Which one is better for virgin land?.

Top 11 best mid-class power tillers: rating 2020-2021 of reliable models made in Russia

The mid-range tillers are practical and versatile.

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In combination with the attached equipment the sphere of their application extends significantly.

Power and width of grip soil depends on the specific model.

Let’s consider the purpose and the main characteristics of medium-class power tillers, as well as the characteristics of several models.

How to choose a cultivator. expert advice and recommendations

Modern cultivators differ in a number of indicators. One of the main. the power source. You can see electric or gasoline-powered ones on sale. The first have a simpler device, so that their weight is less, and at a price they are more profitable. However, their power is usually lower, and the autonomy suffers. you have to work at a certain distance from the power source. They are not suitable for work in the field. Gasoline blocks on the contrary. heavier, more expensive, but more powerful, you can work anywhere and do not fear that accidentally cut the power cable.

Also, to choose a cultivator for dacha, you must decide on the power. The bigger it is, the heavier the device will be and the higher its cost. But the powerful models allow deep plowing of a wide swath of land. It is possible to work not only on previously ploughed land, but also on virgin land, where the soil is penetrated by grass roots and bushes. the weak one simply can’t cope here.

So, the choice should be made very seriously and responsibly, avoiding mistakes and giving preference to the cultivator that suits the particular user.

Gasoline, electric or battery-powered?

What engine should be the best cultivators?? Everything depends on the task in hand.

Electric machines are cheaper to buy and maintain, don’t produce emissions, are less noisy and don’t need regular refills of fuel and lubricants. But their power is relatively low, and it is rare to find 3-kilowatt models. Also the radius of their work is limited by the extension cord, which is always in the way underfoot (by the way, the extension cord will also need to buy at once). This option is suitable for those, whose garden is not more than a few acres, and large-scale planting is not planned.

Gasoline models are designed for processing large areas. They don’t need a power grid and are not “tied down” by their carrying distance. they can work in the middle of nowhere. Unlike electric, they are more powerful and can even plow virgin land. Most of them have an additional reverse gear, the so-called reverse drive. That is why they are included in our rating of the best cultivators for dacha. However, they are noisier, produce emissions into the atmosphere and their engine maintenance is generally more expensive than that of electric units.

Battery models. the weakest in power and designed for the treatment of small areas. Their power usually does not exceed 1 kW. Their main advantage is the absence of emissions and the possibility to plow the garden in places where there are no power grids. But because of their low power and, consequently, the width and depth of plowing, cordless cultivators are not popular. If you are still in favor of environmentally friendly mobile power tools, then take the Greenworks G-MAX model with a 40-volt battery capacity of 6 Ah.

Single axle tractor and cultivator: the differences

Some people think that a single-axle tractor and a cultivator are the same. But in fact, this is a completely different technique, which has many distinctive features.

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Cultivators are highly specialized units that are designed to loosen the soil. They are equipped with special cutters that are used for plowing the land.

Motor cultivators are considered to be more universal machines. Their functionality depends a lot on the attachments they have. Just like cultivators, they can be used to plow virgin land.

The cultivator is a technique that can be used to plow vegetable gardens

Is there an alternative??

Special cutters, which are sometimes called “goose-foot”, are developed for processing exactly the virgin soil. While a normal tiller is a curved and sharpened steel band, the goosefoot hoes resemble a hoe. their blade is on the end. It works on the same principle as a hoe. We had the opportunity to test power tillers with such tillers, but in different conditions and on totally different soils. We can safely state that such a power tiller effectively mills hard soil. It is even possible that the primary processing of our chosen site such cutters would greatly facilitate further work. In my opinion, tillage requires less effort from the operator. On hard soil, which is difficult to work, you just have to push the steering wheel down, fixing the single-axle tractor in place with the coulter. And let it hammer its cutters while standing still. they will gradually break up the hard top layer, and at the same time level out the irregularities. With such a method it is realistic even to level a rut. But, once again, these conclusions are based on our previous experience of using such milling machines in other conditions. It would be useful to make tests on the area where we ploughed to be sure that we are right and we may try this next season.

