Where it is strictly forbidden to store locksmith tools
Storage of workpieces and finished products
One of the main elements of the organization of the workplace is its layout, the performance of which takes into account the requirements of scientific organization of labor to the location of the workplace in relation to the other workplaces in the workshop, equipment layout, location of the worker and accessories, placement of tools, appliances (order at the workplace).
In order to save movements and eliminate unnecessary searches, the objects at the workplace are divided into permanent and temporary objects, which are permanently assigned to the places of storage and location.
Workpieces and finished products are stored in warehouses, respectively for preparation of production and finished products. In the shops and workshops at the work place, the blanks and the finished products shall be stored in the containers for the blanks and the finished products, located so as not to clutter the passages, entrances, exits, equipment, fire shields and hydrants.
Distances from the container with workpieces and finished products, from the equipment (workbench) to the worker must be such that the worker can use mainly the movement of the hands. It is taken into account that when carrying out labor techniques associated with low resistance to force, especially when it is necessary to maintain a high accuracy in the manufacture of parts, in the work include small links of the hand (hand or even just fingers). In medium force actions with small amplitudes the movement is supported by the shoulder and forearm muscles, and in significant force actions (6 N) the movement is supported by the upper arm and forearm muscles. 8 N), the whole arm and even the worker’s body take part in the movement.
There is a direct link between the organization of the workplace and the level of organization of the workers. The layout of the workplace, i.e.е. the nature of the placement of the main and auxiliary equipment, workpieces, manufactured parts, tools and fixtures at the workplace depends on the creation of conditions for high-performance work.
In the planning of workplaces must be taken into account:
Hands free zones, (horizontal and vertical);
The number of body joints involved in the movements.
To reduce fatigue, the least amount of “joints” should be involved in the worker’s movements. That’s why the workplaces are planned and the equipment is arranged in such a way that the worker uses simpler movements.
Keeping your hand tools in the garage
If you have a garage, you can put it there. there’s usually enough space. over, if you service the machine yourself, everything should be at your fingertips.
If the size of the room allows, you can put racks along two walls, which will accommodate all the necessary things. racks should be free-standing to ensure safe use, or suspended structures made of non-combustible material can be used. If such cabinets are made of wood, it must be treated with a special agent. Remember. safety first!
If the garage is not wide, then in the back of it there is room for a working table and cabinets. In the garage is necessary to think about a good light: have to install fixtures directly above the table. For a small garage, a workbench with a folding table is ideal. Above the table, you can mount stands to which the tools will be attached. so you do not have to look long for the right thing, all at once in sight.
How to store tools in the garage
If the garage has a table or workbench, it is very convenient to organize a storage area in the form of a shield with slots to accommodate locksmith and carpenter tools, compartments with s of cloth, additional shelves with containers or boxes for small parts (screws, screws, bolts, drills and bits). Larger construction tools (saws, hammers, metal scissors) can be hung on the shield, using as hooks clusters or special devices for wall mounting.
Store power tools on shelves in individual cases. They handle garage winters just fine. Before winter, remember to take the batteries out and bring them home. Batteries react very badly in cold weather and lose their charge very quickly after freezing. By the way, it’s important to properly operate your power tool in the winter. After bringing it into a warm room from a cold room, you must wait a couple of hours before turning it on, otherwise the condensate will provoke a short circuit. If you take the power tool out into the cold from a warm room, you can use it right away, there is no condensation in it.
Gasoline-powered tools are stored in garages. For convenience, it is better to hang it on the walls. Before the cold weather it requires scheduled maintenance according to the instruction manual. the tool should not be dismantled during storage, because otherwise dust and dirt would get inside the housing.
Safety requirements before starting work
2.1. 4 2 Put on working clothes and footwear: button up sleeve cuffs, tuck and button up all the buttons, put on headwear, gloves and goggles. 2.2. Visually inspect the work area, remove anything that could interfere with work or create additional hazards. 2.3. Check the brightness of the working place (the light must be sufficient, but it must not dazzle the eyes). 2.4. In case of insufficient general lighting, it is necessary to use portable inventory lamps for local lighting with 12 V with a handle of dielectric material, safety grid and plug, the design of which excludes the possibility of its connection to a socket of voltage over 12 V. 2.5.
- A hammer must be supported safely on a sound handle (without cracks);
- chisels, cross cutters, drifts, crimping tools, and core bits must not have bumped or worn back heads with burrs;
- the wrench set must correspond to the size of the bolts and nuts; if the spanner does not fit the nuts, use sliding wrenches;
- wrench jaws shall be parallel to each other and have no battered or crumpled edges;
- files, scrapers, screwdrivers, hacksaws must have handles at least 150 mm long;
- the tool handles must be firmly set on wooden handles and equipped with bandage rings;
- the hacksaw blade must be well stretched and without damage;
- the angle of the edge of the chisels must match the metal being worked.
