What tools are needed to install interior doors

How to choose an interior door: installation guide Interior door installation tips

All of us have doors in the house. And you probably agree that modern interior doors are no longer carry only a functional load. the delimitation of internal space apartments, they are an element of design, emphasizing taste or the overall concept of the living space. When the repair work on the finishing of the walls and ceiling, flooring, baseboards are finished, it’s time to choose, buy, and solve the problem of how to install an interior door and what you need.

Often this task becomes difficult to solve, since there are so many models and types of doors. You need to understand their quality, which option is more suitable for the design features, and even fit into the budget. It is also necessary to know how to make the correct measurements of doorways in order to choose the right size door.

If you have not yet decided which door models it is worth choosing for your apartment, then listen to the advice of experts. We will tell you what door designs exist, what materials are used for their manufacture and how to properly install a double-leaf hinged and sliding door.

Types and characteristics of door installation tools

To qualitatively install an interior door, you will have to resort to the use of several types of tools. So prepare them in advance.

Hand tools

Although today there are many electrical and automated devices, without the usual improvised tools nowhere. Always serve as an essential base. Will work in any weather and without light.

So, the basic hand tools you may need are:

  • Chisel. Use it to make holes for locks and door hinges.
  • Hammer. Needed for hammering nails, potholes, and wall breaks.
  • A hacksaw. Help cut off the extra pieces of some elements, making them shorter. But it cannot, for example, be used to cut a block of wood lengthwise.
  • A crowbar or crowbar. Will help get rid of the old door frame.
  • Assembly gun. You will need it when filling gaps and cavities with building foam or special mortar.
  • Screwdriver set. Will help replace an electric screwdriver. You can also use one screwdriver with interchangeable rods instead of the whole set.
  • Knife. Will help make a quality cut in any material at a certain angle.
  • Pencil marker. An indispensable thing when installing any door, as well as in any other type of work. Preferably, the graphite should be soft and easy to leave marks. You can use a marker. But it’s hard to get it off all surfaces.
  • Level and plumb line. These two items will help set the door flat, which will make it last long enough.
  • You may also need a tape measure to measure door openings and not make mistakes when reducing the length of slats, jambs and so on.

These are the most basic hand tools, which can be necessary in the process of door assembling.

Power tools

Using only hand tools, it is almost impossible to achieve a perfect and simple door installation. Therefore, it is worth stocking up on the following tools:

  • Peorator. A thunderstorm of all neighbors and renovations. It will help to enlarge the doorway, make a hole for the anchor dowel.
  • Drill. Use it to make holes for fasteners. It is important to check before each drilling to make sure that the drill bit is securely fastened. Otherwise, it could come off and damage both the person and the door leaf.
  • Electric screwdriver will simplify the task of screwing in screws and other fasteners. Compared to a screwdriver, not much effort is required to use it.
  • An electric hinge cutter makes it easier to install door hinges.
  • Electric jigsaw replaces the saw that is not able to cope with its work in especially narrow places.

It can be seen that only the use of manual and electric tools together can give a good result on the installation of an interior door. Buy all the tools at once will not work, because they cost a certain amount of money, but together make a good capital. So it is necessary to choose the necessary and consult with a salesman or someone who has already installed interior doors on their own.

Aesthetics and reliability depend on this step

Installing interior doors with their own hands begins with the installation on the site of the door frame. It is worth, of course, to pre-order its assembly at the place of production.

If the installation of interior doors is made before the final process of finishing floors or in the future is planned to lay a carpet on the floor, you need to consider the thickness of this coating. To the thickness of the carpet is added up to 10 mm gap between the surface of the floor and the door run. This way the installation will be carried out correctly.

