are used when preparing walls

For a reliable connection of the plaster layer with the base it is necessary to remove the remains of the old coating. Remove the old coating layer, if any.

  • Spatulas.
  • A scraper for removing the existing coating.
  • Metal brushes. To remove dirt from the surface, before applying a new coating.
  • Hammer, for tapping the existing plaster mortar or knocking down the old finishing layer.
  • Sandpaper with coarse grain.
  • Painting and plastering tool, for applying primer.
  • Trowel for mixing, applying and leveling the solution on the surface.
  • A container for the construction mixture.
  • A mixer to mix it in, or an electric drill bit.
  • Shield made of wood or metal, for reliable retention of the building material on the surface to be finished.
  • A float, for smoothing the plaster during processing.
  • Half-trowel, for spreading or distributing the mortar over the surface.
  • Rule, to control the plane of the base and align the corners.
  • A special tool to remove enamel.
  • Mortar to remove old materials. Before using it, carefully study the instructions
  • Knock down the plaster, previously applied to the concrete.
  • Particular attention is paid to the areas where the wall panels are fixed to the outer wall.
  • The same manipulation is carried out with brick walls and plasterboard. In this case only those places should be cleaned, where plaster falls off the walls well. Check the strength of the layer applied by tapping the mortar with a hammer. In problem areas, the mixture will begin to jingle, while in other areas such sounds should be absent.

Tip: Before knocking down plaster, you should check with a tester or detector, where the electrical wiring is located. The room must be unplugged, before cleaning the substrate and subsequent priming.

  • As vertical guides, beacons are used, which allows you to plan the thickness of the layer for the final leveling.
  • Mounting the trowels (see “Mounting the trowels” on page 22). Plaster beacon: types, purpose, installation) is performed with a kapron thread.

What tools are required for applying plaster

Tip: On the choice of tools for laying plaster depends on the quality of the finishing work.

To apply plaster, it is necessary to purchase:

  • With a trowel or spatula the mortar is manually applied to the wall.
  • Grate is taken in one hand, mortar is placed on it, and mortar is poured onto the wall with a trowel or craftsman.

Tip: Apply the mortar should be with a characteristic slap, which will allow the mortar to bond better with the base. Before doing so, the wall should be moistened with water.

After filling the surface with mortar, a trowel is taken and the plane is leveled. If necessary, the mortar is topped up with a spatula. If you plan to apply a large layer of plaster, the process is divided into several steps: 1. Apply a single layer: 2. After drying, after about 7 hours, the following coats are applied.

Tip: It is not necessary to apply the coating all at once. Otherwise the plaster will fall off and you will need to redo everything again.

The application of gypsum plaster differs from the previous process by the rapid drying of the coating, which saves time in the process.

To do this: 1) Apply gypsum mortar to the wall with a small trowel. 2) Use a large trowel to smooth the surface in the horizontal and vertical directions. 3) If the layers are very thin, make between their application of two-hour breaks.

How to plaster walls on the screed

The previously described methods of plastering walls are quick, do not require special skills, but the result is not always good. It is better to plaster the walls with your own hands on the screed. Preparation of the process will be longer, but the result will be much better. In this case, plastering tools are supplemented with beacons of specialized metal profile.

  • The geometry of the wall is determined, so that it is possible to obtain an even surface in the end.
  • Using a level or rule, the curvature of the wall is determined by the vertical axis.
  • Plaster bumps are placed next to the wall, with a spacing of 30 centimeters.
  • Beacons are placed on the bumps and carefully fixed with the same mortar.

Tip: Correct installation of the beacons should be corrected by the level, taking into account the thickness of the planned plaster, which depends on the height of the installation of beacons.

  • Using a plumb line the vertical plane is adjusted.
  • Such a tool for plastering as beacons, mounted in the opposite corners of the room, backing away from the walls of 20 centimeters.
  • If it is necessary to arrange intermediate beacons, the distance between their adjacent rows is chosen less than the length of the rule.
  • Alignment of the plane horizontally, is performed by pulling a cord passing through the beacons, as in the photo. In this case, self-tapping screws are screwed in at the level on all sides and connected with a cord.
tools, needed, plastering, walls

What tool is used for decorative plaster

Finishing walls with the use of decorative materials, requires clear compliance with the technological process, which specifies a special and high-quality tool for decorative plaster.