However, we can already say that even if such machines can cope with the virgin soil, this process will not be fast. And it will also require considerable physical effort from the operator. Here, too, a heavy single-axle tractor is needed: the greater the weight, the more efficient cultivation. That is, you may lift the virgin land, but then you come to the same situation as with the plough: you spent a lot of time, effort and money, and got a tilled area and the “addition” is also a heavy and powerful single-axle tractor, for which there is no more suitable work. Unless you transport loads on a trailer. Can such a solution to the problem be considered economically feasible?? Definitely not!

And now let’s remind the idea that was voiced at the beginning of the article: “You don’t need a single-axle tractor.”! Plowing virgin land with a power tiller is about the same as buying your own truck when you move to another apartment. Yes, you will transport all the things at once, but what will you do later with this technique??

The optimal variant is to cultivate virgin land for the first time with anything, except a power tiller. It is best with a tractor, which will plow the entire plot first (ideally twice, lengthwise and crosswise), and then with disc cutters. You will save your own time, effort, save your hands from bloody blisters and get even, well-groomed soil, which in the future will be easy to handle even with a small cultivator. In the most extreme case, if for some reason the tractor is not available (hard to imagine, but it is unlikely). hire someone who will dig up the earth with a shovel. Yes, it will be slow, but that will not be your problem.

The price difference between a heavy power tiller with all the necessary attachments and cultivator is guaranteed to cover the cost of the tractor, so the money you will not lose. But you will have at your disposal a much more desirable machine.

Hammer RT-50A: Advantages and disadvantages

Noise is within normal limits;

Excellent plowing depth;

Capacity of the tank;

Low weight compared to other models;

Ease of operation;

which, virgin, land

Value for money;

A well-known manufacturer;

The quality of assembly and the same assembly materials;

Ease of starting;

Predominantly positive feedback;

Saves time;

Fourteenth position is taken by Husqvarna TF 338. This cultivator stands out for its configuration, its assembly, the positive reviews of owners, as well as the quiet operation.

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The main parameters for the choice of power tillers

Power

Although for most electrical and gasoline equipment power is given in watts, given that for power tillers manufacturer most often indicates horsepower, we in this article will also specify l.с. tillers.

The power of the machine directly affects its weight, size, and ability to work with attachments of a certain size. Taking this into account, it is worth choosing a machine depending on the intended work. The most popular choice criterion regarding tillage power is the area of the site to be tilled. Here are the average figures for the dependence of power of a power tiller on the area of the cultivated plot:

Of course, there are more powerful devices, but they are quite expensive and designed for large areas, which is absolutely unnecessary for the home.

Working width and depth

The wider the tiller, the faster the area will be cultivated.But it is worth considering that the larger the dimensions, the greater the weight of the unit. On small plots, in principle, it makes no sense to “pull” a single-axle tractor with a very wide cutter. That’s why the tiller’s width is selected for a specific task (t. е. Depending on the size of the plot). From personal experience, we say that for a plot of land up to 50 acres (which is the vast majority of garden plots) is quite suitable width of cutters in the 75. 100 cm. Of course, if you have a larger area, then you can look at machines with a width of cutter 110. 170 cm.

The plowing depth depends on what crop you are going to plant. For potatoes, it’s enough to plow soil up to 10 cm deep. The minimum depth of plowing for a power tiller is 15 cm, so even the “weakest” single-axle tractor will easily plow the ground for potatoes. For example, you can take an inexpensive single-axle tractor Zubr MTP-300 power of 7 liters.с. For other crops, it is worth choosing the device individually.

How to choose a single-axle tractor. expert recommendations

First of all, you need to pay attention to the engine. Some power tillers are equipped with gasoline engines, while others have diesel ones. The first ones are usually less powerful and allow to work autonomously. at any distance from home. But the latter are more durable and heavier, the degree of their productivity and endurance is much higher.

When choosing, one should also pay attention to the torque transmission mechanism. A power tiller can be realized by PTO or belt transmission.

You should also pay attention to the power. It is impossible to give a unique advice here. it all depends on the needs of the particular user.

which, virgin, land

Finally, we mustn’t forget functionality. Some customers only need to plow the land, while others would like to buy a more multifunctional machine which helps with different kinds of work.