Instructions for installing the door frame:

  • The box initial installation interior doors (canvas) are placed on the floor, so as to assume the final view in the opening. The size of the box is adjusted under the leaf. To save technological gaps, especially remembering the bottom gap, it is recommended to use cardboard strips.
  • Parts are fastened with self-tapping screws; if necessary, saw off the excess material properly with a wood saw.
  • Next, the box with their own hands to install in the opening and fixed spacers in the upper gap between the wall of the opening and the board.
  • The most responsible moment is the alignment of the level of the hinge rack of the box in two planes. The stand is fixed in the rear position with wedges. In the same way is aligned the butt post. To control, it is necessary to measure the width between the uprights at the bottom and at the top of the box.
  • The last time with their own hands should be checked for strict horizontality upper slat, the final installation of interior doors attached to the box. The leaf is put aside for the time being, and the box is fixed to the slope with anchors. The remaining holes on the board need to install decorative plugs.
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Additional accessories

Additional work associated with the installation of interior doors include the adjustment of hinges and finishing the lining.

During the adjustment of the hinges the tightness of the door leaf to the frame is checked. If necessary fasteners are tightened or loosened with screwdrivers. To perform this stage of the work only need a set of screwdrivers.

For plastering the slopes will need a set, which includes the following devices:

Of course, it is best to use professional equipment for the installation of interior doors: it is tested and reliable, and therefore a guarantee of quality work. But, unfortunately, the cost of such tools is too high.

Therefore, home masters often have to make this difficult choice between expensive professional equipment and an amateur set that does not require a large expenditure.

The new door is sold without accessories it is not difficult to mortise the hinges, the lock, if you have the tool. In addition, you will need devices that help to wedge the canvas in the frame, as well as consumables for the final finish. It is better to buy brand-name tools, because the quality of work depends on them.

Think about what you are going to do in the future before mounting it. Assessing the situation will help determine what tools are needed to. and what additional tools and equipment are needed. Prudence will accelerate the installation process, save you from endless shopping for the purchase of a drill of the required diameter or other consumables.

First, before installation, inspect the home tool, which is available. Check its performance. Power tools lying around without work could be destroyed by exposure to dampness and dust. After checking the performance make a list of necessary purchases.

Prefer high-quality power tools. You shouldn’t overpay for professional-grade units, but it’s better not to buy cheap Chinese knockoffs either. It is optimal to buy brand-name tools of semi-professional class. It will come in handy at home more than once in the future.

Stages of interior door installation

Before proceeding to install the frame and interior door installation it is necessary to check if all materials and necessary tools are available.

You also need to take care not to spoil the surface of the door set and the flooring. To do this, you need to lay a corrugated cardboard or laminate underlayment on the floor before starting work.

Step #1. preparation of tools and materials

Prepare any tools that you may need during installation.

  • level,
  • measuring tape,
  • hammer,
  • an electric screwdriver or screwdrivers,
  • drill,
  • wood saw,
  • A chisel,
  • pencil.

As a rule, all supplies for installation (self-tapping screws, anchor bolts, nails, hinges) come with the finished door. If they are not included in the set, you should take care of buying them in advance, as well as the handle with a lock and architraves.

Example of installing a door frame in the opening: if the box is installed without door and threshold, its width at the bottom is fixed with a rail or distance bar

You may need to have a filler if the wall thickness of the door opening differs or if the opening is too wide.

Also prepare a few wedges for spacers, installation foam, a few pieces of thin cardboard or fiberboard to fix the gaps.

Step #2. measuring the doorway

First you need to decide in which direction the door will open. It is installed so that the leaf goes to the inside of the room. The exception is the door to the bathroom, bathroom because of the small space and the likelihood of accidental blocking. Where the door opens depends on where the hinges will be placed.

By the way, if you are planning to install a door in the kitchen, then before buying the right model with the regulatory requirements for a kitchen door.

In order to buy the right size door and then properly install it, you must accurately measure the doorway. Note that it should be at least 120 mm from the corner. It is necessary to close then a joint of a box and a wall by a platband, having left a place for a corner of a plinth and its stopper. If from the corner part of the wall to the door opening is less, it must be increased with a bar or plank.

tools, needed, install, interior, doors

To determine the right size is necessary to the width of the door leaf to add two of the thickness of the lateral element of the box (it’s about 100 mm) and still have a small gap of 20.30 mm. That is, if the opening is wider than one meter, it must be increased.