It is used to apply and level decorative plaster.

  • Various sizes of plaster trowels, for laying and leveling the coating.
  • For Venetian takes a modified tool for applying plaster, which has the form of a metal spatula, polished on both sides.

In addition, materials will be needed to perform polishing of the surface. In this case, the cost of coverage will be higher. The choice of tool for a decorative coating depends on the technology of its application.

  • When using barked plaster is used a trowel, which moves along the surface on the applied coating in a certain way.
  • The most different operations are performed with such a multifunctional tool as a roller, which can have the most diverse shape and pattern.

The roller’s distinctive feature is that it can be upgraded without the need for interchangeable parts.

  • the surface of the roller can be wrapped with ribbon or rope, which will allow obtaining a relief pattern;
  • polyethylene film can be put on the roller.
  • In this case the original drawing will be obtained due to the formation of folds on the film in an unpredictable way.
  • Relief drawing on the plaster can be obtained by using stencils, which can be with a variety of images.
  • For decorative plaster in large quantities are often used mechanized tools, such as a gun.
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Its principle of operation is the same as that of the airbrush, from the compressor air is supplied to the handle with a container for plaster. The air passes through a nozzle and grips the plaster which hits the walls. In doing so the material should have the same consistency as in regular plastering, the main thing is that the mixture should slide freely down the walls of the funnel. When performing the work, you should constantly renew the mortar in the funnel, scraping off and removing the old. Otherwise it will harden, and the work becomes impossible. The plastering gun makes the speed of the work faster. But it should be taken into account that additionally a compressor will be required, which will create a pressure of up to four atmospheres. What painting and plastering tool is required for applying plaster, the nuances of its application in detail is shown by the video in this article.

Tools for plastering walls allow you to apply a quality coating on the walls. They help make surfaces perfectly smooth and very even. What tools for plastering walls is better to use when preparing walls for finishing, creating original patterns and processing surfaces mechanically, this article will tell.

Tools for plastering walls allow you to apply the coating on the walls qualitatively. They help make surfaces perfectly smooth and very even. What tools for plastering walls is better to use when preparing walls for finishing, creating original patterns and processing surfaces mechanically, this article will tell you.

  • Special features for applying plaster
  • What tools are used when preparing walls
  • What tools are needed to apply plaster
  • How to plaster walls on the screeds
  • What tools are used for decorative plastering

Special features of applying plaster

These features determine which tools are used in each case.

What tools are used when preparing walls

For a reliable connection of the plaster layer with the substrate it is necessary to remove the remains of the old coating. Remove the old coating, if any.

  • Trowels.
  • A scraper to remove the existing coating.
  • Metal brushes. To remove dirt from the surface, before applying a new coating.
  • A hammer, for tapping existing plaster or knocking down an old finishing layer.
  • Sanding pad with coarse grit.
  • Painting and plastering tool, for applying primer.
  • Trowel for mixing, spreading and leveling mortar on the surface.
  • Container for the mortar.
  • A mixer to mix the plaster, or an electric drill bit.
  • Wood or metal shield, for holding the building material securely on the surface to be coated.
  • Trowel, for smoothing the plaster during processing.
  • A half gritter, for spreading or distributing the mortar over the surface.
  • A ruler, for checking the flatness of the base and aligning corners.
  • A special agent to remove enamel.
  • Mortar for removing old materials. Before using it, carefully study the instructions
  • Knocking down the plaster, previously applied to the concrete.
  • Particular attention is paid to the areas of fixing wall panels to the outer wall.
  • The same manipulation is carried out with brick walls and plasterboard. Only areas where the plaster has come off the walls should be cleaned. The strength of the applied layer is checked by tapping the mortar with a hammer. In problem areas, the mixture will begin to jingle, in other areas such sounds should be absent.