What to look for when choosing a power tiller

If you decide on the weight class of your power tiller you need to pay attention to its other parameters. Among the variety of models to choose the best is not as easy as it seems at first glance. Evaluate the capabilities of this rather complex device, according to a number of criteria, the most important of which are:

  • engine power;
  • Type of transmission and the possibility of differential lock;
  • gearbox type;
  • PTO;
  • track width;
  • center of mass.

The brand of the manufacturer is also important. After all, it often determines the quality of manufacture, as well as the reliability and efficiency of the power tiller.

Power unit

Choosing a single-axle tractor, first of all, you need to pay attention to the engine, namely, the brand of its manufacturer and the declared last motor life. It will not be superfluous to find out where the nearest service center of the liked motor is located.

Most often on the motor blocks of any class are installed engines from well-known foreign manufacturers, such as:

The engines of these companies are characterized by high reliability and long service life (from 500 to 2000 hours). Especially popular engines Lifan, which, other things being equal (the manufacturer’s declared life is not less than 1100 motor-hours) is also inexpensive to operate.

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Yamaha durable engines can be installed on the premium-class motor blocks, the declared service life of which is from 3 to 5 thousand motor-hours.

Chinese engines Zongshen, loncin

Many domestic and foreign manufacturers design their motor blocks using Chinese Zongshen and loncin engines. These engines, as well as popular in Russia motors Lifan, are copies of motors manufactured by the Japanese company Honda. All these engines manufactured by well-known Chinese companies have a fairly decent motor life and good reliability. all this thanks to the use of the most modern technical solutions that help to increase their service life, such as:

  • cast-iron cylinder liners;
  • Oil level sensors, which automatically shut off the engine when the oil level drops below the minimum;
  • treatment of crankshafts by high frequency currents, etc.д.

Chinese motors are much cheaper than the original Japanese or American engines. Suffice it to say that the repair of the latter can in some cases exceed the cost of the Chinese engines. That’s why many experts recommend buying motor blocks with Chinese engines. The difference in cost will compensate for the purchase of a second engine of the same kind.

IMPORTANT! It is necessary to be attentive to acquisition of the Chinese motors having in the name of a marking GX. Most often it is found on engines installed on Chinese motor blocks Shtenli, Groff, Spec, Stark, Fermer, Alikak, Skiper, etc. They are all made in the same Chinese factory, and their motors range from 8.5 to 18.5L.с. Have nothing in common with Honda engines and are of low quality of manufacture. The GX branding showed that these engines were just a copy of a Honda motor. They operate at best for no more than 500 hours and most fail after only 300 hours. Another characteristic disadvantage is the loss of 85% of power after 2 seasons of operation.

Gearbox

On power tillers you can meet such gearboxes as:

information. old years’ motor blocks had gearboxes that consisted of a worm gear and a pinion. Such design had a high coefficient of efficiency, but could not withstand heavy loads. Thus, for example, even work with an oscillator or a light plow led to overheating and failure of gearbox mechanism. Nowadays you can hardly meet any motor blocks with a worm gearbox.

Chain reducer. The chain reducer is a robust and simple design consisting of a chain and a set of gears. Used in light and medium-sized power tillers with small to medium horsepower engines. Easy to maintain and repair. Provides reliable operation in small fields, but the attachments used are severely limited (light plow, dipstick).

IMPORTANT! The chain can stretch over time and must be replaced in good time. If the gear case cannot be disassembled, the complete unit must be replaced.

Gearboxes. The gear reducer is considered to be the most reliable and unpretentious in operation. Capable of operating on any ground under the most extreme conditions. Gearboxes are installed on heavy power tillers with PTO, working with heavy implements. Practically perpetual gearbox. just change the oil on time.

One of the main disadvantages of gear reducers is their high noise level and cost.

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Gear-chain reducer. The most common reducer. Gear-chain reducers are only found on domestic-made motor-blocks. Available in one-speed, two-speed and more. Design provides high flexibility in operation (ideal output shaft speed of 80-120) and low vibration level. Very high gearbox life and reliability. Structurally, it is the most complicated and is not able to withstand heavy loads. The development of this gearbox was driven by the need to increase the number of forward (up to 4) and reverse (up to 4) gears.

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