- securely fastened to the workbench;
- Make sure their jaws are parallel and their notches are not worn or knocked down;
- the tightening screw must be in good working order.
Occupational safety requirements in emergency situations
4.1. Do not start working with tools and appliances if you feel unwell or have a sudden illness. 4.2.
4.3. If you find a defect in a hand-held tool or device, stop work immediately, replace the tool (device) with a serviceable one and report this to your supervisor. 4.4. If a personal protective equipment is detected to be defective, stop the work, inform the direct supervisor about it and replace the personal protective equipment in question. 4.5. 4 If injured, stop work, call for help, use first aid kit, notify immediate supervisor, go to a medical facility or call 03 (103) for an ambulance. 4.6. In case of injury by another employee, to take measures to prevent exposure to traumatic factors on the injured, to give him first aid, if necessary, to call an ambulance by phone 03 (103) or to take the injured to the nearest medical institution, to report the incident to the direct supervisor. Ensure before the start of the investigation that the situation at the scene remains intact, and if that is impossible (there is a threat to the life and health of others), record the situation by drawing up a report, taking photographs, or by any other method.
Rules and useful things
All tools should be properly stacked in their places by size. At first glance, throwing all your tools in a box is the quickest way to pack them up and go to rest after work. But you end up having to take out the whole tool every time, even though you only need one. In addition, neatly stacking into sockets simultaneously separates metric and inch tools. You can also find out if a tool is missing or damaged. This is important, because, for example, a chip on the handle of a screwdriver can lead to injury. In addition to cell layout, after work, you must set the tools with dynamometers to zero divisions, turn off power tools and testers. Also, all tools should be clean, and pallets force this rule, which increases work culture.
This is why tool storage organization is a key element in various sets and storage systems. For example, the SK-51 universal tool kit from SvyazKomplekt uses a Jensen 377-051 heavy-duty plastic case. It comes with a folding pallet, so you can place the case close to where you work and open it up to provide access to your tools. Thus, no additional storage space is needed and the tools can be quickly folded away.
SK-51 Tool Kit and Jensen Tool Case 377-051
There are even larger tool storage systems. The DeWALT TSTAK with tool cart and numerous drawers for storing many tools and accessories. They are suitable for workshops and field service involving a lot of work.
TSTAK DeWALT Tool Storage System
Organize convenient tool storage and transportation even if you only have to use a backpack. There are separate backpacks and tool kits with stowage in a shoulder bag. For example, the Jensen JTK-17B set has a tool backpack with pallets for 80 tools. The backpack folds out quickly and is useful in confined spaces and when climbing in hard-to-reach places, such as high stairs.
Rules and useful stuff
All tools must be properly stacked in their places by size. At first glance, throwing all the tools in a box is the fastest way to assemble them and go to rest after work. But in the end you have to take out the whole tool every time, although only one tool is needed. In addition, the metric and inch tools are simultaneously separated in the process of neat laying into sockets. Also missing or damaged tools can be detected. This is important, because, for example, a chipped screwdriver handle can lead to injury. In addition to cell layout, tools with dynamometers must be set to zero divisions, power tools and testers must be turned off after work. Also, all tools must be kept clean and the pallets force this rule, which improves the working culture.
That’s why tool storage organization is a key element in various sets and storage systems. For example, the SK-51 universal tool kit from SvyazKomplekt uses a Jensen 377-051 heavy-duty plastic suitcase. The SK-51 comes with a folding pallet, so you can place the case next to the work area and open it up, giving you access to your tools. This way, there is no extra space needed to unfold tools and they can be quickly put back.
SK-51 Toolkit and Jensen Case 377-051
There are also larger tool storage systems. DeWALT TSTAK with tool cart and many storage boxes for many tools and accessories. They are suitable for workshops and field service involving a large amount of work.
DeWALT TSTAK tool storage system
Organize convenient storage and transportation of tools is possible, even if you only have to use a backpack. Individual backpacks and tool kits exist which can be stowed in a shoulder bag. For example, in a set of Jensen JTK-17B there is a backpack for tools with pallets for 80 tools. Backpack quickly unfolds, it is convenient in tight spaces, as well as if you need to climb in hard-to-reach places, such as high ladders.
Basic rules for positioning tools on the workbench:
When work is complete, tools are cleaned of debris, production debris is removed, and the workplace is cleaned properly. This makes the quality and longevity of your locksmith tools depend on it.
Also keep in mind that ventilation, good lighting and a level floor are essential in production halls.