Tip: Before knocking down plaster, you should check with a tester or detector, where the electrical wiring is located. The room must be disconnected from the electrical grid, before cleaning the substrate and the subsequent priming.

tools, needed, plastering, walls
  • As vertical guides, beacons are used, which allows you to plan the thickness of the layer for the final leveling.
  • Mounting beacons (see “Mounting beacons”). Plaster beacon: types, purpose, installation) is carried out with the help of a kapron thread.

What tools are needed to apply plaster

Tip: The choice of tools for laying plaster depends on the quality of the finishing work.

To apply the plaster, you will need to purchase:

  • Trowel or trowel to manually apply the mortar to the wall.
  • Plasterer takes a trowel in one hand, puts mortar on it and spreads it on the wall with a trowel or craftsman.

Tip: The mortar should be applied with a characteristic flop, which allows the mortar to bond better with the base. Beforehand, the wall should be moistened with water.

After filling the surface with mortar, a trowel is taken and the plane is smoothed. If necessary, the plaster is topped up with a spatula. If you plan to apply a large layer of plaster, the process is divided into several stages: 1. One layer is applied: 2. After the mortar has dried, after about 7 hours, the following plasters are applied.

Tip: Do not apply the coating all at once. Otherwise the plaster will fall off and you will need to redo everything again.

The application of gypsum plaster is different from the previous process in that it dries quickly, which saves time during the process.

To do this: 1) On the wall, plaster mortar is applied with a small trowel. 2) Using a large trowel, smooth the surface horizontally and vertically. 3) If the layers are very thin, take two-hour breaks between coats.

How to plaster the walls on the screeds

The previously described methods of plastering walls are fast, does not require special skills, but the result is not always good. It is better to plaster walls with your own hands on the screeds. Preparation of the process will be longer, but the result will be much better. In this case, plastering tools are supplemented with beacons made of specialized metal profile.

  • The geometry of the wall is determined, so that it is possible to obtain an even surface in the end.
  • Level or rule, determined by the vertical axis of the curvature of the wall.
  • Plaster bumps are placed next to the wall, with a spacing of 30 centimeters.
  • Beacons are placed on the bumps and carefully fixed with the same mortar.

Tip: Correct installation of the beacons should be corrected by the level, taking into account the thickness of the planned plaster, which depends on the height of installation of the beacons.

  • According to the plumb line is corrected the vertical plane.
  • Such tool for plastering as beacons, mounted in opposite corners of the room, with a distance from the walls of 20 centimeters.
  • If it is necessary to arrange intermediate beacons, the distance between their neighboring rows is chosen less than the length of the rule.
  • Alignment of the plane horizontally, is performed by pulling a cord, passing through the beacons, as in the photo. In this case, self-tapping screws are screwed in at the level on all sides and connected with a cord.

What tool is used for decorative plastering

Finishing the walls with the use of decorative materials, requires clear compliance with the technological process, which specifies a special and high-quality tool for decorative plaster.

With its help, decorative plaster is applied and leveled.

  • Different sizes of trowels for plaster, for laying and leveling the coating.
  • For Venetian, a modified tool for applying plaster, which has the form of a metal spatula, polished on both sides.

Additionally materials will be needed to perform polishing of the surface. In this case the cost of coating will be higher. The choice of the tool for the decorative coating depends on the technology of its application.

  • When using barked plaster used a trowel, which moves along the surface on the applied coating in a certain way.
  • The most various operations can be carried out with such a multifunctional tool as a roller, which can have the most diverse shape and pattern.

A distinctive feature of the roller is the possibility of its modernization, without the installation of removable parts.