The diagram shows the basic parameters of the door frame and door, the optimum width of gaps, location of hinges, and fixing points for self-tapping screws

If the opening is already a box, you will need to reduce the thickness of the vertical column. This should not be done on the side on which the hinges are to be mounted, as the load on this side is greater. In any case, the thickness of the vertical frame pillar should not be reduced more than one and a half centimeters. The vertical height of the opening must be 2000 mm 60 mm.

Use a spirit level to check the level of the floor surface. We mark two points on both sides of the opening and measure to the floor level. A difference of more than 3 mm is undesirable. These measurements will be used to trim the frame struts.

It is worth considering another point: if the door is bought in advance, and the openings are perfect, then there will not be any problems. If the door apertures are narrow. they will have to be widened. This is a very dusty job, you need to measure the openings beforehand and if necessary do all the dirty work until the finish is complete.

Stage #3. Installing the locking hardware

Interior doors are often equipped with a handle with a latch lock. It can be rotating or pushing, but this does not matter for installation.

Hardware can be installed at the end of the door assembly process. It is more convenient to do it while the leaf is on the floor: so it is easier to perform all the works, holding the door vertically on the side

Let’s see step by step how the lock is inserted:

  • From the bottom end of the door we measure a distance of 1000 mm and make a mark.
  • Set aside the size of half of the lock faceplate and mark the lower and upper point.
  • After measuring the width of the door, subtract the width of the front lock plate and divide the remainder in half. This is the distance from the door leaf edge for the lock to be exactly in the center.
  • Place the lock face down again and drill holes for screws. Screw in the screws, but not all the way. Hold the lock firmly in place with a pencil and then make a circular notch with a box cutter.
  • Also use a pencil to mark the top and bottom of the lock faceplate on both surfaces of the leaf.
  • Remove screws and lock. Carefully remove the veneer or laminated layer.
  • Mark the width of the lock by placing it on the side.
  • Measure its thickness and mark on the end of the door a rectangle corresponding to the size of the invisible part of the lock.
  • For the lock case, drill holes with a medium-sized drill bit in a staggered pattern.
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Try not to go beyond the line we marked for the lock when making the notch. Using chisel and hammer we remove all unnecessary things. Periodically try on a lock.

After the sampling of the hole for the lock is made, the excess under the front panel is removed. It must be flush with the surface of the end face

  • We put a lock to the lateral surface of a leaf, correlating its position with the already made marks.
  • Mark the position of the handle on both sides of the leaf, check the accuracy of the mark with a tape measure.
  • We put a piece of wood-fibre board or a wedge into the niche under the lock and make holes on both sides with a drill bit of suitable size.

How to properly install an interior door with your own hands, if you change the leaf

Since high-quality door replacement is possible only with experience, as well as certain knowledge, it is important for a beginner to understand the correct algorithm of action. Step by step the steps we will present in our material.

Remove the old leaf

Before installing the new product, the old one must be removed. This is extremely time-consuming, destructive and dusty procedure.

During the dismantling of fabrics, it is important to follow safety precautions: to protect the eyes and respiratory organs

In addition, care must be taken to ensure that dust arising during the work does not penetrate into adjoining rooms.

Firstly the door leaf is removed from its hinges

If you need to leave the old frame, the removal of the door from the hinges should be carried out with extreme care so as not to damage the structure. First remove the fasteners, then unscrew the hinges.

Preparing a new leaf

Taking into account that the sashes will be replaced, and the frame remains in its place, the leaf should be adjusted to the parameters of the door opening, taking into account the dimensions of the former sash.

The easiest thing to do in advance to take all the dimensions and pick up a model with similar indicators. You take into account not only the width, width and length, but also the thickness of the leaf.