Standard Labor Safety Instructions for Handheld Locksmithing Tools
This manual is intended for the personnel, using manual metalworker’s tools at work. When working with hand-held locksmith tools, harmful and hazardous production factors may occur, including:. sharp edges, burrs, roughness on the surfaces of workpieces, tools, equipment, waste;. metal splinters flying off the workpiece;. defective tools (cracks in the metal, loose handles, broken and crumpled edges of keys, etc.).д.);. insufficient lighting of working area.
General safety requirements
1.1. For independent work with the locksmith tool allowed trained personnel who have passed introductory briefing on labor protection and primary workplace instruction, familiar with special instructions for working with tools with the rules of fire safety and learned safe work practices, knowledgeable and able to apply methods of first aid in case of accidents. 1.2. Tools in the workplace should be stored in special boxes. 1.3. A tool designed to work in a corrosive environment must be resistant to that environment. 1.4. Intrinsically safe tools for work in explosive and flammable atmospheres are to be used. 1.5. Personnel working with locksmith tools shall: 1.5.1. Perform only the work that is assigned to him by his direct supervisor: head of the workshop (section), foreman, etc. 1.5.2. Have and use for their intended purpose a cotton suit or overalls, goggles, safety boots, gloves, headwear. 1.6. If the floor of the workplace is slippery (oil, emulsion), ask for sawdust to be sprinkled on it or do it yourself. 1.7. In the course of work it is forbidden:. to stand and pass under a lifted load;. to pass in places not intended for the passage of people;. to enter without permission the fences of technological equipment and dangerous zones;. to remove and move the fences of dangerous zones;. to wash hands in emulsion, oil, kerosene and to wipe them with wiping ends, contaminated with shavings. 1.8. Inform their immediate superior of any accident, and in case of injury, immediately contact the medical station. 1.9. The personnel performing work with the use of locksmith tools must comply with the safety requirements set out in this Instruction. In case of non-compliance with the provisions of this Instruction, the employees may be subject to disciplinary, administrative, material responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, depending on the severity of the consequences.
Safety requirements before you begin work
2.1. Put on working clothes and footwear: button up sleeve cuffs, tuck and button up all the buttons, put on headwear, gloves and goggles. 2.2. Inspect the workplace, remove anything that could interfere with work performance or create additional hazards. 2.3. Check the working place illumination (illumination must be sufficient, but the light must not dazzle the eyes). 2.4. In case of insufficient general lighting, it is necessary to use portable inventory lamps for local lighting with 12 V with a handle of dielectric material, safety grid and plug, the design of which excludes the possibility of its connection to a socket of voltage over 12 V. 2.5. Check that the tools required for the job are in good working order:. the hammer (sledgehammer) must be securely seated on (without cracks) a serviceable handle;. chisels, crucians, bits, crimps and cores must not have knocked down or worn backs with burrs;. the set of wrenches must match the size of bolts and nuts; if the key does not fit nuts, use sliding keys;. jaws of wrenches must be parallel and working surfaces have no broken and wrinkled edges;. files, scrapers, screwdrivers, hacksaws shall have handles at least 150 mm long;. mounted wooden handles of tools shall be tightened firmly and equipped with bandage rings;. hacksaw blades shall be well stretched and shall be undamaged;. chisels point angle shall correspond to the metal being worked. 2.6. When inspecting the vice should be sure. in the reliability of attachment to the workbench. that their jaws are parallel, and the notch is not erased and not knocked down. in the serviceability of the tightening screw.
Safety requirements during work
3.1. During work, the personnel shall be obliged to:. use only serviceable tools, foreseen by the technological card;. use protective glasses while working with metal-cutting tools;. use holders of at least 0,7 m length while working with wedges or chisels using sledgehammers and picks. chisels must be made of soft metal;. hold the workpiece firmly and safely in a vice;. direct the material to be cut or chopped away from yourself;. wear gloves when working with sheet metal;. use barrier nets (screens) when cutting hard or large-sized material. 3.2. When working with the locksmith tool is forbidden:. Use a tube to extend the lever when clamping the part in the vice;. Work in a vice with a jammed worm, as well as with worn thread in the sleeve or on the worm;. Use spacers to eliminate the gap between the planes of the jaws of the keys and heads of bolts or nuts;. Use lighting devices for local lighting voltage over 42 V.
Safety Requirements in Emergency Situations and Emergencies
4.1. If a tool or equipment malfunction is detected, stop work immediately and report it to your supervisor. 4.2. In case of fire of rags, equipment or any fire, it is necessary to inform immediately the fire department, supervisors and other employees of the plant and begin firefighting. 4.3. In case of emergency or danger to own health or the health of other people leave the danger area and inform the immediate superior.