Which is better a cultivator or milling cutter. Additional opportunities

Is it necessary to sharpen the mills of the cultivator. What is a cultivator and why it is needed

First you need to figure out what the cultivator is. How it is arranged and what is needed for. So, this is a type of compact agricultural machinery designed for prerequisite soil preparation. It allows you to plow, loosen and hill the ground, as well as decorate the furrows and carry out harrowing. This unit allows you to greatly facilitate agricultural work in a summer cottage or personal plot.

The motor.Cultivator is able to work where there is no access of full.Sized technique

Cultivators according to the type of mechanism are divided into groups:

  • Mechanical manual. Used as additional equipment for more serious technology. They loosen the soil to a depth of not more than 5 cm and remove only weak, located on the surface, weeds;
  • Electric. Light, maneuverable equipment that is used in limited land plots. The disadvantage is to work from an electric cord;
  • Battery. This type of agricultural equipment is a combination of all the advantages of electrical counterparts with autonomy. They are heavier, but at the same time, mobile and safe;
  • Gasoline. This technique is characterized by power, performance and greater weight. A good option for processing vast land plots.

A gasoline engine motor

Cultivators of any type consist of such basic elements as frame, control levers, engine, rotor, wheels and cultivation devices (cutters).

Cultivator device

The standard cultivator consists of a frame, on which the engine, transmission, working shaft with working tools, control handles, one or two transport wheels, a protective visor are fixed.

The main working tool during work by cultivators are soil mills. In most cultivators models, they are performed as compounds of two, four or six fairly removable sections. Selecting their number, and create the width of the processing required at this stage of work. The rotation of the cutting cutivator cuts to the soil to layers, their grinding and mixing them. At the same time, the cultivator does not have the drive wheels, it moves forward with the help of mills, which also move, “pushes” it forward and cause movement.

In addition to the above standard soil mills, cultivators, if desired, can be equipped with a variety of attaching equipment that significantly expands the possibilities of performing agricultural work on them. Of course, such an additional “hitch” is acquired by the owners of cultivators separately, therefore, when choosing a cultivator for purchase, it will be useful to compare not only their technical parameters, but also the assortment of their configuration, their compatibility with various options for mounting equipment.

Which is better a cultivator or a single tractor

To answer this question, it is important to understand how to choose and use a cultivator or one.Axle tractor. To do this, it is worth studying your own site well and evaluate for what tasks you want to buy a motor cultivator or mini-tractor.

The area of ​​the land. The more it is, the more productive you need you. In this case, it is better to give preference to mini-tractors (especially when it comes to working on a farm or collective farm). For small summer cottages, there will be enough motor cultivator. Soil quality. Clay and dense soils, turf and abandoned territory are best treated using a walk.Behind tractor. It will require less effort from you, since the wheels with the primrose and the active cutter will cope well even with the denser soil. For an already cultivated area and soft air soils, it is worth choosing a cultivator. Frequency of use. The more often you use the agricultural unit, the faster your choice will “work out” your cost. Therefore, with a guide to payback, choose the correctly cultivator or unoic tractor. In what the difference seems obvious. Having storage space. If you do not have an hangar, pantry or garage, is it worth buying a single.Axle tractor that has nowhere to put? In this case, a massive mini-tractor will simply rot in the autumn and winter on the street, while the cultivator is enough for a small corner in the barn or hallway. The presence of spare parts or additional elements. For the technique to be always working, it needs to be careful in a timely manner. And if spare parts are not available or their choice is limited, your uno.Based tractor or cultivator simply cannot work. The physical capabilities of the operator. Some cars are not only complicated, but also heavy on their own. Try to choose a motor cultivator or single tractor, taking into account your physical capabilities, so that you can simply raise it yourself and move it yourself. Source

Varieties

There are soils of various designs, as well as with a different number of knives and their location. However, there are two main categories. Let’s see what their differences are:

  • Active saber.Shaped. The most common option, which is therefore considered a classic. Often supplied as attachments in the factory configuration. The versatility lies in the fact that the tool is able to work with the soil of almost any type. Sable.Shaped knives are made of particularly durable varieties of hardened steel with large Mlorod. The collapsible design simplifies the installation and transportation of equipment. To increase the physical characteristics of the metal, thermal hardening is additionally used, as well as processing with high.Frequency currents.
  • “Goose legs” are indispensable where it is required to cultivate virgin lands, or those that have not been processed for a long time. This design began to be used relatively recently. It has proven itself especially effectively when processing solid and even rocky soils. Despite the fact that ordinary carbon steels involve in production, the “legs” are well lended on repair and welding. Therefore, this option is ideal for solid soils, and for less complex ones you can do with more affordable saber.Shaped.

Pros and cons of cutters

Such equipment, as a rule, is included in the main kit of the walk.Behind tractor, so it does not require additional financial costs to use it. Another advantage of the milling plants is the quality of the division of land. After such processing, the lumps are small. By the way, if you go through the motor unit again, then the soil will be additionally chopped.

The disadvantages of virgin processing by the cutter are:

  • The difficulty of controlling a walk.Behind tractor with cutters, large labor costs;
  • The impossibility of processing the first time, the site is required to be reused;
  • It takes a lot of time for a drop (the more compactly the soil, the more time you need)
  • It is difficult to cope with large volumes of plowing.