  • the surface of the roller can be wrapped with tape or rope, which will make it possible to obtain a relief drawing;
  • A polyethylene film can be put on the roller.
  • In this case an original drawing will be obtained due to the formation of folds on the film in an unpredictable way.
  • Relief pattern on the plaster can be obtained by using stencils, which can be with a variety of images.
  • For decorative plastering in large volumes, mechanized tools are often used, such as a gun.
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Its principle of operation is the same as in the airbrush, the compressor air is fed into the handle with a container for plaster. The air passes through the nozzle and grips the plaster, which then falls onto the walls. In this case, the material should have the same consistency as in conventional plaster, the main thing is that the mixture slides freely down the walls of the funnel. When performing the work, you should constantly update the solution in the funnel, scraping off and removing the old. Otherwise it will harden, and the work will become impossible. The gun for applying plaster makes the speed of work faster. But it is necessary to take into account that in addition a compressor, which will create a pressure of up to four atmospheres, will be required. What painting and plastering tool is required for applying plaster, the nuances of its application in detail shows the video in this article.

When using plaster, the entire work process can be divided into two parts: the application of mortar and leveling layer, as well as the formation of the finishing texture and decorating the coating. The main tools are trowels, spatulas, rules, rollers and other auxiliary devices.

5 Tools You Need To Start Plastering. Plastering For Beginners

Spatulas

Trowels can be used for applying leveling plaster, but are mostly used for smoothing plastered surfaces, applying decorative mortar or filler.

There are various types of trowels on sale, but for plastering works the tools with a rectangular or trapezoidal blade are suitable. The optimum choice presupposes a working part made of durable stainless steel. Such blades are durable, sufficiently resistant to abrasion and, most importantly, they are distinguished by elastic deformation: after pressing the blade returns to its original position.

The handle is an important element when choosing a particular trowel model. It can be made of wood, plastic, rubber, a combination of plastic and rubber, etc.д. The choice of a particular model is strictly individual. To be confident in your purchase, be sure to go to a construction tools store and pick up a trowel “for yourself”.

The list of basic requirements for trowels:

  • The tool must have a perfectly flat working part. No waves are allowed and may indicate the use of low-quality material by the manufacturer;
  • trowel should sit comfortably in the hand, after returning to the nonworking state, the blade should take its original shape;
  • the tool must have a reasonable combination of price and quality. It’s not always reasonable to overpay for a loud manufacturer’s name or extra features

Trowels

There are several types of trowels that can be used in plastering work. But the most common are a trowel for throwing mortar on the substrate and a Venetian trowel (smoothing board), which is usually used when using decorative compositions. The size and shape of the working part, as well as the quality of the steel used, all vary from tool to tool. Again, choose a suitable trowel better in a specialized construction store: look for a successful model, and then buy it in the online store.

The video below shows the process of pouring mortar to level a wall. The main thing in this case is to choose a convenient trowel and prepare a mixture of the right consistency.

The main purpose of such a trowel is the application of Venetian plaster and the formation of decorative stains “marble-like”. That’s why it is often called the Venetian trowel. Or, given the stroking motion when working with such a tool, an iron. The video below shows an example of working with it.

Types of plaster trowels

Model Name Model Name Shape Blade length, mm Approximate price
Stayer 0821-3 heart-shaped 180 130
0831-4 oval 180 150
FIT 04987 petal 180 160
Kapriol 23466 oval 180 350
23372 220 525
23351 190 470
Venetian trowels
Stayer 08012-08 toothed 280×120 185
0802-08 280×130 300
Kapriol 23029 280×120 380
23015 flat
23031 960
FIT Profi 05140 280×130 460

Tools for plastering: How to prepare walls for plastering

As you know, a professional plasterer is responsible not only for the quality of his direct work, in this case wall plastering, but also for the no less conscientious attitude towards the preparatory work that goes along with the immediate application of plaster. I can say even more. the quality of preparatory work largely depends on the life of the coating itself. Recall bumping and falling off plaster layers, which probably every person encountered. well, it all comes from poorly performed preparatory work.

Tools for plastering works photo

And what determines the quality? Of course, the professionalism of the master plasterer and a good tool for plastering walls, in particular a tool for carrying out preparatory work. The master plasterer for the production of these works will need the following arsenal.

  • Plastering hammer with a pick or axe. This tool is used for the initial preparation of the walls. with its help, beat off the protruding parts of the surface and make notches, which increase the area of adhesion of plaster mortar to the surface.
  • Scoop. This is a large brush used to apply a deep penetration primer to the walls, whose tasks include bonding the surface layer of the wall and thereby increase its adhesion.