Align by mounting the door handle on the door. Use a pencil to mark the unnecessary parts, and then simply remove them with a saw.

Installing the hinges

After adjusting the new door to the size, you can begin to mount the hinges. The order of work is as follows:

  • put the old blade on the new one and align it properly;
  • To make a marking under the hinges initially with a pencil, and then using a construction knife;
  • The canvas is installed on the end face;
  • use a chisel or chisel to mark the depth of the groove;
  • the groove is formed;
  • A hinge is placed inside the groove;
  • the hinge is screwed on with the screws.

Installing the lock in the interior door

There are many types of locks, in addition, they differ in size.

Choice under the lock is made with a hand saw and sharpened chisel

It should be borne in mind that work with a chisel requires additional skills, where accuracy and care are of key importance. It is more comfortable to cut the lock on a set cloth, when the construction foam has already fixed it in the opening and the box. After completing the installation of the lock it is necessary to mark the striker on the frame and install it.

How to install the interior door leaf yourself

Beginning the installation of the door leaf, it is necessary to raise it to a certain height and put a plank under it. The elements of the upper and then lower hinges are aligned.

Do-it-yourself installation

Figuring out how to install an interior door, you should make the point that such work will be easier to do with an assistant. In such a situation it is possible to qualitatively install the leaf.

A large set of tools and supplies for the installation of a wooden interior door does not require. This is not the device of sewer, electricity or plumbing in a private home. In the case of the door unit, all consumables (anchor bolts, self-tapping screws, nails, handles and hinges) are already included with the product. In addition we need to buy only the foam.

Install doors by yourself is not so difficult, but nevertheless this work requires attention and certain skills

To install an interior door, the tools you will need are:

  • hacksaw with a fine tooth;
  • construction level;
  • tape measure with a pencil;
  • Screwdriver (electric screwdriver);
  • chisel;
  • a hammer.

You will also need small thin pieces of wood for spacers, so that the door will not jam after foaming. Assembling foam in the air expands two or three times. To the canvas and jambs when applying it will not hang, you will need to pre-installed in several places wedges for the time of setting and hardening of the adhesive.

Step by step instructions

If installed interior doors are precisely suited to the existing opening, then it is recommended to produce their installation at the final stage of repair of the cottage or apartment. Then, when the ceiling is already whitewashed and wallpaper pasted. But if the doorway needs to be expanded, it is worth doing this work at the stage of roughing. Dirt and dust are formed a lot when breaking the walls.

Step-by-step instructions for installing interior doors

Direct installation of interior doors with their own hands is made in six steps:

  • Assembling the frame.
  • Installing the hinges.
  • Hanging the door leaf.
  • Installing the threshold and arch boards.
  • Fixing the architraves.
  • Installation of door hardware (locks and handles).

Assembling the frame

When studying which pipes are better for plumbing and easier to install, we have to consider many metal and plastic options. With interior door units are much easier. Almost all of them are made of lumber. Designs made of plastic or aluminum in private homes are extremely rare. As a result, when installing interior doors, you only have to work with wood, which is not that difficult.

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There are two ways to assemble a wooden door frame:

The first option looks more elegant. However, the second is easier to cut on your own. Only with it you need to be very careful when cutting the curb on the top rung, so that the vertical bars fit evenly and without gaps. In this case it is recommended to choose the way of assembling the external frame of the interior door depending on the interior design.

Necessary dimensions and tolerances for assembling the door frame

To ensure that the leaf does not then sit too tightly in the box, when trimming the crossbar, you should put an additional 3 mm on the left and right. Fasten the horizontal and vertical parts in the corners from the top with self-tapping screws into the end of the posts from the outside. And so that when screwing in these screws box bars are not cracked, you must first drill into the holes with a thin drill bit (one millimeter thinner than the fastener).