Many gardeners complain that after working with cutters hands hurt and the back breaks.

Advantages of milling

The main advantage of the soil. Its versatility in combination with high energy efficiency. It is used for a wide list of agricultural work. The soil installation can replace even the plow.

Freze can be used on heavy, abandoned lands. Unlike the plow, her knives come to a small depth, which avoids the formation of crests.Like embankments that make it difficult to process the field before planting. The rotor gives high.Quality loosening with uniform treatment of soil. With it, even bumps are removed in swampy places. Equipment for soil cutting is used to develop plots with a slope.

If you need to treat the land of the Earth immediately after gathering a crop with it, then no additional devices except for Grontofrazes will be needed. The advantage of using such equipment is the loosening of the upper layers of the soil with the simultaneous fertilizer. This allows you to reduce temporary, physical and financial costs.

The use of cutters on a tractor does not violate natural biological processes and significantly improves the condition of the soil.

Varieties of milling cutters

Cutters on a single tractor may differ from each other in shape and design, the number of knives and their location. They are installed in the back of motor vehicles and depend on the power shaft. The best result of soil cutting is given with increasing speed.

The overall milling device can be described as a set of tarting plate knives placed at different angles on the blades welded or fixed with fasteners to a rotating axis.

The blades smoothly and alternately enter the soil, which favorably affects the transmission of the walk.Behind tractor.

Active saber.Shaped

The standard set of motor vehicles includes saber.Shaped mills. They are effective and popular among farmers.

Soilofrez for a walk.Behind tract has a collapsible design, so installing, maintenance, repair and transportation is as simple as possible.

Blocks consisting of 4 cutting mechanisms at an angle of 90 ° to each other, fastened with bolts, nuts and washers are installed on the rotating axis instead of the wheels. The number of blocks on each side of the drive is different: 2, 3 or more units. The number of knives and the width of the module is affected by the mass of the equipment and its power.

which, better, cultivator, milling

A knife of active cutter for a walk.Behind tractor is a strip curved at the ends. Bends are directed alternately in different directions.

In the factory conditions, blades are produced from strong alloy or high.Carbon steel with mandatory heat hardening and processing with high.Frequency currents. With the independent manufacture of the nozzle, the masters recommend the use of spring heat.Treated and hardened steel 50XGFA.

Goose legs

Hinged mechanisms called “goose paws” are used relatively recently. High efficiency is achieved due to their specific form. The design of the milling and the whole and non.Bureau. The knives are made in the form of a triangle located at the end of the rack.

Factory standard cutters have the following sizes:

  • Knives width. 41 cm;
  • Cut length. 38 cm;
  • The height of the gun is 38 cm;
  • Weight. 16 kg;
  • Nominal operating speed of a cultivator with milling cutters-2-5 km/h.

For the manufacture of soil tools, low.Carbon steel is chosen. The knives are self.Shaped, with neat operation they can not be sharpened.

Pros and cons of cutters

To begin with, when selling, motoblocks usually come with cutters with removable saber.Shaped knives, consisting of several connecting sections. Such attaching equipment copes well with the processing of light sandy soils. But in the overgrown sites and virgin lands, factory cutters shows itself far from the best side. The same.Based tractor goes unevenly and constantly jumps. Therefore, when processing the soil, you have to make serious efforts.

Perhaps therefore, people’s craftsmen began to invent other cutter designs. At the same time, some models were so successful that they went to industrial production.

“Goose paws”

This, first of all, is about a whole design consisting of a sleeve and knives welded to it with triangular tips. Such a cutter is called “goose legs”, and its choice directly depends on the shape (circle or hexagon) and the installation size of the motor block gearbox shaft.

Cutters of this type hold the direction well and are deepened into the soil with a heavy structure with minimal efforts of the operator. The main disadvantage of this design is the unoic tractor equipped with “goose paws”:

Spiral cutter “virgin”

Another popular design that has become quite popular among motoblock owners. This option of hinged equipment consists of a sleeve, to which knives with sharp tips are welded in a spiral.

Experts say that such a milling cutter copes well with the depth of plowing and the loosening of the clay, heavy and even overgrown with grass soil. However, this design has serious shortcomings in the form of too slow work and deep ditch, which remains behind the walk.Behind tractor, since the cutters rake the soil from the middle to the edges. Therefore, after processing the site, it will have to carry out additional work on alignment of the soil.

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Pros and cons of cutters “virgin”

The disadvantages can perhaps include a slower work, but this is not sacred, you won’t accelerate on the virgin lands. As a disadvantage, one can also note that in the process of cultivation, the soil is pushed away from the center to the edge. Not a large groove is formed and the land will require subsequent equalization.

The pluses are difficult to overestimate:

  • Better than other existing mills cope with the virgin.
  • Great depth of cultivation.
  • Perfectly loosening the soil.
  • Very reliable and strong design.

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So, we can safely conclude that for better processing of your land plot, do not opt ​​for a factory cutter. If you go to increase the productivity, reduce the load on the unoic tractor and save time and effort. We recommend choosing the “Goose legs” cutter. If you have a severe development of a virgin site. Your choice of Grontofrey “virgin”.

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