The tool for plastering walls: maklovitsa photo

Tools for plastering: kapron thread photo

tools, needed, plastering, walls

Among other things, the plasterer’s auxiliary tools can include a peorator, chisel, hacksaw, wire cutters, and even metal shears. in some cases, in order to perform quality plastering, you have to touch the areas of repair that are not typical of it.

It is the first thing you need. Falcon is not necessary, but a very helpful tool in carrying out plastering work, especially on the ceiling.

A falcon is a small-sized wooden or metal board that has a handle attached in the middle. Plaster mortar is placed on the falcon, and then from it the mortar is poured on the wall or ceiling. We advise to buy a metal falcon.

Tools for plastering work

When carrying out plastering work is mandatory condition is the use of specially designed tools. Let’s consider what tools there are for plastering work and what their purpose is.

Surface defects are eliminated by using a scraper. This is a metal tool, which has the shape of a trapezoidal spatula.

To prepare the wall for plastering, it is necessary to carefully level the surface, getting rid of cracks and crevices. a knife with a thick blade can help, but it is better to use a cutter, a plaster spatula with a sharpened end, and a screwdriver.

To measure out the required amount of material one can use a trowel, a type of master. The plaster trowel is made of high-density iron cloth and is equipped with a handle. Using the trowel, the material is not only measured, but also thrown on the surface and smoothed out.

The tool, called a falcon, serves for more convenient plaster application to the wall. This is a 40×42 cm board consisting of 1.5-2 cm planks, the center containing a handle of wood or metal. Thanks to the falcon, there is no need to hold a heavy bucket with mortar in your hand, or bend down for a new portion of material every time. Using a trowel, a small amount of mortar is applied to the falcon. This tool can also serve for smoothing the applied mixture.

To apply and level out the mortar in corners a plaster float is used. With it, the material is applied and smoothed. Externally, the gauze looks like a falcon, but it has a different size. Plasterer is a board with a thickness of 20 mm, in the center of which there is a handle. The width of the tool is 10 cm, and the length is 60-100 cm.

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One more tool for plastering walls. a grater. After the mortar is applied to the wall and aligned, the process of troweling follows. This is the function of the grater, which is a scrap of board with a thickness of 2 cm. There is also a handle attached to the grater.

Manual plastering tools for applying plaster

Having prepared the room, proceed to the main stage of work. Some of the plastering tools will be useful from the previous list, and some will need to be added.

There are 2 known ways of pre-treatment:

The main tool for leveling walls with plaster:

  • Universal building level and plumb line (to check the quality);
  • Aluminum rule (a wide slat with a pointed angle for a wide grip on a wide area of the wall to be treated);
  • A plastering spatula;
  • Trowel (flat tool for plastering work with a pointed nose and a wooden handle);
  • A shovel (to draw the dry mixture);
  • Trowel (smooth “sole” with a parallel handle);
  • A trowel (to grind the surface) and a half-trowel;
  • Falcon (flat with a vertical handle, convenient for working on the ceiling);
  • Corner leveller;
  • Beacon profiles (needed for leveling the surface with a large curvature, which is what plastering walls is for).

For plastering, use the plasterer’s tools and mortars listed above:

You will need a primer for pre-impregnation, which increases the adhesion or “grip” of smooth walls.

Types and purpose

Specialized tools for plastering works and methods of applying mortar play an important role in the quality of work.

Spreading of plaster mix can be performed with a trowel, smoothing board or trowel. They are all smooth, the way of attaching the handle and the method of work differs.

Trowels have several varieties and differ in functionality:

  • The triangular shape with a rounded spout. trowel (trowel bricklayer);
  • Trapezoidal (for finishing);
  • Trowel (for distributing the mixture);
  • Toothed (for obtaining parallel grooves);
  • Narrow trow trower;
  • Angular (for quality processing of convex corners);
  • Trowel for filling joints (the form provides for a reserve of mortar).