Do not tighten the supporting pillar, where the hinges will be, to the end rigidly at this stage of the door installation. It should only be slightly fixed in its intended place.

Installing the hinges

The hinges are firstly hinged to the leaf with an indentation of 200-250 mm at the top and bottom. The hinges of interior doors can be add-on hinges (“butterflies”) and countersunk hinges. The first enough to put the inner small part to the end face and fasten with self-tapping screws. And for the latter you will have to pre-cut grooves.

Measurements for installing the hinges

Then the canvas is inserted into the box laid on the floor. And mark the places of attachment of hinges on the racks. But first we have to put some wood (pieces of wood-fibre board) 3 mm thick between the leaf’s end and the frame parts, so that the gaps are left there afterwards.

Then the bearing bar, not tightened to the end, is unscrewed from the crossbar and the hinges are screwed to it. And then it is put in place and finally fixed with screws.

Installing the door leaf

After almost completely assembled interior door must be placed in the opening and adjusted horizontally and vertically using the spirit level. To fix the block in the right position, wedges and wooden blocks are used.

Caulking of gaps, holes and installation of architraves

It is allowed to leave a gap of thickness from 0,5 to 3 cm between the external side of the block and the end face of the wall. But if the house is wooden, then this gap should be at least 1.5 cm in case of shrinkage of the log cabin.

The variants of fitting for the interior doors

Fastening of the box is carried out by anchor bolts, which are placed under the hinges and the keyhole cover. To do this, first drill holes into the vertical struts from both sides up to the wall. Then the box is removed and the interior partition itself is drilled. If you work with a drill without removing the box, there is a serious risk of inadvertently damaging its decorative coating.

The box can also be secured with metal hangers. First they are screwed to the uprights and then, after bending on the wall, they are screwed to it with self-drilling screws.

If the wall is thick, then it will be necessary to put up boards (rebates, filler bar). The box has a so-called catchment area. This is the interior space that needs to be decorated. The boards are made of solid wood, wood-fibre board or wood-fibre board. After sawing to the required dimensions, they should simply be placed on the frame and screwed to it with long self-tapping screws. Then all around the perimeter of the opening, spacers and a spacer in the middle are also placed underneath.

Then all you need to do is to spray assembly foam and leave the box closed for some time in peace. To continue installing the interior door is recommended the next day. The foamed adhesive must cure completely and hold the door frame in place.

Installing the threshold and the casings

The threshold and trim are installed after the box is fixed with anchors and installation foam. The first is a metal strip with holes for self-drilling screws. It needs to be cut to the width of the opening, drilled holes in the floor and “nailed”.

The architraves on interior doors come in different shapes:

They are fixed with tongue and groove joints, nails or glue. They are cut at the upper corners of the door at 45 or 90 degrees. At the same time, the joints of the crossbar and vertical slats should be made as tight as possible. The slightest irregularities and cutting mistakes will later be visible.

Interior door dismantling

Interior door installation is often preceded by dismantling. Dismantling is carried out in the order opposite to assembly.

    Disconnect the decorative elements. architraves and architraves. Use tapping block or big screwdriver. Decorative elements can be reused, so do not break them when dismantling. If they are intact, they can be painted, laminated and used for a new door.

Platbands are removed with the help of montage or axe

To remove the leaf from the hinges it is turned by 90 degrees and lifted using the lever

The power tool speeds up door dismantling several times faster

In order to speed up the removal of the door unit it is recommended to use an angle grinder with a cutting disc for metal. If the old fasteners are difficult to unscrew, you can quickly separate the door frame from the walls by cutting the metal screws.

If you are not confident in your abilities, of course, it is better to turn to professional installers, because the correct execution of the assembly and installation. not the only thing, but a prerequisite for the long-term operation of interior doors. But if you have at least a little experience in carpentry, and the operations described in this article do not cause you doubts about the possibility to repeat them, then feel free to start installing the door with your own hands. You can save money and be absolutely sure in the quality of each action.

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