Each type implies a certain way of manipulation. This is rather a professional plastering tool. A beginner is enough to have a trowel, 1 universal (smooth) and toothed trowel. Need trowel, 2-3 trowels and trowel, level the plaster poured on the wall rule.

What is the best trowel to choose

There is a large selection of trowels on the market today. There are several such tools in the arsenal of a professional. This is due to the fact that in each case uses a specific model of trowel. As for plastering, it is worth paying attention to such factors when choosing a tool:

  • Width of the blade. Recommended for models with a blade size of 10 to 15 cm. For performing facade work, the optimal size is 20-45 cm.
  • Blade length. Beginning masters believe that the larger the blade, the easier it will be to carry out the work. But, this is far from it. It is not desirable to use models with too long a blade. It will sag in the process of work.
  • Attachment of blade to handle. The connection must be strong and reliable. If it is loose, it negatively affects the quality of work performed and the service life of the tool.

Rules for plastering: types and their features

Such a tool, as a rule for plaster, is used to level the walls in the process of its application. It is in most cases a metal object with a sharpened edge, which is used to get rid of excess mortar and make the wall surface perfectly flat. This tool is used not only for the functions of leveling walls. Thanks to it you can perform other manipulations. Rules for plastering have their own types and features.

Trowel, spatula, trowel and brush

The application of decorative plaster can be carried out with a variety of tools, which do not have any excessive special requirements. For example, a trowel for decorative plaster should be made of stainless steel. In fact, there are no other requirements for it. It helps not only to apply, but also to level the applied decorative material. Also the trowel can create a certain relief on the surface.

Often the trowel is used specifically for Venetian plaster, as it is ideal for applying this material. There is even a special term. a Venetian trowel. In most cases, that’s what they mean when they talk about a trowel for decorative plaster. In this case, the metal part of the trowel should be as flexible as possible. To apply the base coat when working with Venetian plaster, the selected trowel must meet the following requirements:

  • A smooth, polished surface
  • Be of stainless steel
  • Have a high resistance to abrasion
  • Have a rectangular shape (with rounded edges)
  • Use an ergonomic handle

In some cases a trapezoidal trowel with sharp angles is used. It does not matter what material the handle will be made of, it can be wood, plastic or rubber. Apply the mortar with the trowel, holding it at an angle of 30 degrees to the surface. The pressure must not be excessive. Smoothing movements have a given direction and depend on the desired pattern.

While often the trowel is used to apply and level the base layer, the final layer is not infrequently helped by forming a trowel for decorative plaster. However, in its functionality the trowel in this case is not much different from the trowel. Here it is more a question of convenience of the master. In particular, when working with Venetian some workers constantly use trowel, and trowel is used only for removing excess mortar from the trowel. There are diametrically opposite situations when working with other decorative plasters. However, most people find it convenient to work with a trowel, using it to apply mortar or remove excess mortar.

It’s best to have both of these tools at hand to decide which one you are more comfortable working with. Most likely both. It is quite possible that you will apply mortar with one tool, while the other one will be used to level it out or remove the excess amount. The working surface of the trowel is less than that of the trowel, so it is not often used for applying decorative plaster to the wall. Unless we are talking about the treatment of small areas. It is also worth knowing that there are spatulas with teeth, which help to create a certain texture, and are not used for anything else.

A trowel for decorative plaster is a rectangular plate with a handle, and is very similar to a Venetian trowel. However, the grater is used purely for finishing the surface. And it may well be made of plastic (polyurethane), not stainless steel.

The very process of grouting the surface occurs depending on the material you choose and the desired texture. In fact, there are no special requirements for the grater.

I would like to note another option for applying decorative plaster. We are talking about using a brush. We are not talking about a special brush in this case. Applying decorative plaster with a brush is one way to decorate a room, for which you can use an ordinary paintbrush. In this case, you need to use a special plaster that will be liquid enough to apply it with a brush. The brush can also be used to create a pattern on an existing surface. This is done by making vertical or horizontal strokes across the entire surface on the still wet, but slightly dried out, mortar.

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